Events in History in 1866

  • Jan 9 Fisk University opens in Nashville, Tennessee
  • Jan 11 Steamship London sinks in storm off Land's End, England and kills 220
  • Jan 12 The Royal Aeronautical Society is formed in London.
  • Jan 18 Wesley College is established in Melbourne
  • Jan 20 Prim's Insurrection in Spain ends

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 4 Mary Baker Eddy cures her injuries by opening a bible

Christian Science Founder Mary Baker Eddy
Christian Science Founder
Mary Baker Eddy
  • Feb 10 Dutch government of Frans van der Putte forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 13 Jesse James holds up his first bank, stealing $15,000 from the Clay County Savings Association in Liberty, Missouri

Outlaw Jesse James
Outlaw
Jesse James
  • Feb 16 Spencer Compton Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington becomes the British Secretary of State for War
  • Feb 21 Lucy B Hobbs (Taylor) becomes 1st US woman to earn a DDS degree
  • Feb 26 New York Legislature forms NYC Metropolitan Board of Health
  • Mar 1 Paraguayan canoes sink 2 Brazilian ironclads on Rio Parana
  • Mar 2 1st US company to make sewing needles by machine incorporated, Conn
  • Mar 19 Immigrant ship Monarch of the Seas sinks in Liverpool; 738 die
  • Mar 21 US Congress authorizes national soldiers' homes
  • Mar 27 Andrew Rankin patents the urinal

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 27 US President Andrew Johnson vetoes civil rights bill; it later becomes 14th amendment

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • Mar 28 1st ambulance goes into service
  • Mar 30 Bedrich Smetana's "Verkaufte Braut" (Sold Bride) premieres
  • Mar 31 The Spanish navy bombards the harbor of Valpara√≠so, Chile.
  • Apr 1 US Congress rejects presidential veto giveing all equal rights in US
  • Apr 2 US President Andrew Johnson ends civil war in Ala, Ark, Fla, Ga, Miss, La, NC, SC, Tn & Va
  • Apr 4 Alexander II of Russia narrowly escapes an assassination attempt in the city of Kiev.
  • Apr 6 Grand Army of the Republic forms in Decatur, Illinois, by Dr. Benjamin F. Stephenson
  • Apr 8 Italy and Prussia ally against Austria-Hungary.
  • Apr 9 Civil Rights Bill passes over President Andrew Johnson's veto
  • Apr 10 American Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) forms
  • Apr 16 Karakozov attempts to assassinate Tsar Alexander II of Russia
  • Apr 16 Nitroglycerine at Wells Fargo & Co office explodes
  • May 1 American Equal Rights Association forms
  • May 2 Peruvian defenders fight off Spanish fleet at the Battle of Callao.
  • May 4 Woodward's Gardens opens to the public in San Francisco

MurderAssassination Attempt

May 7 German premier Otto von Bismarck seriously wounded in assassination attempt

German Statesman Otto von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto von Bismarck
  • May 16 Charles Elmer Hires invents root beer
  • May 16 US Congress authorizes the nickel 5 cent piece (replaces silver half-dime)
  • May 18 French government of De Putte resigns
  • May 21 1st-class debut of G F Grace aged 15 years 159 days
  • May 24 Berkeley, California named (for George Berkeley, Bishop of Cloyne)
  • May 28 Dutch government of Zuylen van Nijevelt/Heemskerk forms
  • Jun 1 General Dutch Typographer Union forms
  • Jun 1 Renegade Irish Fenians from US invade Fort Erie, Ontario
  • Jun 2 Renegade Irish Fenians surrender to US forces
  • Jun 7 1,800 Fenian raiders are repelled back to the United States after they loot and plunder around Saint-Armand and Frelighsburg, Quebec
  • Jun 11 The Agra High Court (ow the Allahabad High Court) is established in India.
  • Jun 13 US House of representatives passes 14th Amendment (Civil rights)
  • Jun 15 Prussia attacks Austria
  • Jun 20 Italy declares war on Austria
  • Jun 24 Second Battle at Custozza: the Austrian Imperial army, joined by the Venetian Army decisively defeated the Italian army, despite the Italians' strong numerical advantage
  • Jul 4 Firecracker thrown in wood starts fire destroying half of Portland, Maine, US
  • Jul 10 Indelible pencil patented by Edson P. Clark, Northampton, Massachusetts
  • Jul 17 Italian fleet under Admiral Count Carlo Pellion di Persano captures Austrian Fort Lissa

  • Jul 19 Tennessee is 1st to ratify 14th Amendment to the US constitution, guaranteeing civil rights
  • Jul 20 Sea battle of Lissa-Austria vs Italy
  • Jul 21 Cholera epidemic kills hundreds in London
  • Jul 24 Tennessee becomes 1st Confederate state readmitted to Union
  • Jul 25 25th US Postmaster General: Alexander W Randall of Wisconsin takes office
  • Jul 25 David Faragut appointed as 1st admiral in US Navy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 25 Ulysses S. Grant named 1st general of Army

Union General and US President Ulysses S. Grant
Union General and US President
Ulysses S. Grant
  • Jul 26 Canoe Club opens in England
  • Jul 27 Atlantic telegraph cable successfully laid (1,686 miles long)
  • Jul 28 Metric system becomes a legal measurement system in US
  • Jul 30 New Orleans's Democratic government orders police to raid an integrated Republican Party meeting, killing 40 people and injuring 150.
  • Aug 11 World's 1st roller rink opens (Newport, Rhode Island)
  • Aug 20 President Andrew Johnson formally declares US Civil War over
  • Aug 23 Treaty of Prague ends Austro-Prussian war
  • Sep 1 Last Navaho chief Manuelito turns himself in at Fort Wingate
  • Sep 4 1st Hawaiian daily newspaper published

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 6 Frederick Douglass is 1st US black delegate to a national convention

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Abolitionist
Frederick Douglass
  • Sep 22 Decisive battle of Curupaity in the War of the Triple Alliance.
  • Oct 1 Dutch Eindhoven-Venlo railway opens
  • Oct 2 J Osterhoudt patents tin can with key opener
  • Oct 6 1st train robbery in US (Reno Brothers take $13,000)
  • Oct 15 Great fire in Quebec destroys 2,500 houses
  • Oct 22 Paraguay: Battle of Curupayt√≠ against Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay.
  • Oct 30 Jesse James' gang robs bank in Lexington, Missouri ($2000)
  • Nov 4 Kingdom of Italy annexes Venetia
  • Nov 20 First national convention of Grand Army of Republic (veterans' org)
  • Nov 20 Howard University founded (Washington, D.C.)
  • Nov 30 Work begins on 1st US underwater highway tunnel in Chicago
  • Dec 6 Chicago water supply tunnel 3,227 m into Lake Michigan completed
  • Dec 21 Cheyennes, Arapho's, Sioux, Fetterman Massacre