Events in History in 1868

  • Jan 3 Meiji Restoration returns authority to Japan's emperors
  • Jan 4 Wilkie Collins' "The Moonstone" is first serialized in "All the Year Round" owned by Charles Dickins
  • Jan 7 Arkansas constitutional convention meets in Little Rock
  • Jan 7 Mississippi constitutional convention meets in Jackson
  • Jan 9 Last convict ship the Hougoumont arrives in Fremantle, ending 80 years of penal transportation to Australia [1]
  • Jan 14 North Carolina constitutional convention meets in Raleigh
  • Jan 14 South Carolina constitutional convention meets with a black majority
  • Jan 16 Refrigerator car patented by William Davis, a fish dealer in Detroit
  • Jan 20 Florida constitutional convention meets in Tallahassee
  • Feb 10 Conservatives & military seize Convention Hall in Florida
  • Feb 16 Benevolent & Protective Order of Elks forms (NY)
  • Feb 24 1st US parade with floats (Mardi Gras-Mobile, Alabama)

Historic Event

Feb 24 US House of Representatives vote 126 to 47 to impeach President Andrew Johnson

Historic Event

Feb 29 1st British government of Benjamin Disraeli forms

  • Mar 2 University of Illinois opens
  • Mar 5 Stapler patented in England by C H Gould
  • Mar 5 US Senate organizes to decide charges against President Andrew Johnson
  • Mar 12 Great Britain annexes Basutoland in Africa (later renamed the Kingdom of Lesotho)
  • Mar 12 Henry O'Farrell attempts to assassinate Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, in Sydney, Australia, Duke is shot but survives
  • Mar 12 US Congress abolishes manufacturer's tax
  • Mar 13 Senate begins US President Andrew Johnson's impeachment trial
  • Mar 17 Postage stamp canceling machine patent issued

Historic Event

Mar 20 Jesse James Gang robs a bank in Russellville, Kentucky, of $14,000

  • Mar 21 1st US professional women's club, Sorosis, forms in NYC
  • Mar 23 University of California founded in Oakland, California
  • Mar 24 Metropolitan Life Insurance Co forms
  • Mar 27 The Lake Ontario Shore Railroad Company is organized in Oswego, New York.
  • Mar 31 Chinese Embassy arrives aboard steamship China
  • Apr 1 Hampton Institute opens
  • Apr 3 A Hawaiian surfs on highest wave ever - a 50-foot tidal wave
  • Apr 7 Thomas D'Arcy McGee, one of the Canadian Fathers of Confederation is assassinated by the Irish, in one of the few Canadian political assassinations, and only federal politician
  • Apr 10 British defeat King of Abyssinia at Magdala
  • Apr 11 The Shogunate is abolished in Japan

Ethiopian Emperor Commits Suicide

Apr 13 Abyssinian War ends as British and Indian troops capture Magdala and Ethiopian Emperor Tewodros II commits suicide

  • Apr 14 SC voters approved constitution, 70,758 to 27,228
  • Apr 16 Louisiana voters approve new constitution
  • Apr 18 San Francisco Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals formed
  • May 4 World's largest book, the Kuthodaw Inscription Shrines recording whole of Buddhist scriptures on 729 marble tablets completed and opened to the public in Mandalay, Burma
  • May 9 The city of Reno, Nevada, is founded
  • May 14 Japanese Boshin War: end of the Battle of Utsunomiya Castle, former Shogunate forces withdraw northward to Aizu by way of Nikkō
  • May 15 Dutch government of Zuylen van Nijevelt falls
  • May 16 US Senate fails to impeach President Andrew Johnson by one vote
  • May 20 Republican National Convention, meets in Chicago, nominates Grant
  • May 22 Train robbery at Marshfield, Indiana by the Reno Brothers Gang, who make off with $98,000
  • May 26 US President Andrew Johnson is acquitted by the Senate by one vote during his impeachment trial
  • May 29 Michael Obrenovich III, Prince of Serbia, is assassinated in Belgrade
  • May 30 "Decoration Day", later called Memorial Day is first observed in Northern US states
  • May 31 1st Memorial Day parade held in Ironton, Ohio
  • Jun 1 Texas constitutional convention meets in Austin
  • Jun 1 Treaty of Bosque Redondo is signed allowing the Navajos to return to their lands in Arizona and New Mexico
  • Jun 4 Van Bosse/Fock government begins
  • Jun 9 1st meeting of Board of Regents, University of California
  • Jun 13 Oscar Dunn becomes first African American to be elected a Lieutenant Governor, of Louisiana
  • Jun 19 Major general E R S Canby removes mayor of Columbia, South Carolina
  • Jun 22 Arkansas re-joins the US
  • Jun 25 Florida, Alabama, Louisiana, Georgia, North Carolina and South Carolina readmitted to US
  • Jun 25 US President Andrew Johnson passes a law that government workers would work 8 hr day
  • Jul 4 Battle at Ueno, Japan: last Tokugawa armies defeated
  • Jul 4 Maori leader Te Kooti and 300 of his followers captured the schooner Rifleman in the Chatham Islands and sail for New Zealand; landing at Whareongaonga six days later
  • Jul 9 1st African American cabinet member in South Carolina, Francis L Cardozo as Secretary of State
  • Jul 9 Louisiana and South Carolina are the last states to ratify the 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution, guaranteeing civil rights
  • Jul 13 Oscar J Dunn, former slave, installed as Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana
  • Jul 14 Alvin J. Fellows of New Haven, Connecticut patents the tape measure
  • Jul 20 1st use of tax stamps on cigarettes
  • Jul 25 US Congress forms Wyoming Territory (Dakota, Utah & Idaho)

Historic Event

Jul 28 US Secretary of State William H. Seward announces 14th Amendment ratified by states, grants citizenship to ex-slaves

  • Aug 8 Earthquake destroys the city of Arica, Chile
  • Aug 13 Earthquakes kill 25,000 & causes $300 million damages in Peru & Ecuador
  • Aug 18 French Astronomer Pierre Janssen discovers helium in solar spectrum during eclipse
  • Sep 8 New York Athletic Club forms
  • Sep 22 Race riots in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • Sep 23 Grito de Lares proclaims Puerto Rico's independence (crushed by Spain)
  • Sep 25 The Imperial Russian steam frigate Alexander Nevski shipwrecks off Jutland while carrying Grand Duke Alexei of Russia
  • Sep 28 Battle of Alcolea, causes Queen Isabella II of Spain to flee to France
  • Sep 28 Opelousas Massacre at St Landry Parish, Louisiana (200 blacks killed)
  • Sep 30 Spain's Queen Isabella is deposed, flees to France

Historic Publication

Oct 1 "Little Women" by Louisa May Alcott is published in America by Roberts Brothers of Boston

  • Oct 1 1st edition of Maasbode published
  • Oct 1 St Pancras railway station opens in London, largest single span roof in the world (689ft (240m) long, 100ft high (30m) a high point of Victorian Gothic architecture [1]
  • Oct 7 Cornell University (Ithaca NY) opens
  • Oct 10 1st written account of a Canadian football game
  • Oct 10 Cuba revolts for independence against Spain
  • Oct 17 Constitution of Grand Duchy of Luxembourg comes into effect
  • Oct 21 Severe earthquake at 7:53 AM, centered in Hayward, California
  • Oct 26 White terrorists kill several blacks in St Bernard Parish La
  • Oct 30 John Menard of Louisiana is 1st African American elected to US Congress
  • Oct 31 Standard uniform approved for US postal carriers
  • Nov 2 Time zone: New Zealand officially adopts a standard time to be observed nationally
  • Nov 3 John Willis Menard from Louisiana is elected the first black US Congressman (opposition to his election means he never sits in Congress)

Election of Interest

Nov 3 Ulysses S. Grant (R) wins US presidential election over Horatio Seymour (D)

Victory in Battle

Nov 11 War of the Triple Alliance: Allied victory in the Battle of Avay leaves 3,000 Paraguayan soldiers dead, 600 wounded and the road to Asunción open

  • Nov 13 American Philological Association organized in NY
  • Nov 23 Louis Ducos du Hauron patents trichrome color photo process

Battle of Interest

Nov 27 Battle at Washita River, Oklahoma. General George A. Custer attacks group of Native American Indians, their chief Black Kettle dies in the attack

Historic Event

Nov 30 The inauguration of a statue of King Charles XII of Sweden takes place in the King's garden in Stockholm

Appointment of Interest

Dec 3 1st blacks on US trial jury appointed for Jefferson Davis trial

  • Dec 7 Jesse James gang robs bank in Gallatin Missouri, kills 1
  • Dec 9 1st British government of Gladstone forms

Palace of Westminster

Dec 9 The first traffic lights are installed outside the Palace of Westminster in London. Resembling railway signals, they use semaphore arms and are illuminated at night by red and green gas lamps.

  • Dec 15 Shogunate rebels found Ezo Republic in Hokkaidō
  • Dec 25 Despite bitter opposition, US President Andrew Johnson grants unconditional pardon to all persons involved in Southern rebellion (Civil War)