Events in History in 1872

  • Jan 1 Moerdijk railway bridge over Hollands Diep, South Holland opens - then longest bridge in Europe
  • Jan 3 1st patent list issued by US Patent Office
  • Jan 12 Yohannes IV is crowned Emperor of Ethiopia in Axum, 1st imperial coronation in Axum in over 200 years
  • Jan 20 California Stock Exchange Board organized
  • Jan 29 Francis L Cardoza elected State Treasurer of South Carolina
  • Feb 7 Alcorn Agricultural and Mechanical College opens
  • Feb 14 1st US state bird refuge authorized (Lake Merritt, California)
  • Feb 20 Hydraulic electric elevator patented by Cyrus Baldwin
  • Feb 20 Luther Crowell patents a machine that manufactures paper bags
  • Feb 20 New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art opens
  • Feb 20 Silas Noble & JP Cooley patents toothpick manufacturing machine
  • Feb 22 1st national convention of Prohibition Party (Columbus Ohio)
  • Feb 27 Charlotte Ray, 1st African American woman lawyer in USA, graduates from Howard University
  • Mar 1 Yellowstone becomes the world's 1st national park

Historic Event

Mar 2 Louis Riel goes into voluntary exile in St. Paul, Minnesota

Historic Invention

Mar 5 George Westinghouse Jr patents triple air brake for trains

  • Mar 7 -8°F (-22°C) in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Mar 11 Construction of the Seven Sisters Colliery, South Wales, begins; located on one of the richest coal sources in Britain
  • Mar 11 The Meiji Japanese government officially annexes the Ryukyu Kingdom into what would become the Okinawa prefecture
  • Mar 22 Illinois becomes 1st state to require sexual equality in employment
  • Mar 26 7.8 earthquake shakes Owens Valley, California
  • Mar 26 Thomas J. Martin, of Alabama, receives a U.S. patent for a pipe and valve fire extinguisher system
  • Apr 1 1st edition of The Standard
  • Apr 2 US engineer George Brayton patents an internal combustion engine (Brayton Cycle)
  • Apr 9 Samuel R Percy patents dried milk
  • Apr 10 1st Arbor Day celebrated in Nebraska, later changed to Apr 22
  • Apr 10 1st National black convention meets in New Orleans

Historic Event

Apr 12 Jesse James' gang robs a bank of $1,500 in Columbia, Kentucky, 1 dead

  • Apr 14 Dominion Lands Act passed: Canada's Homestead Act
  • Apr 14 San Francisco organizes Bar Association
  • Apr 24 Volcano Mt Vesuvius erupts in Italy

Presidential Convention

May 10 Victoria Woodhull becomes 1st woman nominated for US presidency by Equal Rights Party at Apollo Hall, NYC

  • May 16 Metropolitan Gas Company lamps lit for 1st time
  • May 17 Bohemian Club incorporated in San Francisco
  • May 22 Amnesty Act restores civil rights to Southerners (except for 500)
  • Jun 5 Republican National Convention meets in Philadelphia
  • Jun 8 US Congress endorses penny post card
  • Jun 14 Trade unions are legalised in Canada.
  • Jun 18 Woman's Suffrage Convention held at Merchantile Liberty Hall, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Jul 9 Doughnut cutter patents granted to John Blondel, Thomaston, Maine
  • Jul 18 The Ballot Act introduces the secret ballot in elections in Britain; previously votes made openly

Historic Invention

Jul 23 African American inventor Elijah McCoy is granted a patent for lubricators for steam-engines

  • Jul 30 Mahlon Loomis patents wireless telegraphy
  • Aug 18 Aaron Montgomery Ward issues the first "catalog" for his mail-order business, it is one sheet listing 163 available items
  • Aug 22 Australia's Overland Telegraph Line connected - one of Australia's greatest logistical and engineering feats, allowed fast communications between Australia and the world for the first time [1]
  • Aug 23 1st Japanese commercial ship visits San Francisco, carrying tea

Historic Event

Sep 10 Karl Marx speaks in Amsterdam

  • Sep 14 Britain pays US$15½m for damages during Civil War
  • Sep 17 Phillip W. Pratt patents his sprinkler system for extinguishing fires
  • Sep 18 King Oscar II accedes to the throne of Sweden-Norway
  • Sep 21 John Henry Conyers of South Carolina becomes first black student at Annapolis
  • Sep 24 Franz Grillparzer's "Ein Bruderzwist in Habsburg" premieres in Vienna
  • Sep 26 The first Shriners Temple (called Mecca) was established in New York City.
  • Sep 28 "3 Fingers" Ranald Mackenzie destroys Kwahadi-Commanche village, Texas, killing 23 men and taking 120 women and children prisoner
  • Sep 29 Kiowa-chief Lone Wolf captures Satanta & Big Tree
  • Oct 2 Morgan State University founded

Historic Event

Oct 2 Phileas Fogg sets out on his journey as depicted in Jules Verne's "Around the World in Eighty Days"

  • Oct 3 Bloomingdale's department store in NY opens
  • Oct 12 Montreal Foot Ball Club 1st game playing Quebec City to 0-0 tie
  • Oct 29 J. S. Risdon of Genoa, Illinois, patents the metal windmill

Historic Event

Nov 5 American women's right to vote advocate Susan B. Anthony votes for Ulysses S. Grant

Election of Interest

Nov 5 Ulysses S. Grant re-elected US President

  • Nov 7 Cargo ship Mary Celeste sails from Staten Island for Genoa; mysteriously found abandoned four weeks later
  • Nov 9 The Great Boston Fire of 1872. Close to 1,000 buildings destroyed
  • Nov 18 Suffragette Susan B. Anthony is arrested by a U.S. Deputy Marshal and charged with illegally voting
  • Nov 19 E.D. Barbour of Boston is awarded the first U.S. patent for the first 'calculator', an adding machine capable of printing totals and subtotals
  • Nov 22 Franz Grillparzer's "Die Judin von Toledo" premieres in Prague
  • Nov 29 Indian Wars: The Modoc War begins with the Battle of Lost River
  • Dec 3 English Assyriologist George Smith reads his translation of The Great Flood from the "Epic of Gilgamesh" to the Society of Biblical Archaeology, with striking similarities to the later flood of Noah in "Genesis"
  • Dec 5 Ship the Mary Celeste is discovered mysteriously abandoned by her crew in the Atlantic Ocean
  • Dec 7 HMS Challenger sets sail on 3½ year world oceanographic cruise
  • Dec 11 Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback takes office as the first African American US Govenor in Louisiana
  • Dec 21 Phileas Fogg completes his round the world trip in 80 days, in Jules Verne's "Around the World in Eighty Days"
  • Dec 26 4th largest snowfall in NYC history (18")