Events in History in 1875

  • Jan 1 Britain's Midlands Railway abolishes second class travel, ending the practice of carrying third class passengers in open air wagons [1]
  • Jan 5 President Grant sends federal troops to Vicksburg, Mississippi
  • Jan 12 Kwang-su becomes Emperor of China
  • Jan 25 Anti-slavery society forms in New York
  • Jan 26 Electric dental drill is patented by George F Green
  • Feb 24 The SS Gothenburg hits the Great Barrier Reef and sinks off the Australian east coast, killing approximately 100, including a number of high profile civil servants and dignitaries
  • Feb 25 Kiowa Indians under Lone Wolf (Guipago) surrender at Ft Sill
  • Mar 1 US Congress passes Civil Rights Act; invalidated by Supreme Ct, 1883
  • Mar 3 1st recorded hockey game (Montreal)
  • Mar 3 US Congress authorizes 20 cent coin, lasts only 3 years
  • Mar 15 1st US cardinal (John McCloskey) invested
  • Apr 25 Latest date for measurable snow in NYC (3")
  • May 1 238 members of "Whiskey Ring" accused of anti-US activities
  • May 1 Alexandra Palace, London, reopens after being burnt down in 1873
  • May 7 German SS Schiller sinks near Scilly Islands, 312 killed
  • May 11 George "Charmer" Zettlein pitches the 1st 9 inning shutout
  • May 16 Eathquake in Venezuela & Colombia kills 16,000
  • May 20 International Bureau of Weights & Measures formed by the signing of the Metre Convention treaty by 17 states and prototypes of the meter and the kilogram selected
  • May 31 Reciprocity Treaty between US & Hawaii ratified

Historic Event

Jun 2 Alexander Graham Bell makes first sound transmission

  • Jun 2 James Augustine Healey became 1st Black Catholic Bishop in US
  • Jun 4 Pacific Stock Exchange opens
  • Jun 5 Pacific Stock Exchange formally opens in San Francisco
  • Jun 6 Netherlands joins the gold standard
  • Jun 7 California Rifle and Pistol Association founded
  • Jun 19 Formal opening of US Marine Hospital at Presidio in San Francisco.
  • Jun 19 The Herzegovinian rebellion against the Ottoman Empire begins
  • Jun 22 Garonne Flood: great damage in Verdun & Toulouse, kills about 1,000
  • Jul 1 Universal Postal Union comes into effect after established in the Bern treaty, to organize international mail services
  • Jul 4 White Democrats kill several blacks in terrorist attacks in Vicksburg

Historic Event

Jul 7 Jesse James robs train in Otterville, Missouri

  • Jul 19 Emma Abbott, a floating hospital for sick children, makes trial trip, NYC
  • Aug 14 Society of Regte Afrikaanders establishes in Paarl
  • Aug 22 The Treaty of Saint Petersburg between Japan and Russia is ratified, providing for the exchange of Sakhalin for the Kuril Islands.
  • Sep 1 A murder conviction effectively forces the violent Irish anti-owner coal miners, the "Molly Maguires", to disband
  • Sep 9 Lotta's Fountain (Kearny & Market) dedicated

Historic Event

Sep 23 Billy the Kid is arrested for the 1st time and jailed after receiving clothing stolen from a Chinese laundry. Escapes two days later.

  • Sep 25 Billy the Kid escapes jail in Silver City, New Mexico, by climbing out of a chimney and becomes a fugitive
  • Oct 5 Palace Hotel on Market Street opens in San Francisco
  • Oct 16 1st Quebec vs Ontario football game, Ontario wins

Historic Event

Oct 16 Brigham Young University is founded in Provo, Utah.

  • Oct 22 First telegraphic connection in Argentina.
  • Oct 22 Sons of American Revolution organizes
  • Nov 2 Verney Cameron reaches Benguela in Angola, from Africa's east coast, 1st European to cross equatorial Africa from sea to sea
  • Nov 4 Massachusetts Rifle Association is founded in Boston
  • Nov 4 Passenger Steamship "Pacific" collides with sailing vessel "Orpheus" off Cape Flattery, Washington, 236 die
  • Nov 4 Tonga adopts constitution
  • Nov 7 Verney Cameron is 1st European to cross equatorial Africa
  • Nov 13 National Bowling Association organized in NYC
  • Nov 16 Battle of Gundet: Ethiopian emperor Yohannes beats Egyptians
  • Nov 16 William Bonwill, patents dental mallet to impact gold into cavities
  • Nov 17 American Theosophical Society founded by Mme Blavatsky & Colonel Olcott
  • Nov 28 British explorer Verney Cameron reaches East Africa

Historic Event

Dec 4 William Magear Tweed "Boss Tweed" (Tammany Hall, NYC) escapes from jail

  • Dec 6 44th Congress (1875-77) convenes
  • Dec 7 Natives Sons of the West organized
  • Dec 8 Aleksandr Ostrovsky's "Volki i Ovsty" premieres in St Petersburg
  • Dec 17 Violent bread riots in Montreal
  • Dec 25 Lambs Club in New York forms
  • Dec 30 Andrassy Note calls for Christian-Muslim religious freedoms