Events in History in 1880

  • Jan 1 Building of Panama Canal begins
  • Jan 6 Record snow cover in Seattle - 120 cm
  • Jan 9 6' (1.83 metres) of snow falls in Seattle in 5 days
  • Jan 9 The Great Gale of 1880 devastates parts of Oregon and Washington with high wind and heavy snow
  • Jan 21 1st US sewage disposal system separate from storm drains in Memphis, Tennessee

Historic Invention

Jan 27 Thomas Edison patents electric incandescent lamp

  • Feb 1 The first edition of theatrical newspaper The Stage is published.
  • Feb 2 SS Strathleven arrives in London with first shipment of frozen Australian mutton

Murder of Interest

Feb 4 "Black Donnelly" massacre in Biddulph, Ontario, Canada: Irish immigrants James (63), Johannah (56), John (32), Thomas (25) and Bridget (21) Donnelly murdered at home by members of the Vigilance Committee

Catholic Encyclical

Feb 10 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Arcanum about Christian marriage

  • Feb 12 US National Croquet League organizes (Philadelphia)
  • Feb 16 American Society of Mechanical Engineers forms (NYC)

Assassination Attempt

Feb 17 Alexander II of Russia survives an assassination attempt

  • Feb 29 Gotthard railway tunnel between Switzerland & Italy completed
  • Mar 4 NY Daily Graphic publishes 1st half-tone engraving, by S. H. Horgan
  • Mar 23 Flour rolling mill patented (John Stevens of Wisconsin)
  • Mar 24 Tobacco Growers' Mutual Insurance Company incorporates in CT
  • Mar 31 1st town to claim to be completely illuminated by electric lighting (Wabash, Indiana)

Historic Publication

Apr 15 Guy de Maupassant's short story masterpiece "Boule de Suif" (Dumpling) is first published in the collection "Les Soirées de Médan"

  • Apr 18 An F4 tornado strikes Marshfield, Missouri, killing 99 people and injuring 100.
  • Jun 1 The first pay telephone service in the United States is installed in New Haven, Connecticut
  • Jun 1 US census is 50,155,783
  • Jun 7 War of the Pacific: The Battle of Arica, assault and capture of Morro de Arica (Arica Cape), that ended the Campaña del Desierto (Desert Campaign).

Historic Event

Jun 8 Russian writer Fyodor Dostoyevsky delivers an emotional speech at the unveiling of a monument to Pushkin in Moscow

  • Jun 10 Charlie Jones becomes 1st to hit 2 HRs in 1 inning

Historic Event

Jun 28 Australian bushranger Ned Kelly captured at Glenrowan

  • Jun 29 France annexes Otaheite (Tahiti)
  • Jul 16 Dr. Emily Stowe becomes the first woman licenced to practise medicine in Canada.
  • Jul 19 San Francisco Public Library starts lending books
  • Jul 21 Compressed air accident kills 20 workers on Hudson River tunnel, NY
  • Jul 24 1st commercial hydroelectric power plant in the world begins generating electricity in Grand Rapids, Michigan
  • Jul 27 Alexander P. Ashbourne patents a process for refining coconut oil
  • Jul 27 Battle of Maiwand, at which Dr Watson is wounded, breaks out
  • Aug 2 British Parliament officially adopts Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)
  • Aug 3 American Canoe Association founded at Lake George, NY, first Commodore William L. Alden
  • Aug 14 Ceremony to mark the completion of Cologne Cathedral attended by Emperor William I. First begun in 1248, now the largest Gothic cathedral in Northern Europe.

Historic Event

Aug 16 The French state commissions sculptor Auguste Rodin for a large sculpted doorway 'The Gates of Hell' for the proposed Musée des Arts Décoratifs

  • Sep 3 Jess James' gang robs the Mammoth Cave stagecoach, Kentucky
  • Sep 10 Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza signs treaty with King Makoko of Congo
  • Sep 23 Jules Ferry forms French government
  • Sep 30 American amateur astronomer Henry Draper takes the 1st ever photograph of the Orion Nebula
  • Oct 4 University of California founded in Los Angeles
  • Oct 15 Mexican soldiers kill Victorio, one of the greatest Apache military strategists
  • Oct 20 Amsterdam Free University opens

Election of Interest

Nov 2 James A. Garfield (R) elected 20th US President

  • Nov 11 Australian Bushranger and outlaw Ned Kelly is hanged at Melbourne Gaol

Ben-Hur Turns Author Into a Soldier of Fortune

Nov 12 Best selling American novel "Ben-Hur: A Tale of The Christ" by soldier Lew Wallace is published

  • Nov 21 Henry Stanley and Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza quarrel about possession of Congo
  • Dec 8 5,000 armed Boers gather in Paardekraal, South Africa
  • Dec 16 Beginning of the First Boer War between British Empire and Boer South African Republic
  • Dec 16 Transvaal region declares itself as the Republic of South Africa
  • Dec 20 Battle at Bronker's Spruit, Transvaal: Farmers beat Britten
  • Dec 20 NY's Broadway lit by electricity, becomes known as "Great White Way"