On This Day

Events in History in July 1881

  • Jul 1 1st international telephone conversation, Calais, Maine to St Stephen, New Brunswick
  • Jul 1 US Assay Office in St Louis, Missouri opens
  • Jul 1 General Order 70, the culmination of the Cardwell-Childers reforms of the British Army's organisation, comes into effect

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 2 US President James Garfield shot by Charles J. Guiteau a disappointed office-seeker; Garfield dies 79 days later

20th US President James Garfield
20th US President
James Garfield
Assassin Charles J. Guiteau
Assassin
Charles J. Guiteau

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 4 Booker T. Washington establishes Tuskegee Institute (Alabama)

Education Pioneer Booker T. Washington
Education Pioneer
Booker T. Washington

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Jul 20 Sioux Indian Chief Sitting Bull, surrenders to US federal troops

Lakota Sioux Chief Sitting Bull
Lakota Sioux Chief
Sitting Bull
  • Jul 26 French marines occupy Tunisian harbor city Sfax