Events in History in 1884

  • Jan 4 Last sighting of an eastern cougar (Ontario)
  • Jan 4 The Fabian Society is founded in London.
  • Jan 8 Chrome tanning process for leather patented by Augustus Schultz
  • Jan 18 Dr. William Price attempts to cremate the body of his infant son, Iesu Grist (Welsh for Jesus Christ) Price, setting a legal precedent for cremation in the United Kingdom
  • Jan 18 General Charles Gordon departs London for Khartoum, Sudan
  • Jan 26 1st Dutch Wagner version of Elizabeth aria
  • Feb 1 1st volume of the Oxford English Dictionary, A-Ant, published
  • Feb 18 General Charles Gordon arrives in Khartoum

Historic Event

Feb 18 Russian police seize all copies of Leo Tolstoy's book "What I Believe In"

  • Feb 19 "Enigma Outbreak" of over 60 tornadoes in Mississippi, Alabama, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky and Indiana kill hundreds, if not over a thousand (hence the "enigma") people
  • Feb 26 British & Portuguese treaty signed in Congo by Leopold II

Historic Event

Mar 8 Susan B. Anthony addresses U.S. House Judiciary Committee arguing for an amendment to the U.S. Constitution granting women the right to vote, 16 years after legislators 1st introduced a federal women's suffrage amendment.

  • Mar 12 Mississippi establishes 1st US state college for women
  • Mar 13 Siege of Khartoum, Sudan begins by Mahdist forces, lasts 10 months
  • Mar 13 US adopts Standard Time
  • Mar 17 John Joseph Montgomery makes 1st glider flight at Otay, California
  • Mar 27 1st long-distance telephone call, Boston-NY
  • Apr 2 London prison for debtors closed
  • Apr 10 US Senate accepts Belgian administration of Congo

Catholic Encyclical

Apr 20 Pope Leo XIII encyclical "On Freemasonry"

  • Apr 21 Potters Field reopened as Madison Park
  • Apr 22 Thomas Stevens starts 1st bike trip around world (2 yrs 9 mths)
  • Apr 22 US recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State
  • Apr 24 National Medical Association of Black physicians organizes in Atlanta
  • May 1 Construction begins on Chicago's 1st skyscraper (10 stories)
  • May 1 Proclamation of the demand for eight-hour workday in the United States.
  • May 13 Institute for Electrical & Electronics Engineers (IEEE) forms in New York
  • May 14 Anti-Monopoly party forms in US
  • May 16 Italian inventor Angelo Moriondo receives patent for 1st espresso machine
  • May 17 Alaska becomes a US territory
  • May 19 Ringling Brothers circus premieres
  • May 24 Anti-Monopoly party & Greenback Party forms People's Party in US
  • May 29 Europe's first steam cable trams start in Highgate, London
  • Jun 3 John Lynch (R-MS) chosen 1st black major-party national convention chair
  • Jun 5 William Sherman refuses Republican presidential nomination saying "I will not accept if nominated & will not serve if elected"
  • Jun 16 1st roller coaster used (Coney Island NY)
  • Jun 24 John Lynch is 1st black elected chairman of Republican convention
  • Jul 3 Dow Jones publishes its 1st stock index, the Dow Jones Transportation Average
  • Jul 4 1st US bullfight held (Dodge City Ks)
  • Jul 5 German consul-general Gustav Nachtigal takes possession of Cameroon
  • Jul 5 US Congress accept 2nd Chinese Exclusion Act
  • Jul 27 The East Cleveland Street Railway Company begins the first U.S. commercial electric streetcar line in Cleveland, Ohio, on the Bentley-Knight system

Historic Event

Jul 29 Society of Independent Artists founded in Paris by Albert Dubois-Pillet, Odilon Redon, Georges Seurat and Paul Signac

Historic Event

Aug 5 Cornerstone for Statue of Liberty laid on Bedloe's Island (NYC)

  • Aug 7 Germany annexes Angra Pequena / German South West-Africa (modern Namibia)

1st Photograph of a Tornado

Aug 28 First known photograph of a tornado is made near Howard, South Dakota

  • Sep 4 Britain ends its policy of penal transportation to New South Wales in Australia
  • Sep 10 Congressman John R. Lynch presides over Republican National Convention
  • Sep 20 6.2 mile Arlberg railroad tunnel completed in Austria
  • Sep 20 Equal Rights Party nominates female candidates for US President and Vice President
  • Sep 23 American Herman Hollerith patents his mechanical tabulating machine, the beginning of data processing
  • Sep 26 Suriname army shoots on British-Indian contract workers, 7 killed
  • Oct 6 Naval War College forms in Newport, Rhode Island
  • Oct 13 Greenwich in London established as the universal time meridian of longitude

Historic Invention

Oct 14 George Eastman patents paper-strip photographic film

  • Oct 22 General Gordon receives letter of Mahdi
  • Oct 22 International Meridian Conference in Washington, D.C. adopts Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) worldwide, creating 24 international time zones with longitude zero at the Greenwich meridian
  • Oct 27 Architect Henry Hardenberghs Dakota-complex opens in NYC

Historic Event

Nov 4 Grover Cleveland (D) beats James G. Blaine (R) for his 1st presidential term (only American president to serve 2 non-consecutive terms)

  • Nov 6 British protectorate proclaimed over southeast New Guinea
  • Nov 6 Montreal Foot Ball Club (QFRU) defeats Toronto Argonauts (ORFU) 30-0 in 1st CRFU Championship game
  • Nov 8 German government recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State
  • Nov 15 European Colonization and trade in Africa is officially regulated at the international Berlin Conference, formalizing European powers "Scramble for Africa"
  • Nov 22 T Thomas Fortune starts NY Freeman (NY Age) newspaper
  • Nov 25 John B Meyenberg of St Louis patents evaporated milk
  • Dec 1 American Old West: Near Frisco, New Mexico, deputy sheriff Elfego Baca holds off a gang of 80 Texan cowboys who want to kill him for arresting Charles McCarthy.
  • Dec 1 Society of Independent Artists hold 1st exhibition in Polychrome Pavilion, Paris, includes Georges Seurat's "Bathers at Asnières"
  • Dec 6 Aluminum capstone set atop Washington Monument, Washington, D.C., making it the tallest human-built structure in the world (overtaking Cologne Cathedral)
  • Dec 9 Levant Richardson patents ball-bearing skate

Historic Publication

Dec 10 "Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" by Mark Twain is first published in the UK and Canada (US Feb 1885, due to printing error)

  • Dec 12 1st Test match played at the Adelaide Oval
  • Dec 16 Great Britain recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State
  • Dec 19 Italy recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State
  • Dec 24 Austria-Hungary admits King Leopold II's Congo Free State
  • Dec 27 Netherlands recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State
  • Dec 30 William Morris, Eleanor Marx, and others establish the Socialist League, a revolutionary organization in the UK