Events in History in 1885

  • Jan 2 General Wolseley receives last distress signal of General Gordon in Khartoum
  • Jan 3 The beginning of the Battle of Nui Bop in the Sino-French War
  • Jan 4 Dr W W Grant of Iowa, performs 1st appendectomy (on Mary Gartside, 22)
  • Jan 11 Henrik Ibsen's "Vildauden," premieres in Oslo
  • Jan 17 British beat Mahdists at Battle of Abu Klea in Sudan
  • Jan 19 Battle of Abu Klea, Sudan, between the British Desert Column and Mahdist forces: 76 British and 1,100 Mahdists killed
  • Jan 25 Vincent d'Indy's "Saugefleurie" premieres
  • Jan 26 Muhammad Ahmed ("Mahdi") rebels conquer Khartoum

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 28 Commission for Auguste Rodin's sculpture 'The Burghers of Calais' signed by the Municipal Council of Calais.

Sculptor Auguste Rodin
Sculptor
Auguste Rodin
  • Feb 5 News of the fall of Khartoum reaches London
  • Feb 5 King Leopold II of Belgium establishes the Congo as a personal colonial possession
  • Feb 9 1st Japanese arrive in Hawaii
  • Feb 12 Carl Peters founds German East-Africa Society

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 17 Bismarck gives Carl Peters' firm management of East-Africa

German Statesman Otto von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto von Bismarck

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 18 Mark Twain publishes the "Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" in the US

Author Mark Twain
Author
Mark Twain
  • Feb 21 Washington Monument dedicated (Washington, D.C.)
  • Feb 25 US Congress condemns barbed wire around government grounds
  • Feb 26 Berlin Conference gives Congo to Belgium and Nigeria to Great Britain
  • Mar 3 1st US state (California) establishes a permanent forest commission
  • Mar 3 American Telephone & Telegraph (AT&T) incorporates
  • Mar 3 US Congress passes Indian Appropriations Act (Indians wards of federal government)
  • Mar 3 US Post Office offers special delivery for 1st-class mail

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4 Grover Cleveland inaugrated as 1st US Democratic President since Civil War

US President Grover Cleveland
US President
Grover Cleveland
  • Mar 15 1st performance of Caesar Franck's "Lesson Djinns"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 19 Louis Riel returns to Canada, proclaims provisional government, Sask

Politician Louis Riel
Politician
Louis Riel
  • Mar 20 John Matzeliger of Suriname patents shoe lacing machine
  • Mar 21 2nd French government of Ferry resigns
  • Mar 26 Eastman Film Co manufactures 1st commercial motion picture film
  • Mar 26 Louis Riel's forces defeat Canadian forces at Duck Lake, Sask
  • Mar 28 US Salvation Army officially organized
  • Mar 30 The Battle for Kushka triggers the Pandjeh Incident which nearly gives rise to war between the British Empire and Russian Empire.
  • Mar 31 Great Britain declares Bechuanaland a protectorate
  • May 1 Maria "Goeie Mie" Swanenburg sentence to life for killing 27 in Netherlands
  • May 2 "Good Housekeeping" magazine is 1st published
  • May 2 Congo Free State formed by King Leopold II of Belgium
  • May 7 John E W Thompson named US minister to Haiti
  • May 8 Sarah Ann Henley survives 76-m jump from Clifton Bridge, Avon, Engl
  • May 12 Battle of Batoche: Louis Riel and the Metis defeated by Frederick Middleton, leds to collapse of Provincial Government of Saskatchewan and surrender of Riel
  • May 15 Canadian Meti insurgent Louis Reil captured, Saskatchewan
  • May 19 1st mass production of shoes (Jan Matzeliger in Lynn, Massachusetts)
  • May 19 German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck takes possession of Cameroon and Togoland
  • Jun 12 Roof collapse kills 30 at murder trial in France
  • Jun 17 Statue of Liberty arrived in NYC aboard French ship `Isere'
  • Jun 24 British government of Salisbury forms
  • Jun 24 Samuel David Ferguson becomes 1st US black bishop
  • Jul 1 The United States terminates reciprocity and fishery agreement with Canada.
  • Jul 2 Canada's North-west Insurrection ends with surrender of Big Bear

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 6 Louis Pasteur successfully tests an anti-rabies vaccine

Bacteriologist Louis Pasteur
Bacteriologist
Louis Pasteur
  • Aug 7 Five German warships anchor off Zanzibar
  • Aug 10 Leo Daft opens America's 1st commercially operated electric streetcar in Baltimore
  • Aug 11 $100,000 raised in US for pedestal for Statue of Liberty

  • Aug 14 Japan's first patent is issued to the inventor of a rust-proof paint.
  • Aug 29 Gottlieb Daimler receives German patent for a motorcycle
  • Aug 30 13,000 meteors seen in 1 hour near Andromeda
  • Sep 2 In Rock Springs, Wyoming, 150 white miners, who were struggling to unionize so they could strike for better wages and work conditions, attack their Chinese fellow workers, killing 28, wounding 15, and forcing several hundred more out of town.
  • Sep 4 1st cafeteria opens (NYC)
  • Sep 5 1st gasoline pump is delivered to a gasoline dealer (Ft Wayne, Ind)
  • Sep 6 Eastern Rumelia declares its union with Bulgaria. The Unification of Bulgaria is accomplished.
  • Sep 11 Moses Hopkins, named minister to Liberia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 11 Ambrose Bierce finishes as editor of The Wasp magazine

Writer & Satirist Ambrose Bierce
Writer & Satirist
Ambrose Bierce
  • Sep 18 Riots break out in Montreal to protest against compulsory smallpox vaccination.
  • Sep 21 Dutch demonstrate for general voting right
  • Sep 22 Lord Randolph Churchill makes a speech in Ulster in opposition to Home Rule e.g. "Ulster will fight and Ulster will be right".
  • Sep 24 Five German warships depart to Zanzibar
  • Sep 29 The first practical public electric tramway in the world is opened in Blackpool, England.
  • Sep 30 Bechuanaland becomes a British protectorate
  • Oct 1 Special delivery mail service begins in US
  • Oct 13 The Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech) is founded in Atlanta, Georgia.
  • Oct 15 Hoss Radbourne pitches his 60th win of season
  • Nov 1 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Immortale Dei
  • Nov 3 Tacoma vigilantes drive out Chinese, burn their homes & businesses
  • Nov 6 US mint at Carson City, Nevada, directed to close
  • Nov 7 Canadian Pacific Railway completed at Craigellachie
  • Nov 10 German engineer Gottlieb Daimler unveils the world's first motorcycle
  • Nov 12 Montreal & Britannia Football Clubs (QRFU) defeat Ontario Combined Team (ORFU) 3-0 in CRFU Championship game
  • Nov 13 Serbian army occupies Bulgaria
  • Nov 17 The Serbian Army, with Russian support, invades Bulgaria
  • Nov 19 Bulgarians, led by Stefan Stambolov, repulse a larger Serbian invasion force at Slivinitza
  • Nov 23 Amsterdam police attack meeting of social-democrats united
  • Nov 27 1st photograph of a meteor taken by Austro-Hungarian photographer Ladislaus Weinek in Prague
  • Dec 7 49th Congress (1885-87) convenes
  • Dec 17 France declares Madagascar a protectorate
  • Dec 22 Pope Leo XIII proclaims extraordinary jubilee
  • Dec 22 Itō Hirobumi, a samurai, becomes the first Prime Minister of Japan