Events in History in 1885

  • Jan 2 General Wolseley receives last distress signal of General Gordon in Khartoum
  • Jan 3 The beginning of the Battle of Nui Bop in the Sino-French War
  • Jan 4 Dr William Grant of Iowa, performs 1st appendectomy in America on Mary Gartside, aged 22

Theater Premiere

Jan 11 Henrik Ibsen's play "Vildauden," (The Wild Duck) premieres in Oslo

  • Jan 17 Battle of Abu Klea (Battle of Abu Tulayh), Sudan: British Desert Column defeat Mahdist forces: 76 British and 1,100 Mahdists killed
  • Jan 19 Battle of Abu Kru (Battle of Gubat), Sudan: British Desert Column defeat Mahdist forces: 121 British and untold Mahdists killed
  • Jan 26 Muhammad Ahmed ("Mahdi") rebels conquer Khartoum

Historic Event

Jan 28 Commission for Auguste Rodin's sculpture 'The Burghers of Calais' signed by the Municipal Council of Calais.

  • Feb 5 King Leopold II of Belgium establishes the Congo as a personal colonial possession
  • Feb 5 News of the fall of Khartoum reaches London
  • Feb 9 1st Japanese arrive in Hawaii
  • Feb 12 Carl Peters founds German East-Africa Society

Historic Event

Feb 17 Bismarck gives Carl Peters' firm management of East-Africa

Historic Publication

Feb 18 Mark Twain publishes the "Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" in the US

  • Feb 21 Washington Monument dedicated in Washington, D.C.
  • Feb 25 US Congress condemns barbed wire around government grounds
  • Feb 26 Berlin Conference gives Congo to Belgium and Nigeria to Great Britain
  • Mar 3 1st US state (California) establishes a permanent forest commission
  • Mar 3 American Telephone & Telegraph (AT&T) incorporates
  • Mar 3 US Congress passes Indian Appropriations Act (Indians wards of federal government)
  • Mar 3 US Post Office offers special delivery for 1st-class mail

Historic Event

Mar 4 Grover Cleveland inaugrated as 1st US Democratic President since Civil War

Historic Event

Mar 19 Louis Riel returns to Canada, proclaims provisional government, Sask

  • Mar 20 Jan Ernst Matzeliger received patent number 274,207 for his lasting machine which creates wood or stone molds of customers' feet
  • Mar 21 2nd French government of Ferry resigns
  • Mar 26 1st modern, legal cremation held in England at Woking, Surrey [1]
  • Mar 26 Eastman Film Co manufactures 1st commercial motion picture film
  • Mar 26 Louis Riel's forces defeat Canadian forces at Duck Lake, Sask
  • Mar 30 The Battle for Kushka triggers the Pandjeh Incident which nearly gives rise to war between the British Empire and Russian Empire
  • Mar 31 Great Britain declares Bechuanaland a protectorate
  • May 1 Maria "Goeie Mie" Swanenburg sentence to life for killing 27 in Netherlands
  • May 2 "Good Housekeeping" magazine is 1st published
  • May 2 Congo Free State formed by King Leopold II of Belgium
  • May 7 John E W Thompson named US minister to Haiti
  • May 8 Sarah Ann Henley survives 76-m jump from Clifton Bridge in Bristol, England
  • May 12 Battle of Batoche: Louis Riel and the Metis defeated by Frederick Middleton, leads to collapse of Provincial Government of Saskatchewan and surrender of Riel
  • May 15 Canadian Métis insurgent Louis Reil captured in the aftermath of the Battle of Batoche in Saskatchewan
  • May 19 1st mass production of shoes (Jan Matzeliger in Lynn, Massachusetts)
  • May 19 German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck takes possession of Cameroon and Togoland
  • May 31 Dr John Harvey Kellogg of Battle Creek, Michigan files application for patent for "flaked cereal, and process of making same"
  • Jun 12 Roof collapse kills 30 at murder trial in France
  • Jun 24 British government of Salisbury forms
  • Jun 24 Samuel David Ferguson becomes 1st US black bishop
  • Jul 1 The United States terminates reciprocity and fishery agreement with Canada
  • Jul 2 Canada's North-west Insurrection ends with surrender of Big Bear

Historic Event

Jul 6 Louis Pasteur successfully give an anti-rabies vaccine to 9-year-old Joseph Meister, saving his life

  • Jul 6 William T. Stead's "The Maiden Tribute of Modern Babylon" 1st published, describes how he was able to buy a 13 year old girl in "The Pall Mall Gazette"
  • Aug 7 Five German warships anchor off Zanzibar
  • Aug 10 Leo Daft opens America's 1st commercially operated electric streetcar in Baltimore

Historic Event

Aug 11 $100,000 raised in US for pedestal for Statue of Liberty

  • Aug 14 British Criminal Law Amendment Act raises age of consent from 13 to 16, protects against child prostitution
  • Aug 14 Japan's first patent is issued to the inventor of a rust-proof paint.

Historic Invention

Aug 29 Gottlieb Daimler receives German patent for a motorcycle

  • Aug 30 13,000 meteors seen in 1 hour near Andromeda
  • Sep 2 In Rock Springs, Wyoming, 150 white miners, who were struggling to unionize so they could strike for better wages and work conditions, attack their Chinese fellow workers, killing 28, wounding 15, and forcing several hundred more out of town.
  • Sep 4 1st cafeteria opens (NYC)
  • Sep 5 1st gasoline pump is delivered to a gasoline dealer (Ft Wayne, Ind)
  • Sep 6 Eastern Rumelia declares its union with Bulgaria. The Unification of Bulgaria is accomplished.

Historic Event

Sep 11 Ambrose Bierce finishes as editor of The Wasp magazine

  • Sep 11 Moses Hopkins, named minister to Liberia
  • Sep 18 Riots break out in Montreal to protest against compulsory smallpox vaccination.
  • Sep 21 Dutch demonstrate for general voting right
  • Sep 22 Lord Randolph Churchill makes a speech in Ulster in opposition to Home Rule e.g. "Ulster will fight and Ulster will be right"
  • Sep 24 Five German warships depart to Zanzibar
  • Sep 29 First practical public electric tramway in the world is opened in Blackpool, England
  • Sep 30 Bechuanaland becomes a British protectorate
  • Oct 1 Special delivery mail service begins in US
  • Oct 13 The Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech) is founded in Atlanta, Georgia
  • Oct 15 Hoss Radbourne pitches his 60th win of season

Catholic Encyclical

Nov 1 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Immortale Dei

  • Nov 3 Tacoma vigilantes drive out Chinese, burn their homes & businesses
  • Nov 6 US mint at Carson City, Nevada, directed to close
  • Nov 7 Canadian Pacific Railway completed at Craigellachie
  • Nov 10 German engineer Gottlieb Daimler unveils the world's first motorcycle
  • Nov 14 Serbia invades Bulgaria, beginning the two-week Serbo-Bulgarian War; the Serbs are later defeated decisively [O.S. November 2]
  • Nov 17 The Serbian Army, with Russian support, invades Bulgaria
  • Nov 19 Bulgarians, led by Stefan Stambolov, repulse a larger Serbian invasion force at Slivinitza
  • Nov 23 Amsterdam police attack meeting of social-democrats united
  • Nov 25 Banff National Park, Canada's first national park established as Rocky Mountains Park, Alberta [1]
  • Nov 27 1st photograph of a meteor taken by Austro-Hungarian photographer Ladislaus Weinek in Prague
  • Dec 7 49th Congress (1885-87) convenes
  • Dec 17 France declares Madagascar a protectorate

Historic Event

Dec 22 Itō Hirobumi, a samurai, becomes the first Prime Minister of Japan

  • Dec 22 Pope Leo XIII proclaims extraordinary jubilee