On This Day

Events in History in 1888

  • Jan 3 1st wax drinking straw patented, by Marvin C Stone in Washington, D.C.
  • Jan 5 Dutch Heidemaatschappij (land reclamation) established
  • Jan 27 The National Geographic Society is founded in Washington, D.C. for "the increase and diffusion of geographic knowledge"
  • Jan 30 Harry Moses 297 not out for NSW against Victoria
  • Feb 2 Frank Sprague opens the first successful U.S. electric street railway system, the Richmond Union Passenger Railway, in Richmond, Virginia
  • Feb 24 Louisville, Kentucky, becomes 1st government in US to adopt Australian ballot (i.e. secret ballot on standard voting forms)
  • Feb 28 Ferry in San Pablo Bay explodes
  • Mar 2 The Convention of Constantinople signed, guaranteeing free maritime passage through the Suez Canal during war and peace
  • Mar 11 Great blizzard of '88 strikes northeastern USA
  • Mar 12 2nd day of the Great blizzard of '88 in north east US (400 die)
  • Mar 13 Great Blizzard of 1888 rages across the east coast of the USA and Canada
  • Mar 14 Second largest snowfall in NYC history (21")
  • Mar 21 Arthur Pinero's "Sweet Lavender" premieres in London
  • Mar 22 English Football League established
  • Mar 25 Socialist leader Domela Nieuwenhuis elected to Dutch 2nd chamber
  • Apr 16 Drentse & Friese peat cutters go on in the Netherlands

Meeting of Interest

Apr 29 Old Kavallison, Congo: Henry Morton Stanley meets Emin Pasha

  • Apr 30 1888 Moradabad hailstorm: hail stones allegedly as big as oranges kill 246 people and some 1600 sheep and cattle in Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh
  • May 4 Italy & Spain sign military covenant
  • May 12 Crouching start 1st used in track and field by Charles Sherrill of Yale
  • May 13 DeWolf Hooper 1st recites "Casey at Bat"
  • May 13 Princess Isabel of Brazil acting as regent signs the "Lei Auréa" (Golden Law) abolishing slavery in Brazil
  • May 16 CPR opens Hotel Vancouver, Vancouver, British Columbia
  • May 22 Leroy Buffington patents a system to build skyscrapers
  • Jun 1 California gets its 1st seismograph

Historic Event

Jun 5 US Democrats nominate Grover Cleveland for president

  • Jun 5 Unusual Rio de la Plata Earthquake measures magnitude 5.5
  • Jun 13 US Congress creates Department of Labor

Historic Event

Jun 15 Wilhelm II becomes Emperor of Germany

Catholic Encyclical

Jun 20 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Libertas

Presidential Convention

Jun 23 Frederick Douglass is 1st African-American to be nominated for US Vice President

Presidential Convention

Jun 25 Republican Convention in Chicago nominates Benjamin Harrison

  • Jul 4 1st organized rodeo competition held, Prescott, Arizona
  • Jul 11 Pennsylvania's Monongehela River rises 32' after 24 hour rainfall
  • Jul 15 Bandai volcano (Japan) erupts for 1st time in 1,000 years
  • Jul 23 John Boyd Dunlop applies to patent pneumatic tire
  • Jul 27 Philip Pratt unveils 1st American electric tricycle
  • Aug 1 The roof of Seville's cathedral collapses after an earthquake
  • Aug 7 Theophilus Van Kannel of Philadelphia patents revolving door
  • Aug 11 California Theatre closed (now a Pac Tel Phone Store)

Historic Invention

Aug 12 Bertha, wife of inventor Karl Benz, makes 1st motor tour

  • Aug 21 American inventor William Seward Burroughs patents the adding machine
  • Aug 30 Lord Walsingham kills 1,070 grouse in a single day

Murder of Interest

Aug 31 The body of Jack the Ripper's first victim, Mary Ann Nichols, is found in Whitechapel in London's East End

  • Sep 1 Dutch Railway Deventer-Almelo opens

Historic Event

Sep 6 Queen Victoria grants William Mackinnon's Imperial British East Africa Company political & commercial rights

  • Sep 6 Charles Turner becomes the first bowler to take 250 wickets in an English season - a feat since accomplished only by Tom Richardson (twice), J.T. Hearne, Wilfred Rhodes (twice) and Tich Freeman (six times).

Baby Incubator

Sep 7 Edith Eleanor McLean is 1st baby to be placed in an incubator at State Emigrant Hospital on Ward’s Island, New York

  • Sep 8 In England the first six Football League matches ever are played
  • Sep 11 Death of the Argentine politician Domingo Sarmiento, after whom the Latin American Teacher's Day is chosen.
  • Sep 25 Royal Court Theatre, London, opens
  • Sep 30 "Jack the Ripper" murders 2 more women, Liz Stride & Kate Eddowes, in Whitechapel, London
  • Oct 1 National Geographic magazine publishes for the 1st time

Historic Event

Oct 3 Explorer Fridtjof Nansen and his team complete first known crossing of Greenland interior, arriving in Godthaab

  • Oct 9 Washington Monument opens for public admittance
  • Oct 10 Teatotalers excursion train crushed, killing 64 at Mud Run, Pennsylvania

Historic Event

Oct 15 German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche decides to write his autobiography "Ecce Homo" on his 44th birthday

  • Oct 19 Moshav Gederah is attacked by Arabs
  • Oct 23 Pelham Bay Park in Bronx vested
  • Oct 30 John J Loud patents ballpoint pen
  • Oct 30 Ndebele-king Lobengula grants Cecil Rhodes, Mashonaland £100 per month
  • Nov 6 Benjamin Harrison (R-Sen-Ind) beats President Grover Cleveland (D), 233 electoral votes to 168, Cleveland receives slightly more votes
  • Nov 9 Jack Ripper's 5th and probably last victim, Mary Jane Kelly, found on her bed
  • Nov 14 USC Trojans (then Methodists) play their 1st football game
  • Nov 20 Willard Bundy patents timecard clock
  • Dec 11 French Panama Canal Company fails
  • Dec 18 Richard Wetherill and his brother in-law discover the ancient Anasazi ruins of Mesa Verde, Colorado
  • Dec 19 Henry Morton Stanley's expedition reaches Fort Bodo, East-Africa

Historic Event

Dec 23 Vincent van Gogh cuts off his left ear with a razor, after argument with fellow painter Paul Gauguin, and sends to a prostitute for safe keeping

  • Dec 30 Belgium: king Leopold II installs Order of African Star