On This Day

Events in History in 1890

  • Jan 1 The Rose Parade, then known as the Tournament of Roses, is first held in Pasadena, California
  • Jan 1 Eritrea is consolidated into a colony by the Italian government.
  • Jan 2 Alice Sanger becomes 1st female White House staffer
  • Jan 2 Record 19.2 feet alligator shot in Louisiana by American businessman Edward Avery McIlhenny
  • Jan 3 1st US college-level dairy school opens at University of Wisconsin
  • Jan 7 African American inventor William Purvis receives a patent for the fountain pen
  • Jan 10 Edward Macdowell's "Lancelot & Elaine" premieres
  • Jan 10 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Sapientiae Christianae
  • Jan 21 1st issue of "Propria Cures", Amsterdam student-weekly newspaper
  • Jan 22 Jose Marti forms La Liga (Union of Cuban exiles) in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 25 National Afro-American League founded in Chicago by Timothy Thomas Fortune, one of earliest civil rights organizations in America

Orator, Writer and Civil Rights Leader Timothy Thomas Fortune
Orator, Writer and Civil Rights Leader
Timothy Thomas Fortune
  • Jan 25 Nellie Bly beats Phileas Fogg's time around world by 8 days (72 days)
  • Jan 25 United Mine Workers of America forms
  • Feb 10 Around 11 million acres ceded to US by Sioux Indians, then opened for settlement
  • Feb 20 Amsterdam Theater destroyed by fire
  • Feb 27 D Needham and P Kerrigan box 100 rounds (6 h 39 m) in San Francisco; match is a draw

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Mar 1 1st US edition of Sherlock Holmes' first story "A Study in Scarlet" by Arthur Conan Doyle published

  • Mar 4 The longest bridge in the Great Britain, the Forth Bridge (railway) (1,710 ft) in Scotland is opened by the Prince of Wales, who later became King Edward VII.

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Mar 15 German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck is dismissed

German Statesman Otto von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto von Bismarck
  • Mar 18 1st US state naval militia organized (Massachusetts)
  • Mar 20 General Federation of Womens' Clubs founded
  • Mar 20 German Emperor Wilhelm II fires chancellor Otto von Bismarck
  • Mar 21 Austrian Jewish communities are defined by law
  • Mar 27 A tornado strikes Louisville, Kentucky, killing 76 and injuring 200.
  • Apr 6 French troops under capt Archinard occupy Segu, West-Sudan
  • Apr 7 Completion of the first Lake Biwa Canal, Japan
  • Apr 11 Ellis Island, New York, designated as an immigration station
  • Apr 14 Pan American Day-1st conference of American states (Washington, D.C.)
  • Apr 18 NY Commission of Emigration ends, closing Castle Clinton

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Apr 19 Henry Morton Stanley inaugurated in Brussels

Journalist and Explorer Henry Morton Stanley
Journalist and Explorer
Henry Morton Stanley

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May 13 Lord Salisbury offers Helgoland to Germany in exchange for Zanzibar, Uganda & Equatoria

British Prime Minister Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
British Prime Minister
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 14 British sailor David Beatty is promoted to sub-lieutenant

British Admiral of the Fleet David Beatty
British Admiral of the Fleet
David Beatty
  • May 17 Clyde Fitch's "Beau Brummel" premieres in NYC
  • May 17 Comic Cuts, 1st weekly comic paper, published in London
  • May 24 Caprivi succeeds Bismarck as Chancellor of Germany
  • May 24 Geo Train & Sam Wall circle world in record 67 days, Tacoma-Tacoma
  • May 24 Tivoli Theater of Varities opens in London

  • May 30 1st Dodger home run (Dave Foutz)
  • Jun 1 US census at 62,622,250
  • Jun 6 United States Polo Association forms, NYC
  • Jun 13 Eagle Avenue in the Bronx is cut out and named
  • Jun 23 In an effort to solve the "Uitlander" grievances regarding voting rights, President of Transvaal Paul Kruger institutes a Second Volksraad, responsible for controlling local matters

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 27 Cecil Rhodes' colonists attack Motlousi in Matabeleland

British Businessman and Imperialist Politician Cecil Rhodes
British Businessman and Imperialist Politician
Cecil Rhodes
  • Jul 1 Great Britain and Germany sign Zanzibar-Helgoland Treaty
  • Jul 1 Canada and Bermuda are linked by telegraph cable.
  • Jul 2 Congress passes Sherman Antitrust Act
  • Jul 3 Idaho admitted as 43rd US state
  • Jul 3 King Leopold II gives Congo, previously a private possession, to Belgium
  • Jul 10 Wyoming becomes 44th state of US (1st with female suffrage)
  • Jul 17 Cecil Rhodes becomes Premier of Cape Colony
  • Jul 20 "Gibbons Stamp Monthly" begins publishing
  • Jul 20 Snow and hail in Calais, Maine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 27 Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh shoots himself in Auvers-sur-Oise, dies of injuries 2 days later

  • Aug 1 Cecil Rhodes' colonists reach Lundi
  • Aug 5 British and French accord to divide African colonization
  • Aug 6 At Auburn Prison in New York, murderer William Kemmler becomes the 1st person to be executed by electric chair
  • Aug 9 First 44 Javans arrive in Suriname to work 5 years on sugar plantations
  • Aug 14 Cecil Rhodes' colonists reach Mashonaland (Fort Victoria)
  • Aug 16 Alexander Clark, journalist and lawyer, named minister to Liberia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 30 President Benjamin Harrison signed the first U.S. law requiring inspection of meat products

23rd US President Benjamin Harrison
23rd US President
Benjamin Harrison
  • Sep 12 Cecil Rhodes' colonists found Fort Salisbury (now Harare, Zimbabwe)
  • Sep 13 Cecil Rhodes' colonists hoist the Union Jack in Mashonaland & Salisbury
  • Sep 19 Turkish frigate "Ertogrul" burns off of Japan, kills 540
  • Sep 23 Ed Cartwright bats in 7 RBIs in 1 inning
  • Sep 24 The President of the Mormon Church Wilford Woodruff issues a manifesto advising members that the teaching and practice of polygamy should be abandoned
  • Sep 26 US stops minting $1 & $3 gold coin & 3 cent piece
  • Oct 1 Congress creates Weather Bureau
  • Oct 1 Congress establishes Yosemite National Park (California)
  • Oct 1 Germany's anti-socialist laws lapse
  • Oct 3 Capt Guillaume of Kerckhoven marches into Boma Congo
  • Oct 6 General Conference of the Mormon Church outlaws polygamy
  • Oct 11 First 100 yard dash under 10 seconds run by John Owen in 9.8 sec at Analostan Island, Washington D.C.
  • Oct 11 Daughters of American Revolution founded
  • Oct 13 The Delta Chi fraternity is founded by 11 law students at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York.
  • Oct 15 Alabama Penny Savings Bank organizes in Birmingham
  • Nov 4 Great Britain proclaims Zanzibar as a protectorate
  • Nov 4 Prince of Wales opens first underground station at Stockwell, South London
  • Nov 11 D McCree patents portable fire escape
  • Nov 20 Pope Leo XIII encyclical "On Slavery in the Missions"
  • Nov 23 King William III of the Netherlands dies (b. 1817) without a male heir and a special law passed to allow his daughter Princess Wilhelmina to inherit.
  • Nov 23 General elections in Italy.
  • Nov 27 1st signal box for SF Police Department goes into operation
  • Nov 29 1st US Army - US Navy football game, Score: Navy 24, Army 0 at West Point
  • Dec 16 Negro Methodist Episcopal Church founded in Jackson, TN
  • Dec 18 Lugards expedition to Meng and Kampala, Uganda
  • Dec 21 Pim Mulier 1st & only trip to "Alvesteddetocht"
  • Dec 22 Cornwallis Valley Railway begins operation between Kingsport and Kentville, Nova Scotia.
  • Dec 26 King Mwanga of Uganda signs contract with East Africa Company

USAWounded Knee Massacre

Dec 29 US 7th Cavalry massacre 200+ captive Sioux at Wounded Knee, South Dakota
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Mass grave for the dead after the massacre
Mass grave for the dead after the massacre