Events in History in 1890

  • Jan 1 Eritrea is consolidated into a colony by the Italian government.
  • Jan 1 The Rose Parade, then known as the Tournament of Roses, is first held in Pasadena, California
  • Jan 2 Alice Sanger becomes 1st female White House staffer
  • Jan 2 Record 19.2 feet alligator shot in Louisiana by American businessman Edward Avery McIlhenny
  • Jan 3 1st US college-level dairy school opens at University of Wisconsin
  • Jan 7 African American inventor William Purvis receives a patent for the fountain pen
  • Jan 10 Edward Macdowell's "Lancelot & Elaine" premieres

Catholic Encyclical

Jan 10 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Sapientiae Christianae

  • Jan 21 1st issue of "Propria Cures", Amsterdam student-weekly newspaper
  • Jan 22 Jose Marti forms La Liga (Union of Cuban exiles) in NYC

Historic Event

Jan 25 Journalist Nellie Bly beats the fictitious journey of Jules Verne's Phileas Fogg around the world by 8 days (72 days)

Historic Event

Jan 25 National Afro-American League founded in Chicago by Timothy Thomas Fortune, one of earliest civil rights organizations in America

  • Jan 25 United Mine Workers of America forms
  • Feb 10 Around 11 million acres ceded to US by Sioux Indians, then opened for settlement
  • Feb 20 Amsterdam Theater destroyed by fire
  • Feb 27 D Needham and P Kerrigan box 100 rounds (6 h 39 m) in San Francisco; match is a draw

Historic Publication

Mar 1 1st US edition of Sherlock Holmes' first story "A Study in Scarlet" by Arthur Conan Doyle published

Historic Event

Mar 4 Longest bridge in Great Britain, the Forth Bridge (railway) at 1,710 ft in length is opened in Scotland by the Prince of Wales, later King Edward VII

  • Mar 18 1st US state naval militia organized (Massachusetts)

Historic Event

Mar 18 German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck resigns after 19 years after disagreement with German Emperor Wilhelm II

  • Mar 20 General Federation of Women's Clubs founded in the United States
  • Mar 21 Austrian Jewish communities are defined by law
  • Mar 27 A tornado strikes Louisville, Kentucky, killing 76 and injuring 200.
  • Apr 6 French troops under capt Archinard occupy Segu, West-Sudan
  • Apr 7 Completion of the first Lake Biwa Canal, Japan
  • Apr 11 Ellis Island, New York, designated as an immigration station
  • Apr 14 Pan American Day-1st conference of American states (Washington, D.C.)
  • Apr 18 NY Commission of Emigration ends, closing Castle Garden, NYC (now known as Castle Clinton) [1]

Historic Event

May 13 Lord Salisbury offers Helgoland to Germany in exchange for Zanzibar, Uganda & Equatoria

Historic Event

May 14 British sailor David Beatty is promoted to sub-lieutenant

Theater Premiere

May 17 Clyde Fitch's play "Beau Brummel" premieres in NYC

  • May 17 Comic Cuts, 1st weekly comic paper, published in London
  • May 24 Geo Train & Sam Wall circle world in record 67 days, Tacoma-Tacoma
  • May 24 Leo von Caprivi succeeds Otto von Bismarck as Chancellor of Germany
  • May 24 Tivoli Theater of Varieties opens in London
  • May 31 Ulm Minster, in Ulm, Germany, the tallest church in the world with a steeple 161.5m high, is finally completed (begun 1377)
  • Jun 1 US census at 62,622,250
  • Jun 6 United States Polo Association forms, NYC
  • Jun 13 Eagle Avenue in the Bronx is cut out and named

Historic Event

Jun 23 In an effort to solve the "Uitlander" grievances regarding voting rights, President of Transvaal Paul Kruger institutes a Second Volksraad, responsible for controlling local matters

Historic Event

Jun 27 Cecil Rhodes' colonists attack Motlousi in Matabeleland

  • Jul 1 Canada and Bermuda are linked by telegraph cable
  • Jul 1 Great Britain and Germany sign Zanzibar-Helgoland Treaty
  • Jul 2 US Congress passes Sherman Antitrust Act
  • Jul 3 Idaho admitted as 43rd US state
  • Jul 3 King Leopold II gives Congo, previously a private possession, to Belgium
  • Jul 10 Wyoming becomes 44th state of US (1st with female suffrage)
  • Jul 17 Cecil Rhodes becomes Premier of Cape Colony
  • Jul 20 "Gibbons Stamp Monthly" begins publishing
  • Jul 20 Snow and hail in Calais, Maine

Historic Event

Jul 27 Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh shoots himself in Auvers-sur-Oise, dies of injuries 2 days later

  • Aug 1 Cecil Rhodes' colonists reach Lundi
  • Aug 5 British and French accord to divide African colonization
  • Aug 6 At Auburn Prison in New York, murderer William Kemmler becomes the 1st person to be executed by electric chair
  • Aug 9 First 44 Javans arrive in Suriname to work 5 years on sugar plantations
  • Aug 14 Cecil Rhodes' colonists reach Mashonaland (Fort Victoria)
  • Aug 16 Alexander Clark, journalist and lawyer, named minister to Liberia

Historic Event

Aug 30 President Benjamin Harrison signed the first U.S. law requiring inspection of meat products

  • Sep 12 Cecil Rhodes' colonists found Fort Salisbury (now Harare, Zimbabwe)
  • Sep 13 Cecil Rhodes' colonists hoist the Union Jack in Mashonaland & Salisbury (modern Zimbabwe)
  • Sep 19 Turkish frigate "Ertogrul" burns off of Japan, kills 540
  • Sep 22 Fist known ascent of Mt. Olympus, Washington, by an expedition led by Joseph P. O'Neil [1]
  • Sep 23 Ed Cartwright bats in 7 RBIs in 1 inning
  • Sep 24 The President of the Latter-day Saints Wilford Woodruff issues a manifesto advising members that the teaching and practice of polygamy should be abandoned
  • Sep 25 Sequoia National Park established by US President Benjamin Harrison - California's first national park and the country's second
  • Sep 26 US stops minting $1 & $3 gold coin & 3 cent piece
  • Oct 1 Germany's anti-socialist laws lapse
  • Oct 1 US Congress creates Weather Bureau
  • Oct 1 US Congress establishes Yosemite National Park (California)
  • Oct 3 Capt Guillaume of Kerckhoven marches into Boma Congo
  • Oct 6 General Conference of the Latter-day Saints outlaws polygamy
  • Oct 11 Daughters of American Revolution founded
  • Oct 11 First 100 yard dash under 10 seconds run by John Owen in 9.8 sec at Analostan Island, Washington, D.C.
  • Oct 13 The Delta Chi fraternity is founded by 11 law students at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York.
  • Oct 15 Alabama Penny Savings Bank organizes in Birmingham
  • Nov 4 Great Britain proclaims Zanzibar as a protectorate
  • Nov 4 Prince of Wales opens first underground station at Stockwell, South London
  • Nov 11 D McCree patents portable fire escape

Historic Publication

Nov 12 Mabel Loomis Todd publishes the first edition of "Poems by Emily Dickinson"

  • Nov 20 Pope Leo XIII encyclical "On Slavery in the Missions"
  • Nov 23 General elections in Italy won by the Left group headed by Francesco Crispi
  • Nov 23 King William III of the Netherlands dies (b. 1817) without a male heir and a special law is passed to allow his daughter Princess Wilhelmina to inherit
  • Nov 27 1st signal box for SF Police Department goes into operation
  • Nov 29 1st US Army - US Navy football game, Score: Navy 24, Army 0 at West Point
  • Dec 16 Negro Methodist Episcopal Church founded in Jackson, TN
  • Dec 18 Frederick Lugard's British expedition to Meng and Kampala, Uganda
  • Dec 21 Pim Mulier 1st & only trip to "Alvesteddetocht"
  • Dec 22 Cornwallis Valley Railway begins operation between Kingsport and Kentville, Nova Scotia.
  • Dec 26 King Mwanga of Uganda signs contract with East Africa Company

Wounded Knee Massacre

Dec 29 US 7th Cavalry massacre 200+ captive Sioux at Wounded Knee, South Dakota