On This Day

Events in History in 1891

  • Jan 1 French troops occupy Nioro, West-Sudan, 3000 killed
  • Jan 1 King Pakketvaart sails to Neth Indies

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 26 Oscar Wilde's "Duchess of Padua" premieres in NYC

Writer and Poet Oscar Wilde
Writer and Poet
Oscar Wilde
  • Jan 27 Mine explosion kills 109 at Mount Pleasant Pennsylvania
  • Jan 29 Liliuokalani is proclaimed Queen of Hawaii, its last monarch
  • Jan 31 The first attempt of a Portuguese republican revolution breakes out in the northern city of Porto
  • Feb 6 1st great train robbery by Dalton Gang (Southern Pacific #17)
  • Feb 9 1st shipment of asparagus arrives in San Francisco from Sacramento
  • Feb 15 AIK is founded at Biblioteksgatan 8 in Stockholm by Isidor Behrens.
  • Feb 18 Capt Archinard's army fights with Nyamina of Niger in West-Sudan
  • Feb 24 French troops under Captain Archinard occupy Diena West Sudan
  • Feb 26 1st buffalo purchased for Golden Gate Park
  • Feb 26 Henrik Ibsen's "Hedda Gabler" premieres in Oslo
  • Feb 28 Oscar Grundén skates world record 500m (50.8 sec)
  • Mar 3 US Congress creates Courts of Appeal
  • Mar 3 US Congress creates Office of Superintendent of Immigration (Treasury Dept)

  • Mar 3 The Penalty Spot Kick rule in Association Football is conceived, but does not come into effect until the next season.

UKGreat Blizzard of 1891

Mar 9 Great Blizzard of 1891 begins in England and lasts until March 13; Kills 200 people and 6,000 animals

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A train derailed  in England due to the ferocious snowstorm of 1891
A train derailed in England due to the ferocious snowstorm of 1891
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  • Mar 10 Almon Strowger, an undertaker in Topeka, Kansas, patents the strowger switch, a device which led to the automation of telephone circuit switching
  • Mar 17 British Steamer "Utopia" sinks off Gibraltar killing 574
  • Mar 18 Britain is linked to the continent by Telephone
  • Apr 1 London-Paris telephone connection opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 1 French painter Paul Gauguin leaves Marseille for Tahiti

Painter and Sculptor Paul Gauguin
Painter and Sculptor
Paul Gauguin
  • Apr 1 The Wrigley Company is founded in Chicago, Illinois.
  • Apr 7 Nebraska introduces 8 hour work day
  • Apr 11 8-year old Jewish tailor's daughter disappears in Greece, rumor spreads that she was a Christian girl ritually killed by Jews
  • Apr 23 Jews are expelled from Moscow, Russia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 25 US President Benjamin Harrison visits San Francisco

23rd US President Benjamin Harrison
23rd US President
Benjamin Harrison
  • May 6 Conductors on London General Omnibus Company go on strike
  • May 7 Battle in Bunyoro: Capt F Lugard stops Muslim rebellion, 300 killed

MurderAssassination Attempt

May 11 The Otsu Scandal: While visiting Japan, Prince Nicholas (later Tsar Nicholas II) survives an assassination attempt

  • May 12 Riot against tax increase in Paramaribo, Suriname
  • May 15 British Central African Protectorate (now Malawi) forms
  • May 15 Operations begin at Philips & Co in Holland
  • May 15 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Rerum novarum
  • May 16 George A. Hormel & Co establishes Geo. A.Hormel & Co. (Hormel Foods Corporation) in Austin, Minnesota

  • May 19 Rice Institute, which became Rice University in Houston, Texas, is chartered
  • May 31 Work on trans-Siberian railway begins
  • Jun 9 French painter Paul Gauguin arrives in Papeete, Tahiti
  • Jun 11 Puerto Rican flag adopted

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 16 John Abbott becomes Canada's third prime minister

3rd Prime Minister of Canada John Abbott
3rd Prime Minister of Canada
John Abbott
  • Jun 29 US National Forest Service organized
  • Jun 29 Street railway in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, commences operation.
  • Jul 5 Hail kills 16 horses in Rapid City, South Dakota
  • Jul 7 Marcellus F. Berry, an American Express employee is granted four copyrights for what he called "the travelers cheque"
  • Jul 8 61°F, highest temperature for July 1891, in Baltimore and Philadelphia
  • Jul 14 John T Smith patents corkboard
  • Jul 26 Henry James' "American" premieres in London
  • Jul 26 France annexes Tahiti.
  • Jul 27 Titus van Wyck succeeds M de Savornin Lohman as governor of Suriname
  • Aug 5 World's 1st traveler's cheques issued by American Express
  • Aug 15 San Sebastian Church in Manila, the first all-steel church in Asia, is officially inaugurated and blessed.
  • Aug 16 President Benjamin Harrison attends the dedication of the Bennington Battle Monument in Bennington, Vermont
  • Aug 17 1st public bathhouse with showers opens in NYC (People's Bath)
  • Aug 17 Electric self-starter for automobile patented
  • Aug 18 Hurricane hits Martinique, about 700 die
  • Aug 19 William Huggins describes astronomical application of spectrum
  • Aug 21 Dutch Mackay government resigns

InventionHistoric Invention

Aug 24 Thomas Edison patents motion picture camera

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • Sep 3 Cotton pickers organize union & stage strike in Texas
  • Sep 3 John Stephens Durham named US minister to Haiti
  • Sep 7 Captain Frederick Lugard's army reaches Kavalli, Equatoria
  • Sep 11 The Jewish Colonization Association is established by Baron Maurice de Hirsch.
  • Sep 14 "Empire State Express" train goes from NYC to East Buffalo, a distance of 436 miles, in a record 7H6M
  • Sep 18 Harriet Maxwell Converse is 1st white woman to become an Indian chief

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 1 Stanford University, California opens its doors after being founded by Leland Stanford and his wife Jane with a $40M donation (1891 dollars), in memory of their son. Among its first graduation class, future US President Herbert Hoover.

Business Tycoon and Politician Leland Stanford
Business Tycoon and Politician
Leland Stanford
31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • Oct 12 Astronomical Society of France is inaugurated
  • Oct 20 1st International 6 day bike race at New York's Madison Square Garden begins
  • Oct 25 1st International 6 day bike race (NY Madison Square Garden) ends
  • Oct 28 Quake strikes Mino-Owari, Japan kills 7,300
  • Nov 10 1st Women's Christian Temperance Union meeting held (in Boston)
  • Nov 10 Granville T Woods patents electric railway
  • Nov 30 Pope Leo XIII's encyclical "Rerum novarum" published
  • Dec 2 52nd Congress (1891-93) convenes
  • Dec 7 52nd US Congress (1st to appropriate $1 billion) holds 1st session
  • Dec 19 1st Negro Catholic priest ordained in US, Charles Uncles, Baltimore
  • Dec 20 Strongman Louis Cyr withstands pull of 4 horses
  • Dec 29 Edison patents "transmission of signals electrically" (radio)