Events in History in 1893

  • Jan 1 1st US college extension courses for credit, University of Chicago
  • Jan 1 The railway line from Germiston to Pretoria, South Africa, is opened to traffic
  • Jan 2 1st US commemoratives & 1st US stamp to picture a woman issued (Queen Isabella, patron of Columbus)
  • Jan 2 World's Columbian Exposition opens in Chicago [or 0501]
  • Jan 4 US President Cleveland grants amnesty to Mormon polygamy
  • Jan 6 Great Northern Railway connects Seattle with east coast

Historic Event

Jan 6 The Washington National Cathedral is chartered by Congress. The charter is signed by President Benjamin Harrison.

  • Jan 7 Hermann Sudermanns' play "Heimat" premieres in Berlin
  • Jan 10 Richard Drigo's ballet "Magic Flute" premieres, St Petersburg
  • Jan 13 British Independent Labour Party forms (Keir Hardie as its leader)
  • Jan 13 U.S. Marines land in Honolulu from the U.S.S. Boston to prevent the queen from abrogating the Bayonet Constitution.
  • Jan 17 -17°F (-27°C), Millsboro, Delaware (state record)
  • Jan 17 Franco-Russian Alliance is signed
  • Jan 17 Queen Liliuokalani is deposed by an American coup, Kingdom of Hawaii becomes a republic

Theater Premiere

Jan 19 Henrik Ibsen's play "The Master Builder" premieres in Berlin

  • Jan 21 Tati Concessions Land, formerly part of Matabeleland, formally annexed to the Bechuanaland Protectorate (now Botswana)
  • Jan 28 Edward Mcdowell's "Hamlet & Ophelia" premieres in Boston
  • Jan 31 "Westminster Gazette" begins publishing
  • Feb 5 Alfred Naess skates world record 500m (49.4 sec)
  • Feb 9 Canal builder De Lesseps & others sentenced to prison for fraud
  • Feb 24 The American University is chartered by an act of the Congress of the United States of America
  • Feb 26 2 Clydesdale horses set record by pulling 48 tons on a sledge, in Michigan
  • Feb 26 Norwegian Einar Halvorsen skates world record 500m (48 sec)
  • Feb 28 Edward Acheson of Pennsylvania, patents an abrasive he names "carborundum" (Silicon carbide)
  • Mar 1 Diplomatic Appropriation Act, authorizes the US rank of ambassador
  • Mar 2 1st US federal railroad legislation passed; required safety features
  • Mar 3 Columbian Isabella silver quarter authorized
  • Mar 3 US Congress authorizes 1st federal road agency, in Department of Agriculture
  • Mar 4 Francis Dhanis' Belgian Congo Free State army attacks the Lualaba, occupies Nyangwe

Historic Event

Mar 4 Grover Cleveland (D) inaugrated as 24th US President (2nd term)

  • Mar 10 Ivory Coast becomes a French colony (Cote d'Ivoire)
  • Mar 10 New Mexico State University cancels its 1st graduation ceremony; its only graduand Sam Steele was robbed & killed the night before
  • Mar 30 Thomas F. Bayard becomes 1st US ambassador in Great Britain
  • Apr 3 1st NSW v Queensland F-C game, at Brisbane Exhibition Ground
  • Apr 5 Cleveland passes Park Act (forerunner of Metroparks)
  • Apr 6 Andy Bowen & Jack Burke box 7 hrs 19 mins to no decision (111 rounds)
  • Apr 6 Mormon Temple in Salt Lake City dedicated
  • Apr 8 The Critic reports that ice cream soda is America's national drink
  • Apr 12 "Massacre of Hoornkrans": Curt von François, colonial Governor of German South West Africa (now Nambia), leads attack by 225 Schutztruppe soldiers on Nama leader Hendrik Witbooi's headquarters at Hoornkrans; shelling of the village causes tremendous civilian casualties. Witbooi escapes and wages several months of guerrilla warfare against the German forces.
  • Apr 22 Francis Dhanis army occupies Kasongo

Election of Interest

Apr 22 Paul Kruger elected President of Transvaal for 3rd time

  • Apr 26 1st Cleveland Board of Park Commissioners forms
  • Apr 27 Richard "King Dick" Seddon succeeds John Balance as premier of New Zealand and leader of Liberal Party
  • May 1 World Columbian Exposition opens in Chicago
  • May 10 Imperial Institute in London opens
  • May 19 Heavy rain washes "quick clay" into a deep valley killing 111 in Norway
  • May 22 Montreal Athletic Association beat Ottawa Generals 2-1, in 1st Cup Game
  • May 27 Audath Yisroel forms at Kattowitz (Katowice) Poland

Historic Event

May 31 Remains of Jefferson Davis moved from New Orleans and re-interred at Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond, Virginia, per his widow's request

  • May 31 Whitcomb Judson of Chicago, patents a hookless fastening (zipper)

Historic Event

Jun 7 Gandhi's first act of civil disobedience.

  • Jun 16 German-American F.W. Rueckheim introduces "Cracker Jack" brand snack food consisting of caramel-coated popcorn and peanuts

Murder of Interest

Jun 20 Lizzie Borden acquitted of the 1892 axe murders of her father and stepmother in Fall River, Massachusetts

  • Jun 21 1st Ferris wheel opens at Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois
  • Jun 22 British fleet under Vice Admiral George Tryon leaves Beirut
  • Jun 27 Great stock crash on NY stock exchange
  • Jun 30 Excelsior diamond (blue-white 995 carats) then world's largest, discovered in Jagersfontein Mine, South Africa
  • Jul 6 The small town of Pomeroy, Iowa, is nearly destroyed by a tornado that kills 71 people and injures 200

Historic Event

Jul 9 Daniel Williams repairs the torn pericardium of a knife wound patient, James Cornish, without penicillin or blood transfusion

  • Jul 11 A revolution led by the liberal general and politician, José Santos Zelaya, takes over state power in Nicaragua
  • Jul 11 The first cultured pearl is obtained by Kōkichi Mikimoto, in Japan
  • Jul 13 Germany Army Bill is ratified
  • Jul 22 Katharine Lee Bates writes "America the Beautiful" in Colorado

Historic Event

Jul 28 A petition organised by Kate Sheppard, demanding women's suffrage, is delivered to New Zealand's parliament; signed by over 25,000 women, a 5th of the adult European female population

  • Jul 28 Vizcaya Bridge - largest transporter bridge in the world opens over the River Ibaizabal, designed by Basque architect Alberto de Palacio [1]
  • Jul 31 Gaelic League is founded by Douglas Hyde and Eoin MacNeill in order to encourage Irish people to speak the language and take a greater interest in their culture
  • Aug 7 53rd Congress (1893-95) convenes
  • Aug 9 1st US bowling magazine, Gut Holz, published in New York
  • Aug 10 Chinese deported from San Francisco under Exclusion Act

Historic Event

Aug 10 Rudolf Diesel's prime model internal combustion engine, a single 10-foot iron cylinder with a flywheel at its base, ran on its own power for the first time in Augsburg, Germany

  • Aug 14 France introduces motor vehicle registration, includes a driving test
  • Aug 15 US no longer allowed exclusive rights in Bering Sea
  • Aug 20 Shechita (ritual slaughtering) prohibited in Switzerland
  • Aug 24 Tornado destroys coast of Savannah & Charleston, about 1000 die
  • Sep 1 Gladstones' Second Home Rule Bill for Ireland passes in the House of Commons but vetoed by The House of Lords by 419 votes to 41

Historic Event

Sep 4 English author Beatrix Potter first writes the story of Peter Rabbit for a 5 year old boy

  • Sep 11 Bronx Gas & Electric Company opens on Frisby & Tremont Ave
  • Sep 11 First conference of the World Parliament of Religions is held in Chicago, Indian monk Swani Vivekananda gives influential speech
  • Sep 11 Shaku Soen is 1st Zen teacher to visit the West (Chicago)
  • Sep 16 Cherokee Strip, Oklahoma, opens white settlement homesteaders

The First Country to Grant Women the Vote

Sep 19 New Zealand becomes the first country to grant all women the right to vote

  • Sep 20 The first gasoline-powered car debuts in Springfield, Massachusetts
  • Sep 21 Frank Duryea drives the 1st American-made gas propelled vehicle
  • Oct 2 Cheniere Caminada hurricane (Great October Storm) - 3rd worst hurricane in US history kills 1,800 in Louisiana (one of the 1st to be classified as a category 4 storm)
  • Oct 6 Nabisco Foods invents Cream of Wheat
  • Oct 14 George Edwarde's "Gaiety Girl" premieres in London
  • Oct 14 Harry Wright suggests umps keep ball-strike count a secret
  • Oct 23 C. Dazey's "In Old Kentucky" premieres in NYC (27 seasons)
  • Oct 25 Battle of Shangani, Matabeleland: Dr Jameson beats Ndebeles
  • Oct 27 Hurricane hits coast between Savannah, Georgia & Charleston, South Carlolina
  • Oct 30 US Senate approves repealing Sherman Silver Purchase Act of 1890
  • Nov 4 British South Africa Company troops under Dr Jamesons occupy Bulawayo, Matabeleland
  • Nov 7 US State Colorado accepts female suffrage
  • Nov 12 The treaty of the Durand Line is signed between present day Pakistan and Afghanistan - the Durand Line has gained international recognition as an international border between the two sister nations.

Theater Premiere

Nov 14 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Hanneles Himmelfahrt" premieres in Berlin, Germany

Catholic Encyclical

Nov 18 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Providentissimus Deus

  • Nov 19 1st newspaper color supplement (NY World)
  • Nov 28 Women vote in a national election for the first time, in the New Zealand general election
  • Nov 29 Ziqiang Institute, today known as Wuhan University, is founded by Zhang Zhidong, governor of Hubei and Hunan Provinces in late Qing Dynasty of China after his memorial to the throne is approved by the Qing Government.
  • Dec 5 Electric car built at the Dixon Carriage works in Toronto, could go 15 miles between charges
  • Dec 11 11 fishing ships wash up at Wadden Sea, 22 killed
  • Dec 17 Russia ratifies Double Alliance with France
  • Dec 20 1st state anti-lynching statute approved, in Georgia

Historic Event

Dec 24 Henry Ford completes his first useful petrol / gasoline fuelled engine

  • Dec 28 French lieutenant Boiteux annexes Tumbuktu
  • Dec 30 Russia signs military accord with France