Events in History in 1895

Historic Event

Jan 1 Aguinaldo became a Freemason, joining Pilar Lodge No. 203, Imus, Cavite

  • Jan 1 Norway adopts Mid-European time

French History

Jan 5 French Captain Alfred Dreyfus, convicted of treason, publicly stripped of his rank; later exonerated

  • Jan 5 Henry James' play "Guy Domville" opens in London
  • Jan 12 The National Trust is founded in Britain.

Theater Premiere

Jan 13 Oscar Wilde's play "An Ideal Husband" premieres at the Haymarket Theatre in London

  • Jan 15 French fleet reaches Majunga, Madagascar
  • Jan 17 French president Casimir-Perier resigns; Félix Faure installed.
  • Jan 22 National Association of Manufacturers organized in Cincinnati
  • Jan 29 King Koko's Kopermannen assault on Akassa Niger, 100's killed
  • Jan 30 C J Eady (Tas) 1st Australian to score twin centuries (v Vic)
  • Jan 30 SS Elbe sinks after collision in North Sea, 332 killed
  • Jan 30 Tasmania beat Victoria for 1st F-C victory in 41 years
  • Jan 31 Jose Martí & others leave NYC for invasion of Spanish Cuba
  • Feb 3 Wilhelm Mauseth skates world record 500 m (46.8 secs)
  • Feb 4 1st rolling lift bridge opens in Chicago
  • Feb 11 -17°F (-27.2°C) in Braemar, Grampian (UK record)
  • Feb 11 Georgetown became part of Washington, D.C.
  • Feb 13 Moving picture projector patented
  • Feb 14 Oscar Wilde's "Importance of Being Earnest," opens in London
  • Feb 15 23 cm (9 inches) of snow falls on New Orleans
  • Feb 20 Congress authorizes a US mint at Denver, Colorodo

Historic Event

Feb 21 NC Legislature, adjourns for day to mark death of Frederick Douglass

  • Feb 23 William Heard, AME minister & educator, named American minister to Liberia
  • Feb 24 Cuban war for independence begins

Historic Event

Feb 25 Groenkloof Nature Reserve in Pretoria established by President Paul Kruger as the first game sanctuary in Africa

  • Feb 26 Michael Owens of Toledo, Ohio, patents a glass-blowing machine
  • Mar 2 US Congress renames the Office of Immigration as the Bureau of Immigration
  • Mar 11 Spanish cruiser Reina Regente sinks in Straits of Gibraltar, over 400 die
  • Mar 18 200 African Americans leave Savannah, Georgia for Liberia
  • Mar 19 Los Angeles Railway established to provide streetcar service
  • Mar 25 Italian troops invade Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
  • Mar 26 King Alfonso plants pine sapling in Madrid, starts Spain's Arbor Day
  • Apr 5 Oscar Wilde loses libel case against Marquess of Queensberry, who accused him of homosexual practices

Historic Expedition

Apr 7 Polar explorer Fridtjof Nansen reaches record 86°13.6′N latitude north, expedition closest to the North pole

  • Apr 11 Anaheim completes its new electric light system
  • Apr 15 Josephine Blatt (US) makes hip-and-harness lift of 3564 lb (record)
  • Apr 17 Treaty of Shimonoseki is signed ending the First Sino-Japanese War (1894-95)

Around The World Alone In A Fishing Boat

Apr 24 Canadian-American adventurer Joshua Slocum sets sail from Boston, Massachusetts on a solo around-the-world voyage aboard 'Spray', an 11.2-m oyster sloop [1]

  • May 7 Russian scientist Alexander Stepanovich Popov demonstrates to the Russian Physical and Chemical Society his invention - the world's first radio receiver in St. Petersberg. Celebrated as Radio Day in Russia.
  • May 8 China cedes Taiwan to Japan under Treaty of Shimonoseki
  • May 25 Oscar Wilde sentenced to 2 years imprisonment for gross indecency
  • May 25 The Republic of Formosa is formed, with Tang Ching-sung as the president
  • May 27 British inventor Birt Acres patents film camera/projector
  • Jun 11 Charles Duryea patents a gas-driven automobile
  • Jun 17 US Ship Canal (W 225th St) in the Bronx completed; cutting Marble Hill off from Manhattan
  • Jun 20 1st female PhD from an American University, earned by Caroline Willard Baldwin (in Science) at Cornell University
  • Jun 20 Nicaragua, El Salvador and Honduras form a short-lived confederation
  • Jun 21 British Earl of Rosebery's Liberal Party government falls
  • Jun 28 El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua form Central American Union

Historic Event

Jun 28 French painter Paul Gauguin leaves France for Tahiti for the second time

  • Jun 29 Doukhobors burn their weapons as a protest against conscription by the Tsarist Russian government.
  • Jul 4 Katherine Lee Bates publishes "America the Beautiful"
  • Jul 8 Delagoa Bay Railway opens in South Africa
  • Aug 19 American frontier murderer and outlaw, John Wesley Hardin is shot and killed by John Selman Sr. in a saloon in El Paso, Texas
  • Aug 26 Electric generator at Niagara Falls produces first power
  • Aug 30 Belgium begins compulsory Roman Catholic education
  • Aug 31 1st pro football game (QB John Brallier paid $10 & won 12-0)
  • Sep 5 George Washington Murray elected to Congress from SC
  • Sep 9 American Bowling Congress forms (NYC)

Historic Event

Sep 18 Booker T. Washington delivers 'Atlanta Compromise' address

  • Sep 18 Daniel David Palmer of Davenport, Iowa, gives the first chiropractic adjustment
  • Sep 21 America's first automotive producer, the Duryea Motor Wagon Company, is founded by Charles and J. Frank Duryea
  • Sep 23 French labor union CGT (Confederation Generale du Travail) forms
  • Sep 26 Italian general Oreste Baratieri lands in Massawa, Eritrea
  • Sep 30 France proclaims a protectorate over Madagascar
  • Oct 1 Romanians in Costantinople massacred
  • Oct 8 Ohio Valley Improvement Association forms

Treaty of Interest

Oct 11 Emperor Menelik II of Abyssinia rejects a treaty with Italy

  • Oct 15 Henry Perky patents a machine he developed with William Ford for the preparation of cereals for food, otherwise known as shredded wheat
  • Oct 21 The Republic of Formosa collapses as Japanese forces invade.
  • Oct 22 David Belasco's "Heart of Maryland" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 22 In Paris an express train overruns a buffer stop, crosses more than 30 meters of concourse before plummeting through a window at Gare Montparnasse
  • Nov 5 1st US patent granted for auto (George B Selden) for gasoline driven car
  • Nov 5 Edward, Prince of Wales, says "We are all Socialists nowadays"
  • Nov 5 US state Utah accepts female suffrage

Historic Event

Nov 8 German physicist Wilhelm Röntgen produces and detects electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as X-rays or Röntgen rays

  • Nov 11 Bechuanaland becomes part of Cape Colony
  • Nov 19 American inventor Frederick E. Blaisdell patents the pencil
  • Nov 26 Hawaiian Sugar Planters Association forms

Nobel Prize

Nov 27 Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel's will establishes the Nobel Prize

  • Dec 2 54th Congress (1895-97) convenes
  • Dec 7 Battle at Amba Alagi: Abyssinians beat Italian armies
  • Dec 8 Battle at Amba Alagi: Ethiopian Emperor Menelik II drives Italian General Baratieri out
  • Dec 17 Anti-Saloon League of America formed, Washington, D.C.
  • Dec 17 George Brownell patents a machine to make paper twine (Mass)
  • Dec 24 George Vanderbilt opens Biltmore estate, the largest privately owned house in America at 178,926 square feet (16,622.8 m2) in Asheville, North Carolina
  • Dec 29 Dr L S Jameson begins failed raid on Johannesburg