Events in History in 1899

  • Jan 1 Cuba liberated from Spanish rule by the US, American occupation continues till 1902
  • Jan 3 1st known use of the word "automobile", appears in an editorial in The New York Times
  • Jan 12 Lynmouth Lifeboat rescues 18 people from the stricken schooner Forest Hall off the coast of Devon
  • Jan 17 US takes possession of Wake Island in the Pacific
  • Jan 19 Anglo-Egyptian Sudan forms
  • Jan 21 Opel manufactures its first automobile
  • Jan 22 Leaders of six Australian colonies meet in Melbourne to discuss confederation

Event of Interest

Jan 23 Emilio Aguinaldo is sworn in as President of the First Philippine Republic

  • Jan 24 Belgium government of Vandenpeereboom forms
  • Jan 24 Rubber heel for boots or shoes patented by American Humphrey O'Sullivan
  • Jan 28 American Social Science Association incorporated by Congress
  • Feb 2 The Australian Premiers' Conference held in Melbourne decides to locate Australia's capital (Canberra) between Sydney and Melbourne.
  • Feb 4 The Philippine–American War begins with fighting between American and Philippine revolutionary forces
  • Feb 10 -39°F (-39°C), Milligan, Ohio (state lowest record temperature)
  • Feb 11 -15°F (-26°C), Washington, D.C. (district record)
  • Feb 12 -47°F (-44°C), Camp Clarke, Nebraska (state record)
  • Feb 13 -16°F (-27°C), Minden Louisiana (state record)
  • Feb 13 -1°F (-18°C) New Orleans, La
  • Feb 13 -2°F (-19°C) Tallahassee, Florida (state record)
  • Feb 14 US Congress begins using voting machines
  • Feb 16 President of France Félix Faure dies in office
  • Feb 18 80°F recorded in San Francisco, California
  • Feb 18 San Francisco named as a port of dispatch for Army transports
  • Feb 20 Ill Tel & Tel granted franchise for Chicago freight tunnel system
  • Feb 24 Western Washington University is established
  • Feb 28 Legislative Assembly of the Territory of New Mexico passes legislation founding the University of New Mexico, to be established in (or near) Albuquerque
  • Mar 2 President McKinley signs bill creating Mt Rainier National Park (5th in US)

Event of Interest

Mar 3 George Dewey becomes 1st in US to hold the rank of Admiral of the Navy

  • Mar 3 US Congress authorizes Lafayette silver dollar
  • Mar 4 Cyclone Mahina sweeps in north of Cooktown, Queensland, with a 12 m wave that reaches up to 5 km inland - over 300 dead.
  • Mar 6 "Aspirin" (acetylsalicylic acid) patented by Felix Hoffmann at German company Bayer

Historic Invention

Mar 14 German Ferdinand von Zeppelin receives a US patent for a "Navigable Balloon"

  • Mar 17 Windsor luxury hotel in NYC catches fire, 92 die
  • Mar 18 Phoebe, a moon of Saturn is discovered by William Pickering
  • Mar 21 British & French accord over West Africa
  • Apr 1 NC Mutual opens doors for business
  • Apr 4 South Africa all out 35 vs England (Trott 4-19, Haigh 6-11)
  • Apr 11 Treaty of Paris ratifies ends war; Spain cedes Puerto Rico to US
  • Apr 18 John McGraw, at 26, has his managerial debut as Oriole manager

Event of Interest

Apr 18 St. Andrew's Ambulance Association is granted a Royal Charter by Queen Victoria

Appointment of Interest

Apr 20 David Beatty is appointed executive officer of the HMS Barfleur, a small battleship and flagship of the China Station

  • Apr 24 Transvaal British Uitlanders ask Queen Victoria for aid
  • Apr 27 Foundation of the Phonogrammarchiv of the Austrian Academy of Science, the world's first research sound archive (added to UNESCO's Memory of the World 1999) [1]

Scientific Discovery

May 8 Ernest Rutherford publishes his discovery of two different kinds of radiation (Alpha and Beta Particles)

  • May 8 The Irish Literary Theatre in Dublin opens
  • May 9 John Burr patents an improved rotary blade lawn mower in the US
  • May 17 Victoria & Albert Museum foundation laid, London, England
  • May 18 World Goodwill Day: 26 nations meet in 1st Hague Peace Conference
  • May 20 First speeding infraction by a New York cabbie driving an electric car - 12mph down Lexington Street
  • May 24 1st auto repair shop opens (Boston)
  • May 31 -June 5] Conference of Bloemfontein fails
  • May 31 Bronx acquires Keltch Memorial Park
  • Jun 2 Black Americans observed day of fasting in protest against lynchings
  • Jun 10 Improved Benevolent & Protective Order of Elks forms in Cincinnati
  • Jun 12 New Richmond Tornado: the eighth deadliest tornado in U.S. history kills 117 peoples and injures around 200
  • Jun 29 Brazo River in Texas floods 12 miles wide causing $10 million damage
  • Jul 1 Gideon Society established to place bibles in hotels
  • Jul 1 San Francisco City Hall turned over to city, after 29 years of building
  • Jul 19 National Brotherhood of Electrical Workers forms
  • Jul 29 1st motorcycle race, Manhattan Beach, NY
  • Jul 29 The First Hague Convention concerning land war customs and laws is signed
  • Jul 31 Albert Trott hits Monty Noble over the Pavilion at Lord's
  • Sep 4 8.3 earthquake shakes Yakutat Bay, Alaska
  • Sep 6 Carnation processes its first can of evaporated milk
  • Sep 6 US minister of Foreign affairs John Hay publishes his "Open Through Note"
  • Sep 8 British government sends an additional 10,000 troops to Natal, South Africa

Event of Interest

Sep 9 French Capt Alfred Dreyfus sentenced on unjust grounds

  • Sep 10 2nd quake in 7 days (8.6) hits Yakutat Bay, Alaska
  • Sep 13 Mackinder, Ollier and Brocherel make the first ascent of Batian (5,199m - 17,058 ft), the highest peak of Mount Kenya
  • Sep 14 Henry Bliss becomes 1st recorded US death from an auto accident when he is hit by a taxicab in New York City
  • Sep 17 1st British troops leave Bombay for South Africa
  • Sep 28 Transvaal mobilizes its army - leadup to Second Boer War
  • Oct 2 Orange Free state mobilizes
  • Oct 3 J S Thurman patents motor-driven vacuum cleaner
  • Oct 9 1st British troops reaches Durban, South Africa
  • Oct 9 South Africa President Kruger routes British authorities ultimatum
  • Oct 11 South African Boers declare war on Great Britain
  • Oct 12 South Africa Boer Republic declares war on Britain
  • Oct 13 7,000 laid-off black mine workers of South Africa reach Natal

Event of Interest

Oct 14 Morning Post reporter Winston Churchill departs to South Africa

  • Oct 15 Cincinnati closes season with 16-1 & 19-3 victories over Cleve Spiders
  • Oct 17 Sutro railroad sold to Robert F Morrow for $215,000
  • Oct 20 Battle at Talana Hill, Natal: British army vs Boers
  • Oct 21 Battle at Elandslaagte Natal: (Boers vs British army)
  • Oct 22 British troops flee Dundee, Natal South Africa
  • Oct 24 Battle at Rietfontein, South Africa: Boers vs British army
  • Oct 30 Battle of Ladysmith, Natal: Boers defeat the British, leading to the Siege of Ladysmith
  • Oct 30 British Morning Post reporter Winston Churchill reaches Capetown
  • Nov 2 Boers begin siege of Ladysmith, Natal
  • Nov 11 Stuart/Rubens/Boyd-Jones' "Floradora" premieres in London
  • Nov 12 British troops reach Durban, Natal
  • Nov 15 Morning Post reporter Winston Churchill captured by Boers in Natal
  • Nov 18 Trumper scores 208 in 185 mins (1 five 25 fours) NSW v Qld
  • Nov 22 -23] Battle at Willow Grange, Natal (British vs Boer army)
  • Nov 23 Battle at Belmont: General Methuen's British brigades engage Boer force during Second Boer War
  • Nov 25 Battle at Graspan, Cape colony: General Methuen beats Farmers
  • Nov 28 Second Boer War: Battle of Modder River (Cape Colony), British Lord Methuen defeats Boer forces of Piet Cronjé and Koos de la Rey
  • Dec 2 Philippine–American War: The Battle of Tirad Pass, termed "The Filipino Thermopylae", is fought.
  • Dec 2 US & Germany agree to divide Samoa between them
  • Dec 4 56th Congress (1899-1901) convenes
  • Dec 4 Webb Hayes, son of US President Rutherford Hayes, receives medal of honor
  • Dec 9 Boer War: During Siege of Ladysmith, Boers storm King's Post and Caesar's Camp - driven back
  • Dec 10 -15] British "Black Week" due to defeats in South Africa
  • Dec 10 Battle at Storm Berge South Africa - Boers vs British army
  • Dec 10 Delta Sigma Phi fraternity founded at City College of New York, to spread "the principles of friendship and brotherhood among college men, without respect to race or creed."
  • Dec 12 1st case of plague on Oahu, Hawaii
  • Dec 15 Battle at Colenso, South Africa: British army defeated by Boer force
  • Dec 18 Field Marshal Lord Roberts appointed British supreme commander in South Africa
  • Dec 23 British Field Marshal Lord Roberts departs Southampton for South Africa for the 2nd Boer War
  • Dec 23 Tentative Turkish & German treaty on construction of Baghdad railway
  • Dec 25 Shelling on besieged Ladysmith during the Boer War includes one shell containing a plum pudding
  • Dec 26 Mafeking: Bathe-Powells failed assault up fort Game Tree: 24 killed
  • Dec 29 British fleet seizes German Imperial Mail Steamer Bundesrath accused of carrying contraband