Events in History in 1901

  • Jan 1 The Commonwealth of Australia is formed when the British (Imperial) Parliament Act, the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act 1900, comes into effect
  • Jan 8 New South Wales score 918 all out vs South Australia in 560 minutes
  • Jan 9 New South Wales (918) defeat South Australia (157 & 156) by innings & 605
  • Jan 10 Oil discovered at Spindletop, Beaumont, marking the start of the Texas oil boom (gusher age)

Catholic Encyclical

Jan 18 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Graves De Communi Re

Theater Premiere

Jan 21 Clyde Fitch's play "The Climbers" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

Jan 22 After 63 years Britain stops sale of Queen Victoria postage stamps series & begins King Edward VII series

  • Jan 24 Denmark and the US sign a treaty under which Denmark will sell the Danish West Indies to the USA for $5 million, but the sale will be postponed until 1917
  • Jan 24 Emily Hobhouse views the British administrated concentration camp at Bloemfontein for women and children

Theater Premiere

Jan 31 Anton Chekhov's play "Three Sisters" opens at Moscow Art Theater

  • Jan 31 Austro-Hungarian Empire: The Reichsrath, dissolved on September 7, 1900, by Emperor Franz Joseph, reopens after the recent elections sees the defeat of extremists
  • Jan 31 Boer Generals Jan Smuts & De la Rey conqueror Mud river, Transvaal
  • Feb 2 Female Army Nurse Corps established as a permanent organization
  • Feb 2 Mexican government troops are ambushed by Yaqui Indians, 100 killed
  • Feb 2 The US Congress passes the Army Reorganization Act, placing the minimum number of men under arms at 58,000
  • Feb 3 Dutch troops under Gen Van Heutsz conquer Batu Ilië on Sumatra

Historic Event

Feb 4 Emperor of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Franz Joseph I, gives a speech condemning the demands of national groups and calls for economic and social reform

  • Feb 5 Loop-the-loop centrifugal RR (roller coaster) patented by Ed Prescot
  • Feb 5 Pierpont Morgan forms US Steel Corp
  • Feb 12 Dutch Penitentiary children's law proclaimed
  • Feb 18 H Cecil Booth patented a dust removing suction cleaner

Historic Event

Feb 18 Winston Churchill makes his maiden speech in the British House of Commons.

  • Feb 20 1st territorial legislature of Hawaii convenes
  • Feb 21 In Cuba, the constitutional delegates adopt a constitution much like that of the USA

Historic Event

Feb 25 US Steel Corporation organized under J. P. Morgan, Sr.

Historic Event

Feb 26 British General Kitchener confers with Boer General Louis Botha about peace conditions, which break down over the question of amnesty for some Boers

  • Feb 27 A General Committee of National Liberal Federation meets and adopts a resolution deploring the continuation of the war in South Africa and condemning the British Government's insistence on unconditional surrender by the Boers
  • Feb 27 NL Rules Committee decrees that all fouls are to count as strikes except after two strikes
  • Mar 2 Hawaii's first telegraph company opens
  • Mar 2 United States Congress passes the Platt amendment, limiting the autonomy of Cuba as a condition for the withdrawal of American troops
  • Mar 3 US Congress creates National Bureau of Standards, in Department of Commerce
  • Mar 4 1st advanced copy of inaugural speech (Jefferson-National Intelligencer)
  • Mar 4 Term of George H. White, last of post-Reconstruction US congressmen, ends

President Inaugurated

Mar 4 William McKinley inaugurated for 2nd term as US president; Theodore Roosevelt serves as Vice President

Historic Event

Mar 6 In Bremen an assassin attempts to kill Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany.

  • Mar 12 Ground is broken for Boston's 1st AL ballpark (Huntington Ave Grounds)
  • Mar 14 Germany's Chancellor von Bulow declares that the agreement Germany signed with Great Britain in October 1900, to restrain foreign aggression and maintain open trade, does not apply to Manchuria

Historic Event

Mar 17 At a show in Paris, 71 Vincent van Gogh's paintings cause a sensation, 11 years after his death

  • Mar 17 Free thinking-Democratic Union forms in Netherlands
  • Mar 25 55 die as Rock Island train derailed near Marshalltown, Iowa
  • Mar 29 Edmund Barton is elected Prime Minister in Australia's first parliamentary election
  • Apr 5 Under threats from the Ottoman Turkish Government, Bulgaria is forced to arrest the leaders of the Macedonian Committee
  • Apr 7 SDAP demands general voting right, abolishing First Chamber
  • Apr 15 1st British motorized burial
  • Apr 15 Pope Leo XIII issues an allocution deploring hostile actions against the Roman Catholic Church throughout Europe

Philippine Revolution

Apr 19 In the Philippines, recently captured insurgent leader Emilio Aguinaldo issues a proclamation advising his countrymen to end their rebellion and use of peaceful means to work with the US toward independence.

  • Apr 25 New York becomes 1st state requiring automobile license plates ($1 fee)
  • Apr 29 Antisemitic riot in Budapest

Historic Event

May 1 Pan-American Exposition opens in Buffalo, New York (runs till 2 November)

  • May 3 Fire destroys 1,700 buildings in Jacksonville, Florida
  • May 8 A British appointed commission estimates today that some 1,250,000 Indians have died after a severe drought, lasting since 1899
  • May 8 In their long-delayed AL home opener, Boston defeats Philadelphia 12-4
  • May 9 A financial panic begins in the USA following the struggle between two groups to control the railroads between the Great Lakes and the Pacific

First Australian Parliament

May 9 The first Australian Parliament opens in Melbourne, though the first working session will not be until 21 May

  • May 12 US President McKinley visits San Francisco
  • May 23 Ottawa Mint Act receives Royal Assent
  • May 23 US captures leader of Filipino rebels, Emilio Aguinaldo
  • May 24 Seventy-eight miners die in the Caerphilly pit disaster in South Wales
  • May 28 Laws against phosphor matches enacted (inhibition white phosphorous)
  • May 30 Hall of Fame for Great American on NYU campus dedicated
  • May 31 At the opening of the Greek National Assembly, Prince George, High Commissioner of Crete, asks it to endorse the union of Crete with Greece; the proposal is later rejected
  • Jun 11 Cook Islands annexed and proclaimed part of New Zealand
  • Jun 12 In Cuba, the constitutional convention - knowing that the USA will not withdraw its troops until does so - adopts the Platt Amendment as part of its constitution
  • Jun 17 The College Board introduces its first standardized test, the forerunner to the SAT
  • Jun 20 Charlotte Maxeke becomes the first native African to graduate from a US college (Wilberforce University in Ohio)

Historic Event

Jun 24 1st exhibition by Pablo Picasso aged 19, opens in Paris

  • Jun 24 Jewish National Fund starts

Historic Event

Jul 2 Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid rob train of $40,000 at Wagner, Montana

Historic Event

Jul 4 William Howard Taft, former Federal judge, is installed as first governor-general of the Philippines and declares amnesty for all insurgents who take an oath of allegiance

  • Jul 12 In Germany a group of 104 aristocrats present a deceleration against dueling, though the tradition will go on
  • Jul 12 Striking Canadian salmon fishermen on the Pacific coast, resentful of the non-union Japanese who continue to fish, maroon and imprison 47
  • Jul 16 The Fawcett Commission headed by Millicent Fawcett is established as a result of an outcry against the treatment of Afrikaners in concentration camps during the South African War
  • Jul 20 Morocco signs an agreement with France fixing Morocco's frontier with Algeria, a French colony
  • Jul 22 British House of Lords, in its role as court, rules trade unions can be sued for actions of its members - in Taff Vale Case
  • Jul 22 Serbia reactivates diplomatic relations with Montenegro
  • Jul 25 Emily Hobhouse addresses public meetings in Britain on the concentration camps during the South African War

Historic Event

Jul 31 Abraham Kuyper becomes premier of Netherlands

  • Aug 1 Burials within San Francisco City limits prohibited
  • Aug 6 Kiowa land in Oklahoma is opened for white settlement, effectively dissolving the contiguous reservation
  • Aug 9 34-35°N/98-99°W open for US colonization
  • Aug 12 Boer General Kritzinger driven out of Cape colony
  • Aug 14 SS Islander hits iceberg near Alaska & sinks killing 70
  • Aug 14 The first claimed powered flight, by Gustave Whitehead in his Number 21.
  • Aug 15 Arch Rock, a danger to San Francisco Bay shipping, blasted with 30 tons of nitro
  • Aug 15 Great Britain issues a proclamation calling on the Boers to surrender by 15 September or face banishment and confiscation of their property
  • Aug 17 The Royal Titles Act adds the words 'and the British Dominions beyond the Seas' to the monarch's style
  • Aug 20 The Fawcett Commission visits Mafeking concentration camp in Cape Colony
  • Aug 22 Cadillac Motor Company is founded.
  • Aug 30 English engineer Hubert Cecil Booth patents the powered vacuum cleaner
  • Sep 1 Construction begins on NY Stock Exchange

Historic Event

Sep 2 Theodore Roosevelt advises "Speak softly & carry a big stick"

  • Sep 3 Boer General Smuts enters Kiba Drift in Cape Colony
  • Sep 6 US President William McKinley is shot by Leon Czolgosz, an anarchist, while visiting the Pan-American Exposition in New York
  • Sep 7 Peace of Peking - Ends Boxer Rebellion in China
  • Sep 12 Arabs attack Gedara Palestine
  • Sep 14 Theodore Roosevelt is sworn in as the youngest man to serve as US President, after William McKinley finally dies after an anarchist shoots him in Buffalo
  • Sep 16 Alturas, California, is incorporated as the only city in Modoc County.

Historic Event

Sep 16 French painter Paul Gauguin settles in Atuona in the Marquesas Islands

  • Sep 17 Battle at Elands River Port: Boer General Smuts destroys unit 17th Lancers

Victory in Battle

Sep 17 Battle of Blood River Port: Boer commandos led by Louis Botha defeat a British Mounted Infantry force commanded by Major Hubert Gough

  • Sep 26 Boer General Botha fails to capture Fort Itala in Natal
  • Sep 26 Great Britain annexes the Ashanti Kingdom and places it under the governor of the Gold Coast (Ghana)
  • Sep 28 Guerrilla's assault unarmed US soldiers at breakfast in Balangiga ,Philippines, 44 killed; the abandoned town is burned in retalliation
  • Oct 2 First Royal Navy submarine launched at Barrow-in-Furness
  • Oct 12 Theodore Roosevelt renames the "Executive Mansion" as "The White House"
  • Oct 14 Justin Huntly McCarthy's "If I were King" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 16 Baron Hayashi of Japan begins negotiations in London to make an alliance with the British and strengthen Japan's position against Russians

Historic Event

Oct 16 Booker T. Washington and his family are invited to dine at the White House with Teddy and Edith Roosevelt, prompting condemnation from the South

  • Oct 18 Belgium's Louise of den Plas begins activities towards women rights
  • Oct 19 Santos-Dumont proves airship manoeuverable by circling Eiffel Tower
  • Oct 24 First woman to go over Niagara Falls in a barrel (Anna Taylor)
  • Oct 25 Joseph Chamberlain, British Colonial Affairs Secretary, makes an anti-German speech in Edinburgh; when word reaches Germany leads to widespread agitation against the British and breakdown of negotiations for Anglo-German alliance
  • Oct 26 First recorded use of "getaway car" occurs after holding up a shop in Paris
  • Oct 29 In Amherst, Massachusetts, nurse Jane Toppan is arrested for murdering the Davis family of Boston with an overdose of morphine
  • Oct 30 The Second Boer War: Battle at Bakenlaagte - British Army Lieutenant-Colonel Benson's rear guard is overwhelmed by Boer General Botha's troops
  • Nov 1 Sigma Phi Epsilon, the largest national male collegiate fraternity is established at Richmond College, in Richmond, VA.
  • Nov 4 Clyde Fitch's play "Way of the World" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 7 A French fleet seizes the customs house on the Turkish-ruled island of Mytilene after Turks refuse to settle France's indemnity claims for losses suffered by French subjects in 1896
  • Nov 8 Bloody clashes take place in Athens following the translation of the Gospels into demotic Greek.
  • Nov 13 Caister Lifeboat Disaster claims lives of nine lifeboat men off the coast of Norfolk, England
  • Nov 16 3 autos race on Ocean Parkway, Brooklyn, fastest speed achieved by Henry Fournier who drives a mile in 51 4/5 seconds
  • Nov 18 The USA and Great Britain sign the Second Hay-Pauncefote Treaty, or Interoceanic Ship Canal Treaty
  • Nov 26 Italy and Britain sign an agreement fixing the frontier between their colonies of Eritrea and Sudan in East Africa

Theater Premiere

Nov 27 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Der rote Hahn" premieres in Berlin

  • Nov 27 Prince Ito of Japan comes to St Petersburg hoping to get the Russians to grant Japan concessions in Korea, but later drops this goal and decides to make an alliance with Britain
  • Nov 27 U.S. Army War College is established in Washington, D.C.
  • Nov 29 East 182nd Street in the Bronx is paved & opened

Historic Event

Dec 2 King C. Gillette begins selling safety razor blades

  • Dec 10 First Nobel Peace Prizes awarded to Red Cross founder Jean Henri Dunant and peace activist Frederic Passy

Nobel Prize

Dec 10 First Nobel Prize in Physics awarded to Wilhelm Röntgen for his discovery of X-rays

Marconi's Dream: Telegraphy Without Wires

Dec 12 Guglielmo Marconi sends the first transatlantic radio signal, from Poldhu in Cornwall to Newfoundland, Canada

  • Dec 16 Boer General Kritzinger captured
  • Dec 24 Private companies allowed to use the word "postcard" in the US. Previously they were labelled "Private Mailing Cards" and known as "souvenir cards".
  • Dec 25 Battle at Tweefontein: British force camped on a hill is surprised by a Boer attack at 2am
  • Dec 31 In the first election under their new constitution, Cuba elects a Congress and their first president, Tomas Estrada Palma