Events in History in 1905

  • Jan 1 9 hour work day for diamond miners
  • Jan 2 Elara, a satellite of Jupiter, discovered by Charles Dillon Perrine in San Jose, California
  • Jan 2 Japanese troops capture Port Arthur from Russia, a blow to national morale and causing further discontent within Russia
  • Jan 2 American anarcho-syndicalist union known as the Industrial Workers of the World forms
  • Jan 5 Charles Perrine announces discovery of Jupiter's 7th satellite, Elara
  • Jan 5 National Association of Audubon Society, a non-profit, environmental organization dedicated to conservation, incorporates
  • Jan 17 Punchboards patented by Charles Brewer & C G Scannell, Chicago
  • Jan 18 French government of Combes falls

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 20 US begins supervising the Dominican Republic's national and international debts, testing President Theodore Roosevelt's "Corollary" to the Monroe Doctrine

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt

/flags/russia1905 Russian Revolution

Jan 22 In St Petersburg, Russia, a large demonstration of workers led by Father Gapon, march to the Winter Palace with a petition to the Tsar; troops fire on protesters in what becomes known as 'Bloody Sunday'
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  • Jan 26 Han Yong-woon [Bongwan, Manhae] (1879-1944) ordained a monk in Korea
  • Jan 26 World's largest diamond, the 3,106-carat Cullinan, is found in South Africa
  • Jan 27 Maurice Rouvier forms government in France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 29 Tsar Nicolas II of Russia, unsettled by the rising violence and protest, enacts reforms to improve the conditions of workers; these changes will do little to stop disorder throughout Russia in ensuing months

  • Jan 31 1st automobile to exceed 100 mph (161 kph), A G MacDonald, Daytona Beach
  • Jan 31 Carroll Wright appointed 1st Commissioner of Labor, USA
  • Feb 1 Hungarian premier Count István Tisza resigns
  • Feb 7 Dominican Republic signs treaty turning over customs collection to US
  • Feb 8 Cyclone hit Tahiti & adjacent islands, killing some 10,000 people
  • Feb 11 James Blackstone, Seattle, bowls 299½-last pin breaks but stands
  • Feb 11 Pope Pius X publishes encyclical Vehementer nos
  • Feb 13 -29°F (-34°C) Pond, Arkansas (state record)
  • Feb 13 -40°F (-40°C) Lebanon, Kansas (state record)
  • Feb 13 -40°F (-40°C) Warsaw, Missouri (state record)
  • Feb 15 1st race meet at Oaklawn Park (Hot Springs, Ark)
  • Feb 16 1st US Esperanto club organizes in Boston
  • Feb 17 Frances Willard becomes 1st women honored in National Statuary Hall
  • Feb 18 Frank Wedekind's "Hidada, oder Sein und Haben" premieres in Munich
  • Feb 23 First Rotary Club formed by 4 men in the Unity Building, Chicago
  • Feb 24 Simplon tunnel in Switzerland completed
  • Feb 25 The Nederlands Verbond van Vakverenigingenwas, a Dutch social-democratic trade union, forms
  • Mar 3 US Forest Service forms
  • Mar 3 Tsar Nicholas II of Russia agrees to summon a 'consultative assembly' and concedes other points including an edict of religious toleration, relief for Jews, and the cancellation of certain debts

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4 Gerhart Hauptmann's "Elga" premieres in Berlin

Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • Mar 10 Japanese Army captures Mukden (Shenyang)
  • Mar 12 The continuing strikes and disorders that unsettle Italy force out Premier Giovanni Giolitti, though he will return in March, 1906

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 13 Mata Hari first performs her dance act at the Guimet Museum, Paris

Exotic Dancer, Courtesan and German Spy Mata Hari
Exotic Dancer, Courtesan and German Spy
Mata Hari

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 17 Albert Einstein finishes his scientific paper detailing his Quantum Theory of Light, one of the foundations of modern physics

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • Mar 24 A group of Cretans dedicated to Crete's union with Greece led by Eleutherios Venizelos, meet at the village of Therisso and proclaim a union in defiance of the Great Powers
  • Mar 25 Confederate battle flags captured during the American Civil War are returned to South
  • Mar 28 Paramaribo-Dam railway opens in Suriname, never used

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 31 Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany visits Tangier, Morocco and proclaims Germany's support of Moroccan independence and equal opportunity for all powers to trade there

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • Apr 1 British East African Protectorate becomes colony of Kenya
  • Apr 1 "SOS" first adopted as a morse distress signal (· · · – – – · · ·) by German government
  • Apr 2 Cairo-Capetown railway opens
  • Apr 4 Earthquake in Kangra India, kills 20,000
  • Apr 5 James Barrie's "Alice-sit-by-the-fire" premieres in London
  • Apr 6 Germany receives invitation from Sultan of Morocco to an international conference to discuss matters relating to Morocco
  • Apr 12 French Dufaux brothers test helicopter
  • Apr 12 Hippodrome arena opens (NYC)
  • Apr 17 US Supreme court judges maximum work day unconstitutional

  • Apr 17 The Supreme Court of the United States decides Lochner v. New York which held that the "right to free contract" was implicit in the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution.
  • Apr 21 The elective assembly of Crete proclaims union with Greece
  • Apr 22 Operations begin uniting conservatory of Nature monument Amsterdam
  • Apr 25 Whites win right to vote in South Africa
  • Apr 27 World Exposition opens in Liège
  • Apr 29 2" rain falls in 10 mins in Taylor, Texas
  • Apr 29 Pierre de Brazza lands in Libreville, Gabon

Book releaseHistoric Publication

May 2 French newspapers publish lists of Jules Verne's unpublished work

Novelist Jules Verne
Novelist
Jules Verne
  • May 5 Robert S Abbott published 1st issue of newspaper "Chicago Defender"
  • May 8 Union of Unions organizes In Russia under the chairmanship of Paul Miliukov and joins liberal groups demanding parliamentary government and universal suffrage
  • May 15 Las Vegas founded in Nevada
  • May 15 Pierre de Brazza reaches Leopoldville
  • May 22 Royal Academy in Delft Holland becomes Technical High School
  • May 26 A pogrom against Jews in Minsk, Belorussia

BattleBattle of Tsushima

May 27 Japanese fleet destroys the Russian East Sea fleet in the Battle of Tsushima, the only decisive clash between modern steel battleships in history
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  • May 29 Pogrom against Jewish community in Brisk Lithuania
  • May 31 Emperor Wilhelm II lands in Tanger
  • Jun 1 Lewis & Clark Centennial Exposition opens in Portland, Oregon
  • Jun 6 French Foreign minister Delcasse resigns on German request
  • Jun 7 Norway dissolves union with Sweden (in effect since 1814)
  • Jun 8 US President Theodore Roosevelt sends identical notes to Japan and Russia urging them to negotiate and end hostilities, offering his personal services
  • Jun 10 1st forest fire lookout tower placed in operation, Greenville, Maine
  • Jun 11 Penns Railroad debuts fastest train in world (NY-Chicago in 18 hrs)
  • Jun 25 Warsaw & Lodz revolt against Russian occupation
  • Jun 27 Russian sailors mutiny aboard battleship "Potemkin" and sail for Odessa
  • Jun 30 In Russia, the "Potemkin" arrives at Odessa, where sailors take the bodies of dead crewman ashore; sailors join civilians in revolutionary actions of the '1905 Revolution'
  • Jun 30 The crew of the Russian battleship "Georgei Pobiedonosets" mutinies in support of the "Potemkin", which mutinied three days earlier
  • Jun 30 Conservative Australian Prime Minister George H. Reid is forced to resign and Alfred Deakin returns to power on July 5
  • Jul 1 Albert Einstein introduces his theory of special relativity
  • Jul 3 Kuyper government forms in Holland
  • Jul 6 Alfred Deakin becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the second time
  • Jul 7 127°F (53°C), Parker Ariz (state record)
  • Jul 8 Part of Angel Island in San Francisco Bay allocated for Immigration Detention Center
  • Jul 8 The soldiers of the Russian battleship "Potemkin" who mutinied, surrender to Romanian authorities, who turn ship over to Russian authorities soon after
  • Jul 10 Dutch Queen Wilhelmina opens Technical Hague court

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 11 Black intellectuals and activists lead by W.E.B. Du Bois organize the civil rights Niagara Movement

Civil Rights Activist W.E.B. Du Bois
Civil Rights Activist
W.E.B. Du Bois
  • Jul 12 The British and Japanese renew their alliance (of January 1902) for 10 years and agree to provide mutual support if attacked by other power
  • Jul 22 Philadelphia Athletic's Weldon Henley no-hits St Louis Browns, 6-0
  • Jul 24 Tsar Nicholas II (Russia) and Emperor Wilhelm II (Germany) sign the Björkö Treaty, whereby each country agrees to come to the other's defense if attacked by European powers

AgreementAgreement of Interest

Jul 29 US Secretary of State William Howard Taft makes secret agreement with Japanese Prime Minister Katsura agreeing to Japanese free rein in Korea in return for non-interference with the US in the Philippines

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
  • Jul 30 Dutch Covenant of Worker's union, NVV, forms
  • Jul 31 Matumbi rebellion at Samanga, German East Africa
  • Aug 5 First meeting of the Russian and Japanese peace commissioners takes place in US President Theodore Roosevelt's home at Oyster Bay, New York
  • Aug 6 26.7 cm rainfall at Princeton, Indiana (state record)
  • Aug 12 King Leopold II opens Antwerp Central Station
  • Aug 14 Ngindo-rebellion killed 5 RC German clergymen in East-Africa
  • Aug 15 Philadelphia A's Rube Waddell no-hits St Louis Browns, 2-0 in 5 innings
  • Aug 16 Mbunga-rebellion occupy German post Ifakara East-Africa
  • Aug 17 Dutch government of De Master begins
  • Aug 19 Russian Tsar Nicholas II installs "Imperial Duma", without legislative powers

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 20 Sun Yat-sen, Chinese revolutionary, forms the first chapter of T'ung Meng Hui, a union of all secret societies determined to bringing down the Manchus

Father of Modern China Sun Yat-sen
Father of Modern China
Sun Yat-sen
  • Aug 29 Pierre de Brazza leaves Brazzaville
  • Aug 30 Pogoro/Ngindo attack Fort Mahenge German East-Africa
  • Aug 31 Mbunga rebellion takes German Fort Mahenge East Africa
  • Sep 1 Alberta & Saskatchewan become 8th & 9th Canadian provinces

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 1 Wilfrid Laurier oversees Alberta and Saskatchewan joining the Confederation of Canada

Prime Minister of Canada Wilfrid Laurier
Prime Minister of Canada
Wilfrid Laurier
  • Sep 5 Lillian Mortimer's "No Mother to Guide" premieres in Detroit
  • Sep 5 The Treaty of Portsmouth is signed concluding the Russo-Japanese War; US President Theodore Roosevelt will receive the Nobel Peace Prize for his role as mediator
  • Sep 5 50 prominent men meet in Sydney's Australia Hotel to found the National Defense League fueled by fear of Japan after its victory over Russia
  • Sep 6 Atlanta Life Insurance Company forms
  • Sep 6 General Trade journal publishes 1st Dutch photo (train accident)
  • Sep 10 Japanese battleship Mikasa explodes
  • Sep 14 Albert Cuypstrat street market in Amsterdam inaugurated
  • Sep 14 Dutch AR-politician AWF Idenburg named governor of Suriname
  • Sep 14 RAC Tourist Trophy first run on Isle of Man
  • Sep 18 Electric tramline opens in Rotterdam
  • Sep 20 Cleveland makes AL record 7 errors in an inning
  • Sep 21 Atlanta Life Insurance Co forms
  • Sep 22 Race riot in Atlanta Georgia (10 blacks & 2 whites killed)
  • Sep 23 Mbunga-siege of Fort Mahenge German East-Africa broken
  • Sep 27 The physics journal Annalen der Physik publishes Albert Einstein's paper "Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?", introducing the equation E=mc².

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 5 Orville and Wilbur Wright's "Flyer III" flight 38.5 km in 38.3"

Aviator Wilbur Wright
Aviator
Wilbur Wright
  • Oct 15 Union workers at NVV rejects safety demands
  • Oct 16 The Partition of Bengal (India) occurred.
  • Oct 20 Great General Strike in Russia begins; lasts 11 days
  • Oct 20 Russian Tsar Nicholas II allows the Poles to speak Polish to help quell the revolution in the Kingdom of Poland
  • Oct 23 Edward Milton Royle's play "Squaw Man" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 26 First Soviet (workers' council) formed, St Petersburg, Russia
  • Oct 26 Union of Sweden & Norway ends
  • Oct 29 Hottentot chief Hendrik Witbooi fatally injured
  • Oct 30 "October Manifesto" Russian Tsar Nicholas II grants civil liberties and accepts the first Duma (Parliament)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 30 George Bernard Shaw's "Mrs Warren's Profession" premieres in NYC

  • Oct 31 Great revolutionary demonstration for amnesty in St Petersburg
  • Nov 3 Tsar Nicholas II of Russia signs a document of amnesty for the political prisoners
  • Nov 4 Dock strike against importing grain elevators in Rotterdam
  • Nov 9 Swedish mine workers win 5 month strike for minimum wages
  • Nov 10 Sailors join the rebellion at Kronstadt naval base in Russia
  • Nov 11 High Commissioner Prince George declares amnesty for all leaders of the insurrection that has been disturbing Crete during the recent months - but which never gained mass supprt
  • Nov 12 (November 12 & November 13) Norway holds a referendum in favor of monarchy over republic.
  • Nov 14 David Belasco's "Girl of Golden West" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 16 Dutch Russian Count Witte becomes Prime Minister of Russia
  • Nov 17 The Eulsa Treaty is signed between Japan and Korea.
  • Nov 18 George Bernard Shaw's "Major Barbara" premieres in London
  • Nov 18 Prince Carl of Denmark becomes King Haakon VII of Norway
  • Nov 19 The steamer "Hilda" sinks in the English Channel (100 people drown)
  • Nov 22 British, Italian, Russian, French and Austro-Hungarian fleet attacks Lesbos
  • Nov 23 Henry Watson Furness, an Indiana physican, named US minister to Haiti
  • Nov 24 Moshav Hertzlia forms in Israel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 24 Photographer Alfred Stieglitz opens the Little Galleries of the Photo-Secession in Manhattan, New York

Photographer Alfred Stieglitz
Photographer
Alfred Stieglitz
  • Nov 25 Telimco makes the 1st ever advertisment for a radio set, by advertising a $7.50 set in the "Scientific American" which claimed to receive signals for up to one mile
  • Nov 28 Arthur Griffith forms Sinn Fein in Dublin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 4 British government of Arthur Balfour resigns

British Prime Minister Arthur Balfour
British Prime Minister
Arthur Balfour
  • Dec 5 Henry Campbell-Bannermam (Lib) becomes UK PM
  • Dec 9 French Assembly National votes for separation of church & state
  • Dec 11 120°F (49°C), Rivadavia, Argentina (South American record)
  • Dec 11 British government of Campbell-Bannerman forms
  • Dec 11 A workers uprising occurs, establishing the Shuliavka Republic in Kiev.
  • Dec 15 The Pushkin House is established in St. Petersburg to preserve the cultural heritage of Alexander Pushkin
  • Dec 16 "Variety" covering all phases of show business, 1st published
  • Dec 18 H V Hordern takes 8-81 in 2nd innings of F-C debut (NSW v Qld)
  • Dec 22 Arrest of St Petersburg Soviet members leads to an uprising of Moscow workers and fighting in the street
  • Dec 27 M A Noble scores 281 (369 mins, 21 fours) NSW v Victoria
  • Dec 28 NSW all out for 805 vs Victoria, win by innings & 253
  • Dec 30 Former Governor Frank Steunenberg is assassinated near his home in Caldwell, Idaho