On This Day

Events in History in January 1905

  • Jan 1 9 hour work day for diamond miners
  • Jan 2 Elara, a satellite of Jupiter, discovered by Charles Dillon Perrine in San Jose, California
  • Jan 2 Japanese troops capture Port Arthur from Russia, a blow to national morale and causing further discontent within Russia
  • Jan 2 American anarcho-syndicalist union known as the Industrial Workers of the World forms
  • Jan 5 Charles Perrine announces discovery of Jupiter's 7th satellite, Elara
  • Jan 5 National Association of Audubon Society, a non-profit, environmental organization dedicated to conservation, incorporates
  • Jan 17 Punchboards patented by Charles Brewer & C G Scannell, Chicago
  • Jan 18 French government of Combes falls

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 20 US begins supervising the Dominican Republic's national and international debts, testing President Theodore Roosevelt's "Corollary" to the Monroe Doctrine

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt

Russia1905 Russian Revolution

Jan 22 In St Petersburg, Russia, a large demonstration of workers led by Father Gapon, march to the Winter Palace with a petition to the Tsar; troops fire on protesters in what becomes known as 'Bloody Sunday'

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Tsarist troops wait outside the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg
Tsarist troops wait outside the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg
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  • Jan 26 Han Yong-woon [Bongwan, Manhae] (1879-1944) ordained a monk in Korea

Historic DiscoveryWorld's Largest Diamond Discovered

Jan 26 World's largest diamond, the 3,106-carat Cullinan, is found in South Africa

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The Cullinan Diamond, discovered in South Africa on January 26, 1905
The Cullinan Diamond, discovered in South Africa on January 26, 1905
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  • Jan 27 Maurice Rouvier forms government in France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 29 Tsar Nicolas II of Russia, unsettled by the rising violence and protest, enacts reforms to improve the conditions of workers; these changes will do little to stop disorder throughout Russia in ensuing months

  • Jan 31 1st automobile to exceed 100 mph (161 kph), A G MacDonald, Daytona Beach
  • Jan 31 Carroll Wright appointed 1st Commissioner of Labor, USA