Events in History in 1906

  • Jan 1 Dutch law makes driver's license mandatory
  • Jan 1 The poll tax of £1 per head on all adult male inhabitants of Natal, South Africa, except indentured Indians and married Blacks, imposed by the Natal parliament in 1905, becomes payable.

InventionHistoric Invention

Jan 2 Willis Carrier receives a US patent for the world's first air conditioner

Engineer Willis Carrier
Engineer
Willis Carrier
  • Jan 4 South Africa beat England by one wicket, their 1st Test win
  • Jan 6 Maurice Ravel's "Miroirs" premieres in Paris
  • Jan 8 A landslide in Haverstraw, New York, caused by the excavation of clay along the Hudson River, kills 20 people.
  • Jan 10 The British and French begin consultations on military and naval issues
  • Jan 12 1st time Dow Jones closes above 100 (100.26)
  • Jan 12 Football rules committee legalizes forward pass

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jan 12 Henry Campbell-Bannerman's cabinet (which included H. H. Asquith, David Lloyd George, and Winston Churchill) embarks on sweeping social reforms after a Liberal landslide in the British general election

British Prime Minister Henry Campbell-Bannerman
British Prime Minister
Henry Campbell-Bannerman
British Prime Minister H. H. Asquith
British Prime Minister
H. H. Asquith
British Prime Minister David Lloyd George
British Prime Minister
David Lloyd George
  • Jan 16 -Apr 13] Conference of Algeciras (about Morocco)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 19 Gerhart Hauptmann's "Und Pippa Tanzt!" premieres in Berlin

Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • Jan 22 SS Valencia runs aground on rocks on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, killing more than 130
  • Jan 25 Del Valle Inclans "El Marqués de Bradomin" premieres in Madrid
  • Jan 27 Rudolf Gundersen skates world record 500m at 44.8 sec
  • Jan 29 Coen de King skates world record time: 32,370 km
  • Jan 31 Strongest instrumentally recorded earthquake, Colombia, 8.6 Richter
  • Feb 1 1st federal penitentiary building completed, Leavenworth, Kansas
  • Feb 1 Dorothy Grey, wife of British Foreign Secretary Edward Grey fatally injured
  • Feb 2 Pope encyclical against separation of church & state
  • Feb 8 Without warning, Japanese torpedo boats make a night attack on Russian ships near naval base at Port Arthur, Manchuria; confusion because no deceleration of war given
  • Feb 9 Natal proclaims state of siege in Zulu uprising
  • Feb 10 British battleship HMS Dreadnought launches after only 100 days, renders all other capital ships obsolete with its revolutionary design
  • Feb 10 State of siege proclaimed in Zululand
  • Feb 15 British Labour Party founded
  • Feb 18 Vincent d'Indy's "Jour D'été à La Montagne" premieres in Paris
  • Feb 19 Will Keith Kellogg and Charles D. Bolin found the Battle Creek Toasted Corn Flake Company, now the multinational food manufacturer Kellogg's
  • Feb 22 Black evangelist William J Seymour arrives in Los Angeles, California
  • Feb 24 Tomas Estrada Palma defeats Jose Gomez in the election for president of Cuba, but Gomez and his followers refuse to accept results and sponsor an uprising
  • Feb 27 France and Britain agree to joint control of New Hebrides
  • Mar 3 Vuia I aircraft built by Romanian Traian Vuia tested in France
  • Mar 6 Heavy storm bursts dike, flooding Vlissingen, Netherlands
  • Mar 6 Nora Blatch is 1st woman elected to American Society of Civil Engineers
  • Mar 7 Finnish Senate accepts universal suffrage, except for poor
  • Mar 10 1st performance of Maurice Ravel's "Sonatine"
  • Mar 10 Coal dust explosion kills 1,060 at Courrieres, France
  • Mar 10 Baker Street & Waterloo Railway opens, constructed by the Underground Electric Railways Company of London. The contraction Bakerloo became the official name in July 1906.
  • Mar 12 Heavy storm ravages Dutch west coast
  • Mar 15 Britons Rolls, Royce & Johnson form Rolls Royce Ltd
  • Mar 17 The Phi Kappa Tau Fraternity is founded at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio
  • Mar 19 Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari's "Quattro Rusteghi" premieres in Munich

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 20 George Bernard Shaw's "Captain Brassbound's Conversion" premieres in London

  • Mar 24 "Census of the British Empire" shows Great Britain rules 1/5th of the world
  • Mar 27 Founding of the Alpine Club of Canada in Winnipeg, Manitoba
  • Mar 31 GB Shaw's German version of "Caesar & Cleopatra" premieres in Berlin
  • Apr 2 South Africa complete a 4-1 series drubbing of England
  • Apr 5 St Pius X encyclical "On the Mariavites or Mystic Priests of Poland"
  • Apr 7 Act of Algeciras drawn between Moroccan police & banking business
  • Apr 7 Mount Vesuvius erupts and devastates Naples.
  • Apr 13 Mutiny on Portuguese battleships Dom Carlos & Vasco da Gama

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 14 US President Theodore Roosevelt denounces "muckrakers" in US press, taken from John Bunyan’s Pilgrim’s Progress

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt

  • Apr 15 The Armenian organization AGBU is established.
  • Apr 18 Calvinist Reformed Union in Neth Church forms in Utrecht

Historic CommunicationSan Francisco Earthquake of 1906

Apr 18 San Francisco earthquake and fire kills nearly 4,000 while destroying 75% of the city
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  • Apr 18 The Los Angeles Times story on the Azusa Street Revival launches Pentecostalism as a worldwide movement
  • Apr 19 Belgian naval education ship Comte The Stain de Naeyer sets sail
  • Apr 19 SF Earthquake ends killing 452
  • Apr 26 Motion pictures begin regular showings at the Orpheum Theater in Honolulu, Hawaii

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 2 Tsar Nicolas II of Russia dismisses his moderate Prime Minister Witte and appoints Ivan Goremykin, a conservative bureaucrat

  • May 3 British-controlled Egypt takes Sinai peninsula from Turkey
  • May 6 "Temporary" permit to erect overhead wires on Market Street, San Francisco
  • May 6 Tsar Nicolas II of Russia claims right to legislate by decree and restricts the power of the Duma (Russian Parliament)
  • May 10 Russian Duma (Parliament) meets for 1st time
  • May 10 Italian King Victor Emmanuel & Swiss President Ludwig Forrer open Simplon tunnel
  • May 13 Bezalel Art School opens in Jerusalem
  • May 17 Switzerland's Simplon Tunnel open to rail traffic
  • May 19 Federated Boys' Club (Boys' Club of America) organizes
  • May 19 Portugal's King Carlos I names Joao Franco premier
  • May 21 Louis H Perlman patents a demountable tire carrying rim for cars
  • May 21 The US and Mexico sign an agreement over distribution of the waters of the Rio Grande, increasingly diverted to the US for irrigation
  • May 22 Wright Brothers are granted a patent for their "flying machine," having applied for one 3 years earlier (patent no. 821,393)
  • May 22 A British garrison leaves Esquimalt, on the Pacific coast, after a military occupation that began in 1858: the last British soldiers stationed in Canada
  • May 26 Archaeological Institute of America forms
  • May 26 Vauxhall Bridge is opened in London, England
  • May 31 Attack on King Alfonso XIII & Victoria of Battenberg in Madrid
  • Jun 3 Belgian King Leopold II claims Congo as his private possession
  • Jun 5 Determined to keep pace with Britain as a major naval power, the German Reichstag passes new navy legislation, increasing the total tonnage in Germany's fleet
  • Jun 6 Paris Métro Line 5 is inaugurated with a first section from Place d'Italie to the Gare d'Orléans (today known as Gare d'Austerlitz)
  • Jun 7 Famous Cunard passenger liner Lusitania launches
  • Jun 9 Boston Beaneaters (NL) end 19-game losing streak beat Cards 6-3
  • Jun 14 Pogrom against Jews in Bialystok, Polish Russia
  • Jun 22 Haakon VII crowned King of Norway
  • Jun 29 US Congress pass the Hepburn Act, permitting the regulation of rates charged by railroads, pipelines, and terminals engaged in interstate commerce
  • Jun 30 John Hope becomes 1st black president of Morehouse College

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 30 US Congress passes the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act; these laws owe much to the expose journalism of the period (Upton Sinclair's 'The Jungle' in particular)

  • Jul 2 Yanks win by forfeit for the 1st time
  • Jul 4 Great Britain, France, and Italy declare independence of Ethiopia (Abyssinia), but all lay claim to their own 'spheres of influence' in that land
  • Jul 11 The Gillette-Brown murder inspires Theodore Dreiser's "An American Tragedy"
  • Jul 12 Alfred Dreyfus found innocent in France
  • Jul 15 Republic museum opens Rembrandt hall in Amsterdam

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jul 17 Clement Armand Fallieres is elected President of France, but power lies with Georges Clémenceau

Prime Minister of France Georges Clémenceau
Prime Minister of France
Georges Clémenceau
  • Jul 20 Bkln Dodger Mal Eason no-hits St Louis Cards, 2-0
  • Jul 23 Pogroms against Jews in Oddessa
  • Jul 28 Yankees turn triple-play, beat Cleveland 6-4
  • Aug 10 Pope Pius X bans Associations cults
  • Aug 13 Black soldiers raid Brownsville, Texas
  • Aug 15 1st freight delivery tunnel system begins, underneath Chicago

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 15 King Edward VII of Great Britain visits German Emperor Wilhelm II to discuss the escalating rivalry between their nations' naval forces

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • Aug 16 -17] 8.6 earthquake destroys Valparaiso Chile, fire kills 20,000
  • Aug 22 1st Victor Victrola manufactured
  • Aug 23 Cuba's 1st president Tomés Estrada Palma asks for US intervention
  • Aug 30 NY Highlander Joe Doyle debuts pitching back-to-back shut-outs
  • Sep 1 Alberta adopts Mountain Standard Time
  • Sep 1 British New Guinea placed under Australian administration
  • Sep 1 Joseph Harris (Boston) & Jack Coombs (A's) pitch complete 24 inn game
  • Sep 1 The International Federation of Intellectual Property Attorneys (FICPI) is established.
  • Sep 3 Philadelphia Giants win Negro Championship Cup in Philadelphia before 10,000 fans; black baseball's largest crowd ever
  • Sep 3 After an 8 minute argument over an umpire call the NY Highlanders win on forfeit over Philadelphia A's; Highlanders' MLB record 5th doubleheader sweep on consecutive days
  • Sep 4 New York Highlanders beat Boston Pilgrims, 7 - 0 and 1 - 0 for their MLB record 5th straight doubleheader sweep
  • Sep 5 1st legal forward pass (Bradbury Robinson to Jack Schneider)
  • Sep 7 Alberto Santos-Dumont flies his 14-bis aircraft at Bagatelle, France for the first time successfully.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 11 Mahatma Gandhi coins the term "Satyagraha" to characterize the Non-Violence movement in South Africa.

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Sep 12 The Newport Transporter Bridge is opened in Newport, South Wales by Viscount Tredegar.
  • Sep 13 1st airplane flight in Europe

DiscoveryHistoric Discovery

Sep 16 Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen discovers the Magnetic South Pole

Polar Explorer Roald Amundsen
Polar Explorer
Roald Amundsen
  • Sep 18 A typhoon with tsunami kills an estimated 10,000 people in Hong Kong.
  • Sep 20 Cunard Line's RMS Mauretania is launched at the Swan Hunter & Wigham Richardson shipyard in Newcastle, England.
  • Sep 22 Race riot in Atlanta Georgia, kills 21
  • Sep 22 In New Zealand Domestic workers call for a 68-hour working week
  • Sep 24 Prince George of Greece, convinced that he can no longer serve the cause of Crete, resigns as High Commissioner
  • Sep 25 John Galsworthy's "Silver Box" premieres in London
  • Sep 25 Leonardo Torres Quevedo successfully demonstrates the Telekino at Bilbao before a great crowd, guiding a boat from the shore, considered the birth of the remote control
  • Sep 28 US troops reoccupy Cuba, stay until 1909
  • Sep 29 US intervenes in Cuba ousts dictator Estrada Palma
  • Sep 30 Real Academia Galega, Galician language biggest linguistic authority starts working in Havana.
  • Oct 1 Hugh Jennings resigns as Balt manager to take over at Detroit in 1907
  • Oct 3 US regime names Charles Magoon, governor of Cuba
  • Oct 3 William Vaughan Moody's "Great Divide" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 6 The Majlis of Iran convened for the first time.
  • Oct 8 Karl Nessler demonstrates first 'permanent wave' for hair in London
  • Oct 11 San Francisco Board of Education orders segregation in separate schools of Japanese, Chinese, and Korean children sparking diplomatic crisis

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 19 Frederick Winslow Taylor is awarded an honorary degree of Doctor of Science by the University of Pennsylvania

Mechanical Engineer Frederick Winslow Taylor
Mechanical Engineer
Frederick Winslow Taylor
  • Oct 20 Dr Lee DeForest demonstrated his electrical vacuum tube (radio tube)
  • Oct 22 3000 blacks demonstrate & riot in Philadelphia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 22 Henry Ford becomes President of Ford Motor Company

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford
  • Oct 25 Georges Clémenceau succeeds Ferdinand Sarien as Prime Minister of France
  • Oct 25 US inventor Lee de Forest patents "Audion", a 3-diode amplification valve which proved a pioneering development in radio & broadcasting
  • Oct 28 Belgian-British "Union Minière du Haut Katanga" mining company created in what is now the Democratic Republic of Congo
  • Oct 31 George Bernard Shaw's "Caesar & Cleopatra" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 3 International Radiotelegraph Conference in Berlin selects "SOS" (· · · – – – · · ·) distress signal as the worldwide standard for help

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 6 Charles Evans Hughes (R) elected NY Gov beats William Randolph Hearst

Newspaper Publisher William Randolph Hearst
Newspaper Publisher
William Randolph Hearst
  • Nov 6 Chinese Government ministries are reorganized as part of the movement towards constitutional government; but in fact the Manchu princes retain control and there is little gain for the Chinese people
  • Nov 9 Theodore Roosevelt is 1st US President to visit another country (Puerto Rico and Panama)
  • Nov 11 Ethel Smyth's "Standrecht" premieres in Leipzig
  • Nov 12 C W Gregory (NSW v Qld) starts day at 48*, is 366* at stumps
  • Nov 13 C W Gregory out for 383 as NSW make 763 v Queensland
  • Nov 14 US President Theodore Roosevelt visits Panama
  • Nov 18 Langdon Mitchell's "New York Idea" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 18 Anarchist's bomb St. Peter's Basilica in Rome
  • Nov 20 George Bernard Shaw's "Doctor's Dilemma" premieres in London
  • Nov 21 China prohibits the opium trade
  • Nov 22 Peter Stolypin, Prime Minister of Russia, introduces agrarian reforms allowing peasants to withdraw from the communes and take their share of land for private ownership
  • Nov 23 Joseph Smith, leader of the Mormon Church, convicted of polygamy
  • Dec 1 Cinema Omnia Pathe, world's 1st cinema, opens (Paris)
  • Dec 1 German Shoemaker Wilhelm Voigt (Capt of Köpenick) sentenced to 4 years for forgery after posing as Prussian officer
  • Dec 4 Alpha Phi Alpha, first Black Greek Letter Fraternity, forms
  • Dec 6 The British grant Transvaal self-government
  • Dec 9 NY American reports Belgian King Leopold II bribed US Senate commission on the Congo
  • Dec 10 US President Theodore Roosevelt is the 1st American awarded the Nobel Peace Prize

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

Dec 10 Frenchman Henri Moissan is presented with the Nobel prize for Chemistry for isolating Fluoride

Chemist and Nobel Laureate Henri Moissan
Chemist and Nobel Laureate
Henri Moissan
  • Dec 11 US President Theodore Roosevelt attacks abuses in the Congo
  • Dec 12 Oscar Straus, 1st Jewish US government member, appointed Secretary of Commerce
  • Dec 13 German chancellor Bernhard von Bulow disbands the Parliament
  • Dec 20 Venezuela (under vice-pres Gomez) attacks Dutch fleet
  • Dec 21 British Parliament pass two important pieces of social legislation: The Trades Disputes Bill, legalizing peaceful picketing, and The Workingmen's Compensation Act, broadening employers' liability for accidents
  • Dec 27 1st annual meeting of American Sociological Society, Providence, Rhode Island
  • Dec 28 Ecuador adopts its second liberal constitution
  • Dec 30 Iran becomes a constitutional monarchy
  • Dec 30 The All India Muslim League is founded in Dacca, East Bengal, British India Empire, later laid down the foundations of Pakistan
  • Dec 31 French, British and Italian treaty concerning rights on Abyssinia