Events in History in 1908

  • Jan 2 Canadian branch of the Royal Mint opens in Ottawa
  • Jan 7 England beat Australia by one wicket at the MCG
  • Jan 9 Frans Schollaert succeeds Jules De Trooz as premier of Belgium
  • Jan 9 Muir Woods National Monument, California, established
  • Jan 12 A long-distance radio message is sent from the Eiffel Tower for the first time.
  • Jan 13 Rhoads Opera House fire in Boyertown, PA killing 171 people.
  • Jan 14 Roger Hartigan scores century on Test debut v England in Adelaide (116)
  • Jan 15 Alpha Kappa Alpha sorority, the first for African-American women, established by Ethel Hedgeman and 15 other students at Howard University in Washington, D.C.
  • Jan 15 C Hill & R J Hartigan make 8th wkt partnership 243 for Australia
  • Jan 16 Pinnacles National Monument, California established
  • Jan 18 Frederick Delius' "Brigg Fair" premieres in London
  • Jan 21 "Sullivan Ordinance" is passed in NYC, making it illegal for a woman to smoke in public places. It was vetoed 2 weeks later by mayor George B. McClellan Jr.
  • Jan 21 August Strindberg's "Spoksonaten" premieres in Stockholm
  • Jan 22 Katie Mulcahey is arrested for lighting a cigarette, violating the 1-day old "Sullivan Ordinance" banning women from smoking in public, and is fined $5. Appearing before the judge she stated “I’ve got as much right to smoke as you have. I never heard of this new law, and I don’t want to hear about it. No man shall dictate to me.”
  • Jan 23 US & Great Britain demand end of abuses in Congo

Historic Publication

Jan 24 Lieutenant General Robert Baden-Powell publishes "Scouting for Boys" as a manual for self-instruction in outdoor skills and self-improvement. The book becomes the inspiration for the Scout Movement.

  • Jan 25 John Blockx's opera "Baldie" premieres in Antwerp
  • Jan 27 Pasiphaë, a satellite of Jupiter, discovered by Melotte
  • Jan 29 Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, at Cornell University, incorporates
  • Feb 1 King Carlos I of Portugal and his heir, Prince Luis Filipe are assassinated by Republican sympathizers in Terreiro do Paco, Lisbon
  • Feb 3 Foundation of Panathinaikos in Athens, Greece.
  • Feb 3 Supreme Court rules a union boycott violates Sherman Antitrust Act
  • Feb 4 Star #46 was added to US flag for Oklahoma with the addition to the Union of Oklahoma on November 16, 1907
  • Feb 11 Heemskerk's government begins in Holland
  • Feb 12 Anna Jeanes bequeaths $1,000,000 to Swarthmore to become all female
  • Feb 18 1st US postage stamps in rolls issued
  • Feb 18 The American ambassador to Japan is given a note by the Japanese in which they agree to restrict Japanese emigration to the US; this becomes known as the 'Gentlemen's Agreement'
  • Feb 24 In 'Muller v Oregon', the US Supreme Court favors an Oregon law limiting maximum hours a woman may work and denies that it curtails 'liberty of contract'
  • Feb 25 1st tunnel under Hudson River (railway tunnel) opens
  • Feb 27 Sacrifice fly adopted (repealed in 1931, reinstated 1954)
  • Feb 28 Failed assassination attempt on Shah Mohammed Ali in Tehran
  • Feb 29 Dutch scientists produce solid helium
  • Mar 4 Primary school catches fire in Collingwood, Ohio (180 killed)
  • Mar 5 1st ascent of Mt Erebus, Antarctica
  • Mar 7 Cincinnati Mayor Mark Breith stands before city council and announces that, "women are not physically fit to operate automobiles"
  • Mar 8 Dutch utopist Frederick of Eden speaks in Carnegie Hall, NY
  • Mar 12 The Pan-Macedonian group is formed in Athens to support the Greek Struggle for Macedonia
  • Mar 23 American diplomat Durham Stevens is attacked by Korean assassins Jeon Myeong-un and Jang In-hwan, leading to his death in hospital two days later
  • Mar 25 Clube Atletico Mineiro, Founded in Belo Horizonte, Brazil
  • Apr 12 Fire at the Boston Blacking Company (producer of leather dyes), spreads by high wind, kills 19 and makes 17,000 homeless in Chelsea, Massachusetts
  • Apr 16 Natural Bridges National Monument forms (Lake Powell, Utah)
  • Apr 21 American polar explorer Frederick Cook claims to have been the 1st person reach North Pole on this date (disputed)
  • Apr 23 Denmark, Germany, Britain, France, Netherlands & Sweden sign North Sea accord
  • Apr 24 Mr & Mrs Jacob Murdock and their children depart Los Angeles in a Packard Thirty, endeavoring to become 1st family to travel across United States by car; arrive in NYC 32 days, 5 hours and 25 minutes later
  • May 1 World's most intense shower (2.47" in 3 minutes) at Portobelo, Panama
  • May 2 Jack Norworth and Albert Von Tilzer register their popular song "Take Me Out to the Ball Game" for copyright
  • May 7 Emperor Franz-Joseph celebrates his golden jubilee with festivities throughout the Austro-Hungarian empire
  • May 9 Dirk Fock becomes governor of Suriname
  • May 10 1st Mother's Day observed (Philadelphia)

Theater Premiere

May 12 George Bernard Shaw's play "Getting Married" premieres in London

  • May 12 Wireless Radio Broadcasting is patented by Nathan B. Stubblefield
  • May 14 1st passenger flight in an airplane
  • May 15 Reich Association Law comes into force
  • May 23 Dirigible explodes over San Francisco Bay, 16 passengers fall, none killed
  • May 23 Part of Great White Fleet arrives in Puget Sound, Washington
  • May 24 Belgium Catholic socialist/liberal parliamentary election
  • May 24 John Masefields "Tragedy of Nan" premieres in London
  • May 26 At Masjed Soleyman (مسجد سليمان) in southwest Persia, the first major commercial oil strike in the Middle East is made, rights acquired by the United Kingdom
  • May 26 Mr & Mrs Jacob Murdock and their children become 1st family to travel across United States by car: Los Angeles to NYC in a Packard Thirty (32 days, 5 hours and 25 minutes)
  • May 27 Maulana Hakeem Noor-ud-Din iss elected the first Khalifa of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community.
  • May 30 1st federal workmen's compensation law approved
  • May 30 Aldrich Vineland Currency Act forerunner to Federal Reserve System
  • May 30 Paris advocate E Archdeacon is 1st passenger in a airplane
  • May 30 US Assay Office in Salt Lake City, Utah authorized
  • May 31 Miss Pottelsberghe de la Pottery is 1st airplane passenger (Belgium)
  • Jun 1 John Krohn begins walk around perimeter of US, which took 357 days

Historic Event

Jun 9 King Edward VII of Great Britain visits Tsar Nicholas II at Reval, Russia, where the two discuss the growing power of Germany and British plans for reform in Macedonia

  • Jun 10 1st flying club, Aeronautical Society of NY, opens
  • Jun 10 The Australian Parliament passes the Invalid and Old Age Pensions Act providing for pensions for British subjects (excluding aborigines) at age 65
  • Jun 12 Lusitania crosses Atlantic in record 4 days 15 hours (NYC)
  • Jun 14 Fourth German Navy Bill is passed authorising the financing of the building of another four major warships
  • Jun 15 World congress for Women's rights opens in Amsterdam

Republican Party

Jun 16 The Republican Party convenes in Chicago where President Theodore Roosevelt picks William Howard Taft as his successor

  • Jun 18 Japanese immigration to Brazil begins when 781 people arrive in Santos aboard the Kasato-Maru ship
  • Jun 23 Shah Mohammed Ali leads a successful counter-revolution in Persia, aided by the Russian legation and a Cossack brigade
  • Jun 23 The USA suspends diplomatic relationships with Venezuela after the refusal of Cipriano Castro's government to compensate Americans for injuries suffered in the uprising of 1899

Was Mystery Blast Caused by Aliens?

Jun 30 A giant fireball, most likely caused by the air burst of a large meteoroid or comet flattens 80 million trees near the Stony Tunguska River in Yeniseysk Governorate, Russia, in the largest impact event in recorded history

  • Jul 1 "SOS" (· · · – – – · · ·) distress signal becomes the worldwide standard for help
  • Jul 3 Indian nationalist Bal Gangadhar Tilak arrested for sedition by the British in wake of Muzzafarpur bombing
  • Jul 5 Niazi Bey, a chief organizer of the revolutionary movement in Turkey, raises the standard of revolt at Resna, Macedonia

Historic Expedition

Jul 6 Robert Peary's arctic expedition sails from NYC for the north pole

Presidential Convention

Jul 7 The Democratic Party meets in Denver at the start of their convention; William Jennings Bryan is nominated as presidential nominee

  • Jul 7 US Navy's Great White Fleet leaves San Francisco Bay
  • Jul 8 Uprisings spread throughout Turkey
  • Jul 9 CHU (Christian Historic Union) Dutch political party forms
  • Jul 10 H Kamerlingh Onnes makes helium liquid (-269°C)
  • Jul 24 After days of discussion with his ministers, Sultan Abdul Hamid of Turkey announces he is restoring the liberal constitution of 1876 and will become more responsive to demands of dissidents
  • Jul 25 Ajinomoto Co. is founded. Kikunae Ikeda of the Tokyo Imperial University discovers a key ingredient in Konbu soup stock is monosodium glutamate (MSG), patents a process for manufacturing it.
  • Jul 26 United States Attorney General Charles Joseph Bonaparte issues an order to immediately staff the Office of the Chief Examiner (later renamed the Federal Bureau of Investigation)
  • Aug 3 French brothers Amadee and Jean Bouyssonie discover the fossil remains of a nearly complete 60,000 year-old Neanderthal man 'Old man of La Chappelle' at La Chappelle-aux-Saints, France
  • Aug 7 The first train to travel the length of New Zealand's North Island 'main trunk line', leaves Wellington

Meeting of Interest

Aug 11 King Edward VII of Britain meets with Emperor Wilhelm of Friedrichshof, Germany; the main point of contention is the increasing size of Germany's navy

Model T

Aug 12 Henry Ford's company builds the first Model T car

  • Aug 13 King Edward VII of Great Britain meets with Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria at Ischl; the King tries to persuade the Emperor to advise Germany against aggressive (anti-British) policies
  • Aug 14 Race riot in Springfield Illinois

Historic Event

Aug 16 The Committee of Union and Progress, 'The Young Turks', announces a program for reforms and respect for the rights of all within the Ottoman Empire, regardless of race or religion

Historic Event

Aug 17 Bank of Italy (now Bank of America) opens new HQ at Clay & Montgomery, San Francisco

  • Aug 20 America's Great White Fleet arrives in Sydney, Australia, to be greeted with a tremendous welcome; 221 American sailors desert to remain in Australia
  • Aug 20 Congo Free State becomes Belgian Congo
  • Aug 25 Allen Winter wins US 1st $50,000 trotting race
  • Aug 25 National Association of Colored Nurses forms
  • Aug 29 NY gives a ticker tape parade to returning US Olympians from London
  • Sep 3 James Barries "What Every Woman Knows" premieres in London

Historic Event

Sep 9 Orville Wright makes 1st 1-hr airplane flight, Fort Myer, Va

  • Sep 9 Russia takes part of Poland
  • Sep 12 Canada appoints a Civil Service Commission, initiating a more equitable system for selecting civil servants
  • Sep 16 Carriage-maker, William C. Durant, founds General Motors in Flint, Michigan
  • Sep 17 Thomas Selfridge becomes first fatality of powered flight
  • Sep 18 Cleveland Indian Bob "Dusty" Rhoades no-hits Boston, 2-1
  • Sep 22 Bulgaria declares independence from the Ottoman Empire (Turkey)
  • Sep 23 University of Alberta opens

Historic Event

Sep 27 Henry Ford's first Ford Model T automobile leaves the Piquette Plant in Detroit, Michigan

Theater Premiere

Sep 30 Maurice Maeterlinck's play "L'Oiseau bleu" (The Blue Bird) premieres at the Moscow Art Theatre

  • Oct 1 1st Dutch electric railway in use (Rotterdam-The Hague)

Historic Event

Oct 3 Pravda newspaper founded by Leon Trotsky, Adolph Joffe, Matvey Skobelev and other Russian exiles in Vienna

  • Oct 5 Bulgaria declares independence from Turkey, Ferdinand I becomes Tsar
  • Oct 6 Austria annexes Bosnia & Herzegovina
  • Oct 7 Crete revolts against Turkey & aligns with Greece
  • Oct 7 Serbia & Montenegro sign anti-Austria-Hungarian pact
  • Oct 18 Belgium annexes Congo Free State
  • Oct 20 King Leopold II sells Congo to Belgium
  • Oct 24 Billy Murray hits the charts with "Take Me Outto the Ball Game"

Historic Event

Oct 28 The English Newspaper the Daily Telegraph prints an interview with Germany's Emperor Wilhelm II, who characterises himself as personally friendly to Britain but suggests the German people are hostile, causing uproar in both countries

  • Nov 3 William Howard Taft (R) elected 27th U.S. President over William Jennings Bryan (D)
  • Nov 6 Leonid Andreyev's "Dui Nashey Zhizni" premieres in St Petersburg
  • Nov 7 Dutch capture Venezuelan navy
  • Nov 10 1st Gideon Bible put in a hotel room

Historic Event

Nov 12 Andrew Fisher assumes the position of prime minister for what turns out to be a short-lived second Labour government, Australia

Historic Event

Nov 14 Albert Einstein presents his quantum theory of light

  • Nov 14 Liberal candidate Jose Miguel Gomez wins national elections for president in Cuba
  • Nov 28 154 men die in coal mine explosion at Marianna, Pennsylvania
  • Nov 30 The US Secretary of State and Japan's ambassador to the US exchange notes in what becomes known as the Root-Takahira Agreement: they affirm support for an independent China with an 'open door' policy and for the status quo in the Pacific
  • Dec 2 Child Emperor Pu Yi ascends the Chinese throne at the age of two
  • Dec 4 Haiti's president General Alexis Nord flees from military coup
  • Dec 4 The world's ten leading maritime nations attend a Naval Conference in London; they agree on rules for blockade, convoys, and seizure of contraband
  • Dec 5 1st US football uniform numerals used (University of Pittsburgh)
  • Dec 9 The German Reichstag adopts a progressive social law restricting hours of factory work by young people and women
  • Dec 11 Frederick Delius' orchestral work "In a Summer Garden" premieres in London
  • Dec 16 1st credit union in US forms (Manchester NH)
  • Dec 17 In Turkey the new parliament convenes with reformist Young Turks as the majority
  • Dec 28 Earthquake strikes Messina in Italy, killing nearly 80,000
  • Dec 29 Patent granted for a 4-wheel automobile brake, Clintonville, Wisconsin