Events in History in 1909

  • Jan 1 Drilling begins on the Lakeview Gusher
  • Jan 1 In Great Britain, the Old Age Pension Law is finally instituted, providing pensions for every British subject over 70 with low income
  • Jan 2 1st official Dutch 11 city skate (Minne Hoekstra in 13:50)
  • Jan 5 Colombia recognizes Panama's independence

Historic Expedition

Jan 9 Ernest Shackleton as part of the British Nimrod Expedition reaches a record farthest South latitude (88°23' south)

  • Jan 16 British explorers David, Mawson & Mackay reach south magnetic pole as part of the Nimrod Expedition
  • Jan 19 Eugene Walter's "Easiest Way" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 22 Vassily Kandinsky forms Kunstlerverein in Munich
  • Jan 23 1st radio rescue at sea during CQD distress code by the British Royal Mail steamship Republic off Nantucket Island
  • Jan 27 The Young Left is founded in Norway
  • Jan 28 US military forces leave Cuba for 2nd time
  • Feb 1 US Assay Office in Salt Lake City, Utah, opens
  • Feb 1 US forces withdraw from Cuba after liberal Jose Miguel Gomez becomes president; ensuing political instability will bring a threat of US intervention in 1912
  • Feb 2 Italian writer Filippo Tommaso Marinetti publishes "Manifest o of Futurism" in Paris, France
  • Feb 8 France & Germany sign treaty about Morocco
  • Feb 9 1st US federal legislation on narcotics prohibits importation, possession, and use of "smoking opium"

Historic Event

Feb 12 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) forms

  • Feb 12 Netherlands' SDAP suspends Marxist Tribune group (Gorter & Wijnkoop)
  • Feb 16 1st subway car with side doors goes into service (NYC)
  • Feb 16 Serbia mobilizes against Austria-Hungary
  • Feb 20 Publication of the Futurist Manifesto in the French journal "Le Figaro"
  • Feb 20 The Hudson Motor Car Company is founded in Detroit, Michigan by retail titan Joseph L. Hudson and other investors [1]
  • Feb 21 John Galsworthy's "Strife" premieres in London

Historic Event

Feb 23 Russian Tsar Nicholas II dissolves Finnish Diet

  • Feb 26 Austria and Turkey conclude an agreement in which Turkey recognizes Austria's 1908 annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and is to receive compensation
  • Feb 28 1st National Woman's Day is observed in the United States. Organized by the Socialist Party of America in honor of the 1908 garment workers' strike in New York, where women protested against working conditions.
  • Mar 1 1st US university school of nursing established, University of Minnesota
  • Mar 2 Great Britain, France, Germany & Italy asks Serbia to set no territorial demands
  • Mar 4 US prohibits interstate transportation of game birds

Historic Event

Mar 4 William Howard Taft inaugrated as 27th US President during 10" snowstorm

Theater Premiere

Mar 6 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Griselda" premieres in Vienna

  • Mar 12 Alarmed over increasing German naval strength, Parliament passes a new naval appropriations bill
  • Mar 14 Amsterdam Social-Democratic Party (SDP) forms
  • Mar 18 Einar Dessau of Denmark makes 1st ham broadcast
  • Mar 18 Russia and Bulgaria reach an agreement in which late 19th century Russian financial claims are cancelled to meet compensation due to Turkey from Bulgaria
  • Mar 21 Germany sends Russia a diplomatic notes requesting recognition of the Austrian annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and cessation of support to Serbia in the controversy
  • Mar 26 August Strindberg's "Bjalb-jarle-ti" premieres in Stockholm
  • Mar 26 In support of Mohammed Ali Shah's coup d'etat against the constitutional government in Persia, a Russian military force invades northern Persia to relieve the siege of Tabriz
  • Mar 30 New York's Queensboro Bridge opens, linking Manhattan & Queens
  • Mar 31 In a diplomatic note to Austria, Serbia recognizes the Bosnian annexation and promises to maintain friendly relations with Austria
  • Apr 6 1st credit union forms in US

Historic Event

Apr 6 North Pole reached by American explorers Robert Peary & Matthew Henson

  • Apr 9 The US Congress pass the Payne-Aldrich bill, raising certain tariffs on goods entering the United States
  • Apr 11 Establishment of Tel Aviv by Jewish settlers (named 1910)
  • Apr 13 In Constantinople the primarily Albanian First Army Corps seizes the parliament building and telegraphs offices, forcing the Ottoman statesman Hilmi Pasha to resign
  • Apr 14 Anglo-Persian Oil Company forms in London
  • Apr 19 A convention with Turkey recognizes Bulgarian independence

Beatification

Apr 19 Joan of Arc receives beatification by the Roman Catholic Church

  • Apr 24 Harry Hillman and Lawson Robertson run 100m 3-legged race in 11 seconds
  • Apr 27 Sultan of Turkey Abdul Hamid II is overthrown
  • May 1 Netherlands begins unity with Belgium
  • May 6 Indian nationalist Sri Aurobindo acquitted in the Alipore Bomb Case in Calcutta, India
  • May 7 Construction begins on first 100 houses in Ahuzat Bayit (Tel Aviv)
  • May 10 Winchester's Fred Toney no-hits Lexington for 17 inning
  • May 13 Christian National Labor Workers (CNV) party begins in Netherlands
  • May 17 White firemen on Georgia lroad strike to protest against hiring blacks
  • May 22 1st San Francisco fireboat, David Scannell, launched
  • May 24 Bristol University granted Royal Charter
  • May 29 Frank "Home Run" Baker's 1st career home run for Philadelphia Athletics
  • May 30 Reuben Siegel laid cornerstone of 1st home in Tel-Aviv
  • May 31 National Conference on the Negro holds its first meeting in United Charities Building, New York (earlier form of the NAACP)
  • Jun 1 Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition opens in Seattle

Election of Interest

Jun 2 Alfred Deakin becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the third time

  • Jun 7 Cleveland Industrial Exposition opens
  • Jun 9 Alice Huyler Ramsey, 22-year-old housewife from Hackensack, New Jersey, becomes the 1st woman to drive across the US, in a Maxwell 30, drives 3,800 miles from Manhattan to San Francisco in 59 days
  • Jun 16 1st US airplane sold commercially, by Glenn Curtiss for $5,000
  • Jun 18 American educator Nannie Helen Burroughs forms National Training School for Women and Girls in Washington D.C
  • Jun 20 1st balloon honeymoon (Roger Burham & Eleanor Waring)
  • Jun 23 Confessional parties win Dutch parliamentary elections
  • Jun 26 Victoria & Albert Museum opens in London
  • Jun 27 Etten-Leur 1st airplane flight in Neth (Belgium count De Lambert)
  • Jun 28 1st French air show, Concours d'Avation opens
  • Jul 12 16th Amendment was passed by congress (power to tax incomes)

Appointment of Interest

Jul 14 German Chancellor Bernhard von Bülow resigns and is replaced by Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg

  • Jul 25 France's Louis Bleriot, makes 1st airplane flight across English Channel
  • Jul 27 British ship SS Waratah is last seen en-route from Durban to Cape Town; 211 on board are missing and no trace of the ship ever found

Historic Event

Jul 27 Orville Wright tests 1st US Army airplane, flying 1h12m40s

  • Jul 30 French chemist Eugène Schueller founds L'Oréal with his new range of hair dyes
  • Aug 2 Army Air Corps formed as Army takes 1st delivery from Wright Brothers
  • Aug 2 US issues 1st Lincoln penny
  • Aug 6 Alice Ramsey and three friends become the first women to complete a transcontinental auto trip
  • Aug 11 SOS 1st used by an American ship, Arapahoe, off Cape Hatteras, NC
  • Aug 11 Warren Bardsley (136 & 130) 1st to get twin tons in a Test
  • Aug 18 Mayor of Tokyo Yukio Ozaki presents Washington, D.C. with 2,000 cherry trees, which President William Howard Taft decides to plant near the Potomac River.
  • Aug 24 Workers start pouring concrete for Panama Canal
  • Aug 29 AH Latham of France sets world airplane altitude record of 155 m
  • Aug 29 World's 1st air race held in Rheims France. Glenn Curtiss (USA) wins
  • Aug 30 Burgess Shale fossil site - one of most diverse and best-preserved in the world, discovered by Charles Doolittle Walcott in Candaian Rocky Mountains (now British Columbia's Yoho National Park)

Historic Event

Sep 2 King Edward VII signs South Africa Act

  • Sep 6 New York Times headline announces American explorer Robert Peary had discovered the North Pole 5 months earlier
  • Sep 7 Eugene Lefebvre becomes first pilot to die in an airplane craft, while test piloting new French-built Wright biplane at Juvisy
  • Sep 9 China's Metropolitan Library established by the Qing Dynasty in Beijing Guanghua temple (now the National Library of China) [1]
  • Sep 11 German astronomer Max Wolf rediscovers Halley's comet
  • Sep 12 World's first patent for synthetic rubber granted to German chemist Fritz Hofmann
  • Sep 17 Denis Peyrony and Louis Capitan discover the skull of an adult male Neanderthal (La Ferrassie 1) during excavations in a rock shelter near La Ferrassie, France
  • Sep 20 The British Parliament passes the South Africa Act; it calls for union of Cape Colony, Natal, Orange River Colony, and Transvaal; and both English and Dutch as official languages
  • Sep 25 Hudson-Fulton Celebration opens in NY
  • Sep 27 US President William Howard Taft sets aside some 3 million acres of oil-rich public land (including Teapot Dome, Wyoming) for conservation purposes
  • Oct 18 Comte de Lambert of France sets airplane altitude record of 300 m
  • Oct 24 Italy and Russia sign the Racconigi Pact in which both nations promise to support the status quo in the Balkans

Historic Event

Oct 26 Itō Hirobumi, Resident-General of Korea, and former Japanese Prime Minister is shot and killed by Korean nationalist An Jung-geun in Harbin, China

  • Nov 7 Knights of St Peter Claver founded in Mobile, Alabama; Ladies Auxiliary formed in 1922
  • Nov 11 Construction of US navy base begins at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii
  • Nov 11 J M Synge's "Tinker's Wedding" premieres in London

Historic Event

Nov 12 Mackenzie King takes his seat in the House of Commons as Minister of Labour

  • Nov 13 259 miners die in a fire at St Paul Mine at Cherry, Illinois
  • Nov 13 Ben Simpson of Hamilton Tigers kicks 9 singles in a game
  • Nov 13 Collier's magazine accuses U.S. Secretary of the Interior Richard Ballinger of questionable dealings in Alaskan coal fields
  • Nov 18 US invades Nicaragua, later overthrows President Zelaya

Historic Event

Nov 19 Former Dutch premier Abraham Kuyper denies corruption

  • Nov 20 Jack Williams of Canadian football team Ottawa Rough Riders kicks 9 singles in a game
  • Nov 23 7.17" (18.2 cm) of rainfall, Rattlesnake Creek, Idaho (state record)
  • Nov 23 Wright Brothers form million dollar corporation to manufacture airplanes
  • Nov 26 Sigma Alpha Mu is founded in the City College of New York by 8 Jewish young men.

Historic Event

Nov 30 British House of Lords rejects David Lloyd George's 'People's Budget', which tried to shift tax burden to the wealthy. Leads to the Parliament Act; intent to stop unelected house overruling will of the elected house.

  • Dec 1 1st Christmas Club payment made, to Carlisle Trust Co, Pennsylvania
  • Dec 1 1st Israeli kibbutz founded, Deganya Alef

Historic Invention

Dec 7 Inventor Leo Baekeland patents the first thermo-setting plastic, Bakelite, sparking the birth of the plastics industry

  • Dec 8 Bird banding society found
  • Dec 9 1st US monoplane flown (Henry W Walden, Long Island, NY)

Nobel Prize

Dec 10 Swedish writer Selma Lagerlöf is the first woman to win the Nobel Prize for Literature

  • Dec 11 Canadian Football exhibition game played in Van Cortlandt Park in Bronx, Hamilton Tigers beat Ottawa Rough Riders, 11-6 before 15,000
  • Dec 16 A conservative revolution and US pressure forces Nicaraguan President Jose Santos from office
  • Dec 17 Leopold II, king of Belgium, died in Laeken after a reign of exactly 44 years
  • Dec 21 1st junior high school established (Berkeley California)

Theater Premiere

Dec 21 Clyde Fitch's play "The City" premieres in NYC

  • Dec 21 Unitversity of Copenhagen rejects American Explorer Frederick A Cook's claim that he was 1st to North Pole
  • Dec 23 Albert I becomes the third King of the Belgians