Events in History in 1909

  • Jan 1 Drilling begins on the Lakeview Gusher
  • Jan 1 In Great Britain, the Old Age Pension Law is finally instituted, providing pensions for every British subject over 70 with low income
  • Jan 2 1st official Dutch 11 city skate (Minne Hoekstra in 13:50)
  • Jan 5 Colombia recognizes Panama's independence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 9 Ernest Shackleton as part of the British Nimrod Expedition reaches a record farthest South latitude (88°23' south)

Polar Explorer Ernest Shackleton
Polar Explorer
Ernest Shackleton
  • Jan 14 Coöp. Far. Central Management forms
  • Jan 16 British explorers David, Mawson & Mackay reach south magnetic pole as part of the Nimrod Expedition
  • Jan 19 Eugene Walter's "Easiest Way" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 22 Vassily Kandinsky forms Kunstlerverein in Munich
  • Jan 23 1st radio rescue at sea
  • Jan 25 Richard Strauss' premier of "Elektra" in Dresden
  • Jan 27 The Young Left is founded in Norway
  • Jan 28 US military forces leave Cuba for 2nd time
  • Feb 1 US Assay Office in Salt Lake City, Utah, opens
  • Feb 1 US forces withdraw from Cuba after liberal Jose Miguel Gomez becomes president; ensuing political instability will bring a threat of US intervention in 1912
  • Feb 2 Italian writer Marinetti publishes Futurist Manifest in Paris

  • Feb 8 France & Germany sign treaty about Morocco
  • Feb 9 1st federal legislation prohibiting narcotics (opium)
  • Feb 9 1st forestry school is incorporated at Kent, Ohio
  • Feb 12 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) forms
  • Feb 12 Netherlands' SDAP suspends Marxist Tribune group (Gorter & Wijnkoop)
  • Feb 16 1st subway car with side doors goes into service (NYC)
  • Feb 16 Serbia mobilizes against Austria-Hungary
  • Feb 20 Publication of the Futurist Manifesto in the French journal "Le Figaro"
  • Feb 21 John Galsworthy's "Strife" premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 23 Russian Tsar Nicholas II dissolves Finnish Diet

  • Feb 24 The Hudson Motor Car Company is founded.
  • Feb 26 Austria and Turkey conclude an agreement in which Turkey recognizes Austria's 1908 annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and is to receive compensation
  • Feb 28 1st National Woman's Day is observed in the United States. Organized by the Socialist Party of America in honor of the 1908 garment workers' strike in New York, where women protested against working conditions.
  • Mar 1 1st US university school of nursing established, University of Minnesota
  • Mar 2 Great Britain, France, Germany & Italy asks Serbia to set no territorial demands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4 William Howard Taft inaugrated as 27th US President during 10" snowstorm

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
  • Mar 4 US prohibits interstate transportation of game birds

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 6 Gerhart Hauptmann's "Griselda" premieres in Vienna

Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • Mar 12 Alarmed over increasing German naval strength, Parliament passes a new naval appropriations bill
  • Mar 14 Amsterdam Social-Democratic Party (SDP) forms
  • Mar 18 Einar Dessau of Denmark makes 1st ham broadcast
  • Mar 18 Russia and Bulgaria reach an agreement in which late 19th century Russian financial claims are cancelled to meet compensation due to Turkey from Bulgaria
  • Mar 21 Germany sends Russia a diplomatic notes requesting recognition of the Austrian annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and cessation of support to Serbia in the controversy
  • Mar 26 August Strindberg's "Bjalb-jarle-ti" premieres in Stockholm

  • Mar 26 In support of Mohammed Ali Shah's coup d'etat against the constitutional government in Persia, a Russian military force invades northern Persia to relieve the siege of Tabriz
  • Mar 30 New York's Queensboro Bridge opens, linking Manhattan & Queens
  • Mar 31 Gustav Mahler conducts NY Philharmonic for his 1st time
  • Mar 31 In a diplomatic note to Austria, Serbia recognizes the Bosnian annexation and promises to maintain friendly relations with Austria
  • Apr 6 1st credit union forms in US
  • Apr 6 North Pole reached by Americans Robert Peary & Matthew Henson
  • Apr 9 The US Congress pass the Payne-Aldrich bill, raising certain tariffs on goods entering the United States
  • Apr 11 Establishment of Tel Aviv by Jewish settlers (named 1910)
  • Apr 12 Philadelphia's Shibe Park (later Connie Mack Stadium) opens
  • Apr 13 In Constantinople the primarily Albanian First Army Corps seizes the parliament building and telegraphs offices, forcing the Ottoman statesman Hilmi Pasha to resign
  • Apr 14 Anglo-Persian Oil Company forms in London

BeatificationBeatification

Apr 19 Joan of Arc receives beatification by the Roman Catholic Church

French Soldier and National Heroine Joan of Arc
French Soldier and National Heroine
Joan of Arc
  • Apr 19 A convention with Turkey recognizes Bulgarian independence
  • Apr 24 Harry Hillman and Lawson Robertson run 100m 3-legged race in 11 seconds
  • Apr 27 Sultan of Turkey Abdul Hamid II is overthrown
  • May 1 Netherlands begins unity with Belgium
  • May 6 Indian nationalist Sri Aurobindo acquitted in the Alipore Bomb Case in Calcutta, India
  • May 7 Construction begins on first 100 houses in Ahuzat Bayit (Tel Aviv)
  • May 10 Winchester's Fred Toney no-hits Lexington for 17 inning
  • May 13 Christian National Labor Workers (CNV) party begins in Netherlands
  • May 17 White firemen on Georgia lroad strike to protest against hiring blacks
  • May 22 1st San Francisco fireboat, David Scannell, launched
  • May 24 Bristol University granted Royal Charter
  • May 29 Frank "Home Run" Baker's 1st career home run
  • May 30 Reuben Siegel laid cornerstone of 1st home in Tel-Aviv
  • May 31 National Conference on the Negro holds its first meeting in United Charities Building, New York (earlier form of the NAACP)
  • Jun 1 Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition opens in Seattle
  • Jun 2 Alfred Deakin becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the third time
  • Jun 7 Cleveland Industrial Exposition opens
  • Jun 9 Alice Huyler Ramsey, 22-year-old housewife from Hackensack, New Jersey, becomes the 1st woman to drive across the US, in a Maxwell 30, drives 3,800 miles from Manhattan to San Francisco in 59 days
  • Jun 16 1st US airplane sold commercially, by Glenn Curtiss for $5,000
  • Jun 18 Nannie Burroughs forms national training School for Women
  • Jun 20 1st balloon honeymoon (Roger Burham & Eleanor Waring)
  • Jun 23 Confessional parties win Dutch parliamentary elections
  • Jun 26 Victoria & Albert Museum opens in London
  • Jun 27 Etten-Leur 1st airplane flight in Neth (Belgium count De Lambert)
  • Jun 28 1st French air show, Concours d'Avation opens
  • Jul 12 16th Amendment was passed by congress (power to tax incomes)
  • Jul 14 Germany chancellor Bernhard von Bulow resigns
  • Jul 14 Theobold von Bethmann Hollweg nominated Germany Chancellor
  • Jul 16 Det & Wash play longest scoreless game in AL history-18 innings
  • Jul 25 France's Louis Bleriot, makes 1st airplane flight across English Channel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 27 Orville Wright tests 1st US Army airplane, flying 1h12m40s

  • Jul 27 British ship SS Waratah is last seen en-route from Durban to Cape Town; 211 on board are missing and no trace of the ship ever found
  • Jul 30 Wright Brothers deliver 1st military plane to the army
  • Aug 2 1st Lincoln head pennies minted
  • Aug 2 Army Air Corps formed as Army takes 1st delivery from Wright Brothers
  • Aug 2 US issues 1st Lincoln penny
  • Aug 6 Alice Ramsey and three friends become the first women to complete a transcontinental auto trip
  • Aug 10 Algemeene Netherland Toonkunstenars Ver (ANTV) begins
  • Aug 11 SOS 1st used by an American ship, Arapahoe, off Cape Hatteras, NC
  • Aug 11 Warren Bardsley (136 & 130) 1st to get twin tons in a Test
  • Aug 18 Mayor of Tokyo Yukio Ozaki presents Washington, D.C. with 2,000 cherry trees, which President Taft decides to plant near the Potomac River.
  • Aug 24 Workers start pouring concrete for Panama Canal
  • Aug 26 Middlesex beat Gloucs (Bristol) by Inn & 31 in a single day
  • Aug 27 Jack Chesbro's final Highlander game
  • Aug 29 AH Latham of France sets world airplane altitude record of 155 m
  • Aug 29 World's 1st air race held in Rheims France. Glenn Curtiss (USA) wins
  • Aug 30 Burgess Shale fossils discovered by Charles Doolittle Walcott.
  • Sep 2 King Edward VII signs South Africa Act
  • Sep 6 Word received that American explorer Robert Peary had discovered the North Pole, 5 months earlier
  • Sep 7 Eugene Lefebvre becomes first pilot to die in an airplane craft, while test piloting new French-built Wright biplane at Juvisy
  • Sep 11 Max Wolf rediscovers Halley's comet
  • Sep 12 World's first patent for synthetic rubber granted to German chemist Fritz Hofmann
  • Sep 17 Denis Peyrony and Louis Capitan discover the skull of an adult male Neanderthal (La Ferrassie 1) during excavations in a rock shelter near La Ferrassie, France
  • Sep 20 The British Parliament passes the South Africa Act; it calls for union of Cape Colony, Natal, Orange River Colony, and Transvaal; and both English and Dutch as official languages
  • Sep 25 Hudson-Fulton Celebration opens in NY
  • Sep 27 US President Taft sets aside some 3 million acres of oil-rich public land (including Teapot Dome, Wyoming) for conservation purposes
  • Oct 18 Comte de Lambert of France sets airplane altitude record of 300 m
  • Oct 24 Italy and Russia sign the Racconigi Pact in which both nations promise to support the status quo in the Balkans

  • Oct 26 Itō Hirobumi, Resident-General of Korea, and former Japanese Prime Minister, shot and killed by Korean nationalist in Harbin, China
  • Nov 7 Knights of St Peter Claver founded in Mobile, Alabama; Ladies Auxiliary formed in 1922
  • Nov 11 Construction of US navy base begins at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii
  • Nov 11 J M Synge's "Tinker's Wedding" premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 12 Mackenzie King takes his seat in the House of Commons as Minister of Labour

10th Prime Minister of Canada Mackenzie King
10th Prime Minister of Canada
Mackenzie King
  • Nov 13 259 miners die in a fire at St Paul Mine at Cherry, Illinois
  • Nov 13 Ben Simpson of Hamilton Tigers kicks 9 singles in a game
  • Nov 13 Collier's magazine accuses U.S. Secretary of the Interior Richard Ballinger of questionable dealings in Alaskan coal fields
  • Nov 18 US invades Nicaragua, later overthrows President Zelaya
  • Nov 19 Former Dutch premier Abraham Kuyper denies corruption
  • Nov 20 Jack Williams of Ottawa Rough Riders kicks 9 singles in a game
  • Nov 23 7.17" (18.2 cm) of rainfall, Rattlesnake Creek, Idaho (state record)
  • Nov 23 Wright Brothers form million dollar corporation to manufacture airplanes
  • Nov 26 Sigma Alpha Mu is founded in the City College of New York by 8 Jewish young men.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 30 British House of Lords rejects David Lloyd George's 'People's Budget', which tried to shift tax burden to the wealthy. Leads to the Parliament Act; intent to stop unelected house overruling will of the elected house.

British Prime Minister David Lloyd George
British Prime Minister
David Lloyd George
  • Dec 1 1st Christmas Club payment made, to Carlisle Trust Co, Pa
  • Dec 1 1st Israeli kibbutz founded, Deganya Alef

InventionHistoric Invention

Dec 7 Inventor Leo Baekeland patents the first thermo-setting plastic, Bakelite, sparking the birth of the plastics industry

Chemist Leo Baekeland
Chemist
Leo Baekeland
  • Dec 8 Bird banding society found
  • Dec 9 1st US monoplane flown (Henry W Walden, Long Island, NY)
  • Dec 11 Canadian Football exhibition game played in Van Cortlandt Park in Bronx, Hamilton Tigers beat Ottawa Rough Riders, 11-6 before 15,000
  • Dec 16 A conservative revolution and US pressure forces Nicaraguan President Jose Santos from office
  • Dec 17 Leopold II, king of Belgium, died in Laeken after a reign of exactly 44 years
  • Dec 21 1st junior high school established (Berkeley California)
  • Dec 21 Clyde Fitch' "City" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 21 Unitversity of Copenhagen rejects American Explorer Frederick A Cook's claim that he was 1st to North Pole
  • Dec 23 Albert I becomes the third King of the Belgians