Events in History in 1911

  • Jan 1 Belgian Mining law introduces 9½ hour work day
  • Jan 1 South Australia transfers Northern Territory to federal government
  • Jan 3 The Government of India announces that emigration to Natal, Southern Africa, is prohibited with effect from 1 July
  • Jan 3 The Russian Turkestan city of Almaty is destroyed by a magnitude 7.7 earthquake
  • Jan 3 US postal savings bank inaugurated
  • Jan 5 San Francisco has its first air meet
  • Jan 7 Dutch Scouts Organization established in Amsterdam
  • Jan 10 1st photo in US taken from an airplane, San Diego
  • Jan 10 Honduras signs treaty turning over customs to US (not ratified)
  • Jan 12 The University of the Philippines College of Law is formally established; three future Philippine presidents are among the first enrollees.

Theater Premiere

Jan 13 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Die Ratten" (The Rats) premieres in Berlin

Historic Event

Jan 13 Roald Amundsen anchors at Walvis Bay, southwestern Africa

  • Jan 13 South Africa's 1st win over Australia, at Adelaide
  • Jan 14 Roald Amundsen's South Pole expedition lands on the Ross Ice Shelf
  • Jan 15 1st airplane bombing experiments with explosives at San Francisco
  • Jan 16 Pandora becomes 1st 2-man sailboat to round Cape Horn west to east

Assassination Attempt

Jan 17 Failed assassination attempt on French Prime Minister Aristide Briand in the French Assembly

  • Jan 17 Percy Mackaye's "Scarecrow" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 18 1st shipboard landing of a plane (Tanforan Park to USS Pennsylvania)
  • Jan 26 Glenn Curtiss pilots 1st successful hydroplane, San Diego
  • Jan 28 Frenchman Henri Rougier wins 1st Rally of Monte Carlo
  • Jan 30 1st rescue of an air passenger by a ship, near Havana, Cuba
  • Jan 30 The Canadian Naval Service becomes the Royal Canadian Navy
  • Jan 31 Congress names San Francisco as Panama Canal opening celebration site
  • Feb 6 1st old-age home opened in Prescott, Arizona
  • Feb 6 Great fire destroys downtown Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey)
  • Feb 8 US helps overthrow President Miguel Devila of Honduras
  • Feb 17 1st hydroplane flight to & from a ship (Glenn Curtiss, San Diego)
  • Feb 18 The first official flight with air mail takes place in Allahabad, British India, when Henri Pequet, a 23-year-old pilot, delivers 6,500 letters to Naini, about 10 km away.
  • Feb 22 The Canadian Parliament resolves to maintain union with the British Empire, while controlling domestic fiscal affairs
  • Feb 24 Japan and the US conclude a treaty that continues restrictions on Japanese laborers
  • Mar 3 1st US federal cemetery with Union & Confederate graves opens, Missouri
  • Mar 4 Victor Berger (Wisc) becomes 1st socialist congressman in US
  • Mar 7 US sends 20,000 troops to Mexican border
  • Mar 7 Willis Farnsworth of Petaluma, California, patents coin-operated locker
  • Mar 13 The Colonial-Born and Settlers Indian Association is formed at a meeting in Durban, South Africa, and has at its aim to fight the infamous 3 poll tax
  • Mar 18 North Dakota enacts a hail insurance law
  • Mar 19 1st International Women's Day sees over 1 million men and women attend rallies in Austria, Denmark, Germany and Switzerland. Issues discussed included women's right to vote and to hold public office, the right to work, to vocational training and an end to discrimination on the job.
  • Mar 20 Winter Garden Theater opens at 1634 Broadway NYC
  • Mar 25 L. D. Swamikannu publishes "Manual of Indian Chronology" in Bombay
  • Mar 25 Triangle Shirtwaist Factory catches fire 145 die, all but 13 girls in Greenwich Village, New York
  • Mar 30 Lötschberg tunnel in Switzerland (13,735 m) completed
  • Apr 3 Harry James Smith's "Mrs Bumsted-Leigh" premieres in NYC
  • Apr 5 MCC tour match v Jamaica finishes in a tie
  • Apr 5 Waldorf W Aster acquires Daily Observer
  • Apr 12 1st non-stop London-Paris flight (Pierre Prier in 3h56m)
  • Apr 13 Polo Grounds grandstand & left field bleachers go up in flames in Manhattan, New York City
  • Apr 13 The US House of Representatives votes to institute direct elections of senators to Congress, a step towards direct democracy
  • Apr 15 Jack Lawrence Theater (Playhouse) opens at 137 W 48th St NYC

Theater Premiere

Apr 19 George Bernard Shaw's play "Fanny's First Play" premieres in London

  • Apr 27 Following the resignation and death of William P. Frye, a compromise is reached to rotate the office of President pro tempore (for the time being) of the United States Senate

Historic Event

Apr 27 Indian passive resistance is suspended when General J.C. Smuts enters into negotiations with Mahatma Gandhi

  • Apr 30 Portugal approves female suffrage
  • May 2 French troops occupy Fès El Bali, Morocco
  • May 9 Fire breaks out at Empire Theatre in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • May 11 The United States becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty
  • May 12 1st Inter-Empire Championships open in London
  • May 12 American economic expert W. Morgan Schuster arrives by invitation to assume almost dictatorial power over Persia's finances; a move resented by Russia
  • May 13 NY Giant Fred Merkle is 1st to get 6 RBIs in an inning (1st)
  • May 15 British House of Commons accept Parliament Bill
  • May 15 Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity, Indiana University, incorporates
  • May 15 Supreme Court dissolves Standard Oil (Sherman Antitrust Act)
  • May 15 The Georgios Averof cruiser is bought by Greece
  • May 16 Remains of a neanderthal man found on Jersey, Channel Islands

Historic Event

May 16 Zeppelin "Deutscheland" wrecked at Dusseldorf

  • May 18 President Jose Porfirio Diaz of Mexico's term ends
  • May 20 Edwin Boaler Alletson hits 189 in 90 mins Notts v Sussex
  • May 21 French troop enter Fez in Morocco to quell anti-European agitation

Historic Event

May 23 NY Public Library building at 5th Avenue dedicated by President William Howard Taft

  • May 25 Revolution in Mexico overthrows President Jose Porfirio Diaz
  • May 26 Germany passes legislation organizing Alsace and Lorraine as an autonomous state with a legislature
  • May 31 Mexican President Porfirio Díaz flees the country during the Mexican Revolution

Historic Event

May 31 RMS Titanic launched in Belfast

  • Jun 1 1st Inter-Empire Sports Championships close in London
  • Jun 1 1st US group insurance policy written in Passaic, New Jersey
  • Jun 6 Nicaragua signs treaty turning over customs to US (not ratified)
  • Jun 8 Belgium government of Schollaert falls

Historic Event

Jun 10 Queen Wilhelmina opens Rembrandt house in Amsterdam

  • Jun 11 The Greek national assembly adopts a more liberal constitution

Historic Event

Jun 11 Universal Negro Improvement Association founded by Marcus Garvey

  • Jun 15 Tabulating Computing Recording Corporation (IBM) is incorporated.
  • Jun 16 A 772 gram stony meteorite strikes the earth near Kilbourn, Columbia County, Wisconsin damaging a barn
  • Jun 17 Belgium government of De Broqueville forms
  • Jun 20 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) incorporates (NY)

Royal Coronation

Jun 22 King George V crowned King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Canada, Australia, South Africa, New Zealand, and all his realms and territories beyond the sea

  • Jun 24 French couturier Paul Poiret holds his infamous 'The 1002nd Night' costume ball to launch his “Parfums de Rosine", 1st signature scent linked to a design house
  • Jun 26 Nieuport sets an aircraft speed record of 83 mph (133 kph)
  • Jun 28 Joseph Caillaux forms government in France
  • Jun 29 Freiherr Gautsch von Frankenthurn becomes Minister-President of Austria
  • Jun 30 Adolphe Messimy appointed French Minister of War
  • Jun 30 US Assay Office in St Louis, Missouri closes
  • Jul 1 Proclamation removes "Dei Gratia" (by the Grace of God) from Canadian coins
  • Jul 1 The German gunboat 'Panther' arrives off Agadir allegedly to protect German interests and nationals in Morocco
  • Jul 4 105°F (41°C) at Vernon, Vermont (state record)
  • Jul 4 106°F (41°C) at Nashua, New Hampshire (state record)
  • Jul 8 Nan Aspinwall is 1st woman to make solo transcontinenal trip by horse
  • Jul 10 105°F (41°C) at North Bridgton, Maine (state record)
  • Jul 13 Great Britain and Japan renew their alliance of 1902 for another four years; the reason Japan joins WWI on the Allies side
  • Jul 14 46" of rain begins to fall in Baguio, Philippines
  • Jul 15 46" of rain (beginning 7/14) falls in Baguio, Philippines
  • Jul 17 Overthrown shah of Persia Mohammed Ali lands on Astrabad with army
  • Jul 20 Generals Henry Wilson/Auguste Dubail sign plan for British Expeditionary army in case of war with Germany

Historic Discovery

Jul 24 American explorer Hiram Bingham discovers Machu Picchu, the Lost City of the Incas

  • Jul 24 Cleve's League Park hosts 1st unofficial ML All Star game (benefit game for Addie Joss' family). Cleveland Naps lose to All Stars 5-3
  • Jul 28 96°F (35.6°C) in De Bilt, Netherlands
  • Jul 31 Hungarian education is only taught in German

Historic Event

Aug 1 Harriet Quimby passes her pilot's test and becomes the 1st US woman to earn an Aero Club of America aviator's certificate

Historic Event

Aug 1 Omar Bradley, aged 18, begins education in West Point Military Academy

  • Aug 1 Transportation workers begin a major strike in England; part of a wave of industrial unrest
  • Aug 2 Haiti's dictator Simon flees on US warship near Jamaica
  • Aug 8 Public Law 62-5 sets the number of representatives in the United States House of Representatives at 435. The law would come into effect in 1913.
  • Aug 8 The millionth patent is filed in the United States Patent Office by Francis Holton for a tubeless vehicle tire.
  • Aug 10 Parliament Act reduces power of UK's House of Lords
  • Aug 10 The UK House of Commons votes on a salary - of £400 annually - for its members
  • Aug 14 General Leconte appointed temporary President of Haiti
  • Aug 14 United States Senate leaders begin to rotate the office of President pro tempore (for the time being) of the Senate among leading candidates to fill the vacancy left by William P. Frye's death.
  • Aug 15 Procter & Gamble unveils its Crisco shortening
  • Aug 21 "Mona Lisa" stolen from the Louvre by Vincenzo Perugia; recovered in 1913

Historic Event

Aug 23 British Prime Minister H. H. Asquith holds secret meeting about British strategy in case of war with Germany

  • Aug 24 Manuel d'Arriaga elected first president of Portugal
  • Aug 28 45.7 cm rainfall at St George, Georgia (state record)
  • Aug 29 Ishi, considered the last Native American to make contact with European Americans, emerges from the wilderness of northeastern California.
  • Aug 31 Anthony Fokker's demonstrates aircraft "Snip"
  • Aug 31 The "Sullivan Act" requiring New Yorkers to possess licences for firearms small enough to be concealed comes into effect
  • Sep 1 M Fourny sets world aircraft distance record of 720 km
  • Sep 2 Joao Chagas forms Portuguese government
  • Sep 4 French aviator Roland Garros sets world altitude record of 4,250 m (13,944 ft)
  • Sep 9 1st European post delivered by air (Hendon to Windsor, England)
  • Sep 14 Russian Prime Minister Peter Stolypin is assassinated in Kiev; his regime had been characterized by harsh measures to control dissidents
  • Sep 17 1st transcontinental airplane flight, NY-Pasadena in 82 hrs 4 min
  • Sep 18 Britain's 1st twin-engine airplane (Short S.39) test flown

Historic Event

Sep 18 Louis Napoleon Parker's "Disraeli" premieres in NYC

  • Sep 19 Red Tuesday; 20,000 Spanish protest for universal rights

Election of Interest

Sep 21 Canadian Prime Minister Wilfrid Laurier loses the election to Robert Bordon of the Conservative Party

  • Sep 23 Earl Ovington becomes 1st air mail pilot
  • Sep 25 French battleship Liberte explodes at Toulon Harbor, 285 killed
  • Sep 25 Groundbreaking begins in Boston for Fenway Park
  • Oct 1 United Dutch Diamond workers get 8-hr day
  • Oct 4 1st escalator installed on the London Underground at Earl's Court Station
  • Oct 5 Italian troops occupy Tripoli
  • Oct 6 Beatrix van Rijk becomes 1st licensed Dutch woman pilot

Historic Event

Oct 10 Robert Borden becomes the 8th Prime Minister of Canada

Historic Event

Oct 10 Sun Yat-sen's revolutionaries overthrow Manchus (Taiwan National Day)

  • Oct 10 The KCR East Rail commences service between Kowloon and Canton.
  • Oct 19 Royal Mint in London sends dies for Canadian $1 coin to Ottawa Branch
  • Oct 20 Norwegian Roald Amundsen sets out a race to the South Pole
  • Oct 21 RS Hichens & M Hudsons "Garden of Allah" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 23 1st aerial reconnaissance mission is flown by an Italian pilot over Turkish lines during the Italo-Turkish War

Historic Expedition

Oct 24 Captain Robert Falcon Scott's expedition leaves Cape Evans for South Pole

Historic Event

Oct 24 Orville Wright remained in the air 9 minutes and 45 seconds in a glider at Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina setting a new world record that stood for 10 years.

  • Oct 25 London's last horse drawn omnibus made its way from London Bridge Station to Moorgate
  • Oct 28 Bill Dobbie of Calgary Tigers kicks 10 singles in a game
  • Oct 30 Clark Griffith is named manager of Washington Senators
  • Nov 1 The first aerial bomb is dropped by an Italian pilot on Turkish troops in Libya during the Italo-Turkish War

Model T

Nov 3 Chevrolet officially enters the automobile market in competition with the Ford Model T

  • Nov 4 France & Germany sign treaty about Morocco & Congo
  • Nov 5 Calbraith Rodgers arrives in Pasadena completing 1st transcontinental airplane flight (49 days) (left Sheepshead Bay, NY, Sept 17)
  • Nov 5 Italian forces take Tripoli & Cyrenaica, declaring suzerainty over Ottoman-controlled Libya
  • Nov 6 Francisco Madeiro inaugurated President of Mexico

Historic Event

Nov 10 Andrew Carnegie forms Carnegie Corporation for scholarly and charitable works

  • Nov 10 Chinese Imperial army recaptures Nanking (blood bath)
  • Nov 11 Many cities in the U.S. Midwest broke their record highs and lows on the same day as a strong cold front rolls through. (see The 11/11/11 cold wave).
  • Nov 11 Russia issues an ultimatum to Persia and follows it with an invasion of North Persia to impose political control
  • Nov 15 Proclamation sets designs for Canadian $5 & $10 gold coins
  • Nov 18 Britain's first seaplane flies

Historic Event

Nov 19 NY receives first Marconi wireless transmission from Italy

Historic Event

Nov 20 The funeral of Paul and Laura Lafargue (daughter of Karl Marx) in Paris is attended by Lenin; the two socialists died in a suicide pact in the belief that their political usefulness was at an end

  • Nov 23 Post Hospital at Presidio, San Francisco, renamed Letterman General Hospital
  • Nov 28 Zapata proclaims Plan of Ayala Mexico

Historic Event

Dec 3 Willis Carrier presents his influential "Rational Psychrometric Formulae" on air conditioning to the American Society of Mechanical Engineers

  • Dec 7 National Hockey Association forms with New Westminster, Vancouver & Victoria

Nobel Prize

Dec 10 Belgium poet and playwright Maurice Maeterlinck is presented in absentia with the Nobel Prize for Literature

  • Dec 10 Calbraith Rogers completes 1st crossing of US by airplane in 84 days
  • Dec 10 Dutch lawyer Tobias Asser receives the Nobel Peace Prize
  • Dec 12 Delhi replaces Calcutta as the capital of India.
  • Dec 25 Edward Knoblock's "Kismet" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 29 Mongolia gains independence from the Qing dynasty
  • Dec 29 Proclamation restores "Dei Gratia" from Canada's coins
  • Dec 29 Sun Yat-sen elected 1st President of the Republic of China

Nobel Prize

Dec 31 Marie Curie receives her second Nobel Prize, this time in Chemistry, for her work with radioactivity