Events in History in 1912

  • Jan 1 1st running of San Francisco's famed "Bay to Breakers" footrace (7.63 miles/12.3 km); first winner Robert Vlught 44:10

Historic Event

Jan 1 Sun Yat-sen forms the Republic of China

Liberty Bell

Jan 3 Southern Pacific RR offers to bring Liberty Bell to the Panama-Pacific Exposition in San Francisco free

  • Jan 4 Smallest earth-moon distance this century, 356,375 km center-to-ctr
  • Jan 4 The Scout Association is incorporated throughout the British Commonwealth by Royal Charter.
  • Jan 5 1st National Hockey Association game (Victoria)
  • Jan 5 The Prague Party Conference takes place.

Historic Event

Jan 6 Geophysicist and meteorologist Alfred Wegener presents his controversial theory of continental drift in a lecture at the Geological Association (Geologischen Vereinigung) at the Senckenberg-Museum, Frankfurt

  • Jan 6 New Mexico becomes 47th state of the Union
  • Jan 8 Chiefs, representatives of people's and church organisations, and other prominent individuals form the African National Congress and declare its aim to bring all Africans together as one people to defend their rights and freedoms
  • Jan 9 US Marines send troops to Honduras
  • Jan 10 Caillaux government in France resigns
  • Jan 10 World's 1st flying boat's maiden flight, (Glenn Curtiss in NY)
  • Jan 11 Bread & Roses Strike begins in Lawrence, Massachusetts following a pay cut
  • Jan 12 -47°F (-44°C), Washta, Iowa (state record)
  • Jan 13 -40°F (-40°C), Oakland, Maryland (state record)
  • Jan 14 Raymond Poincaré becomes Premier of France
  • Jan 23 The International Opium Convention is signed at The Hague
  • Jan 29 Martial law declared in textile strike in Lawrence, Massachusetts
  • Feb 2 Frederick R Law, parachutes from Statue of Liberty (stunt for Pathe)
  • Feb 7 2nd Dutch 11 city skate (Coen de Koenig wins (11:40)
  • Feb 8 1st eastbound US transcontinental flight lands in Jacksonville, Florida
  • Feb 8 British Emissary journeys to Berlin to suggest that Britain might support German colonial aspirations in Africa if Germany agrees to hold her current naval strength
  • Feb 12 The last Qing Emperor of China, Puyi (age 6) abdicates after losing the support of the Chinese people and thus the "mandate of heaven"
  • Feb 14 1st US submarines with diesel engines commissioned, Groton, Connecticut
  • Feb 14 Arizona was admitted to the Union as the 48th state
  • Feb 15 Schooner 'Fram' reaches latitude 78° 41' S, farthest south ever by ship
  • Feb 22 J Vedrines makes 1st airplane flight over 100 mph-161.29 kph
  • Feb 25 Marie-Adélaïde, the eldest of six daughters of Guillaume IV, becomes the first reigning Grand Duchess of Luxembourg
  • Feb 26 Coal miners strike in Britain (settle on 1st March)

Historic Event

Feb 27 Lord Kitchener opens Khartoum-El Obeid (Nyala) railway

  • Mar 1 Isabella Goodwin appointed first US woman detective, NYC
  • Mar 1 U.S. Army Captain Albert Berry performs first (attached-type) parachute jump from an airplane
  • Mar 5 Italian forces are the first to use airships for military purposes, using them for reconnaissance behind Turkish lines.
  • Mar 5 Spanish steamer "Principe de Asturias" sinks NE of Spain, 500 die

Scientific Discovery

Mar 7 Roald Amundsen announces his discovery of the South Pole (located 14 December 1911)

Election of Interest

Mar 11 Eleftherios Venizelos, leader of the Liberal Party, wins the Greek elections again.

Historic Event

Mar 12 Girl Guides (Girl Scouts) forms in Savannah, by Juliette Gordon Low

  • Mar 13 Bulgaria and Serbia conclude an alliance pact ostensibly against Austria, but it secretly provides for a possible war against Turkey
  • Mar 14 King Vittorio Emanuel III of Italy injured in an assassination attempt
  • Mar 16 American first lady Helen Herron Taft plants the 1st cherry tree in Washington, D.C.
  • Mar 17 Camp Fire Girls organization announced by Mrs Luther Halsey Gulick
  • Mar 27 1st Japanese cherry blossom trees planted in Washington, D.C.

Historic Event

Mar 29 Captain Robert Falcon Scott, storm-bound in a tent near South Pole, makes last entry in his diary "the end cannot be far"

  • Mar 30 French protectorate in Morocco established
  • Apr 2 Sun Yet Sen forms Guomindang Party in China

Historic Event

Apr 2 Titanic undergoes sea trials under its own power

  • Apr 4 Army fires on striking mine workers at Lena-gold fields in Siberia
  • Apr 4 Chinese republic proclaimed in Tibet
  • Apr 8 Steamers collide on the Nile, drowning 200
  • Apr 10 RMS Titanic sets sail from Southampton for her maiden (and final) voyage
  • Apr 11 Cornerstone of Technion laid in Haifa, Palestine
  • Apr 11 RMS Titanic leaves Queenstown, Ireland, for NY
  • Apr 11 The UK Parliament introduce a Irish home rule bill, granting Ireland its own bicameral parliament and be required to send a representative to the British House of Commons; Protestants in Ulster resist
  • Apr 13 Royal Flying Corps forms (later Royal Air Force)

The Titanic Sinks

Apr 14 RMS Titanic, the world's largest ocean liner, hits an iceberg at 11.40pm off Newfoundland, sinks in the early hours of 15 April

Iceberg Sinks 'Unsinkable' Titanic

Apr 15 RMS Titanic sinks at 2:27 AM off Newfoundland as the band plays on, with the loss of between 1,490 and 1,635 people

Historic Event

Apr 16 Harriet Quimby becomes the 1st female pilot to fly across English Channel

  • Apr 18 Cunard liner RMS Carpathia brings 705 survivors from the RMS Titanic to New York City
  • Apr 18 Tripolitan War: in continuing hostilities, Turkey closes the Dardanelles Straits after an Italian naval bombardment of the coastline
  • Apr 27 Relief laws in Netherlands replace those of 1854
  • Apr 29 108°F (42°C), Tuguegarao, Philippines (Oceania record)
  • May 1 Beverly Hills Hotel opens
  • May 4 Italian mariners occupy Turkish Island of Rhodes
  • May 5 Soviet Communist Party newspaper Pravda begins publishing (4/22 OS)

Historic Event

May 7 Columbia University approves plans for awarding the Pulitzer Prize in several categories, after established by Joseph Pulitzer

  • May 13 Royal Flying Corps forms in Great Britain
  • May 29 15 young women are fired by Curtis Publishing in Philadelphia for dancing the "Turkey Trot" during their lunch break
  • May 29 Ballets Russes premieres their ballet L'après-midi d'un faune (The Afternoon of a Faun) in Paris, choreographed by Vaslav Nijinsky
  • May 30 US Marines sent to Nicaragua
  • May 31 US marines land on Cuba
  • Jun 4 Cone of Mount Katmai (Alaska) collapses
  • Jun 4 Massachusetts passes 1st US minimum wage law
  • Jun 5 US marines invade Caimanera, Cuba

Eruption of Novarupta

Jun 6 The eruption of Novarupta in Alaska begins, the largest volcanic eruption of the 20th century

  • Jun 7 St Pius X encyclical "On Indians of South America"
  • Jun 7 US army tests 1st machine gun mounted on a plane
  • Jun 8 Carl Laemmle incorporates Universal Pictures.

Presidential Convention

Jun 18 The Chicago national Republican Convention splits between President Taft and Theodore Roosevelt; after Taft is nominated, Roosevelt and progressive elements of the Party form the Progressive Party (also known as the 'Bull Moose Party')

  • Jun 19 Tennessee University is established (as the Tennessee Agricultural & Industrial State Normal School for Negroes), in Nashville, Tennessee
  • Jun 20 NY Giant Josh Devore steals 4 bases in an inning (2nd & 3rd twice)
  • Jul 2 Horn & Hardart opens its 1st NYC "automat" (self-service restaurant)
  • Jul 4 Detroit Tiger George Mullen no-hits St Louis Browns, 7-0
  • Jul 6 Donald Lippincott runs world record 100m (10.6)
  • Jul 8 G.E.V. Crutchley playing for Oxford scores 99 not out, retires with measles v Cambridge
  • Jul 10 Hannes Kolehmainen runs world record 5000m (14:36.6)
  • Jul 12 1st foreign feature film exhibited in US - "Queen Elizabeth" in NYC
  • Jul 15 British National Health Insurance Act goes into effect
  • Jul 16 Naval torpedo launched from an airplane patents by B A Fiske
  • Jul 17 IAF (Intl Amateur Athletic Federation) forms in Sweden
  • Jul 19 A meteorite of estimated 190kg mass explodes over Holbrook in Navajo County, Arizona, causing approximately 16,000 pieces of debris to rain down on the town
  • Jul 22 In the face of ever-increasing German naval power, the British Admiralty decides to recall British warships from the Mediterranean and base them in the North Sea
  • Jul 25 Comoros proclaimed a French colonies
  • Aug 5 Japan's first taxicab service begins in Ginza, Tokyo
  • Aug 7 Progressive (Bull Moose) Party nominates Theodore Roosevelt for US President
  • Aug 14 2,500 US marines invade Nicaragua; US remains until 1925
  • Aug 19 Percy Grainger's orchestral piece "Shepherd's Hey" premieres
  • Aug 20 Plant Quarantine Act goes into effect
  • Aug 21 Francis Carter-Cotton chosen 1st chancellor of University of British Columbia
  • Aug 22 England defeat Australia to win the Triangular Tournament
  • Aug 24 District of Alaska becomes an organized incorporated territory of the United States
  • Aug 24 US passes Anti-gag law, federal employees right to petition government
  • Aug 25 1st time an aircraft recovers from a spin
  • Aug 25 Different nationalities battle with each other in Macedonia
  • Aug 25 The Kuomintang, the Chinese nationalist party, is founded.
  • Sep 4 First accident (collision) in London Underground: 22 people injured
  • Sep 6 NY Giant Jeff Tesreau no-hits Philadelphia, 3-0
  • Sep 9 J Verdrines becomes 1st to fly over 100 mph (107 mph/172 kph)
  • Sep 12 Dutch Olympian Committee forms (NOC)
  • Sep 15 War between Turkey & Montenegro breaks out in Albania
  • Sep 19 Pius X encyclical Singular quadam, against interconfess unions
  • Sep 19 The wattle is declared Australia's national flower and incorporated into the Commonwealth Coat of Arms
  • Sep 25 Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism is founded in New York City
  • Sep 28 SS Kichemaru disappears in storm off Japanese coast, 1,000 die

Historic Event

Oct 2 Gopal Krishna Gokhale, at invitation of Gandhi, arrives in South Africa on a 26-day tour; he also visits Tolstoy Farm

  • Oct 6 Pirates Owen "Chief" Wilson hits record 36th triple of season
  • Oct 7 The Helsinki Stock Exchange sees its first transaction.
  • Oct 8 Montenegro declares war on Turkey, beginning 1st Balkan War
  • Oct 14 Bull Moose Teddy Roosevelt shot while campaigning in Milwaukee
  • Oct 14 Cretan representatives are admitted to the Greek assembly; in doing so the Greek Government challenges the Turkish Government
  • Oct 17 Bulgaria, Greece & Serbia declares war on Turkey
  • Oct 18 The First Balkan War breaks out, with Bulgaria, Serbia, and Greece opposed to Turkey
  • Oct 19 Tripoli (Libya) passes from Turkish to Italian control
  • Oct 20 Cort Theater opens at 148 W 48th St NYC
  • Oct 26 Serbian troops over run Skopje (Uskup)
  • Oct 26 Woolwich Foot Tunnel under the Thames river in England opens
  • Nov 5 Arizona, Kansas & Wisconsin vote for female suffrage
  • Nov 5 Bulgarian troops in Constantinople blockade drinking water

Election of Interest

Nov 5 Democrat candidate Woodrow Wilson is elected President of the United States, defeating Republican incumbent William Howard Taft and Progressive candidate Theodore Roosevelt

  • Nov 9 Ferenc Molnàr's play "Farkas" premieres in Budapest
  • Nov 9 Ottoman garrison surrenders Thessaloniki / Salonika to the Greek army (OS Oct 27)
  • Nov 12 British explorer Robert Falcon Scott's diary & body found in Antarctica
  • Nov 12 Spanish Prime Minister José Canalejas y Méndez is assassinated by an anarchist book shopping in Madrid
  • Nov 18 Cholera breaks out in Constantinople, in the Ottoman Empire
  • Nov 23 Hamilton Alerts suspended by ORFU for refusing to field a full team in a replay of a protested game
  • Nov 24 Conflict in the Balkans grows into an acute international crisis with major powers supporting either Austria or Serbia
  • Nov 25 American College of Surgeons incorporates in Springield, Illinois
  • Nov 25 Socialist International rejects that world war is coming
  • Nov 27 Albanian National Flag adopted
  • Nov 27 Spanish protectorate in Morocco forms
  • Nov 28 Ismail Qemali declares Albania independent from Turkey in Vlorë
  • Dec 3 First Balkan War: The Naval Battle of Elli takes place.
  • Dec 3 Gerrit Brinkman becomes 1st Dutch traffic officer
  • Dec 3 Turkey, Serbia, Montenegro, Greece & Bulgaria sign weapons pact
  • Dec 5 The Triple Alliance among Italy, Austria, and Germany (originally signed in 1882) is renewed for six years, beginning in 1914, a move inspired by instability in the Balkans
  • Dec 6 China votes for universal human rights
  • Dec 7 Bust of Queen Nefertiti found in El-Amarna, Egypt

Historic Event

Dec 8 Wilhelm II of Germany calls 'War Council'

Nobel Prize

Dec 10 Nobel Prize for Physics awarded to Gustaf Dalén for inventing automatic regulators for gas accumulators for lighthouses and buoys

  • Dec 16 1st US postage stamp picturing an airplane, 20 cent parcel post, issued
  • Dec 16 Austria-Hungary engage in conflict with Serbia
  • Dec 16 First Balkan War: The Ottoman Navy is defeated by the Royal Hellenic Navy at the Battle of Eli
  • Dec 17 Albania's de facto independence from the Ottoman Empire is recognized at the London Conference of Ambassadors

Bare Bones of the Great Ape-Man Hoax

Dec 18 Piltdown Man, later discovered to be a hoax, is supposedly found in the Piltdown Gravel Pit, by Charles Dawson

  • Dec 20 J Hartley Manners' "Peg O' My Heart" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 20 Paul Claudels "L'Annonce Faite à Marie" premieres in Paris
  • Dec 21 Denmark, Norway & Sweden declare neutrality in Comende war
  • Dec 23 1st "Keystone Kops" film, entitled "Hoffmeyer's Legacy"
  • Dec 23 Aswan Low Dam in Nile begins operation

Assassination Attempt on Lord Charles Hardinge

Dec 23 Indian revolutionary underground in Bengal and Punjab, headed by Rash Behari Bose attempt to assassinate Viceroy of India Lord Hardinge, by throwing homemade bomb into Viceroys's Howdah (elephant carriage) during ceremonial procession in Delhi. Although wounded, the Viceroy survives. Investigations lead to the Delhi conspiracy trial.

  • Dec 24 Irving Fisher patents archiving system with index cards
  • Dec 28 1st municipally owned streetcars take to the streets in San Francisco, California as SF Municipal Railway starts operation at Geary St (MUNI)
  • Dec 28 National Council of Young Israel convenes