Events in History in 1913

Events 1 - 200 of 209

  • Jan 1 Post office begins parcel post deliveries
  • Jan 2 National Woman's Party forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 2 Mahatma Gandhi leaves the Tolstoy Farm in Transvaal, South Africa

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Jan 6 Attempting to end hostilities in the Balkans, the London Peace Conference breaks down because Turkey refuses to cede Adrianpole, the Aegean island, and Crete
  • Jan 7 William M Burton patents a process to "crack" petroleum
  • Jan 8 Frank Chance becomes Yankee manager
  • Jan 11 1st sedan-type car (Hudson) goes on display at 13th Auto Show (NYC)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 12 After using other pseudonyms over the years, Josef Dzhugashvili signs himself as Stalin ("man of steel") in a letter to the paper, Social Democrat

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • Jan 13 Delta Sigma Theta, the world's largest Black Women's Sorority is founded at Howard University, Washington, D.C.
  • Jan 16 British House of Commons accepts Home Rule for Ireland (but the Great War gets in the way of it happening)
  • Jan 17 Raymond Poincaré elected president of France
  • Jan 18 Turkish-Greek sea battle near Troy
  • Jan 19 Raymond Poincaré installed as President of France
  • Jan 21 Aristide Briand forms French government for the 2nd time
  • Jan 23 The 'Young Turks' lead a coup d'etat against the Turkish Government

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 24 Franz Kafka stops working on "Amerika"; it will never be finished

Writer Franz Kafka
Writer
Franz Kafka
  • Jan 29 Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, at Howard University, incorporates
  • Jan 30 UK House of Lords rejects Irish Home Rule Bill

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 2 NY football Giants sign Jim Thorpe

Versatile Athlete Jim Thorpe
Versatile Athlete
Jim Thorpe
  • Feb 2 NYC's Grand Central Terminal opens
  • Feb 3 16th Amendment to the US Constitution, federal income tax, ratified
  • Feb 4 Louis Perlman patents demountable auto tire-carrying wheel rim
  • Feb 4 National Institute of Arts & Letters founded
  • Feb 9 -18] 10 Day Tragedy of Mexico-City; 3,000 die
  • Feb 10 Edward Sheldon's "Romance" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 15 1st avant-garde art show in America opens in NYC

AgreementAgreement of Interest

Feb 16 US President Taft agrees not to intervene in Mexico

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
  • Feb 17 1st minimum wage law in US takes effect (Oregon)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 17 NY Armory Show introduces Picasso, Matisse, Duchamp to US public

Painter Pablo Picasso
Painter
Pablo Picasso
Painter and Sculptor Marcel Duchamp
Painter and Sculptor
Marcel Duchamp
Impressionist Painter Henri Matisse
Impressionist Painter
Henri Matisse
  • Feb 18 French modernist painting "Nude Descending a Staircase" by Marcel Duchamp causes an uproar when shown in New York
  • Feb 18 President Francisco Madero of Mexico is overthrown
  • Feb 19 1st prize inserted into a Cracker Jack box
  • Feb 19 Mexican General Victoriano Huerta takes power with US support
  • Feb 20 King O'Malley drives in the first survey peg to mark commencement of work on the construction of Australian capital Canberra
  • Feb 22 Lowell HS, SF opens (on its 1st campus)
  • Feb 25 The 16th Amendment to the US Constitution becomes law, providing the legal basis for the institution of a graduated income tax
  • Feb 28 6.8-m, 4000-kg elephant seal killed in South Georgia (South Atlantic)
  • Mar 1 1st state law requiring bonding of officers & state employees, ND

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 1 David Beatty becomes Rear-Admiral Commanding the 1st Battlecruiser Squadron

British Admiral of the Fleet David Beatty
British Admiral of the Fleet
David Beatty
  • Mar 3 Ida B Wells-Barnett demonstrates for female suffrage in Washington, D.C.
  • Mar 4 1st US law regulating the shooting of migratory birds passed
  • Mar 4 US Department of Commerce & Labor split into separate departments

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4 Woodrow Wilson inaugurated as 28th US President

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Mar 8 Federal League organizes with 6 teams
  • Mar 8 Internal Revenue Service begins to levy & collect income taxes
  • Mar 10 William Knox becomes 1st in American Bowling Congress to bowl 300
  • Mar 12 Foundation stone of the Australian capital in Canberra laid
  • Mar 13 Kansas legislature approved censorship of motion pictures

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 14 John D. Rockefeller gives $100 million to Rockefeller Foundation

Oil Industrialist John D. Rockefeller
Oil Industrialist
John D. Rockefeller
  • Mar 14 South African Supreme Court declares that marriages not celebrated according to Christian rites and/or not registered by the Registrar of Marriages, are invalid; all Muslim and Hindu marriages are therefore declared invalid
  • Mar 15 1st US presidential press conference (Woodrow Wilson)

  • Mar 15 Cleveland establishes 1st small claims court
  • Mar 17 The Uruguayan Air Force is founded.
  • Mar 18 King George I of Greece is assassinated in the recently liberated city of Thessaloniki.
  • Mar 21 -26] Flood in Ohio, kills 400
  • Mar 24 Palace Theater opens at 1564 Broadway NYC
  • Mar 25 Great Dayton Flood: winter rains cause Great Miami River to flood, Ohio's greatest natural disaster in Ohio
  • Mar 26 Bulgaria captures Adrianople, ending the 1st Balkan War
  • Mar 26 Dayton, Ohio almost destroyed when Scioto, Miami, & Muskingum River reach flood stage simultaneously
  • Mar 28 Guatemala becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 3 British suffragette Emmeline Pankhurst sentenced to 3 years in jail

Suffragette Emmeline Pankhurst
Suffragette
Emmeline Pankhurst
  • Apr 4 The Greek aviator Emmanuel Argyropoulos becomes the first pilot victim of the Hellenic Air Force when his plane crashes.
  • Apr 8 17th amendment, requiring direct election of senators, ratified
  • Apr 8 Opening of China's 1st parliament takes place in Peking (now Beijing)
  • Apr 10 During the Montenegrin siege of Scutari, the Montenegrin coastline is blockaded
  • Apr 14 Belgium begins general strike for voting rights
  • Apr 16 The Bulgarians and the Turks agree to an armistice that will be accepted by the other nations involved
  • Apr 21 German passenger ship Imperator runs aground
  • Apr 22 Montenegro troops march into Skoetari, North-Albania
  • Apr 24 Skyscraper, the Woolworth Building in New York City is opened - world's tallest building at the time
  • Apr 26 Sun Yet San calls for revolt against pres Yuan Shikai in China
  • May 1 Longacre Theater opens at 220 W 48th St NYC
  • May 6 King Nikita I of Montenegro vacates Skoetari, northern Albania
  • May 7 British House of Commons rejects women's right to vote
  • May 7 An ambassadorial conference in St Petersburg, Russia, awards the town of Silistria to Rumania in compensation for Bulgaria's other territorial gains in the First Balkan War
  • May 9 17th amendment provides for election of senators by popular vote
  • May 10 Yanks commit 8 errors & still beat Tigers 10-9 in 10 innings

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 13 1st four-engined aircraft built and flown (Igor Sikorsky, Russia)

Aviator Igor Sikorsky
Aviator
Igor Sikorsky

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 13 Women's suffrage march through Washington organized by Alice Paul and led by Inez Milholland

Suffragist Alice Paul
Suffragist
Alice Paul
  • May 14 Frans Hals museum opens in Haarlem, Netherlands
  • May 19 Webb Alien Land-Holding Bill passes, forbidding Japanese from owning land
  • May 26 Emily Duncan becomes Great Britain's first woman magistrate.
  • May 30 Treaty of London signed by the Great Powers, the Ottoman Empire and the victorious Balkan League (Serbia, Greece, Kingdom of Bulgaria, and Montenegro) bringing an end to the First Balkan War
  • May 30 John McGraw joins Fred Clarke, Cap Anson, Frank Selee, & Connie Mack as managers who have won 1,000 games
  • May 31 17th amendment (direct election of senators) declared ratified
  • May 31 Alexis Ahlgren runs world record maraton (2:36:06.6)
  • Jun 1 The Serbian government concludes a ten-year treaty with Greece against Bulgaria; Serbia wishes to pursue Macedonian aspirations with Greece's help
  • Jun 2 1st strike settlement mediated by US Department of Labor - railroad clerks
  • Jun 2 Demonstrations for general voting right in Netherlands
  • Jun 3 Dutch 1st Chamber accepts Health laws

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 4 Suffragette Emily Davison steps in front of King George V's horse Anmer at the Epsom Derby

King of the United Kingdom George V
King of the United Kingdom
George V
  • Jun 5 Dutch Disability laws go into effect
  • Jun 6 Rabbit Maranville, is thrown out trying to steal home 3 times
  • Jun 7 1st verifiable ascent of main summit of Denali (Mt McKinley), North America's highest mountain led by Hudson Stuck and Harry Karstens
  • Jun 11 Grand Vizir Mahmud Shevket Pasha is assassinated, resulting in continuing Young Turk terrorism until WWI
  • Jun 13 Yanks win 13th game of year after losing 36 games
  • Jun 14 The South African Government pass the Immigration Act, which restricts the entry and free movement of Asians; it leads to widespread agitation and rioting by resident Indians, led by Gandhi
  • Jun 15 The Battle of Bud Bagsak in the Philippine concludes
  • Jun 16 South African Government pass the segregationist Native Land Act, which restricts purchase or lease of land by native Africans
  • Jun 19 Natives Land Act, Act No 27, passed in South Africa: confines Africans to hopelessly overcrowded reserves and deprives them of rights to purchase land outside the native reserves
  • Jun 20 3 of 1st 4 Yankees hit-by-pitch en route to a record 6 hit batsman
  • Jun 20 Bert Daniels set AL mark, being hit-by-pitch 3 times in a doubleheader
  • Jun 21 Tiny Broadwick is 1st woman to parachute from an airplane
  • Jun 25 Dutch Parliamentary election (confess party looses majority)
  • Jun 25 American Civil War veterans begin arriving at the Great Reunion of 1913.
  • Jun 29 The attack by Bulgarian General Michael Savov on Greek and Serbian positions leads to beginning of the second Balkan War
  • Jun 30 To increase the peacetime strength of the German Army, the Reichstag pass the Army and Finance Bills, a massive defense buildup
  • Jul 1 Serbia & Greece declare war on Bulgaria
  • Jul 3 Common tern banded in Maine; found dead in 1919 in Africa (1st bird known to have crossed the Atlantic)
  • Jul 3 Confederate veterans at the Great Reunion of 1913 reenact Pickett's Charge; upon reaching the high-water mark of the Confederacy they are met by the outstretched hands of friendship from Union survivors.
  • Jul 5 Queen Wilhelmina meets SDAP-leader Troelstra

1stHistoric Invention

Jul 8 Alfred Carlton Gilbert's patent for the Erector Set is issued, which became one of the most popular toys of all time

  • Jul 10 134°F (57°C), Greenland Ranch, California (US record)
  • Jul 10 Romania declares war on Bulgaria
  • Jul 10 Death Valley, California hits 134 °F (~56.7 °C), which is the highest temperature recorded in the United States
  • Jul 12 150,000 Ulstermen gather and resolve to resist Irish Home Rule by force of arms; since the British Liberals have promised the Irish nationalists Home Rule, civil war appears imminent
  • Jul 18 After 68 straight innings Christy Mathewson gives up a walk
  • Jul 19 Billboard publishes earliest known "Last Week's 10 Best Sellers among Popular Songs" Malinda's Wedding Day is #1
  • Jul 20 Turkish troops take Adrianopel & Erdine from Bulgaria
  • Jul 21 The Egyptian government announces a new constitutional system and electoral law
  • Jul 23 Arabs attack Jewish community of Rechovot, Palestine
  • Jul 25 Carl Weilman strikes out 6 times in a 15 inning game
  • Jul 25 A meeting in Johannesburg, called by the South African Native National Congress, now African National Congress, is attended by a large number of people from South Africa, Botswana, Lesotho, and Swaziland
  • Jul 29 Independence of the Principality of Albania recognized by the Conference of London
  • Jul 30 Conclusion of 2nd Balkan War
  • Aug 3 Wheatland Hop Riot on a California farm, 4 die in one of the first farm labour disputes
  • Aug 8 Richard Corfields "Camel Corps" opens "Mad Mullah" in Burao Somalia
  • Aug 10 2nd Balkan War ends, Treaty of Bucharest, Bulgaria loses
  • Aug 13 Otto Witte, a German acrobat and fantasist, is purportedly crowned King of Albania.
  • Aug 13 Invention of stainless steel by Harry Brearley, Sheffield, England
  • Aug 16 Tōhoku Imperial University of Japan (modern day Tōhoku University) admits its first female students.
  • Aug 19 Frenchman Adolphe Célestin Pégoud makes 1st parachute jump in Europe
  • Aug 20 1st pilot to parachute from an aircraft (Adolphe Pégoud, France)
  • Aug 20 Piotr Nesterow 1st flight (Kiev Ukraine)
  • Aug 27 Swedish engineer Gideon Sundback of Hoboken applies to patent all-purpose zipper
  • Aug 27 Lt Peter Nestrov, of Imperial Russian Air Service, performs a loop in a monoplane at Kiev (1st aerobatic maneuver in an airplane)
  • Aug 28 Queen Wilhelmina opens Peace Palace in The Hague
  • Aug 29 Pieter Cort Van de Linden forms Dutch government
  • Aug 31 Massive protest rally on Sackville Street attacked by the Dublin Metropolitan Police; two strikers killed by the police

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 1 George Bernard Shaw's "Androcles & the Lion" premieres in London

  • Sep 1 Yuan Shikai captures Nanjing "2nd Chinese revolution"
  • Sep 2 Amsterdam reroutes sewage of canals to South Seas
  • Sep 6 1st aircraft to loop the loop - Adolphe Pégoud in France
  • Sep 6 Hamilton Alerts apply for ORFU reinstatement, taking the name Hamilton Rowing Club
  • Sep 9 Association for Study of Negro Life & History organizes in Chicago
  • Sep 10 Cleveland Call & Post forms
  • Sep 10 George W Buckner, named minister to Liberia
  • Sep 10 Lincoln Highway opens as 1st paved coast-to-coast highway
  • Sep 15 1st US milch goat show held, Rochester, NY
  • Sep 16 Thousands of women demonstrate for Dutch female suffrage
  • Sep 21 1st aerobatic maneuver, sustained inverted flight, performed in France
  • Sep 21 Turkey & Bulgaria sign peace treaty in Constantinople
  • Sep 22 Coal mine explosion kills 263 at Dawson, New Mexico
  • Sep 22 George Cohan's "Seven Keys to Baldpate" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 22 The first batch of Indian passive resisters, consisting of 12 men and 4 women (including Mrs. Kasturba Gandhi) are arrested at Volksrust and imprisoned in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
  • Sep 23 Roland Garros is 1st to fly over Mediterranean Sea
  • Sep 23 Serbian troops march into Albania
  • Sep 23 Women protests take place in the Free State, South Africa, led by Charlotte Maxeke, resisting government attempts to impose passes on women; passes are burnt in front of the municipal offices
  • Sep 29 Sam S Shubert Theater opens at 225 W 44th St NYC
  • Sep 29 The Treaty of Constantinople between Turkey and Bulgaria restores peace; the Turks recover Adrianople and Maritza River line
  • Oct 3 US Federal income tax signed into law (at 1%) by President Woodrow Wilson
  • Oct 4 Brooklyn Dodger Jake Daubert earns a new Chalmers auto as NL MVP
  • Oct 4 Freddy Wilson of Regina Roughriders kicks 10 singles in a game
  • Oct 10 British passenger ship Volturno catches fire in Atlantic (136 killed)
  • Oct 10 Gamboa Dam in Panama blown up; Atlantic & Pacific waters mix
  • Oct 10 Yuan Shikai installed as the 1st President of China
  • Oct 14 Senghenydd Colliery Disaster, the United Kingdom's worst coal mining accident, an explosion claims 439 lives.
  • Oct 15 Train crash in Liverpool during "Black Week"
  • Oct 16 George Bernard Shaw's play "Pygmalion" premieres in Hofburg Theatre in Vienna, Austria
  • Oct 16 Booth Theater opens at 222 W 44th St NYC
  • Oct 19 At a meeting of the Natal Indian Congress (NIC) in Durban, NIC secretaries, M. C. Anglia and Dada Osman, severely criticise Mahatma Gandhi and tender their resignations
  • Oct 21 Transvaal women satyagrahis begin defiance activities, hawking without licenses in Vereeniging; they cross the Natal border and encourage the miners in Newcastle to strike
  • Oct 22 Explosion at Dawson NM coal mine kills 263 mine workers
  • Oct 26 José Victoriano Huerta Márquez elected president of Mexico
  • Oct 27 President Woodrow Wilson says US will never attack another country
  • Oct 28 "Krazy Kat" comic strip by George Herriman debuts in NY Journal
  • Oct 29 Floods in El Salvador kill thousands.
  • Oct 31 1st US paved coast-to-coast highway, the Lincoln Highway is dedicated
  • Nov 1 Notre Dame upsets Army 35-13, 1st to use forward pass effectively
  • Nov 1 Less than a week after the US non-intervention promise, President Woodrow Wilson demands that Mexican dictator Huerta resigns
  • Nov 2 St Louis Browns mgr George Stovall is 1st to jump to Federal League
  • Nov 3 1st modern elastic brassiere is patented by New York socialite Mary Phelps Jacob
  • Nov 5 Ludwig III crowned king of Bavaria
  • Nov 6 Mahatma Gandhi arrested for leading Indian miners' march in South Africa
  • Nov 9 Storm "Freshwater Fury" sinks 8 ore-carriers on Great Lakes
  • Nov 17 1st US dental hygienists course forms, Bridgeport, Connecticut
  • Nov 17 The first ship sails through the Panama Canal, which connects the Atlantic and Pacific oceans
  • Nov 18 Lincoln Deachey performs first airplane loop-the-loop (San Diego)
  • Nov 23 Jim Larkin and James Connolly establish the Irish Citizens Army in order to protect strikers
  • Nov 25 The Irish Volunteers founded in Dublin to "secure the rights and liberties common to all the people of Ireland"
  • Nov 26 Russian kingdom forbids Polish congregation of speakers
  • Nov 26 Phi Sigma Sigma is founded at Hunter College in New York City.
  • Dec 1 1st drive-up gasoline station opens (Pitts)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 1 Ford Motor Company institutes world's 1st moving assembly line for the Model T Ford

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford
  • Dec 1 Flag of Greece officially raised at Firka Fortress, Chania Crete symbolising the union of Crete and Greece.
  • Dec 2 Archdiocese of Managua created
  • Dec 2 French Government of Louis Barthou falls due to overtime conscription
  • Dec 8 Construction starts on Palace of Fine Arts in SF
  • Dec 10 Dutch scientist Heike Kamerlingh Onnes receives Nobel prize for physics
  • Dec 11 "Mona Lisa" recovered 2 years after it was stolen from the Louvre Museum