On This Day

Events in History in 1914 (Part 2)

Events 201 - 352 of 352

  • Aug 22 Battle in Ardennen: Neufchateau, Rossignal, Tintigny & Virton
  • Aug 22 Canada's Finance Act, 1914, receives assent
  • Aug 22 General Martos' troops occupy Soldau/Neidenburg, East Prussia
  • Aug 22 German troops execute 384 inhabitants of Tamines, Belgium

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 22 WW1: Von Ludendorff and Paul von Hindenburg move into East Prussia enroute to Russia

German President and WWI General Paul von Hindenburg
German President and WWI General
Paul von Hindenburg
  • Aug 23 -24] German troops plunder Belgium
  • Aug 23 Battle of Mons: General Alexander von Kluck's troops forced a British withdrawal.
  • Aug 23 Gen von Hausen executes 612 inhabitants of Dinant, Belgium
  • Aug 23 Japan declares war on Germany in World War I
  • Aug 24 Battle of Bergen: Germans defeat Belgian/British troops
  • Aug 24 German troops occupy Namur, Belgium
  • Aug 25 -26] Belgian offensive at Antwerp
  • Aug 25 German Zeppelins bomb Antwerp, Belgium, 10 die
  • Aug 25 German troops march into France and push French army to the Sedan
  • Aug 25 German troops in occupied Belgium begin the 6 week "Sack of Louvain," destroying historical buildings and killing hundreds of civilians
  • Aug 26 -9/10] Russian army attacks Austrian army in Galicia

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Aug 26 Battle of Tannenberg begins (WWI): 8th German army defeats Russian Narev army

German WWI General Erich Ludendorff
German WWI General
Erich Ludendorff
  • Aug 27 Second day of Battle of Tannenberg (WWI): Germans bombard Usdau
  • Aug 27 US war reporter Richard H Davis visits Leuven
  • Aug 28 Third day of Battle of Tannenberg (WWI): violent German/Russian battles
  • Aug 28 Battle of Helgoland: British fleet beats German, 1,100 killed
  • Aug 28 British General John French evacuate Amiens
  • Aug 29 4th day of Battle of Tannenberg (WWI): Russian Narev-army panics, General Martos caught
  • Aug 29 Arizonian is 1st vessel to arrive in San Francisco via Panama Canal
  • Aug 29 Battle of St Quentin: French counter attack under General Lanrezac
  • Aug 29 New Zealand forces capture German Samoa
  • Aug 30 1st German plane bombs Paris, 2 killed
  • Aug 30 Battle of Tannenberg (WWI) ends in destruction of Russian 2nd Narev army, ca. 170,000 killed or injured, German victory on Eastern Front
  • Aug 31 24.8 cm rainfall at Bloomingdale, Michigan (state record)
  • Aug 31 General von Kluck decides not to attack Paris
  • Aug 31 German troops reconquer Soldau/Neidenburg East-Prussia
  • Aug 31 Ecuador becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 1 Lord Kitchener arrives in Paris

General and Secretary of War Horatio Kitchener
General and Secretary of War
Horatio Kitchener
  • Sep 1 St Petersburg, Russia changes name to Petrograd
  • Sep 1 Von Gluck's army meets up with British expeditionary army
  • Sep 1 The last passenger pigeon, a female named Martha, dies in captivity in the Cincinnati Zoo

  • Sep 2 -3] Gen von Hausen & countess of France regime flees to Bordeaux
  • Sep 2 The US Treasury Department establishes the Bureau of War Risk Insurance to provide up to $5 million worth of insurance for merchant ships and their crews
  • Sep 3 British expeditionary army/general Lanrezacs army attack the Marne
  • Sep 3 Cardinal Giacome della Chiesa becomes Pope Benedict XV
  • Sep 3 French troops vacate Rheims
  • Sep 3 Prince Wilhelm von Wied leaves Albania
  • Sep 3 Lemburg capital of Galicia, is taken after a three-day battle in which the Russians rout the Austrians
  • Sep 4 General von Moltke ceases German advance in France
  • Sep 4 France, Russia, and Britain agree in a Pact of London that none will make a separate peace
  • Sep 5 French headquarters move to Chatillon-sur-Seine
  • Sep 5 Great Britain, France, Belgium and Russia sign pact of London
  • Sep 5 Proclamation prohibits Canadian mint from issuing gold coins

CommunicationHistoric Communication

Sep 5 US President Woodrow Wilson orders US Navy to make its wireless stations accessible for any transatlantic communications - even to German diplomats sending coded messages; leads to interception of the Zimmermann telegram, helping bring the US into the war

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson

Battle of InterestFirst Battle of the Marne

Sep 6 World War I: First Battle of the Marne begins, French and British forces prevent German advance on Paris (till the 12th Sept)

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French forces at the First Battle of the Marne
French forces at the First Battle of the Marne
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  • Sep 7 NY Post Office Building opens to public
  • Sep 8 HMS (formerly RMS) Oceanic, sister ship of RMS Titanic, sinks off Scotland
  • Sep 8 Private Thomas Highgate becomes the first British soldier to be executed for desertion during WW1
  • Sep 9 -12] Belgian offensive from Antwerp
  • Sep 9 First fully mechanized unit in the British Army created - the Canadian Automobile Machine Gun Brigade (WWI)
  • Sep 9 Meeting held at Gaelic League headquarters between Irish Republican Brotherhood and other extreme republicans; initial decision made to stage an uprising while Britain is at war
  • Sep 11 Australia invades New Britain, defeating a German contingent there.
  • Sep 14 Lord Kitchener: "Your country needs you" appears as front cover design for the London Opinion magazine
  • Sep 14 German staff-of-chief Helmut von Moltke replaced by Erich von Falkenhayn
  • Sep 14 German troops withdraw from Aisne
  • Sep 15 First Battle of Aisne finishes, Germans vs. French & British during WW I
  • Sep 15 US Marines march out of Vera Cruz, Mexico
  • Sep 17 Andrew Fisher becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the third time.
  • Sep 18 Battle of Aisne ends with Germans beating French during WW I
  • Sep 18 General Paul von Hindenburg named commander of German armies on the Eastern Front
  • Sep 18 Irish Home Rule bill receives Royal assent
  • Sep 18 South African troops land in German South West Africa
  • Sep 19 Brooklyn's Ed Lafitte no-hits KC (Federal League), 6-2
  • Sep 20 John Redmond urges Irish Volunteers to enlist in the British Army
  • Sep 22 1 German submarine sinks 3 British ironclads, 1,459 die
  • Sep 22 Louis Botha, premier of the Union of South Africa, assumes command of the armed forced after having dismissed General Beyers because of his resistance to aiding British in the war against Germany
  • Sep 26 Federal Trade Commission formed to regulate interstate commerce
  • Sep 26 Germans arrest A Max, mayor of Brussels
  • Sep 28 German forces move into Antwerp Belgium (WWI)
  • Oct 1 The Prince of Asir, the southern region of Arabia, rises in revolt against the Turks; his actions will inspire other Arab leaders to revolt
  • Oct 1 The first division of Canadian troops, 33,000 sail for Britain; most Canadians are volunteers, anxious to prove their loyalty to the Commonwealth
  • Oct 4 Dardanelles: French & British fleet bombards Turkish forts
  • Oct 5 World War I first aerial combat resulting in a kill
  • Oct 6 The Russians fall back along the Eastern Front in Poland and Galicia
  • Oct 9 German troops take Antwerp in World War I
  • Oct 10 German forces rout Belgians in Antwerp, Belgium (WWI)
  • Oct 11 German troops occupy Ghent
  • Oct 12 The First Battle of Ypres begins
  • Oct 13 The Belgian government in exile installed at St Adresse at Le Havre
  • Oct 13 Garrett Morgan patents his safety hood device, which would later be refined into the gas mask
  • Oct 13 Pro-German Boers begin opposition to British authority in South Africa
  • Oct 14 German troops occupy Brug
  • Oct 15 Battle of Warsaw, begins (ends Oct 21)
  • Oct 15 Clayton Anti-trust Act passed (union & strike rights)
  • Oct 18 Schoenstatt Movement is founded in Germany
  • Oct 19 US post office 1st used an automobile to collect and deliver mail

  • Oct 21 Battle of Warsaw ends with German defeat
  • Oct 27 British battleship Audacious sunk by mine
  • Oct 28 German battle cruiser Goeben enters Black Sea
  • Oct 28 Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, founded at Howard University, incorporates
  • Oct 29 Turkish warships storm Black Sea
  • Oct 30 Allied offensive at Ypres (Belgium), aka 'Wipers' during WWI begins
  • Oct 31 Great Britain & France declare war on Turkey
  • Nov 1 German-British naval battle at Coronel, Chile
  • Nov 1 Pope Benedictus Xv's encyclical Ad beatissimi, against integrity
  • Nov 1 Paul von Hindenburg named marshal of the Eastern front
  • Nov 2 Great Britain annexes Cyprus
  • Nov 2 V Herbert & H Blossoms "Only Girl" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 2 Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire
  • Nov 2 Great Britain declares the entire North Sea a military area: neutral ships will transit it at their own risk
  • Nov 5 Britain declares war on Turkey and annexes Cyprus, occupied since 1878; the immediate reason is to keep it from being taken by Turkey
  • Nov 6 The British land troops (mostly from the Indian Army) at the head of the Persian Gulf in Mesopotamia, and will begin to move westward in an attempt to draw Turkish troops from other fronts
  • Nov 7 Japanese attack German concession on Chinese peninsula of Shanghai
  • Nov 7 The first issue of The New Republic magazine is published.
  • Nov 7 The German colony of Kiaochow Bay and its centre at Tsingtao are captured by Japanese forces.
  • Nov 9 Off Cocos Island, near Sumatra, the Australian cruiser 'Sydney' sinks German cruiser 'Emden', which has been attacking ships in the Pacific
  • Nov 12 Turks sultan Jamal Pasja declares a German holy war
  • Nov 14 Billy Mallett of Hamilton Tigers kicks 10 singles in a game
  • Nov 15 Italian socialist Benito Mussolini founds newspaper Il Populo d'Italia
  • Nov 16 Federal Reserve System formally opens
  • Nov 16 Pope Benedict XV calls for peace
  • Nov 17 US declares Panama Canal Zone neutral
  • Nov 20 US State Department starts requiring photographs for passports
  • Nov 21 Billy Mallett of Hamilton Tigers kicks 9 singles in a game
  • Nov 21 British army conquers Bazra
  • Nov 22 Ypres, Belgium, burned by German bombing

  • Nov 22 Indian troops take Basra in Mesopotamia
  • Nov 23 The US Army withdraws from Mexico.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 24 Benito Mussolini leaves Italy's socialist party

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Nov 24 Dutch Overseas Trustmaatschappij (NOT) forms
  • Nov 26 Battleship HMS Bulwark explodes at Sheerness Harbour, England, 788 die
  • Nov 27 1st British woman elected political agent (Grantham, Linconshire)
  • Nov 28 World War I: Following a war-induced closure in July, the New York Stock Exchange re-opens for bond trading.
  • Dec 2 Austria army occupies Belgrade, Serbia
  • Dec 3 Dutch army opens fire on interned Belgian soldiers: 8 killed
  • Dec 5 The Italian Parliament proclaims the neutrality of the country.
  • Dec 6 German troops over run Lodz
  • Dec 8 Battle of the Falkland Island: British Royal Navy destroys a German battle squadron
  • Dec 8 Boers rebelling against the British in South Africa suffer several defeats, with one of their leaders, General Beyers, accidentally drowning
  • Dec 10 French government returns to Paris
  • Dec 11 Stockton Street Tunnel (San Francisco) completed
  • Dec 12 The largest one-day percentage drop in the history of Dow Jones Industrial Average, down 24.39%
  • Dec 14 Lisandro de la Torre and others found the Democratic Progressist Party (Partido Demócrata Progresista, PDP) at the Hotel Savoy, Buenos Aires.
  • Dec 15 Battle of Lodz ends; Russians retreat toward Moscow
  • Dec 15 British fleet forfeits chance to destroy German fleet in North Sea
  • Dec 15 Serbian troops retake Belgrade in Austria-Hungary

BattleBattle of Interest

Dec 16 French offensive in Artois, Northern France led by Philippe Pétain

French General Philippe Pétain
French General
Philippe Pétain
  • Dec 16 World War I: German battleships under Franz Von Hipper bombard the English ports of Hartlepool and Scarborough.
  • Dec 17 Austrian troops beat Russians in Limanova Poland
  • Dec 17 Great Britain declares Egypt a protectorate
  • Dec 17 Jews are expelled from Tel Aviv by Turkish authorities
  • Dec 21 2,800 African miners strike at the Van Rhyn Deep mines in a bid to redress some of their grievances
  • Dec 23 World War I: Australian and New Zealand troops arrive in Cairo, Egypt
  • Dec 24 German plane drops bombs on Dover, England
  • Dec 25 Legendary "Christmas Truce" takes place on the battlefields of WWI between British and German troops. Instead of fighting, soldiers exchange gifts and play football
  • Dec 26 US Government protests British interference with American merchant ships at sea, on the same day Germans announce they will treat food as contraband, subject to seizure; weakens America's protest
  • Dec 28 Turks are repulsed by the Russians after fighting in Armenia for weeks