On This Day

Events in History in 1915 (Part 2)

  • Oct 16 Great Britain declares war on Bulgaria
  • Oct 18 3rd Italian offensive at Isonzo
  • Oct 19 Russia and Italy declare war on Bulgaria
  • Oct 19 US bankers arrange a $500 million loan to the British and French
  • Oct 21 1st transatlantic radiotelephone message, Arlington, Va to Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 21 William Jennings Bryan's successor as US Secretary of State, Robert Lansing, sends a note to Britain protesting interference with US shipping

US Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan
US Secretary of State
William Jennings Bryan
  • Oct 23 1st national horseshoe throwing championship (Kellerton, Iowa)

Historic CommunicationWomen's Suffrage March on Fifth Ave, New York

Oct 23 An estimated 25,000 supporters in a women's suffrage march on New York's Fifth Ave, led by Dr. Anna Shaw and Carrie Chapman Catt, founder of the League of Women Voters

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25,000 women march in New York City demanding right to vote
25,000 women march in New York City demanding right to vote
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  • Oct 25 James L Curtis named US Minister for Liberia
  • Oct 27 Andrew Fisher is replaced as Labour Prime Minister by William 'Billy' Hughes, who will advocate a more active role for Australians in the war
  • Oct 28 Richard Strauss' Alpensymfonie, premieres in Berlin
  • Oct 29 Aristide Briand becomes Prime Minister of France for the 3rd time
  • Nov 1 Parris Island is officially designated a US Marine Corps Recruit Depot.
  • Nov 2 First US election by proportional representation, Ashtabula, Ohio
  • Nov 6 1st military flight in Dutch East Indies (Tandjong Priok)
  • Nov 6 Sophokles Skouloudis forms Greek government

  • Nov 8 An Austrian-Hungarian submarine torpedoes and sinks the Italian liner 'Ancona' without warning, killing over 200 people
  • Nov 12 Britain annexes Gilbert & Ellice archipelago
  • Nov 12 Theodore W Richards is 1st American to win Nobel Prize in chemistry

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 14 Tomáš Masaryk demands independence for Czechoslovakia

Father of Czechoslovakia Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Father of Czechoslovakia
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
  • Nov 23 On the Tigris River in Mesopotamia, the Battle of Ctesiphon between Allied and Turkish forces enters its second day
  • Nov 24 Serbian leader flees to Albania
  • Nov 29 Fire destroys most of the buildings on Santa Catalina Island, California.
  • Nov 30 St John Ervine's "John Ferguson" premieres in Dublin
  • Dec 1 The US requests that Germany withdraw its military and naval attaches from the Embassy in Washington
  • Dec 3 General Joseph Joffre becomes Commander-in-Chief of the French Armies
  • Dec 4 Frank Friday Fletcher is first US admiral to receive Congressional Medal of Honor
  • Dec 4 Ku Klux Klan receives charter from Fulton County, Georgia
  • Dec 4 Panama-Pacific International Exposition closes in San Francisco

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 4 Henry Ford's peace ship, Oscar II, sails for Europe 'to get the boys out of the trenches by Christmas'

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 8 John McCrae's poem "In Flanders Fields" appears anonymously in "Punch" magazine

World War I Soldier & Poet John McCrae
World War I Soldier & Poet
John McCrae
  • Dec 12 1st all-metal aircraft (Junkers J-1) test flown at Dessau, Germany
  • Dec 12 Aristide Briand forms French war government
  • Dec 12 Russian troops overrun Hamadan, Persia
  • Dec 20 Russian troops overrun Qom, Persia
  • Dec 20 Final withdraw of all allied troops from Anzac Cove
  • Dec 21 10.17" (25.83 cm) of rainfall, Glenora, Oregon (state record)
  • Dec 27 US Iron and Steel workers begin a 3-week strike in Ohio for a eight-hour-day; they are successful as the US needs steel for armaments
  • Dec 28 San Francisco City Hall dedicated by Mayor James Rolph
  • Dec 28 Today the British Cabinet recognizes the true nature of the war by deciding to institute compulsory military service, with single men to be conscripted before married ones
  • Dec 30 Cromarty Harbour, Scotland - British cruiser Natal explodes: 405 die