On This Day

Events in History in 1916 (Part 2)

  • Oct 2 San Diego Zoo founded
  • Oct 4 Market Street's "Path of Gold" lit for 1st time

Battle of InterestBattle of the Somme

Oct 5 Adolf Hitler is wounded in the left thigh by an exploding shell during the Battle of the Somme

Learn More
A large mine placed by a British tunneling unit explodes under German positions on the first day of the Battle of the Somme. At the time it was one of the largest explosions ever and one of the loudest man-made noises.
A large mine placed by a British tunneling unit explodes under German positions on the first day of the Battle of the Somme. At the time it was one of the largest explosions ever and one of the loudest man-made noises.
Learn More
  • Oct 7 The German submarine U-53 arrives off Newport, Rhode Island, and sinks 9 British merchant ships in international waters
  • Oct 14 Sophomore tackle and guard Paul Robeson is excluded from the Rutgers football team when Washington and Lee University refused to play against a black person.
  • Oct 14 The Perm State University was founded in Russia.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 16 Margaret Sanger opens 1st birth control clinic in the US at 46 Amboy St, Brooklyn

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Oct 16 T. E. Lawrence (of Arabia) meets with Fasal Hoessein

Soldier and Writer T. E. Lawrence
Soldier and Writer
T. E. Lawrence
  • Oct 17 Dutch women demonstrate for female suffrage

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 19 France extends formal recognition of the Provisional Government in Crete proclaimed Eleftherios Venizelos

Greek Prime Minister Eleftherios Venizelos
Greek Prime Minister
Eleftherios Venizelos
  • Oct 24 Moroccan troops capture Ft Douaumont
  • Oct 26 Margaret Sanger arrested for obscenity (advocating birth control)
  • Oct 27 Battle of Segale: Negus Mikael, marching on the Ethiopian capital in support of his son Emperor Iyasus V, is defeated by Fitawrari abte Giyorgis, securing the throne for Empress Zauditu.
  • Oct 28 Australian government holds a national referendum seeking support for the proposal of compulsory conscription; it is rejected
  • Oct 31 Clare Kummer's "Good Gracious Annabelle" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 1 Paul Miliukov delivers in the Russian State Duma the famous "stupidity or treason" speech, precipitating the downfall of the Boris Stürmer government

  • Nov 2 Battle of Verdun: Fort Vaux reconquered from Germans by French troops without firing a shot
  • Nov 3 Treaty establishes British suzerainty over Qatar

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 5 Emperors Wilhelm II (Germany) and Franz Joseph I (Austria-Hungary) establish the kingdom of Poland

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
Austro-Hungarian Emperor Franz Joseph I
Austro-Hungarian Emperor
Franz Joseph I
  • Nov 5 Second Chamber accept initial impetus to general males/female suffrage
  • Nov 5 The Everett Massacre takes place in Everett, Washington as political differences lead to a shoot-out between IWW organizers and local police.
  • Nov 7 Grand Duke Nikolai Nikolayevich warns Tsar of uprising

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 7 Jeannette Rankin (Rep-R-Montana) is elected to Congress as its first woman Representative

1st Woman Elected to Congress Jeannette Rankin
1st Woman Elected to Congress
Jeannette Rankin

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 7 Amidst the Mexican Revolution and World War I, Woodrow Wilson is re-elected as President of the United States, defeating Republican candidate Charles E. Hughes

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Nov 9 Ammunitions ship explodes at Bakaritsa harbour, near Archangel, Soviet Union, approx. 600 killed, 800 injured (OS 26 Oct)
  • Nov 13 British offensive at Ancre, Belgium
  • Nov 13 Prime Minister of Australia Billy Hughes is expelled from the Labor Party over his support for conscription

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 15 Canadian pilot William George Barker flying over Ancre River, spots concentration of German troops massing for counter-attack on Beaumont Hamel, sends emergency Zone Call to break up German infantry apart. Barker later receives Military Cross

First World War Flying Ace William George Barker
First World War Flying Ace
William George Barker
  • Nov 16 Eugene O'Neill's "Bound East for Cardiff" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 16 Russian La Satannaya ammunition factory explodes, killing 1,000

Five Miles of Mud Costs a Million CasualtiesFive Miles of Mud Costs a Million Casualties

Nov 18 British General Douglas Haig finally calls off the 1st Battle of the Somme in World War I after more than 1 million soldiers had been killed or wounded

Read Article
Over the top: Thousands of British soldiers scrambled out of their trenches and were dead within minutes
Over the top: Thousands of British soldiers scrambled out of their trenches and were dead within minutes
Read Article
  • Nov 21 HMHS Britannic sinks in the Aegean Sea after a mine explodes, killing 30 people
  • Nov 24 Mexican and US representatives sign a protocol at Atlantic City, under which Pershing's troops will withdraw and each nation's army will guard the border. President Carranza of Mexico will refuse to accept it
  • Nov 26 Greece declares war on Germany
  • Nov 26 Addressing the Chamber of Commerce in Cincinnati, US President Woodrow Wilson declares that 'The business of neutrality is over. The nature of modern war leaves no state untouched'
  • Nov 28 1st German air attack on London

  • Nov 29 US declares martial law in Dominican Republic
  • Nov 30 Costa Rica becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • Dec 1 There is virtual civil war in Greece as royalists fight Eleftherios Venizelos' Liberal Party, the Allies ensure a Venizelist victory
  • Dec 6 World War I: The Central Powers under General Mackensen capture Bucharest

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 7 David Lloyd George replaces resigning H. H. Asquith as British Prime Minister

British Prime Minister David Lloyd George
British Prime Minister
David Lloyd George
British Prime Minister H. H. Asquith
British Prime Minister
H. H. Asquith
  • Dec 11 David Lloyd George forms British war government
  • Dec 13 Avalanche kills 10,000 Austrian and Italian troops in 24 hrs in Tyrol
  • Dec 13 Esme Stuart Lennox Robinsons premieres in Dublin
  • Dec 13 French chief of staff Joffre replaced by Nivelle
  • Dec 14 America's first board certified doctors are named by the American Board of Ophthalmology following an examination at the University of Tennessee Medical School in Memphis, Tennessee
  • Dec 15 Battle of Verdun: French launch major offensive against German lines after a six-day artillery bombardment
  • Dec 18 Battle of Verdun, longest of World War I, officially ends in German defeat after nine months of fighting and almost 1 million total casualties
  • Dec 19 Suriname Bauxite Company forms in Paramaribo
  • Dec 23 World War I: Battle of Magdhaba - Allied forces defeat Turkish forces in Egypt's Sinai peninsula.
  • Dec 26 Joseph Joffre becomes marshal of France