Events in History in 1918

Events 1 - 200 of 262

  • Jan 1 Last day of the Julian calendar in Finland
  • Jan 3 US Employment Service opens as a unit of the Department of Labor
  • Jan 5 British premier Lloyd George demand for unified peace
  • Jan 8 Mississippi becomes 1st state to ratify 18th amendment (prohibition of alcohol) of the US Constitution

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 8 US President Woodrow Wilson outlines his Fourteen Points for peace after the Great War

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Jan 12 Finland's "Mosaic Confessors" law went into effect, making Finnish Jews full citizens.
  • Jan 14 Finland and USSR adopt New Style (Gregorian) calendar
  • Jan 16 Austria and Germany are disrupted by strikes as people express impatience with leaders continuing the war
  • Jan 19 Soviets disallow a Constitution Assembly
  • Jan 19 Finnish Civil War: The first serious battles between the Red Guards and the White Guard
  • Jan 22 Ukraine proclaimed a free republic (German puppet)
  • Jan 25 Russia declared a republic of Soviets

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 26 Herbert Hoover, US Food Administrator, calls for "wheatless" & "meatless" days for war effort

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • Jan 27 "Tarzan of the Apes", 1st Tarzan film, premieres at Broadway Theater
  • Jan 27 The first hostilities occurred in the Finnish Civil War.
  • Jan 28 Strike on Berlin ammunition factory
  • Jan 28 Finnish Civil War: Rebels seized control of the capital, Helsinki, and members of the Senate of Finland go underground.
  • Jan 29 Ukrainian-Soviet War: Battle of Kruty
  • Jan 31 A series of accidental collisions on a misty Scottish night leads to the loss of two Royal Navy submarines with over a hundred lives, and damage to another five British warships.
  • Feb 1 Russia adopts the Gregorian calendar (making the day February 14)
  • Feb 3 Twin Peaks Tunnel for streetcars begins service in San Francisco, at 11,920 feet one of world's longest
  • Feb 5 1st US pilot to down an enemy airplane, Stephen W. Thompson
  • Feb 5 Separation of church and state begins in USSR
  • Feb 6 Great Britain grants women (30 & over) the vote
  • Feb 8 "Stars & Stripes,", weekly US armed forces newspaper, 1st published
  • Feb 9 US Army chaplain school organizes at Ft Monroe, Virginia
  • Feb 9 Sacha Guitry's "Deburan" premieres in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 10 Trotsky declares that Russia is leaving the war

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • Feb 10 In Finland, General Carl G. Von Mannerheim gathers an army known as the 'White Guard' to mount a counter revolution against the Bolshevik 'Red Guard'
  • Feb 11 US President Woodrow Wilson makes another speech before Congress and announces 'the Four Principles' - freedom of navigation, and end to secret diplomacy, and similar items - that supplement his Fourteen Points
  • Feb 14 USSR adopts New Style (Gregorian) calendar (originally Feb 1)
  • Feb 15 US army troop ship torpedoed & sunk by Germany off Ireland
  • Feb 15 Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania adopt Gregorian calendar
  • Feb 16 Lithuania declares independence from Russia & Germany (National Day)
  • Feb 18 Germany renews its offensive against the Russians, making dramatic gains against disorganized and dispirited Russian troops
  • Feb 21 Australians chase Turkish troop out of Jericho, Dutch Palestine
  • Feb 21 The last Carolina parakeet dies in captivity at the Cincinnati Zoo
  • Feb 22 Germany claims Baltic states, Finland & Ukraine from Russia
  • Feb 23 First victory of Red Army over the Kaiser's German troops near Narva and Pskov. Since 1923 this date become the Day of Red Army in honour of this victory.
  • Feb 24 Estonia declares independence from Russia
  • Mar 3 Richard Goering's "Seeschlacht" premieres in Berlin
  • Mar 3 Facing internal counterrevolutionary pressures and external German offensive, Bolsheviks forced to sign harsh Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany and Austria
  • Mar 4 Terek Autonomous Republic established in RSFSR (until 1921)
  • Mar 4 First recorded case of Spanish flu at Funston Army Camp, Kanas; start of worldwide pandemic killing 50-100 million
  • Mar 6 US naval boat "Cyclops" disappears in Bermuda Triangle
  • Mar 7 President Woodrow Wilson authorizes US Army's Distinguished Service Medal
  • Mar 7 World War I: Finland forms an alliance with Germany
  • Mar 9 Russian Bolshevik Party becomes the Communist Party
  • Mar 9 Ukrainian mobs massacre Jews of Seredino Buda
  • Mar 9 Wageningen Agricultural College Neth opens
  • Mar 11 Moscow becomes capital of revolutionary Russia

  • Mar 11 Save the Redwoods League founded
  • Mar 11 First confirmed cases of the Spanish Flu in the US are reported at Fort Riley, Kansas
  • Mar 13 Trotsky gains control of the Red Army
  • Mar 13 American Red Magen David (Jewish Red Cross) forms
  • Mar 14 1st concrete ship to cross the Atlantic (Faith) is launched in San Francisco
  • Mar 16 Geoffrey O'Hara's "K-K-K-Katy" song published
  • Mar 17 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Rosemary Beresford
  • Mar 17 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Nathaniel Niles
  • Mar 18 Socialist Youth AJC organizes in Amsterdam
  • Mar 19 US Congress authorizes time zones & approves daylight saving time
  • Mar 19 S Potter becomes 1st US pilot to shoot down a German seaplane
  • Mar 21 -28] During WW I Germany launches Somme offensive
  • Mar 23 Alick Wickham dives 200' into Australia's Yarra River
  • Mar 23 Crépy-en-Laonnoise: German artillery shells Paris, 256 killed
  • Mar 23 Lithuania proclaims independence
  • Mar 23 Paris bombs "Thick Bertha's Dike" (nickname for the widow Krupp)
  • Mar 23 German forces advance 14 miles to the Somme River (WW1)
  • Mar 25 The Belarusian People's Republic is established.
  • Mar 27 Moldova and Bessarabia join Romania
  • Mar 31 1st daylight savings time in US goes into effect

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 1 Henry Miller's Theater opens at 124 W 43rd St NYC

Author Henry Miller
Henry Miller
  • Apr 1 United Kingdom: the Royal Air Force is created from the Royal Naval Air Service and the Royal Flying Corps.
  • Apr 3 US House of Representatives accepts American Creed written by William Tyler
  • Apr 4 Food riot in Amsterdam
  • Apr 9 Latvia proclaims independence
  • Apr 13 Electrical fire kills 38 mental patients at Oklahoma State Hospital
  • Apr 14 Douglas Campbell is 1st US ace pilot (shooting down 5th German plane)

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Apr 15 Georges Clémenceau publishes secret French/Austrian documents

Prime Minister of France Georges Clémenceau
Prime Minister of France
Georges Clémenceau
  • Apr 16 The British House of Commons passes a new Military Service Bill, taking men up to 55 years old and extending to Ireland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 20 Manfred von Richthofen, aka The Red Baron, shoots down his 79th and 80th victims marking his final victories before his death the following day

World War I Fighter Ace The Red Baron
World War I Fighter Ace
The Red Baron
  • Apr 21 World War I: German fighter ace Baron Manfred von Richthofen "The Red Baron", shot down and killed over Vaux sur Somme in France, Canadian pilot Arthur Roy Brown credited with the kill
  • Apr 23 Battle of Zeebrugge ends
  • Apr 23 Dover Patrol overthrows Germany U-boat in East Sea
  • Apr 23 National Urban League forms
  • Apr 29 Tris Speaker ties career outfield record of 4 unassisted double plays
  • May 2 General Motors acquires the Chevrolet Motor Company of Delaware.
  • May 10 HMS Vindictive sunk to block entrance of Ostend Harbor
  • May 13 1st US airmail stamps issued (24 cents)
  • May 15 1st regular US airmail postal service between NY, Philadelphia & Washington, D.C.
  • May 15 Greeks troops land at Smyrna
  • May 15 The Finnish Civil War ends
  • May 16 The Sedition Act of 1918 is passed by the U.S. Congress, making criticism of the government an imprisonable offense.
  • May 18 Dutch Indian Volksraad installed in Batavia
  • May 18 TNT explosion in chemical factory in Oakdale, Pennsylvania, kills 200
  • May 19 Wash 1st Sunday game, Senators beat Cleveland 1-0 in 18 innings
  • May 20 1st electrically propelled warship (New Mexico)
  • May 21 US House of Representatives passes amendment allowing women to vote
  • May 23 King Oil/Shell refinery on Curacao officially opens
  • May 24 Cleveland beats Yankees 3-2 in 19th inning
  • May 24 British officer General Poole lands at Murmansk, the Russian port on the Barents Sea
  • May 26 Georgian Social Democratic Republic declares independence from Russia
  • May 26 Armenia defeats the Ottoman Army in the Battle of Sardarapat
  • May 27 Third Battle of Aisne: German offensive overcomes British forces (WWI)
  • May 28 Azerbaijan gains independence and declares itself a Democratic Republic

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 1 Canadian ace Billy Bishop downs 6 aircrafts over a three-day span, including German ace Paul Bilik, reclaiming his top scoring title from James McCudden

Canadian First World War Flying Ace Billy Bishop
Canadian First World War Flying Ace
Billy Bishop
  • Jun 3 US Supreme Court in Hammer v. Dagenhart rules child labor laws unconstitutional
  • Jun 4 French troops, with the aid of US troops, stop the Germans at Chateau-Thierry as they attempt to cross the Marne
  • Jun 6 Battle of Belleau Wood, 1st US victory of WW I
  • Jun 8 Nova Aquila, brightest nova since Kepler's nova of 1604, discovered
  • Jun 12 1st aerial bombing raid by an American unit, France
  • Jun 15 1" of snow falls in Northern Pennsylvania
  • Jun 22 Circus train rammed by troop train kills 68 (Ivanhoe, Illinois)
  • Jun 25 Baku-Turkish communist party forms
  • Jun 26 The Australian steamer Wimmera is sunk by a mine laid north of Cape Maria van Diemen in 1917 by the German raider Wolf; 26 of its 151 passengers and crew were killed
  • Jun 28 1st flight between Hawaiian Islands
  • Jun 29 A provisional government opposed to the Bolsheviks establishes itself at Vladivostok, the Russian port on the Sea of Japan
  • Jun 30 Prominent US Socialist and Pacifist Eugene Debs is arrested on charges of denouncing the government, a violation of the Espionage Act of 1917
  • Jul 3 SDAP'er Suze Groenweg elected 1st woman in Dutch parliament
  • Jul 4 Altar dedicated at full-scale replica of Stonehenge at Maryhill, Washington
  • Jul 4 Ottoman sultan Mehmed VI ascends to the throne
  • Jul 9 101 killed and 171 injured in worst US train wreck, Nashville, Tennessee
  • Jul 9 US Congress creates Distinguished Service Medal (not to be confused with other countries' decorations of the same name)
  • Jul 10 Russian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic forms
  • Jul 12 Japanese battleship explodes in Bay of Tokayama, 500 killed
  • Jul 14 Dutch government reclaims South seas
  • Jul 15 World War I: Second Battle of Marne begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 16 A Bolshevik firing squad at Ekaterinburg, Siberia, executes Tsar Nicholas II of Russia, his family and several retainers

  • Jul 18 World War I: US and French forces launch Aisne-Marne offensive
  • Jul 19 World War I: German armies retreat across Marne River in France
  • Jul 21 U-156 shells Nauset Beach, in Orleans, Massachusetts.
  • Jul 22 Lightning kills 504 sheep in Utah's Wasatch National Park
  • Jul 25 Annette Adams sworn in as 1st woman district attorney of US, California
  • Jul 25 Race riot in Chester Pennsylvania (3 blacks and 2 whites killed)
  • Jul 26 Race riot in Philadelphia (3 whites & 1 black killed)
  • Jul 27 Socony 200, 1st concrete barge in US, launched to carry oil, NY
  • Aug 1 British troops enter Vladivostok
  • Aug 2 Japan announces that it is deploying troops to Siberia in the aftermath of World War I
  • Aug 3 The first allied troops land at Archangel, the Russian port on the White Seas

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 4 Adolf Hitler receives the Iron Cross first class for bravery on the recommendation of his Jewish superior, Lieutenant Hugo Gutmann

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Aug 6 Ferdinand Foch becomes Marshal of France during WWI
  • Aug 6 World War I: Second Battle of the Marne ends
  • Aug 8 World War I: The Allies launch the Hundred Days Offensive, beginning with the Battle of Amiens where 500 tanks and 10 Allied divisions attacked German lines
  • Aug 8 6 US soldiers surrounded by Germans in France, Alvin York given command, shoots 20 Germans and captures 132 more
  • Aug 9 Reds manager Christy Mathewson suspects Hal Chase of taking bribes to fix games, and suspends him "for indifferent play"
  • Aug 12 WWI: Allies defeat Germans at the Battle of Amiens - the last great battle on the Western Front
  • Aug 13 Bayerische Motoren Werke AG (BMW) established as a public company in Germany
  • Aug 16 US troops overrun at Archangelsk by Bolshevik troops
  • Aug 17 British troops attack Baku, Azerbaijan
  • Aug 17 Samuel Riddle buys Man o'War for $5,000
  • Aug 17 Turkish troops overthrow Caukasus
  • Aug 17 Bolshevik revolutionary leader Moisei Uritsky is assassinated
  • Aug 20 WWI: Britain opens offensive on Western front
  • Aug 26 W Smith & F Bacon's "Lightnin'" premieres in NYC
  • Aug 27 Christy Mathewson resigns as Reds manager to accept a commission as a captain in chemical warfare branch of Army
  • Aug 27 Dr Joseph L Johnson named as US minister to Liberia
  • Aug 29 Bapaume taken by Australian Corps and Canadian Corps in the Hundred Days Offensive
  • Aug 30 Czechoslovakia forms independent republic

MurderAssassination Attempt

Aug 30 Fanya Kaplan attempts but fails to assassinate Lenin, new leader of Soviet Russia

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • Sep 1 US troops land in Vladivostok, Siberia, stay until 1920
  • Sep 3 5 soldiers hanged for alleged participation in Houston riot (or Camp Logan riot); in all 19 mutineers were executed.
  • Sep 3 Allies forced Germans back across Hindenburg Line
  • Sep 4 Jhr Ch Ruys de Beerenbrouck becomes 1st Dutch Catholic premier
  • Sep 4 US troops land in Archangel, Russia, stay 10 months
  • Sep 5 Decree "On Red Terror" is published in Russia
  • Sep 9 Dutch government of Ruijs de Beerenbrouck forms
  • Sep 12 WWI: US forces launch an attack on German-occupied St Mihiel
  • Sep 13 Train accident at Weesp Neth, kills 42
  • Sep 14 WWI: Austria-Hungary sends a note to the Allies requesting peace discussions, but the Allies reject the offer
  • Sep 18 Battle of Megiddo (Palestine) starts
  • Sep 20 Royal Dutch Blast furnace & Steel factory opens in Hague
  • Sep 26 Beginning of the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, more than 1 million American soldiers in the largest and most costly offensive of WWI
  • Sep 29 WWI: Allied forces scored a decisive breakthrough of Hindenburg Line

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 1 World War I: Arab forces under T. E. Lawrence ("Lawrence of Arabia") capture Damascus

Soldier and Writer T. E. Lawrence
Soldier and Writer
T. E. Lawrence
  • Oct 3 Boris becomes king of Bulgaria
  • Oct 3 Tsar Ferdinand I of Bulgaria abdicates the throne in favour of his eldest son Tsar Boris III
  • Oct 3 Selwyn Theater opens at 229 W 42nd St NYC
  • Oct 6 US ship Otranto sinks between Scotland & Ireland, 425 die
  • Oct 8 American soldier Alvin York single-handedly attacks German gun nest, killing 25 and capturing 132 Germans
  • Oct 10 Baden's Geisz forms government
  • Oct 11 Major tsumani shakes Caribbean
  • Oct 12 Cloquet fire kills 453 and injures or displaces 52,000 people
  • Oct 15 British Q-ship Cymric sinks British submarine J6
  • Oct 17 De Kooy airport in Netherlands opens
  • Oct 17 Yugoslavia proclaims itself a republic
  • Oct 18 Czechoslovakia declares independence from Austro-Hungarian Empire
  • Oct 18 Russian 10th Army drives out White armies of Tsaritsyn (Stalingrad)
  • Oct 20 In order to secure an armistice, Germany agrees to further concessions
  • Oct 21 Margaret Owen sets world typing speed record of 170 wpm for 1 min
  • Oct 25 Canadian steamship "Princess Sophia" hits a reef off Alaska, 398 die
  • Oct 26 Cecil Chubb gives prehistoric monument Stonehenge to the British nation
  • Oct 26 Soldiers revolt at Harskamp, Veluwe
  • Oct 26 Germany's supreme commander General Eric Ludendorff resigns, protesting the terms to which the German Government has agreed in negotiating an armistice
  • Oct 28 Czechoslovakia gains independence as Austria-Hungary breaks up
  • Oct 30 Slovakia asks for creation of Czechoslovakian state
  • Oct 30 WWI: Turkey signs an armistice with the Allies, agreeing to end hostilities at noon on 31 October
  • Oct 31 Spanish flu-virus kills 21,000 in US in 1 week
  • Oct 31 Short-lived Banat Republic founded in territory where Romania, Hungary and Serbia meet
  • Nov 1 102 die in a NYC BMT subway derailment at Malbone Street Brooklyn
  • Nov 1 Yugoslav battleship Viribus Unitis sunk by Italians