On This Day

Events in History in 1918 (Part 2)

  • Nov 3 Austro-Hungarian Empire dissolves
  • Nov 3 Poland proclaims independence from Russia after WW I
  • Nov 3 Thousands of revolutionary German sailors with the fleet at Kiel mutiny, seize the city, and set up councils of workers and sailors
  • Nov 4 The Allied armistice with Austria-Hungary, signed 3 November, goes into effect
  • Nov 6 Republic of Poland proclaimed
  • Nov 6 Supreme commander of the army Gen Cutters resigns
  • Nov 6 WWI: On the Western Front, Germany is now retreating as French and American troops cross the Meuse and move to take Sedan

InventionHistoric Invention

Nov 7 Robert Goddard demonstrates tube-launched solid propellant rockets

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard

Victory in BattleEnd of World War I

Nov 7 United Press erroneously reports WWI armistice had been signed

Learn More
This painting depicts the signing of the armistice which ended World War I in Compiegne, France
This painting depicts the signing of the armistice which ended World War I in Compiegne, France
Learn More
  • Nov 7 Vladimir Mayakovsky's "Misteriya Buff" premieres in Petrograd

The 1918 Flu PandemicThe 1918 Flu Pandemic

Nov 7 The 1918 influenza epidemic spreads to Western Samoa, killing 7,542 (about 20% of the population) by the end of the year

Read Article
1918: A group of Americans in California with a message for their fellow countrymen
1918: A group of Americans in California with a message for their fellow countrymen
Read Article
  • Nov 7 Kurt Eisner overthrows the Wittelsbach dynasty in the Kingdom of Bavaria as a revolutionary uprising spreads throughout Germany
  • Nov 8 Pro-German supreme commander general Cutters lay-offs

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 9 Emperor Wilhelm II abdicates after German defeat in World War I

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • Nov 9 Following the collapse of Germany in World War I, the Weimar Republic of Germany is proclaimed
  • Nov 10 German Emperor Wilhelm II flees to Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 10 Independence of Poland proclaimed by Józef Piłsudski

Statesman and First Marshall Józef Piłsudski
Statesman and First Marshall
Józef Piłsudski
  • Nov 10 Western Union Cable Office in North Sydney, Nova Scotia receives a top-secret coded message from Europe stating on November 11, 1918 all fighting would cease on land, sea and in the air
  • Nov 11 Dutch SDAP leader Troelstra announces revolution
  • Nov 11 Emperor Charles I of Austria abdicates
  • Nov 11 Poland declares independence

The War's Over, But Don't Get Too ExcitedThe War's Over, But Don't Get Too Excited

Nov 11 WWI Armistice signed by the Allies and Germany comes into effect and World War I hostilities end at 11am, "the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month"

Read Article
Arnold Bennett
Arnold Bennett
Read Article
  • Nov 12 Emperor Karl of Austria-Hungary abdicates, Austria becomes a republic
  • Nov 13 Prince Friedrich, last reigning Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont, abdicates
  • Nov 13 Russia cancels Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
  • Nov 13 Stahlhelm forms (anti communist/Polish/French) in Magdenburg

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 14 Republic of Czechoslovakia created with Tomáš Masaryk as its 1st president

Father of Czechoslovakia Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Father of Czechoslovakia
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
  • Nov 16 Hungarian People's Republic declared
  • Nov 17 Social Democratic Party becomes Communistc Party Holland: CPH
  • Nov 17 German troops evacuate Brussels
  • Nov 18 Latvia declares independence from Russia
  • Nov 18 Belgian troops re-enter Brussels, lost to the German invaders on 20 August 1914
  • Nov 21 2 German ammunition trains explode in Hamont Belgium, 1,750 die
  • Nov 21 Polish soldiers organize a pogrom against Jews of Galicia, Poland
  • Nov 21 The German High Seas Fleet of 5 battlecruisers, 9 battleships, 7 cruisers and 49 destroyers surrendered to the British Grand Fleet and were shepherded into the Firth of Forth
  • Nov 22 Grand Duke Frederik II, the last Grand Duke of Baden, resigns

  • Nov 22 King Albert I's triumphant procession through Brussels
  • Nov 22 Marshal Józef Piłsudski becomes 1st President (dictator) of Poland
  • Nov 22 Polish forces attack Jewish community of Lemberg (Lvov)
  • Nov 24 Béla Can forms Hungarian Communist Party
  • Nov 26 The Podgorica Assembly votes for "union of the people", declaring assimilation into the Kingdom of Serbia
  • Nov 28 Kaiser Wilhelm II of Prussia & Germany abdicates
  • Nov 28 Bucovina voted for the union with the Kingdom of Romania
  • Nov 29 Serbia annexes Montenegro
  • Dec 1 Danish parliament passed an act to grant Iceland independence under Danish crown
  • Dec 1 Serbian-Croatian-Slovic kingdom proclaimed in Belgrade
  • Dec 1 Yugoslavia declares independence; monarchy established

Conference meetingConference of Interest

Dec 4 US President Woodrow Wilson sails for Versailles Peace Conference in France

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Dec 5 Oil refinery on Curacao opens
  • Dec 9 French troops occupies Mainz
  • Dec 13 US army of occupation crosses Rhine, enters Germany
  • Dec 14 David Loyd George's coalition Government wins a clear majority in the UK general election
  • Dec 14 Sinn Féin candidates win 73 of 105 Irish seats in UK general election, though all will refuse to take seats in Westminster, instead meeting at a Dail Eireann in Dublin
  • Dec 15 American Jewish Congress holds its 1st meeting
  • Dec 16 German troops evacuate Finland, give over Kiev in the Ukraine to revolutionary forces and pull back from Estonia as Bolshevik forces move in
  • Dec 17 A conference of workers' and soldiers' councils take control of German government in Berlin, until elections in January selects new national assembly
  • Dec 19 Robert Ripley began his "Believe It or Not" column (NY Globe)
  • Dec 20 Eugene O'Neill's "Moon of the Caribees" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 20 The Allies turn their attention to Bolshevik expansion in the East, landing troops in Crimea and Latvia
  • Dec 26 After spending Christmas with American troops in France, Wilson goes to London for preliminary discussions about the forthcoming peace conference
  • Dec 27 The Great Poland Uprising against the Germans begins.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 30 John E Hoover decides to be called J. Edgar Hoover

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover