On This Day

Events in History in January 1919

  • Jan 1 Belorussian SSR established

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 1 Edsel Ford succeeds his father, Henry Ford, as president of the Ford Motor Company

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 1 British naval officer David Beatty is promoted to full admiral

British Admiral of the Fleet David Beatty
British Admiral of the Fleet
David Beatty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 3 Herbert Hoover is placed in charge of war relief in Europe

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • Jan 3 The Faisal-Weizmann Agreement, which was a short-lived agreement for the development of a Jewish homeland in Palestine, is signed by the King of Iraq and the President of the World Zionist Organization
  • Jan 5 German Workers' Party forms, precursor to the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nazi)
  • Jan 5 Left-wing Spartacus organization instigates a revolt in Berlin; terrified by the spread of Bolshevism, German troops brutally suppress the uprising
  • Jan 7 The Industrial and Commercial Workers' Union of South Africa is founded, led by Clements Kadalie
  • Jan 7 Montenegrin guerrilla fighters rebel, but fail to prevent Serbia's annexation of Montenegro
  • Jan 11 3 year old German communist party (Spartacus) crushed
  • Jan 11 Romania annexes Transylvania
  • Jan 15 Two million gallons of molasses flood Boston Massachusetts in the "Great Molasses Flood" when a storage tank burst, drowning 21 and injuring 150
  • Jan 15 Semana Tragica (Tragic Week): Bloodbath in Buenos Aires
  • Jan 15 W Collison & O Harbach's "Up in Mabel's Room" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 15 Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht, two of the most prominent socialists in Germany, are tortured and murdered by the Freikorps

USAProhibition is Ratified

Jan 16 The 18th Amendment to the US Constitution, authorizing the prohibition of alcohol, is ratified by a majority of US states

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The Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which established prohibition
The Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which established prohibition
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  • Jan 18 Bentley Motors Limited is founded by Walter Owen Bentley in London, England
  • Jan 18 The Paris peace conference (aka the Versailles peace conference) opens to draw up the treaties formally ending the Great War (WWI)
  • Jan 19 National elections held in Germany to form a National Constituent Assembly and draft a constitution
  • Jan 21 Irish militant nationalist party Sinn Féin creates its own parliament in Dublin and declares Ireland independent of Great Britain, sparking the Irish War of Independence
  • Jan 25 Founding of League of Nations, 1st meeting 1 year later
  • Jan 25 The Hotel Pennsylvania, at the time the world's largest, opens in Manhattan
  • Jan 30 Reds hire Pat Moran as manager as Christy Mathewson, is still in France with US Army
  • Jan 31 The Battle of George Square takes place in Glasgow, Scotland: troops deployed against protesters for fear of a Bolshevik uprising