Events in History in 1920

Events 1 - 200 of 229

  • Jan 1 The Belorussian Communist Organisation is founded as a separate party.
  • Jan 2 Responding to global fear of communism caused by the Russian Revolution, US Attorney General Palmer authorizes raids across the country on unionists and socialists
  • Jan 3 Arthur Honegger's "Chant de Nigamon," premieres
  • Jan 7 Five duly elected Socialist assemblymen are denied by the New York State Assembly
  • Jan 10 Silver reaches record $1.37 an ounce
  • Jan 10 Inauguration of the League of Nations held in Paris
  • Jan 11 French passenger ship Afrique sinks near La Rochelle; 553 die
  • Jan 13 NY Times editorial (falsely) reports rockets can never fly
  • Jan 16 1st assembly of the League of Nations is held in Paris
  • Jan 16 Georgia declares independence
  • Jan 16 Zeta Phi Beta Sorority Incorporated is founded at Howard University
  • Jan 17 Paul Deschanel elected President of France
  • Jan 17 First day Prohibition comes into effect in the US as a result of the 18th amendment
  • Jan 19 Alexandre Millerand forms French government
  • Jan 20 Dutch 2nd Chamber passes school laws
  • Jan 20 The American Civil Liberties Union is founded

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 23 Dutch refuse to turn over ex-Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany to allies

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • Jan 26 Amadeo Modigliani's fiancé Jeanne Hébuterne jumps out of a window a day after the artist's funeral killing herself and her unborn child
  • Jan 26 Former Ford Motor Co. executive Henry Leland launches the Lincoln Motor Company which he later sold to his former employer

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 29 Walt Disney starts work as an artist with KC Slide Co for $40 a week

Animator Walt Disney
Animator
Walt Disney
  • Jan 31 1st Ukrainian daily newspaper in US (NYC) begins publication
  • Jan 31 Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity incorporates at Howard University
  • Feb 1 1st commercial armored car introduced (St Paul, Minn)
  • Feb 1 Royal Canadian Mounted Police forms as Royal Northwest Mounted Police merge with Dominion Police
  • Feb 2 Estonia declares its Independence from Russia (Dorpat Peace)
  • Feb 2 France occupies (German) Memel territory
  • Feb 2 Tarto/Dorpat peace treaty: USSR recognizes Estonian independence
  • Feb 4 1st flight from London to South Africa departs (takes 1½ months)
  • Feb 6 Saarland administrated by League of Nations
  • Feb 7 Admiral Kolchak surrenders to Bolshevik troops and is executed
  • Feb 8 Swiss men vote against women's suffrage
  • Feb 8 Bolshevik troops capture Odessa, bringing an end to foreign involvement in the resistance against Bolshevik rule
  • Feb 9 International treaty recognizes Norwegian sovereignty over Svalbard
  • Feb 10 Jozef Haller de Hallenburg performs symbolic wedding of Poland to the sea, celebrating restitution of Polish access to open sea
  • Feb 12 -Apr 26] 14,000 Rotterdam/Amsterdam harbor workers strike
  • Feb 12 NL votes 6-2 for 1 commissioner AL votes 6-2 to keep group commission
  • Feb 13 League of Nations recognizes perpetual neutrality of Switzerland
  • Feb 13 Switzerland rejoins the League of Nations
  • Feb 14 League of Women Voters forms in Chicago
  • Feb 19 Netherlands joins League of Nations
  • Feb 21 Darius Milhaud & Jean Cocteau's ballet, premieres in Paris
  • Feb 22 1st artificial rabbit used at a dog race track (Emeryville, California)
  • Feb 24 NSDAP begins at Hofbrauhaus Munich
  • Feb 24 Peace treaty gives Estonia independence
  • Feb 28 Maurice Ravel's "Le tombeau de Couperin" premieres
  • Feb 29 Trying to maintain independence from Germany and the USSR, Czechoslovakia adopts a constitution
  • Mar 1 Austria becomes a kingdom again, under Admiral Horthy
  • Mar 1 Buriat ASSR, in RSFSR, constituted
  • Mar 1 Nikolaus Horthy is elected Regent of Hungary, which had adopted a constitution on 28 February
  • Mar 2 Karel Capék's "Loupeznik" premieres in Prague
  • Mar 4 Last day of Julian civil calendar in Greece

  • Mar 8 Denmark & Cuba join the League of Nations
  • Mar 10 Home Rule Act passed by the British Parliament, dividing Ireland into two parts; it is rejected by the southern counties, where the Ango-Irish war continues for a year
  • Mar 11 Syria proclaims Emir Feisal king after the country has fought off French domination
  • Mar 13 After the German government is forced to cut its army to 10,000 men, military groups plot an unsuccessful coup - a revolt ended by a general strike
  • Mar 16 1 Acre Park also known as Baby Park in the Bronx renamed Melrose Park
  • Mar 18 Greece adopts the Gregorian calendar
  • Mar 19 US Senate rejects Treaty of Versailles for 2nd time refusing to ratify League of Nations' covenant (maintaining isolation policy)
  • Mar 20 1st flight from London to South Africa lands (took 1½ months)
  • Mar 20 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld
  • Mar 20 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Sherwin Badger
  • Mar 23 Perserikatan Communist of India (PKI) political party forms
  • Mar 24 1st US coast guard air station established (Morehead City, NC)
  • Mar 25 Greek Independence Day
  • Mar 27 Hermann Muller becomes German chancellor (SPD)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 28 Tomáš Masaryk elected President of Czechoslovakia

Father of Czechoslovakia Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Father of Czechoslovakia
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
  • Mar 28 Palm Sunday tornado outbreak of 1920 affects the Great Lakes region and Deep South states
  • Mar 28 Anton Denkin's White Russian troops defeated by Bolsheviks and Soviets at Novorossijsk on the Black Sea (The British aid Denkin in his escape)
  • Mar 31 British parliament accepts Irish Home Rule law
  • Apr 1 The (Anglican) Church in Wales disestablished
  • Apr 4 Arabs attack Jews in Jerusalem
  • Apr 6 To force German evacuation of the Ruhr area, the French occupy Frankfurt, Darmstadt, and Hanau
  • Apr 13 1st woman US Civil Service Commissioner, Helen Hamilton appointed
  • Apr 15 New Canadian small cent coin is released

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 20 Balfour Declaration recognized, makes Palestine a British Mandate

British Prime Minister Arthur Balfour
British Prime Minister
Arthur Balfour
  • Apr 20 Tornadoes kill 219 in Alabama & Mississippi
  • Apr 21 John Galsworthy's "Skin Game" premieres in London
  • Apr 23 Turkish Grand National Assembly 1st meets in Ankara
  • Apr 23 The national council in Turkey denounces the government of Sultan Mehmed VI and announces a temporary constitution.
  • Apr 24 British Mandate over Palestine goes into effect (lasts 28 years)
  • Apr 24 Polish troops attack Ukraine
  • Apr 26 Harlow Shapley and Heber D. Curtis hold "great debate" on the nature of nebulae, galaxies and size of the universe at US National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C.
  • Apr 27 Pogrom leader Petljoera declares Ukraine Independence
  • Apr 28 Azerbaijan SSR joins USSR (1st time)
  • Apr 30 The British Government ends military conscription
  • May 1 Belgium-Luxembourg toll tunnel opens
  • May 5 German-Latvian peace treaty signed
  • May 5 Polish troops occupy Kiev

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 5 US President Woodrow Wilson makes Communist Labor Party illegal

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • May 5 Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti are arrested on charges and robbery of a paymaster at a shoe factory in Massachusetts, US - the two men will executed
  • May 7 USSR recognizes Georgia's independence
  • May 14 Giants inform Yankees that the lease allowing them to play in the Polo Grounds will not be renewed at end of 1920 season

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 16 Joan of Arc (Jeanne D'arc) canonized a saint

French Soldier and National Heroine Joan of Arc
French Soldier and National Heroine
Joan of Arc
  • May 16 Spanish bullfighter Joselito is fatally gored fighting his last bull
  • May 17 1st De Havilland double-decker flight (London) lands in Schiphol
  • May 17 1st flight by Dutch airlines KLM (Koninklijke-Luchtvaart-Maatschappij)
  • May 20 Mexican President Venustiano Carranza, under attack by American petroleum companies, faces an armed rebellion by right-wing Sonoro triumvirate after nationalizing subsoil rights
  • May 21 Mexican President Venustiano Carranza is executed by army generals after fleeing an armed rebellion in Mexico
  • May 23 Pope Benedictus XV publishes encyclical Pacem Dei
  • May 27 Tatar ASSR forms in Russian SFSR
  • Jun 1 Adolfo de la Huerta becomes president of Mexico.
  • Jun 2 Pulitzer prize awarded to Eugene O'Neill (Beyond the Horizon)
  • Jun 4 Peace of Trianon between Allies & Hungary
  • Jun 5 1st rivet driven on Bank of Italy headquarters at 1 Powell in San Francisco (later Bank of America)
  • Jun 6 Baron Pyotr Nikolayevich Wrangel opens White Russian offensive against red Army

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 11 Republicans nominate Warren G. Harding for president

29th US President Warren G. Harding
29th US President
Warren G. Harding
  • Jun 12 Farmer Labor Party organized (Chicago)
  • Jun 13 Post Office says children could not be sent by parcel post
  • Jun 15 African American circus workers, Elias Clayton, Elmer Jackson and Isaac McGhie are taken from jail and lynched by a white mob of thousands in Duluth, Minnesota
  • Jun 17 Dutch 2nd Chamber accept Anti-revolution law
  • Jun 24 Chuvash Autonomous Region forms in RSFSR
  • Jun 25 League of Nations places Internationall Court of Justice in Hague
  • Jul 1 Sir Herbert Samuel takes over as high commissioner over Palestine, where Arab resistance to the British mandate continues
  • Jul 3 Java Technical School, Bandung, opens
  • Jul 3 Royal Air Force holds an air display at Hendon, England
  • Jul 4 The provisional government of Siberia's Maritime Province agrees to hand over parts of the strategic oil- and coal-rich Sakhalin Islands to Japan
  • Jul 6 Yankees score 14 in 5th inning & beat Washington Senators, 17-0
  • Jul 10 Tris Speaker is stopped at 11 consecutive hits by Tom Zachary
  • Jul 11 East and West Prussia vote in a plebiscite to become part of Germany, though a slice of West Prussia will be handed to Poland to provide a 'Polish Corridor'
  • Jul 12 Lithuania & USSR sign peace treaty, Lithuania becomes independent republic
  • Jul 15 Ruth ties his record of 29 HRs in a season
  • Jul 16 China joins the League of Nations
  • Jul 16 Gen Amos Fries appointed 1st US army chemical warfare chief
  • Jul 16 Ruth sets season home run record with 30 en route to 54
  • Jul 21 Irish Nationalist and Loyalists engage in street fighting over the issue of Irish independence from Britain, though Loyalist are reinforced by 1500 British Auxiliaries and 5800 British troops
  • Jul 23 British East Africa renamed Kenya & becomes a British crown colony
  • Jul 27 Radio compass used for 1st time for aircraft navigation
  • Jul 29 1st transcontinental airmail flight from NY to SF
  • Jul 29 Mexican rebel Pancho Villa surrenders
  • Jul 29 Construction of the Link River Dam begins as part of the Klamath Reclamation Project.
  • Aug 1 Peace of Riga-Independence of Latvia
  • Aug 2 Marcus Garvey presents his "Back To Africa" program in NYC
  • Aug 8 Tigers beat Yanks 1-0 in shortest AL game, 73 minutes
  • Aug 9 Bulgarian & allied Peace of Neuilly-sur-Seine goes into effect
  • Aug 10 Allies recognize Poland, Czechoslovakia & Romania
  • Aug 10 Treaty of Sèvres (Allies & Turkey)
  • Aug 10 Turkish government renounces its claim to Israel, recognizes British mandate
  • Aug 11 1st peace of Riga-Soviet Union recognizes Independence of Latvia
  • Aug 12 Battle of Warsaw between Poland and Russia begins
  • Aug 14 Little Entente formed by Czechoslovakia & Yugoslavia
  • Aug 15 With the strategic help of the French, Polish troops defeat the Soviets at the Battle of Warsaw (Miracle upon the Vistula)
  • Aug 18 22 year old representative Harry T. Burn is deciding vote in Tennessee's and thus America's ratification of the 19th Amendment to the constitution allowing women's suffrage after letter from his mother
  • Aug 20 1st US commercial radio station, 8MK (WWJ), Detroit begins daily broadcasting
  • Aug 20 Allen Woodring wins Oympic 200 m dash wearing borrowed shoes
  • Aug 20 Israel publishes its first medical journal "Ha-Refuah"
  • Aug 20 Preliminary meeting in Akron to form American Pro Football League
  • Aug 23 Mary Roberts Rinehart & Avery Roberts play "The Bat" based on Reinhart's novel "The Circular Staircase"premieres on Broadway in New York
  • Aug 24 With British approval, Greece is encouraged to take offensive action against Turkish nationalists in Asia Minor
  • Aug 25 Russia suffers a final decisive defeat in the Battle of Warsaw against Poland
  • Aug 26 Percy Fender (Surrey v Northants) scores 100 in 35 mins
  • Aug 31 Belgium starts paying old age pensions
  • Aug 31 Detroit radio station is 1st to broadcast a news program on the air
  • Sep 1 France creates Greater Lebanon
  • Sep 1 New town hall of Rotterdam opens
  • Sep 2 W Somerset Maugham's "East of Suez" premieres in London
  • Sep 4 Last day of Julian civil calendar (in parts of Bulgaria)
  • Sep 5 Iron monument unveiled at Stone churches, Flanders
  • Sep 8 US Air Mail service begins (NYC to SF)
  • Sep 16 The "Wall Street bombing" occurs at 12:01 when a horse-drawn wagon explodes on Wall Street, New York, killing 38 and injuring 143
  • Sep 17 Cards set a record of 12 consecutive hits in 4th (10) & 5th (2) innings
  • Sep 17 National Football League organizes in Canton, Ohio 12 teams pay $100 each to join American Prof Football Association
  • Sep 20 Foundation of the Spanish Legion.
  • Sep 23 Alexander Millerand elected president of France
  • Sep 23 Despite Japanese protests, China withdraws recognition of Tsarists representatives in China
  • Sep 25 Vern Bradburn of Winnipeg Victorias kicks 9 singles in a game
  • Sep 28 Dirk Fock appointed as governor-general of Dutch East Indies
  • Sep 29 Belgium annexes Eupen/Malmö dy
  • Sep 29 Joseph Horne Company in Pittsburgh sells radios for $10
  • Sep 30 Time Square Theater opens at 217 W 42nd St NYC
  • Oct 1 Dutch law provides for an 8 hour working day
  • Oct 1 Sir Percy Cox landed in Basra to assume his responsibilities as high commissioner in Iraq.
  • Oct 2 Only tripleheader of twentieth century (Reds win 13-4, 7-3 then Pirates win 6-0)
  • Oct 2 The Chinese sign an agreement with the Russo-Asiatic Bank, largely French and Russian controlled, which will oversee the Chinese Eastern Railway, but give local supervision to China
  • Oct 10 1st Grandslam in WS (Smith) & 1st unassisted triple play (Wambsganss)
  • Oct 10 Italy annexes South Tirol (Alto Adige)
  • Oct 12 Construction begins on Holland Tunnel connecting NJ & NYC
  • Oct 12 Man O'War's last race & win
  • Oct 14 Part of Petsamo province ceded by Soviet Union to Finland
  • Oct 20 "1st Year" with Frank Craven premieres in NYC
  • Oct 23 African demonstrators shot in Port Elizabeth, South Africa
  • Oct 27 League of Nations moves headquarters in Geneva
  • Oct 27 Westinghouse radio station in East Pittsburgh, KDKA begins
  • Oct 30 The Communist Party of Australia is founded in Sydney.
  • Oct 31 Romania annexes Bessarabia
  • Nov 1 Eugene O'Neill's "Emperor Jones" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 1 American Fishing Schooner Esperanto defeats the Canadian Fishing Schooner Delawana in the first International Fishing Schooner Championship Races in Halifax.
  • Nov 2 Warren G. Harding elected 29th US President

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 10 George Bernard Shaw's "Heartbreak House" premieres in NYC

  • Nov 11 Great Britain's monument to her war dead, the Cenotaph in Whitehall, designed by Edwin Lutyens, unveiled
  • Nov 11 The burials of unknown soldiers take place simultaneously in Westminster Abbey, London, and at the Arc de Triomphe, Paris.
  • Nov 12 The Dalmatian coast between Italy and Yugoslavia is ceded to Yugoslavia
  • Nov 13 Hudson River frozen at Albany
  • Nov 14 American Pro Football League's Chic Tiger Joe Guyon punts 95 yards
  • Nov 14 The Russian Bolshevik army occupies Sebastopol, ending anticommunist attempts to regain the government of Russia
  • Nov 15 Ernst Toller's "Massen und Menschen" premieres in Nuremberg
  • Nov 15 Free City of Danzig forms under League of Nations protection
  • Nov 15 League of Nations holds first meeting in Geneva
  • Nov 16 Australia's Qantas airways founded in Winton, Queensland as Queensland and Northern Territory Aerial Services Limited
  • Nov 16 1st postage stamp meter is set in Stamford Conn
  • Nov 18 Apollo Theater (Academy, Bryant) opens at 221 W 42nd St NYC