Events in History in 1921

Events 1 - 200 of 207

  • Jan 2 1st religious service radio broadcast in US, KDKA-Pittsburgh
  • Jan 2 DeYoung Museum in Golden Gate Park opens
  • Jan 3 Turkey makes peace with Armenia
  • Jan 4 Eugene O'Neill's "Diff'rent" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 6 The Iraqi Army is formed
  • Jan 16 Eleftherios Venizelos becomes Prime Minister of Greece (4th time)
  • Jan 18 William Archer's "Green Goddess" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 19 Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras & El Salvador sign Pact of Union
  • Jan 20 British submarine HMS K5 (which was unusually equipped with steam turbines) sinks with 57 crew during exercises in the Bay of Biscay
  • Jan 20 Dagestan ASSR forms in RSFSR
  • Jan 20 Mountain Autonomous Republic established in RSFSR
  • Jan 20 Republic of Turkey declared out of remnants of Ottoman Empire

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 21 Italian Communist Party founded at Livorno by Amadeo Bordiga and Antonio Gramsci

Marxist Theorist and Politician Antonio Gramsci
Marxist Theorist and Politician
Antonio Gramsci
  • Jan 25 Karel Capék's "RUR" premieres in Prague
  • Jan 29 Hurricane hits Washington & Oregon
  • Jan 30 French rapist-murderer Henri-Desire Landru sentenced to death
  • Feb 5 Yankees purchase 20 acres in Bronx for Yankee Stadium
  • Feb 11 Ambassador Theater opens at 215 W 49th St NYC
  • Feb 12 Soviet troops invade Georgia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 12 Winston Churchill becomes British Minister of Colonies

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Feb 14 Canadian 5 cent nickel coin is authorized
  • Feb 14 Little Review faces obscenity charges for publishing "Ulysses," in New York
  • Feb 17 Arthur Honegger's "Pastorale D'ete" premieres
  • Feb 18 British troops occupy Dublin
  • Feb 20 Riza Khan Pahlevi seizes control of Iran
  • Feb 21 Constituent Assembly of the Democratic Republic of Georgia adopts the country's first constitution
  • Feb 21 The London Conference on the Near East begins: the issue is the Allies' 1920 Treaty of Sevres, which had given part of Turkish Asia Minor to Greece
  • Feb 23 1st US transcontinental air mail flight arrives in NYC from San Francisco
  • Feb 24 1st transcontinental flight in 24 hrs flying time arrives in Florida
  • Feb 25 Tbilisi, capital of the Democratic Republic of Georgia, occupied by Bolshevist Russia
  • Feb 25 The Living Buddha, Hutuktu, is crowned King of Mongolia as the country declares independence from China
  • Feb 26 The USSR signs treaties respecting the integrity of Persia and of Afghanistan
  • Feb 27 US Female Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld Blanchard; US male Figure Skating championship won by Sherwin Badger
  • Feb 27 The International Working Union of Socialist Parties is founded in Vienna
  • Feb 27 The Fascists incite a riot in Florence, Italy
  • Mar 1 Rwanda ceded to Great Britain
  • Mar 1 Sailors revolt in Kronstadt, Russia
  • Mar 3 Toronto's Dr Banting & Dr Best announce discovery of insulin
  • Mar 3 The Asiatic Inquiry Commission, established by the South African Government, proposes a system of voluntary repatriation and segregation of Indians and prohibits Indians from buying agricultural land in a specified area along the coast
  • Mar 4 Hot Springs National Park created in Arkansas

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4 Warren G. Harding is inaugurated as the 29th President of the United States

29th US President Warren G. Harding
29th US President
Warren G. Harding
  • Mar 5 The Durban Land Alienation Ordinance passes, enabling the Durban City Council to exclude Indians from ownership or occupation of property in white areas, South Africa
  • Mar 5 The US warns Costa Rica and Panama to settle disputes peacefully
  • Mar 6 Police in Sunbury, Pennsylvania, issue an edict requiring Women to wear skirts at least 4 inches below the knee
  • Mar 6 The Natal Indian Congress is resuscitated and reorganised at a meeting in Durban, with Ismail Gora as President

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 7 Red Army under Trotsky attack sailors of Kronstadt naval base

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • Mar 8 Spanish Premier Eduardo Dato Iradier is assassinated while exiting the parliament building in Madrid.

Conference meetingConference of Interest

Mar 12 Cairo Conference begins, British meeting to determine Middle Eastern policies, Gertrude Bell and T. E. Lawrence attend

Archaeologist and Writer Gertrude Bell
Archaeologist and Writer
Gertrude Bell
Soldier and Writer T. E. Lawrence
Soldier and Writer
T. E. Lawrence
  • Mar 13 Mongolia (formerly Outer Mongolia) declares independence from China
  • Mar 16 Britain signs a trade agreement with the USSR and sends a trade mission to Moscow: this goes against the US, who in the same month refused to sign a trade agreement
  • Mar 17 Dr Marie Stopes opens Britain's 1st birth control clinic in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 17 Lenin proclaims New Economic Politics

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • Mar 17 Sailors revolt in Kronstadt (thousands die)
  • Mar 17 The Second Republic of Poland adopts the March Constitution.
  • Mar 18 2nd Peace of Riga, Poland enlarged
  • Mar 18 Steamer "Hong Koh" runs aground off Swatow China killing 1,000
  • Mar 19 Italian Fascists shoot from the Parenzana train at a group of children in Strunjan (Slovenia): two children are killed, two mangled and three wounded
  • Mar 20 Upper Silesia votes for amalgamation with Germany in a plebiscite that is 63% in favor
  • Mar 23 Germany announces it will be unable to meet its Great War reparation payments
  • Mar 31 British coal miners goes on strike

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 2 Albert Einstein lectures in New York City on his new "Theory of Relativity"

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 7 Revolutionary leader, Sun Yat-sen is elected President of China at Canton, though China remains divided into north and south and subject to rivalries of warlords

Father of Modern China Sun Yat-sen
Father of Modern China
Sun Yat-sen
  • Apr 11 Iowa imposed 1st state cigarette tax
  • Apr 11 Turkestan ASSR forms in Russian SFSR
  • Apr 11 The Emirate of Transjordan is created.
  • Apr 13 Foundation of the Spanish Communist Workers' Party.
  • Apr 14 Prince Henry opens Rotterdam-Amsterdam-Bremen-Hamburg air route
  • Apr 15 Black Friday in Britain: leaders of transport and rail unions announce a decision not to call for strike action in support of the miners; despite widespread feeling decision a breach of solidarity and a betrayal of the miners
  • Apr 16 Liberal Freedom League forms in The Hague
  • Apr 18 Junior Achievement incorporated in Colorado Spring
  • Apr 18 Philip James Barry's "Punch for Judy" premieres in NYC
  • Apr 19 Funeral of last German Emperoress, Augusta Victoria
  • Apr 23 Charles Paddock runs world record 100m (10.4 secs)
  • Apr 24 1st municipal elections for men & women in Belgium
  • Apr 24 Under Allies supervision, a plebiscite in the Tyrol favors merging with Germany; unhappy with the outcome, Allies give the area to Italy
  • Apr 27 Hadjememaar, [Corn de Gelder] elected in Amsterdam
  • Apr 30 American Professional Football Association reorganizes in Akron
  • Apr 30 Pope Benedict XV encyclical "On Dante"
  • May 1 Drusian sultan Pasja al-Atrasj elected governor of Suwayda
  • May 2 Start of 3rd anti-German revolt in Upper Silesia
  • May 3 West Virginia imposes 1st state sales tax
  • May 5 1st ranger for Cleveland Metroparks hired
  • May 5 Miniature newspaper published (Brighton Gazette 10 x 13 cm)
  • May 8 Sweden abolished capital punishment
  • May 10 Luigi Pirandello's "Sei Personaggi in Cerca d'Autore" premieres
  • May 11 Tel Aviv is 1st all Jewish municipality
  • May 11 The Allied Supreme Council warns Germany to pay reparations or the entire Ruhr Valley will be occupied; Germany agrees
  • May 12 National Hospital Day 1st observed
  • May 14 Florence Allen is 1st woman judge to sentence a man to death, Ohio

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 14 Mussolini's fascists obtain 29 parliamentary seats in Italian elections

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • May 15 British Legion formed to care for ex-servicemen
  • May 17 Belgian and Luxembourg sign customs union
  • May 17 US President Warren G. Harding opens (via telephone) 1st Valencia Orange Show
  • May 19 Congress sharply curbs immigration, setting a national quota system
  • May 21 Oldest radio station west of Mississippi River licensed in Greeley Co
  • May 24 1st parliament for Northern Ireland elected
  • May 24 Bulhoek Massacre: police commissioner Colonel Theodore Truter, leads 6 squadrons, and artillery detachment against Israelite religious sect collected at their annual gathering on land of their leader Enoch Mgijima at Ntabalanga; 190 killed
  • May 27 After 84 years of British control, Afghanistan achieves sovereignty
  • May 30 Lord Dunsany's "If" premieres in London
  • May 30 Memorial to Capt Eddie Grant, killed in WW I, unveiled at Polo Grounds
  • May 30 Salzburg, Austria, votes to join Germany
  • May 31 Suffy McInnis (1st base) begins an errorless string of 1,700
  • Jun 1 Race riot in Tulsa Oklahoma (21 whites & 60 blacks killed)
  • Jun 3 A sudden cloudburst kills 120 near Pikes Peak, Colorado
  • Jun 6 Detroit Stars' Bill Gatewood pitches the 1st no-hitter in Negro League history, defeating the Cuban Stars 4-0

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 6 Southwark Bridge in London is opened to traffic by King George V and Queen Mary.

King of the United Kingdom George V
King of the United Kingdom
George V
  • Jun 11 Brazil adopts women suffrage
  • Jun 15 Bessie Coleman reaches France as US 1st black pilot
  • Jun 19 Census held in Great Britain
  • Jun 19 Turks & Christians of Palestine sign a friendship treaty against Jews
  • Jun 20 11.5" (29.2 cm) of rainfall, Circle, Montana (state record)
  • Jun 20 At the Imperial Conference in London, V.S. Srinivasa Sastri puts forward a case for the granting of full citizenship rights to Indians in South Africa and other British colonies
  • Jun 21 The UK, the Dominions, and India, become the British Commonwealth of Nations

Sports record brokenWorld Record

Jun 22 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 10,000m (30:40.2)

Runner nicknamed the
Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn"
Paavo Nurmi
  • Jun 25 Charlie McCartney scores 300 in 205 mins Aust v Notts
  • Jun 30 The South African Reserve Bank is established.
  • Jul 1 The Communist Party of China is founded and Chen Duxiu elected its leader
  • Jul 2 Warren G. Harding signs a joint congressional resolution declaring the official end of war with Germany
  • Jul 11 Mongolia gains independence from China (National Day)
  • Jul 12 Indians (9) & Yankees (7) combine for an AL record 16 doubles
  • Jul 14 Nicola Sacco & Bartolomeo Vanzetti convicted in Dedham Mass, of killing their shoe company's paymaster

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 16 Encouraged by the British, King Constantine of Greece launches a drive to take Asia Minor from nationalists under Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

President and founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
President and founder of the Republic of Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
  • Jul 18 Black Sox trial begins in Chicago
  • Jul 20 Congresswoman Alice Mary Robertson becomes the first woman to preside over the US House of Representatives
  • Jul 21 Indians (9) & Yankees (7) hit a record 16 doubles
  • Jul 21 To prove his contention that air power is superior to sea power, US Colonel William Mitchell demonstrates how bombs from planes can sink a captured German battleship
  • Jul 23 Chinese communist party forms under guidance of Henk Sneevliet
  • Jul 27 2nd government of Ruijs de Beerenbrouck forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 27 Frederick Banting and Charles Best isolate insulin at the University of Toronto

  • Jul 29 New rules of language assumed (equal rights Flemings/Walen Belgium)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 29 Adolf Hitler becomes leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Jul 30 The Communist Party of South Africa (CPSA) forms; the party changed its name to the South African Communist Party (SACP) in 1953, after it had been forced underground
  • Aug 2 Chicago jury brings in not guilty verdict against the Black Sox
  • Aug 3 1st aerial cropdusting (Troy Ohio to kill caterpillars)
  • Aug 5 Treaty of Berlin: US & Germany sign separate peace treaty
  • Aug 6 Clason Point, Bronx to College Point, Queens muni ferry system begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 10 FDR stricken with polio at summer home on Canadian island of Campobello

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Aug 13 Simon Kaufman & Marc Connelly's "Dulcy" premieres in NYC
  • Aug 14 Tannu Tuva, later Tuvinian People's Republic is established as a completely independent country (which is supported by Russia).
  • Aug 16 Members of the Dail (parliament) swear allegiance to the Irish Republic at their first meeting, held at Dublin House

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 22 J. Edgar Hoover becomes Assistant Director of the FBI

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover
  • Aug 23 British declare a truce with Irish Nationalists Sinn Fein
  • Aug 23 Austria and the US formally end war; the US does the same with Germany on the 25th, and Hungary on the 29th
  • Aug 24 Battle of Sakaray Valley begins between Turkey & Greece
  • Aug 24 British airship R-38 crashes in River Humber, 44 die
  • Aug 25 US signs peace treaty with Germany
  • Aug 25 The first skirmishes of the Battle of Blair Mountain, a civil uprising in Logan County, West Virginia
  • Aug 28 2nd Pan-African Congress meets (London, Brussels & Paris)
  • Sep 1 Nederlander Theater opens at 208 W 41 St NYC (Billy Rose, Trafalgar)
  • Sep 3 KPB, Communist Party of Belgium forms
  • Sep 9 Guatamala, Honduras, and San Salvador agree to Central American Union
  • Sep 11 Nahalal, the first moshav in Israel, is settled.
  • Sep 15 Pope Benedict XV publishes encyclical Alcohol Paraclitus
  • Sep 15 WBZ-AM in Boston MA begins radio transmissions
  • Sep 21 Pope Benedictus XV donates 1 million lire to feed Russians
  • Sep 21 A storage silo at a BASF fertiliser producing plant explodes in Oppau, Germany, 500—600 killed.
  • Sep 22 The League of Nations accepts membership of independent Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania
  • Sep 26 Yankee Ruth hits HRs 57 & 58 to beat Indians 8-7
  • Sep 27 Yanks beat Indians 21-7 in Polo Grounds
  • Sep 29 Pirates drop doubleheader to Cards to allow idle Giants to clinch NL
  • Oct 1 WJZ, Newark NJ begins broadcasting
  • Oct 4 League of Nations refuses to assist starving Russians
  • Oct 4 Riccardo Zanella becomes first elected President of Free State of Fiume
  • Oct 5 Present constitution of Liechtenstein comes into effect
  • Oct 6 Century Theater opens at 7th Ave & 59th St NYC (demolished 1962)
  • Oct 6 International PEN is founded in London.
  • Oct 17 Belgium's public library law goes into force
  • Oct 18 Biding its time, Soviet Russia agrees to independence for the Crimea
  • Oct 19 Portuguese Prime Minister António Granjo and other politicians are murdered in a Lisbon coup
  • Oct 20 Germany and Allies comes to an agreements over reparation payments in a meeting at Wiensbaden
  • Oct 20 The French and Mustafa Kemal nationalists sign a treaty at Ankara fixing the Turko-Syrian border
  • Oct 21 Tuschinski Theater opens in Amsterdam
  • Oct 21 Former Hungarian King Karl stages a second attempted coup and is arrested
  • Oct 26 Solomon Porter Hood named US minister to Liberia
  • Oct 28 First American gubernatorial recall election is held in South Dakota. Governor Lynn Frazier loses to Ragnvald A. Nestos.
  • Oct 29 The Link River Dam, a part of the Klamath Reclamation Project, is completed.
  • Nov 1 National Birth Control League & Voluntary Parenthood League merge as American Birth Control League
  • Nov 2 Eugene O'Neill's "Anna Christie" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 4 The Sturmabteilung or SA (the "Brown Shirts") is formally formed by Adolf Hitler
  • Nov 4 Japanese Prime Minister Hara Takashi is assassinated in Tokyo
  • Nov 5 Soviet Russia signs a treaty with Mongolia, temporarily supporting the new government against China and Japanese incursions
  • Nov 7 Hungary passes a law invalidating the Habsburg line of succession to the throne
  • Nov 9 Partito Nazionalista Fascista formed in Italy by Mussolini
  • Nov 11 US President Warren G. Harding dedicates Tomb of Unknown Soldier at Arlington Cemetery
  • Nov 12 Washington Conference for Limitation of Armaments
  • Nov 13 US, France, Japan & British Empire sign a Pacific Treaty
  • Nov 14 The Communist Party of Spain is founded.
  • Nov 15 KYW-AM in Philadelphia PA begins radio transmissions
  • Nov 21 The trial of the accused of the Bulhoek Massacre commences in South Africa
  • Nov 23 US President Warren G. Harding signs Willis Campell Act (anti-beer bill) forbidding doctors prescribing beer or liquor for medicinal purposes
  • Nov 28 Ascension of 'Abdu'l-Baha (Baha'i festival-Qawl 6, 78)
  • Nov 29 Coldest day in November in Netherlands -14.0°C
  • Dec 1 1st US helium-filled dirigible makes 1st flight
  • Dec 1 US Post Office establishes philatelic agency
  • Dec 4 The Virginia Rappe manslaughter trial against Roscoe 'Fatty' Arbuckle ends in a hung jury

AgreementTreaty of Interest

Dec 6 Anglo-Irish Treaty signed; Ireland receives dominion status; partition creates Northern Ireland

Irish Nationalist Leader Michael Collins
Irish Nationalist Leader
Michael Collins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 6 Mackenzie King, leader of the Labor Party and architect of a liberal coalition, becomes Prime Minister of Canada

10th Prime Minister of Canada Mackenzie King
10th Prime Minister of Canada
Mackenzie King
  • Dec 7 KWG-AM in Stockton CA begins radio transmissions
  • Dec 8 Eamon de Valera publicly repudiates Anglo-Irish Treaty
  • Dec 16 The Communist Party of South Africa (CPSA) calls for a united front in a pass burning campaign on Dingaan's Day