Events in History in 1924

  • Jan 1 Grossdeutsche Volksgemeinschaft/Volkische Block replaces NSDAP
  • Jan 11 A republic is proclaimed in Greece; King George II is deposed and Eleutherios Venizelo is named Prime Minister of the Greek National Assembly
  • Jan 12 History of Science Society organized at Boston
  • Jan 13 Nationalist Wafd-party wins Egyptian parliament elections
  • Jan 14 Allies direct Fiume (Rijeka) in Italy
  • Jan 15 3rd Dutch government Ruijs de Beerenbrouck forms

Historic Event

Jan 16 British Government of Stanley Baldwin resigns

Catholic Encyclical

Jan 18 Pope Pius XI's encyclical Maximam gravissimamque

Historic Event

Jan 21 Vladimir Lenin's Testament is handed over to the Communist Party; it calls for changes to the Soviet governing structure and criticizes Joseph Stalin, Leon Trotsky and other members

  • Jan 22 Dutch Blast Furnace & Steel Factory opens
  • Jan 22 KGO-AM in San Francisco CA begins radio transmissions

Historic Event

Jan 23 After Stanley Baldwin's resignation, Ramsay MacDonald forms Britain's first Labour Government, climaxing 24 years of struggle by the Labour Party

Historic Event

Jan 24 Benito Mussolini disallows non-fascist work union

  • Jan 24 Russian city of St Petersburg renamed Leningrad (changed back in 1991)
  • Jan 27 Egyptian king Foead nominates Saad Zaghloel Pasja premier
  • Jan 27 Lenin placed in Mausoleum in Red Square, Moscow
  • Jan 27 The Natal Indian Congress and the Natal Indian Association jointly organise a mass meeting in Durban, South Africa in opposition to the Class Areas Bill
  • Jan 29 Ice cream cone rolling machine patented by Carl Taylor, Cleveland
  • Jan 30 Ponsford scores second 110 of the game in Vic win over NSW
  • Feb 1 Amsterdam's Netherlands Press Museum opens
  • Feb 1 Ramsay MacDonald's incoming Labour government formally recognizes the Soviet Union
  • Feb 2 International Ski Federation (FIS) forms
  • Feb 3 Alexei Ryko elected as President of People's commission (succeeds Lenin)
  • Feb 7 Benito Mussolini's Italian government exchanges diplomats with USSR
  • Feb 8 1st US coast-to-coast radio hookup: General John Joseph Carty speech in Chicago
  • Feb 9 Nakhichevan ASSR constituted within Azerbaijan SSR
  • Feb 12 George Kaufman's "Beggar on Horseback" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

Feb 14 Thomas J. Watson renames the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company (CTR) as International Business Machines (IBM)

  • Feb 15 A deputation for the South African Indian Congress (SAIC) meets with the Minister of the Interior, Sir Patrick Duncan, and presents him with a memorandum setting out their objections concerning the Class Areas Bill

Historic Event

Feb 18 US Secretary of the Navy Edwin Denby resigns due to Teapot Dome scandal

  • Feb 24 Greek parliament proclaims republic

Coup d'état

Feb 26 Trial against Adolf Hitler for treason in "Beer Hall Putsch" begins in Munich, Germany

  • Feb 27 Belgium's Theunis government falls
  • Feb 28 US begins intervention in Honduras
  • Mar 1 Germany's prohibition of Communist Party KPD lifted
  • Mar 3 German & Turkish friendship/trade treaty signed
  • Mar 3 Sean O'Casey's "Juno & the Paycock" premieres in Dublin
  • Mar 4 "Happy Birthday To You" published by Claydon Sunny
  • Mar 5 Computing-Tabulating-Recording Corp becomes IBM
  • Mar 5 Frank Carauna, becomes 1st to bowl 2 successive perfect 300 games
  • Mar 5 King Hussein of Hedzjaz appoints himself kalief
  • Mar 6 British Labour government cuts military budget
  • Mar 8 Coal mine explosion kills 171 at Castle Gate, Utah
  • Mar 9 South Slavia aproves Italy's annexation of Fiume (Rijeka)
  • Mar 11 3rd term of Belgium Theunis government begins
  • Mar 11 Eden Phillpotts' "Farmer's Wife" premieres in London
  • Mar 16 The free port of Fiume is formally annexed by Mussolini's fascist regime.

Historic Event

Mar 17 Eugene O'Neill's "Welded" premieres in NYC

  • Mar 17 Netherlands & USSR begin talks over USSR recognition
  • Mar 17 Sweden & USSR exchange diplomats
  • Mar 20 Finnair begins scheduled flight of Helsinki-Tallinn
  • Mar 21 1st foreign language course broadcast on US radio (WJZ, NYC)
  • Mar 21 Mass Investors Trust becomes 1st mutual fund set up in US
  • Mar 24 Greece becomes a republic
  • Mar 25 Greek parliament selects admiral Paul Koundouriotis as premier
  • Mar 26 Premiere of Bernard Shaw's play "Saint Joan" opens in London
  • Mar 27 Canada recognizes USSR
  • Mar 27 New French government of Poincaré begins
  • Mar 28 WGN-AM in Chicago IL begins radio transmissions
  • Mar 29 Bavaria & Vatican reach accord
  • Mar 31 Croydon Airport, London: Imperial Airways established
  • Mar 31 London public transport strike ends
  • Apr 1 Adolf Hitler sentenced to 5 years labor for "Beer Hall Putsch" but General Ludendorff acquitted
  • Apr 1 Crown takes over Northern Rhodesia from British South Africa Co
  • Apr 1 Imperial Airways forms in Britain
  • Apr 1 The Royal Canadian Air Force is formed.

Historic Event

Apr 3 Istanbul's Ottoman Topkapi Palace is converted into a museum on orders of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

  • Apr 6 4 planes leave Seattle on 1st successful around-the-world flight
  • Apr 6 Italy fascists receives 65% of vote of parliament
  • Apr 6 Völkische Block (Nazis) receives 17.8% of vote in Bavaria
  • Apr 8 South African State pass the Industrial Conciliation Act No 11: provides for job reservation, excluded blacks from membership of registered trade unions, prohibited registration of black trade unions
  • Apr 11 Socialists win Danish parliamentary elections
  • Apr 11 WLS-AM in Chicago IL begins radio transmissions
  • Apr 12 WLS-AM in Chicago begins radio transmissions
  • Apr 13 Greek plebiscite for a republic
  • Apr 15 Flemish-Walloon riots in Louvain, Belgium, 1 dead
  • Apr 15 Rand McNally publishes its first road atlas.
  • Apr 15 WHO-AM in Des Moines Iowa begins radio transmissions
  • Apr 16 1st radio-transmission of wireless: Mattheus Passion
  • Apr 16 Child labor laws strengthened in Holland
  • Apr 17 Metro Pictures, Goldwyn Pictures & Louis B Mayer Co merged to form Metro Goldwyn Mayer (MGM)
  • Apr 18 1st crossword puzzle book published by Simon & Schuster
  • Apr 22 Hague Chambers of Commerce forms
  • Apr 23 British Empire Exhibition opens at Wembley, London
  • Apr 28 119 die in coal mine disaster at Benwood, West Virginia
  • May 1 Admiral Paul Koundouriotis becomes President of Greece

Historic Event

May 1 German automobile manufacturers Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft and Benz & Cie begin their first joint venture (later merge into Mercedes-Benz)

  • May 2 Netherlands refuses to recognize USSR
  • May 3 Aleph Zadik Aleph is formed in Omaha, Nebraska by Sam Beber
  • May 4 German Republic election: fascists & communists win
  • May 5 Unions terminate Twentse textile strike
  • May 7 Peruvian Torre forms APRA, Alianza Popular Revolutionaria Americana
  • May 8 Memel territories given to Lithuania
  • May 8 Workers at Werkspoor in Amsterdam strike against 3rd wage cut

Appointment of Interest

May 10 J. Edgar Hoover appointed head of FBI

  • May 11 Cartel des Gauches wins French parliamentary election

Historic Event

May 11 Pulitzer Prize awarded to Robert Frost (New Hampshire)

  • May 16 108°F (42°C) in Blitzen, Oregon
  • May 21 Nathan Leopold & Richard Loeb kidnap and kill Bobby Franks to demonstrate their supposed intellectual superiority by committing a "perfect crime"

Historic Event

May 26 US President Calvin Coolidge signs Immigration law restricting immigration

  • May 29 AEK Athens FC is established on the anniversary of the siege of Constantinople by the Turks
  • May 30 Socialist Matteotti falls in Italian parliament by fascists
  • May 31 China recognizes the USSR
  • Jun 2 President Calvin Coolidge signs the Indian Citizenship Act (also known as Snyder Act), declaring all Native Americans to be American citizens [1]
  • Jun 3 Gila Wilderness Area established by US Forest Service

Historic Event

Jun 7 George Leigh-Mallory disappears 775' from Everest's summit

  • Jun 10 1st political convention broadcast on radio-Republicans at Cleveland
  • Jun 11 Bene Brak Palestine founded
  • Jun 11 Koos Vorrink elected President of Arbeiders Jeugd Organisatie (AJC) Socialist Youth Movement
  • Jun 13 Bene Berak, Palestine, founded
  • Jun 13 Gaston Doumergue elected as the 1st protestant French President
  • Jun 14 WOKO-AM radio begins transmitting from Albany NY
  • Jun 15 1st transmission of radio Bloemendaal

Model T

Jun 15 Ford Motor Company manufactures its 10 millionth automobile

  • Jun 15 J. Edgar Hoover assumes leadership of the FBI
  • Jun 16 South Africa all out 30 v England in 48 minutes, Gilligan 6-7
  • Jun 21 NCRV, Dutch Christian Radio Society, forms
  • Jun 23 8 month Twenste textile strike ends
  • Jun 26 After 8 years of occupation, US troops leave Dominican Republic
  • Jun 28 Tornado strikes Sandusky and Lorain, Ohio, killing 93
  • Jun 30 England score 2-503 in day's play v South Africa at Lord's

Election of Interest

Jun 30 J. B. M. Hertzog becomes Primes Minister, head of a coalition government between the National and Labour Parties in South Africa

  • Jul 1 Dircet regular transcontinental airmail service between New York and San Francisco forms
  • Jul 5 Military revolt in Sao Paulo, Brazil
  • Jul 6 1st photo sent experimentally across Atlantic by radio, US-England
  • Jul 10 Denmark takes Greenland as Norway ends claim
  • Jul 10 Railroad worker strike ends in Amsterdam
  • Jul 11 Muslim-Hindu rebellion in Delhi, India
  • Jul 16 Conference over German recovery payments begins in London
  • Jul 18 KPD points out Rote Frontkampferbund against Nazi
  • Jul 20 Federation Internationale des Echecs (FIDE) forms in Paris
  • Jul 20 Tehran, Persia comes under martial law after the American vice consul, Robert Imbrie, is killed by a religious mob enraged by rumors he had poisoned a fountain and killed several people
  • Aug 5 "Little Orphan Annie" comic strip by Harold Gray is 1st published in the New York Daily News
  • Aug 8 British-Russian trade agreement signed
  • Aug 11 1st newsreel pictures of US presidential candidates were taken
  • Aug 16 Conference about German recovery payments opens in London
  • Aug 16 Dutch-Turkish peace treaty signed
  • Aug 17 French-German trade agreement signed
  • Aug 18 France begins withdrawing troops from the Ruhr
  • Aug 23 Mars' closest approach to Earth since 10th century
  • Aug 25 International maritime treaty drawn
  • Aug 26 The Catastrophe of Smyrna: known as the Asia Minor Catastrophe to Greeks. The Ottoman army expels Greeks and other non-Turks from Asia Minor. (August 13 OS)
  • Aug 28 Georgian opposition stages the August Uprising against the Soviet Union
  • Aug 29 Germany's Reichstag approves the Dawes Plan, which sought to solve the WWI reparations problem
  • Sep 1 Kenchoji Rinzai temple in Kamakur Japan, heavily damaged by earthquake
  • Sep 2 Rudolf Friml and Herbert Stothart'soperetta "Rose-Marie" opens to rave reviews at the Imperial Theatre, NYC; runs for 577 performances
  • Sep 3 Civil war breaks out in China (Gen Tsi moves to Shanghai)
  • Sep 3 L Stallings & M Anderson's "What Price Glory?" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 6 Assassination attempt on Benito Mussolini fails
  • Sep 8 Alexandra Kollontai of Russia becomes 1st woman ambassador
  • Sep 9 Hanapepe Massacre occurs on Kauai, Hawaii.
  • Sep 10 Leopold and Loeb found guilty of the murder of Robert Franks in Chicago in the "the crime of the century"
  • Sep 17 Italy signs treaty of Rapallo
  • Sep 18 Government routes 7 Provinces to Peking
  • Sep 24 Boston, Massachusetts, opens its airport
  • Sep 27 Giants clinch their 4th straight pennant, beating Phils 5-1
  • Sep 28 2 US Army planes end around-world flight, Seattle to Seattle, 57 stops
  • Sep 28 French government names General Serrail governor-general of Syria
  • Sep 28 General Plutarco Calles elected President of Mexico
  • Sep 29 Santo Domingo joins League of Nations
  • Sep 30 Allies stop checking on German navy
  • Oct 1 1st Dutch airliner, the Fokker F.VII takes off from Amsterdam for Batavia (Java)
  • Oct 2 League of Nations approves protocols of Geneva
  • Oct 3 King Hussein of Hedzjaz abdicts throne
  • Oct 5 1st Little Orphan Annie-strip appears in NYC Daily News
  • Oct 7 Greek government of Dikalekopoulis forms
  • Oct 8 British Labour government of Ramsay MacDonald falls to Conservatives
  • Oct 11 Bureau of Surrealist Research opens in Paris, directed by Antonin Artaud, resource centre for surrealist writers
  • Oct 12 Sokolnicheskaya Radio begins broadcasting from Moscow

Historic Event

Oct 13 Mecca falls without struggle to Saudi forces led by Abdulaziz Ibn Saud

Historic Publication

Oct 15 André Breton publishes his "Surrealist Manifesto" with Éditions du Sagittaire in Paris

Statue of Liberty

Oct 15 US President Calvin Coolidge declares Statue of Liberty a national monument

  • Oct 18 Notre Dame beats Army 13-7, NY Hearld Tribune dubs them (4 Horsemen)
  • Oct 19 General Christian Worker's union demands 8 hr work day in Belgium
  • Oct 21 KLM Fokker's F7 H-NACC departs to Dutch East Indies
  • Oct 22 Toastmasters International is founded
  • Oct 24 Christian General Feng Joe Siang occupies Beijing
  • Oct 24 Nobel prize for physiology or medicine awarded to Dutchman Willem Einthoven "for his discovery of the mechanism of the electrocardiogram"
  • Oct 27 The Uzbek SSR is founded in the Soviet Union
  • Oct 28 French-Russian trade agreement signed

Scientific Discovery

Oct 28 Miner M.de Bruin discovers the infant fossil skull, "Taung child" in a lime quarry in Taung, South Africa. Paleoanthropologist Raymond Dart identifies the fossil as a new hominin species, Australopithecus africanus.

  • Oct 29 Labour minority government loses British parliamentary election to Conservatives led by Stanley Baldwin
  • Oct 31 World Savings Day announced in Milan, Italy, by the Members of the Association at the 1st International Savings Bank Congress (World Society of Savings Banks)
  • Nov 2 Sunday Express publishes first British crossword puzzle
  • Nov 4 Calvin Coolidge is elected to a full term as President of the United States, defeating Democrat candidate John W. Davis
  • Nov 4 Miriam (Ma) Ferguson one of the first two women elected US governor (of Texas) [See also Nellie Tayloe Ross, of Wyoming]
  • Nov 4 Nellie Tayloe Ross one of the first two women elected US governor (Wyoming) [See also Miriam (Ma) Ferguson, of Texas]
  • Nov 4 Stanley Baldwin becomes Britain's Prime Minister for a second time after a landslide victory over Ramsay MacDonald's Labour Party
  • Nov 8 Austria chancellor Ignaz Seipel, resigns after assassination attempt
  • Nov 8 Fortune Theatre opens in London
  • Nov 10 Dion O'Banion, leader of the North Side Gang is assassinated in his flower shop by members of Johnny Torrio's gang, sparking the bloody gang war of the 1920s in Chicago.
  • Nov 11 Martin Beck Theater opens at 302 W 45th St NYC
  • Nov 11 Palace of Legion of Honor dedicated in San Francisco
  • Nov 12 Jewish school Yeshivah Slobodka opens a branch in Hebron, Palestine
  • Nov 15 Dutch Christian Radio Society (NCRV) forms
  • Nov 21 British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin cancels Labour contract with USSR
  • Nov 22 Britain orders Egyptians out of Sudan
  • Nov 24 1st Dutch airliner, Fokker F.VII lands in Batavia (Java) after flying from Amsterdam
  • Nov 24 General Feng Yu-Hsiang, a warlord from the north of China, turns on his allies and seizes Peking