Events in History in 1926

  • Jan 1 Flood in Rhine strikes Cologne
  • Jan 3 Greek gen Theodorus Pangulos names himself dictator
  • Jan 4 Theodoros Pangalos resigns as Greek dictator
  • Jan 6 Kees Boeke opens 1st comprehensive school in Holland

Historic Event

Jan 8 Abdulaziz Ibn Saud becomes King of Nejd and Hejaz; forerunner of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

  • Jan 20 2nd German government of Luther begins
  • Jan 21 Belgian parliament accepts Locarno treaties
  • Jan 22 Belgian chief of staff General Maglinse quits

Historic Event

Jan 23 Eugene O'Neill's "Great God Brown" premieres in NYC

Historic Publication

Jan 27 Physicist Erwin Schrödinger publishes his theory of wave mechanics and presents what becomes known as the Schrödinger equation in quantum mechanics

  • Jan 27 US Senate agrees to join World Court
  • Feb 1 Kirghiz Autonomous Region in RSFSR becomes Kirghiz ASSR
  • Feb 1 Land at Broadway & Wall Street sold at a record $7 per sq inch
  • Feb 4 Austrian chancellor Seipel wants to join Germany
  • Feb 8 German Reichstag decides to apply for League of Nations membership
  • Feb 9 Teaching theory of evolution forbidden in Atlanta, Georgia schools
  • Feb 11 Tokelau (Union) Islands in South Pacific transfers to NZ
  • Feb 15 Brooks Atkinson Theatre opens at 256 W 47th St NYC
  • Feb 15 Contract air mail service begins in US
  • Feb 17 Avalanche buries 75 in Sap Gulch, Bingham, Utah; 40 die

Historic Event

Feb 25 Francisco Franco becomes Spain's youngest general at 33

  • Feb 25 Kwo-Min-Tang (Guomindang) declares war on government and warlords
  • Feb 26 Dark Street in the Bronx renamed Lustre Street
  • Mar 3 International Greyhound Racing Association formed (Miami, Fla)
  • Mar 4 De Geer government in Netherlands takes office
  • Mar 6 China asks for a seat on the Security council
  • Mar 7 1st transatlantic telephone call (London-NY)
  • Mar 9 Bertha Landes elected 1st woman mayor of Seattle
  • Mar 10 Run on Belgian banks
  • Mar 11 Eamon da Valera ends leadership of Sinn Féin
  • Mar 12 Denmark begins unilateral disarmament

Appointment of Interest

Mar 12 Pope Pius XI names J E van Roey archbishop of Malines Belgium

  • Mar 14 Train in Costa Rica falls into the Río Virilla, killing 248 and injuring 93
  • Mar 15 Belgium's "black monday", franc falls

Historic Invention

Mar 16 Robert H. Goddard launches the first liquid-fueled rocket, goes 184' (56 meters)

  • Mar 17 Dutch Calvinists oust Rev J G Geelkerken over Genesis 3
  • Mar 17 Spain & Brazil prevent Germany joining League of Nations
  • Mar 24 The Beehive in the Hague opens 1st escalator in Netherlands
  • Mar 26 ACD de Graeff appointed governor general of Dutch East Indies
  • Mar 26 First lip-reading tournament held in America
  • Mar 31 German Special Court of Justice for state security disbands
  • Apr 2 Riots between Muslims & Hindus in Calcutta
  • Apr 3 Italy establishes corp of force in order to break powerful unions
  • Apr 3 Second flight of a liquid-fueled rocket by Robert Goddard
  • Apr 4 Greek dictator Theodoros Pangalos elected president
  • Apr 7 Forest fire burns 900 acres & kills 2 (San Luis Obispo California)

Historic Event

Apr 7 Mussolini is shot at 3 times by Violet Gibson in Rome, she only hits him once in the nose

  • Apr 11 Flemish Economic Covenant (VEV) forms in Ghent
  • Apr 12 Dutch Catholic Radio Broadcast (KRO) forms
  • Apr 15 Sesquicentennial Stadium opens in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; renamed Philadelphia Municipal Stadium, later renamed JFK Stadium (demolished 1992); played host to Tunney-Demspy fight (1926); 41 Army-Navy football games; professional football; and many concerts, including the US portion of Live-Aid (1985)
  • Apr 16 Book of the Month Club sends out its 1st selections "Lolly Willowes" & "Loving Huntsman" by Sylvia Townsend Warner
  • Apr 18 Rhein Stadium opens in Dusseldorf, Germany
  • Apr 20 1st check sent by radio facsimile transmission across Atlantic
  • Apr 22 Persia, Turkey & Afghanistan sign treaties of security
  • Apr 25 Persian cossack officer Reza Chan crowns himself Shah Palawi
  • Apr 26 Germany & Russia sign neutrality peace treaty
  • Apr 26 Karachai Autonomous Region forms in RSFSR (until 1943)
  • Apr 29 France and US reach accord on repayment of WW I
  • May 1 British coal miners go on strike
  • May 2 US military intervenes in Nicaragua

Volunteers Help Defeat General Strike

May 3 Britain's Trade Union Congress calls for the country's first ever general strike, begins at 1 minute to midnight in support striking coal miners, lasts 9 days

  • May 3 Pulitzer prize awarded to Sinclair Lewis (Arrowsmith)
  • May 3 US Marines land in Nicaragua (9 months after leaving), stay until 1933
  • May 5 Sinclair Lewis refuses his Pulitzer Prize for "Arrowsmith"
  • May 8 A. Philip Randolph organizes Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters

Historic Event

May 9 1st flight over the North Pole claimed by Richard E. Byrd and co-pilot Floyd Bennett. Later discovery of Byrd's diary suggests they may have turned back 150 miles short of the pole due to an oil leak.

  • May 11 Airship Norge leaves Spitsbergen for 1st air crossing of Arctic Ocean

Historic Event

May 12 Airship Norge is the first vessel to fly over North Pole, lead by Roald Amundsen and piloted by Umberto Nobile

  • May 12 British General Strike ends after 9 days, coal mine workers stay on strike

Coup d'état

May 12 General Józef Piłsudski returns to power in Poland after coup d'état against the Witos regime

  • May 12 Hans Luther resigns for 2nd time as German Chancellor after no-confidence vote against his minority government

Historic Event

May 17 Chiang Kai-shek is made supreme warlord in Canton

  • May 17 Wilhelm Marx succeeds Hans Luther as Chancellor of Germany
  • May 18 Evangelist Aimee Semple McPherson vanishes in Venice, California She shows up a month later saying she's been kidnapped
  • May 19 French air force bombs Damascus Syria
  • May 20 Belgian government of Jaspar takes power
  • May 20 Congress passes Air Commerce Act, licensing of pilots & planes
  • May 20 Railway Labor Act became law in USA
  • May 22 Chiang Kai-shek replaces communists in Guomindang China
  • May 22 Dutch Communist Party expels David Wijnkoop
  • May 23 Lebanese constitution forms under French mandate
  • May 25 Sholom Schwartzbard assassinates Symon Petliura, the head of the Paris-based government-in-exile of the Ukrainian People's Republic
  • May 26 Lebanon adopts constitution
  • May 28 Military coup by General Manuel Gomes da Costa in Portugal
  • May 28 US Customs Court created by congress
  • May 31 Kruger National Park is established as South Africa's first national park
  • May 31 Portuguese president Bernardino Machedo resigns after coup
  • May 31 Sesquicentennial Exposition opens in Philadelphia
  • Jun 1 Ignacy Mocicki elected President of Poland
  • Jun 4 Ignacy Mościcki becomes President of Poland (holds office till 1939)
  • Jun 6 Egyptian government of Adly Pasha forms
  • Jun 7 Swedish government of Ekman forms
  • Jun 12 Brazil leaves League of Nations

Historic Event

Jun 15 7th French government of Aristide Briand falls

  • Jun 18 Theodor Lessing laid-off "because he is a Jew" in Hanover
  • Jun 19 DeFord Bailey is 1st African American to perform on Nashville's "Grand Ole Opry"
  • Jun 20 Mordecai W Johnson becomes 1st black president of Howard University
  • Jun 23 8th French government of Aristide Briand forms
  • Jun 23 The College Board administers the first SAT exam in USA
  • Jun 28 Mercedes Benz forms when the world's oldest automobile manufacturers DMG and Benz & Cie merge

Historic Event

Jun 29 Arthur Meighen returns to office as Prime Minister of Canada

  • Jun 29 Carter G. Woodson wins Springarn Medal for research into Black history
  • Jul 1 Canada restores gold standard
  • Jul 2 US Army Air Corps created; Distinguished Flying Cross authorized, to award "heroism or extraordinary achievement while participating in an aerial flight"
  • Jul 4 NSDAP-party forms in Weimar
  • Jul 9 Chiang Kai-shek appointed to national-revolutionary supreme commander in China
  • Jul 9 Coup under General Sinel de Cordes in Portugal
  • Jul 10 Lake Denmark, New Jersey arsenal explodes, kills 21, $75m damage
  • Jul 12 Guomindangleger draws against warlord Wu Peifu
  • Jul 15 VPRO (Free thinking Protestant Radio Broadcast) forms
  • Jul 16 Jaspar government asks authority to save Belgian franc
  • Jul 16 National Geographic takes 1st natural-color undersea photos
  • Jul 18 The South Africa author and journalist, Herman Charles Bosman, shoots and kills his stepbrother David Russell during a quarrel
  • Jul 19 2nd French government of Herriot, forms
  • Jul 20 A convention of the Methodist Church votes to allow women to become priests.
  • Jul 22 105°F (41°C), Waterbury, Connecticut (state record)
  • Jul 22 108°F (42°C), Troy, NY (state record)
  • Jul 23 French government of Raymond Poincaré forms
  • Jul 23 National Railway Company of Belgium forms (NMBS/SNCFB)
  • Jul 26 National Bar Association incorporates
  • Jul 26 Philippines government asks USA for a plebiscite on independence
  • Jul 28 US & Panamanian pact about safeguard of Panama Canal
  • Jul 30 Albanian boundaries deduced
  • Aug 1 Battles between Druze & French in Damascus
  • Aug 1 Failed assassination on General Primo de Rivera in Barcelona
  • Aug 3 Traffic lights installed at Piccadilly Circus, London
  • Aug 5 French & German trade agreement signed
  • Aug 6 American Gertrude Ederle (20) becomes 1st woman to swim English Channel in 14 hours, 39 minutes, a record for male or female
  • Aug 10 Italian-Spanish peace treaty signed
  • Aug 13 Enrique Tirabocchi of Argentina becomes the first to swim the English Channel from France to England (record 16 hours 33 minutes)
  • Aug 17 Greek-Serbian, Croatian and Slavs peace treaty signed
  • Aug 20 Japan's public broadcasting company, Nippon Hōsō Kyōkai(NHK) is established.

Historic Event

Aug 20 Uprising against Rezā Shāh Pahlavi in Iran

  • Aug 21 -22] Uprising against Greek president and dictator Pangalos
  • Aug 22 Gold discovered in Johannesburg, South Africa
  • Aug 22 Greek dictator Gen Pangulos driven out
  • Aug 25 Pavlos Koundouris becomes president of Greece
  • Sep 1 Turkey allows civil marriage
  • Sep 2 Italy signs treaty with Yemen
  • Sep 8 League of Nations Assembly votex unanimously to admit Germany
  • Sep 9 National Broadcasting Company created by Radio Corporation of America
  • Sep 9 Train disaster at Wassenaar, Netherlands, 4 die
  • Sep 10 Allies-German treaty of Koblenz drawn
  • Sep 10 Germany joins League of Nations
  • Sep 11 Aloha Tower dedicated in Honolulu
  • Sep 11 Spain leaves the League of Nations due to Germany joining
  • Sep 16 -22] Hurricane in Florida & Alabama, kills 372
  • Sep 16 Italian-Romanian peace treaty signed
  • Sep 16 Philip Dunning & George Abbott's "Broadway" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 17 Hurricane hits Miami & Palm Beach Florida; about 450 die
  • Sep 18 Hurricane hits Miami, kills 250
  • Sep 19 80,000 demonstrate for democratic peace in Hague
  • Sep 19 The San Siro is inaugurated with a match between AC Milan and Inter.

Assassination Attempt

Sep 20 Bugs Moran attempts to assassinate Al Capone in a drive-by shooting but fails

  • Sep 22 Belgian crown prince Leopold and Swedish Princess Astrid get engaged
  • Sep 24 Cardinals clinch NL pennant by beating Giants 6-4

Historic Event

Sep 25 Henry Ford announces an 8 hour, 5-day work week for workers at the Ford Motor Company

  • Sep 25 International slavery convention signed by 20 states

Election of Interest

Sep 25 Mackenzie King is re-elected as Prime Minister of Canada

Historic Event

Sep 26 JB Fagan's stage drama "And So to Bed", based on the life of Samuel Pepys, premieres in London

  • Sep 28 Russia & Latvia treaty of neutrality signed
  • Sep 30 German/French/Belgian/Luxembourg steel cartel closes

Historic Event

Oct 1 Oil field accident costs aviator Wiley Post his left eye, uses the settlement money to buy his 1st aircraft

  • Oct 3 1st congress of Pan European Movement (Pan-Europese Beweging) opens in Vienna
  • Oct 4 Dahlia is officially designated as San Francisco city flower
  • Oct 7 Italian Great Fascist Council forms

Historic Event

Oct 9 Dutch Queen Wilhelmina opens Royal Colonial Institution

Historic Publication

Oct 14 A. A. Milne's book "Winnie the Pooh" released

  • Oct 15 Austria government of Seipel, forms
  • Oct 15 Philip Barry's play "White Wings!" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 16 Mohammed Nadir Khan begins coup in Afghanistan, 1200 killed
  • Oct 16 Troop ship sinks in Yangtze River, killing 1,200

Historic Publication

Oct 18 Frankfurter Zeitung publishes Lenin's political testament

  • Oct 19 John C Garand patents semi-automatic rifle

Historic Event

Oct 19 Russian Politburo throws out Leon Trotsky and his followers

  • Oct 20 Hurricane in Cuba, kills 600
  • Oct 26 Arthur Goodrich's play "Caponsacchi" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 26 Belgium stabilizes current value of franc (5 franc becomes 1 "Belga")
  • Oct 31 Failed assassination attempt on Benito Mussolini by 15-year-old Anteo Zamboni, who was lynched on the spot
  • Nov 1 US Air Commerce Act passes

Historic Event

Nov 9 Italian Communist leader Antonio Gramsci is arrested in Rome

  • Nov 10 Guomindang-regring deallocates seat of Kanton to Wuhan (Hankou)

Historic Event

Nov 10 Vincent Massey becomes 1st Canadian minister to USA

  • Nov 11 U.S. Route 66 is established from Chicago, Illinois to Santa Monica, California 2,448 miles (3,940 km)
  • Nov 12 The first recorded aerial bombing on US soil took place in Williamson County, Illinois, during a feud between rival liquor gangs, the Sheltons and the Birgers
  • Nov 13 Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) uprising in Bantam, West Java
  • Nov 15 AT&T sells WEAF radio to RCA (NYC)

Nobel Prize

Nov 18 George Bernard Shaw accepts the Nobel Prize for Literature but refuses the prize money, saying "I can forgive Alfred Nobel for inventing dynamite, but only a fiend in human form could have invented the Nobel Prize"

  • Nov 18 Pope Pius XI encyclical On persecution of Church in Mexico
  • Nov 19 British miners' strike ends after 28 weeks
  • Nov 19 Leon Trotsky is expelled from the Politburo in the Soviet Union
  • Nov 22 Imperial Conference ends, giving autonomy inside British Commonwealth
  • Nov 24 KVI-AM in Seattle WA begins radio transmissions
  • Nov 24 Sri Aurobindo retires to lead life of seclusion, hands responsibility for followers to Mirra Alfassa (founding of Sri Aurobindo ashram)
  • Nov 27 110,000 watch US Army & Navy play a 21-all tie
  • Nov 27 Italian & Albania sign peace treaty
  • Nov 27 KXL-AM in Portland OR begins radio transmissions
  • Nov 27 Restoration of Williamsburg, Virginia, begins
  • Nov 29 W Somerset Maughams "Constant Wife" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

Dec 3 Detective novelist Agatha Christie mysteriously disappears for 11 days