Events in History in 1927

  • Jan 1 Communist uprising in West Java

Gregory Conquers Julius Caesar

Jan 1 Turkey adopts the Gregorian calendar: December 18, 1926 (Julian), is immediately followed by January 1, 1927 (Gregorian).

  • Jan 6 US marines return to Nicaragua
  • Jan 7 Commercial transatlantic telephone service inaugurated between New York & London
  • Jan 9 Fire in Laurier Palace cinema in Montreal, 78 children died
  • Jan 13 US & Mexico battle over oil interests

Historic Event

Jan 15 Tennessee Supreme Court overturns (on a technicality) John T. Scopes' guilty verdict for teaching evolution, but the law itself remains in force

  • Jan 19 British government decides to send troops to China
  • Jan 28 Serbian-Croatian-Slavic government of Oezonowitsj falls
  • Jan 29 4th German government of Marx forms
  • Jan 30 Left wins national election in Thuringen
  • Jan 31 Internationall allied military command in Germany disbands
  • Feb 2 Harry Tierney/Joseph McCarthy's "Rio Rita" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 2 Ziegfeld Theater (Loew's Ziegfeld) opens at 6th Ave & 54th St NYC
  • Feb 3 Uprising against regime of general Carmona in Portugal
  • Feb 4 KGA-AM in Spokane WA begins radio transmissions
  • Feb 8 Belgian-Swiss treaty signed

Conference of Interest

Feb 10 US President Calvin Coolidge asks for 2nd disarmament conference

  • Feb 11 US female Figure Skating championship won by Beatrix Loughran
  • Feb 12 British expeditionary army lands in Shanghai
  • Feb 13 Uprising against Portuguese regime of Gen Carmona defeated
  • Feb 16 US restores diplomatic relations with Turkey
  • Feb 18 US & Canada open diplomatic relations
  • Feb 19 General strike against British occupiers in Shanghai
  • Feb 22 Baruch Spinosa's house of mourning opened as a museum
  • Feb 23 US President Calvin Coolidge creates Federal Radio Commission (FRC)
  • Feb 24 John Golden Theater (Theatre Masque) opens at 252 W 45th St NYC
  • Feb 25 Gdańsk and Polish accord concerning traffic through Polish corridor

Historic Event

Mar 1 Bank of Italy (later Bank of America) becomes an American National Bank

  • Mar 5 1,000 US marines land in China to protect American property
  • Mar 7 Earthquake measuring 8 on Richter scale strikes Tango, Japan
  • Mar 8 Pan American Airlines incorporates
  • Mar 10 Albania mobilizes due to threats from the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes

Historic Event

Mar 10 Bavaria lifts ban on Adolf Hitler's speeches

  • Mar 11 1st armored commercial car hold-up in US, Pittsburgh
  • Mar 11 1st golden gloves tournament
  • Mar 11 Samuel Roxy Rothafel opens famous Roxy Theater (NYC)
  • Mar 17 US government doesn't sign League of Nations disarmament treaty
  • Mar 19 Bloody battles between communists & Nazis in Berlin
  • Mar 21 Guomindang Army conquers Shanghai as British marines flee
  • Mar 22 Federico Garcia Lorca's first play "El Maleficio" (The Butterfly's Evil Spell) premieres in Madrid
  • Mar 24 Dutch 1st Chamber condemns Belgian and Netherlands Wielingen Treaty
  • Mar 26 Alfred Hugenberg purchases German film company UFA
  • Mar 26 Gaumont-British Film Corporation forms
  • Mar 28 Majestic Theater opens at 245 W 44th St NYC
  • Mar 29 Henry Segrave races his Sunbeam to a record 203.79 mph at Daytona
  • Apr 1 1st automatic record changer introduced by His Master's Voice
  • Apr 3 Interstate Commerce Comm transfers Ohio to Eastern time zone
  • Apr 11 Chilean general Carlos Ibáñez names himself president

Historic Event

Apr 12 Kuomintang leader Chiang Kai-shek begins counter revolution in Shanghai

  • Apr 14 The first Volvo car premieres in Gothenburg, Sweden
  • Apr 15 Switzerland & USSR agree to diplomatic relations
  • Apr 17 Japan's Wakarsoeki government falls, Baron Tanaka becomes premier
  • Apr 18 Chiang Kai-shek forms anti-government in China
  • Apr 19 "Vagabond King" opens in London
  • Apr 25 Spain routes 20,000 soldiers to Morocco (uprising Rifkabylen)
  • Apr 27 Carabineros de Chile (Chilean national police force and gendarmery) created
  • Apr 29 Construction of Spirit of St Louis (the monoplane which Charles Lindburgh was to fly across the Atlantic) is completed
  • Apr 30 Princess Juliana gets seat in Dutch Council of State
  • May 1 1st British airliner to serve cooked meals (Imperial Airways)
  • May 2 International Economic Conference (52 countries including USSR) opens
  • May 2 Pulitzer prize awarded to Louis Bromfield (Early Autumn)
  • May 2 U.S. Supreme Court's "Buck v. Bell", permits forced sterilizations of various "unfits" by states' authorities where such surgeries are practiced for eugenic reasons
  • May 4 1st balloon flight over 40,000 feet (Scott Field, Illinois)
  • May 4 Nicaragua agrees to a US supervised presidential election in 1928
  • May 7 Angelos Sikelianos organizes the first Delphic Festival in Delphi to celebrate the ancient Greek Delphic ideal.
  • May 7 SF Municipal Airport (Mills Field) dedicated
  • May 9 Canberra replaces Melbourne as the capital of Australia, and the Australian Parliament convenes there for the first time.
  • May 11 Louis B Mayer forms Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences
  • May 13 "Black Friday" on Berlin Stock Exchange
  • May 14 Cap Arcona is launched at the Blohm & Voss shipyard in Hamburg
  • May 14 The University of Chicago's local collegiate organization, Phi Sigma, becomes incorporated under Illinois law as Eta Sigma Phi, the National Honorary Classical Fraternity
  • May 16 US Supreme Court ruled bootleggers must pay income tax
  • May 17 U.S. Army aviation pioneer Major Harold Geiger dies in the crash of his Airco DH.4 de Havilland plane at Olmstead Field, Pennsylvania
  • May 18 "Slide Lake" in Gros Ventre, Wyoming, collapses
  • May 18 Bath School Disaster, Bath MI. Andrew Kehoe blows up Bath Consolidated School killing 38 children, 2 teachers.
  • May 18 Ritz Hotel opens in Boston, Massachusetts

Historic Event

May 20 At 7:40 AM, Charles Lindbergh takes off from New York to cross the Atlantic for Paris, aboard Spirit of St Louis in the 1st solo nonstop transatlantic flight

Treaty of Interest

May 20 Treaty of Jeddah is signed between the United Kingdom and Ibn Saud recognizing the independence of the Kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd, the forerunner of Saudi Arabia

  • May 21 Aviator Charles Lindbergh, in the Spirit of St Louis, lands in Paris after the first solo air crossing of Atlantic
  • May 22 8.3 Nan-Shan earthquake strikes Tsinghai, China, over 40,900 killed

Model T

May 25 Henry Ford announces that he is ending production of the Model T Ford

Historic Event

May 26 Henry Ford and the Ford Motor Company produce the last (and 15th million) Model T Ford / Tin Lizzie

  • May 27 Japanese military intervention in Chinese civil war

Election of Interest

May 27 Tomáš Masaryk re-elected President of Czechoslovakia for a second time

  • Jun 1 Peace Bridge between US and Canada opens
  • Jun 11 Charles Lindbergh is awarded the 1st Distinguished Flying Cross
  • Jun 13 Ticker-tape parade welcomes Charles A Lindbergh to NYC
  • Jun 26 Comet 7P/Pons-Winnecke approaches within 0.0394 AUs of Earth
  • Jun 26 The Cyclone roller coaster opens on Coney Island
  • Jun 29 1st flight from West Coast arrives in Hawaii
  • Jun 29 First test of Wallace Turnbull's controllable pitch propeller
  • Jun 30 Nicaraguan revolutionary Augusto César Sandino issues his Manifesto Politico
  • Jun 30 US Assay Office in Deadwood, South Dakota closes
  • Jul 2 Jericho Earthquake in Palestine kills about 500
  • Jul 4 First flight of the Lockheed Vega.

Historic Event

Jul 4 Sukarno and friends form the pro-Indonesian independence party, the PNI (Perserikatan Nasional Indonesia) in Batavia, Dutch East Indies

  • Jul 9 William T Francis named US minister to Liberia
  • Jul 14 1st commercial airplane flight in Hawaii
  • Jul 15 Massacre in Vienna: 89 protesters are killed by the Austrian police
  • Jul 16 Augusto César Sandino begins 5½ year war against US occupation of Nicaragua
  • Jul 24 The Menin Gate war memorial is unveiled at Ypres
  • Jul 29 1st iron lung installed (Bellevue hospital, NY)
  • Jul 29 Phil Mead scores his 100th 100, Hampshire v Northants
  • Aug 7 Peace Bridge between US and Canada dedicated
  • Aug 7 US rum smuggler Horace Alderman kills 3
  • Aug 19 Metropolitan Sergius proclaims the declaration of loyalty of the Russian Orthodox Church to the Soviet state
  • Aug 21 4th Pan-African Congress meets (NYC)
  • Aug 27 Parks College, America's oldest aviation school, opens
  • Sep 7 University of Minas Gerais founded in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, by Governor Antônio Carlos
  • Sep 11 After losing 21 in a row to NY, the Browns win their last meeting, 6-2
  • Sep 17 Charles Lindbergh visits San Francisco
  • Sep 18 The Columbia Broadcasting System goes on the air. with 18 stations (and WOR as NYC affiliate)
  • Sep 29 Telephone service begins between US & Mexico
  • Sep 29 Tornado strikes St Louis, Missouri, 85 die
  • Oct 4 Gutzon Borglum begins sculpting Mt. Rushmore (works on till 1941)
  • Oct 12 Hermann Goerner of Germany raises 24 men weighing 4,123 lbs on a plank with soles of his feet
  • Oct 23 Town of Netanya, Israel founded by Nathan Strauss

Historic Event

Oct 27 Queen Wilhelmina opens Meuse-Waal Canal in Nijmegen

Historic Event

Oct 28 Josip Broz Tito begins 7 months jail sentence in Croatia

  • Oct 28 KLM-plane "Homing Pigeon" leaves Neth-Indies after 1st regular flight
  • Nov 3 22.3 cm rainfall at Somerset, Vermont (state record)
  • Nov 3 Tropical storm flooding kills 84 in Winooski River Valley, Vermont
  • Nov 9 Pastor of Have begins blessing of motorcars and motors

Historic Event

Nov 12 Leon Trotsky is expelled from the Soviet Communist Party, paving the way for Joseph Stalin to consolidate complete power

  • Nov 12 Notre Dame's Fighting Irish changes blue jerseys for green
  • Nov 13 New York - New Jersey Holland Tunnel, 1st twin-tube underwater auto tunnel, opens
  • Nov 14 World's largest gas tank in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, explodes; 28 die
  • Nov 17 Tornado hits Washington, D.C.
  • Nov 22 1st snowmobile patent granted to Carl Eliason (Sayner, Wisconsin)
  • Nov 22 Belgian government of Henri Jaspar falls but is reformed the same day
  • Nov 22 Neil Simon Theater (Alvin) opens at 250 W 52nd St NYC
  • Dec 2 1st Model A Ford sold, for $385

Historic Event

Dec 2 Paleoanthropologist Davidson Black announces to the Geological Society of China that the ancient human fossils from Zhoukoudian, China are a new species which he has named 'Sinanthropus pekinensis' (now known as 'Homo erectus')

  • Dec 14 Iraq gains independence from Britain, but British troops remain
  • Dec 15 William Edward Hickman kidnaps 12 year-old Marion Parker in Los Angeles, whom he later kills
  • Dec 17 US submarine S-4 sinks after collision killing all 34 aboard
  • Dec 27 Philip Barry's "Paris Bound" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

Dec 28 George Kaufman & Moss Hart's "Royal Family" premieres in NYC

  • Dec 30 Japan dedicates 1st subway in Orient (route under 2 miles long)
  • Dec 31 Ponsford scores 336 against SA, giving him 1146 for month