Events in History in 1928

  • Jan 1 1st US air-conditioned office building opens, San Antonio
  • Jan 1 Algemeene Vereeniging Radio Omroep (AVRO) begins broadcasting (Neth)

Catholic Encyclical

Jan 6 Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Mortalium animos (against oecumene)

Historic Event

Jan 9 Eugene O'Neill's "Marco Millions" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

Jan 10 Soviet Union orders exile of Leon Trotsky

Historic Event

Jan 12 Philip Barry & Elmer Rice's "Cock Robin" premieres in NYC

  • Jan 17 1st fully automatic photographic film developing machine patented

Historic Event

Jan 23 A stage version of the Czech novel "The Adventure of the Good Soldier Schweik" produced and directed by Erwin Piscator with the help of Bertolt Brecht premieres in Berlin

  • Jan 28 Christopher Hornsrud chosen Prime Minister of Norway
  • Jan 30 1st radio telephone connection between Netherlands & US
  • Jan 30 Eugene O'Neill's "Strange Interlude" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 31 Scotch tape 1st marketed by 3-M Company

Historic Event

Feb 3 Paleoanthropologist Davidson Black reports his findings on the ancient human fossils found at Zhoukoudian, China in the journal Nature and declares them to be a new species he names 'Sinanthropus pekinensis' (now known as 'Homo erectus')

  • Feb 6 A woman dubbed Anna Anderson [possibly Franziska Schanzkowska] arrives in NYC, using the alias "Anastasia Tschaikovsky" claims to be Grand Duchess Anastasia, daughter of Tsar Nicholas II
  • Feb 7 1st solo flight from England to Australia takes off from Croydon, piloted by Australian aviator Bert Hinkler (arrives 15 ½ days later)
  • Feb 8 1st transatlantic TV image received at Hartsdale, NY
  • Feb 19 Canadian hockey team wins 3rd consecutive gold medal
  • Feb 22 1st solo flight from England to Australia lands in Darwin, 15 ½ days after take off, piloted by Australian aviator Bert Hinkler
  • Mar 4 "Bunion Run" race from LA to NYC begins; It is won by Andy Payne
  • Mar 5 Karl Zuckmayer's "Der Hauptmann von Köpenick" premieres in Berlin
  • Mar 10 Christine Collins' son, Walter Collins, disappears in Los Angeles
  • Mar 12 In California, the St. Francis Dam fails, killing over 600 people

Historic Event

Mar 15 Benito Mussolini modifies Italy electoral system (abolishes right to choose)

  • Mar 27 KGB-AM in San Diego CA begins radio transmissions
  • Mar 29 Yeshiva College (now University) chartered (NYC)
  • Apr 9 Eugene O'Neill's "Lazarus Laughed" premieres in Pasadena
  • Apr 9 Turkey passes separation of church & state
  • Apr 13 1st trans atlantic flight Europe-US (Fitzmaurice-von Hunefeld-Köhl)
  • Apr 14 Maddus Airlines starts 1st regular passenger flights between SF & LA
  • Apr 15 Alioto's on Fisherman's Wharf (San Francisco) forms
  • Apr 19 Japanese troops occupies Sjantung-schiereiland
  • Apr 19 The 125th and final fascicle of the Oxford English Dictionary is published
  • Apr 24 Fathometer, which measures underwater depth, patented
  • Apr 25 Buddy, a German Shepherd, becomes 1st guide dog for a US citizen Morris Frank

Historic Event

Apr 26 Madame Tussaud's waxwork exhibition reopens in London after a fire

  • Apr 30 Cherkess Autonomous Region forms in RSFSR (until 1957)
  • May 1 6 children die and 10 injured by hailstones in Klausenburg, Romania
  • May 1 Drunken fascist Erich Wichman attacks VARA-radio transmitter
  • May 1 Lei Day begun (a Hawaiian celebration)
  • May 1 Pitcairn Airlines (later Eastern) begins service
  • May 2 KPQ-AM in Wenatchee WA begins radio transmissions
  • May 3 Japanese atrocities in Jinan, China.

Historic Event

May 7 Pulitzer prize awarded to Thornton Wilder for "Bridge of San Luis Rey"

  • May 7 The United Kingdom lowers age of women voters from 30 to 21
  • May 11 General Electric opens 1st TV-station (Schenectady, NY)
  • May 12 Benito Mussolini announces moves to end women's suffrage in a speech to the Senate in Italy
  • May 12 Second Opium Law introduced - international law to control drugs
  • May 14 John McGraw is knocked down by a taxicab & suffers a broken leg
  • May 19 "Firedamp" explodes in Mather coal mine, Pennsylvania, killing 195 of 273 miners
  • May 19 51 frogs enter 1st annual "Frog Jumping Jubilee" (Angel's Camp, California)
  • May 22 US Congress accept Jones-White Merchant Naval Act
  • May 23 Bomb attack on Italian embassy in Buenos Aires, 22 die
  • May 24 Umberto Nobile flies airship over North Pole again

Historic Event

May 28 Dodge Brothers Inc and Chrysler Corporation merge

  • May 29 Fritz von Opel reaches 200 kph in experimental rocket car
  • May 31 1st aerial crossing of Pacific takes off from Oakland
  • Jun 2 Kraft, building on the original 1918 design, rolls out Velveeta cheese
  • Jun 4 President of the Republic of China Zhang Zuolin is assassinated by Japanese agents
  • Jun 8 1st US-to-Australia flight lands (Sir Charles Kingford)
  • Jun 9 Charles Kingsford-Smith & Charles Ulm are 1st to fly across the Pacific when they end their flight from California to Brisbane

Presidential Convention

Jun 14 Republican National Convention, meeting in Kansas City, nominates Herbert Hoover for President

Historic Event

Jun 17 Amelia Earhart leaves Newfoundland to become 1st woman (passenger) to fly Atlantic (as a passenger in a plane piloted by Wilmer Stultz)

  • Jun 18 American aviator Amelia Earhart becomes the 1st woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean, landing at Burry Port, Wales
  • Jun 24 With declining business, the Great Gorge and International Railway begins using one-person crews on trolley operations in Canada

Historic Event

Jun 26 First meeting of the International Congresses of Modern Architects (CIAM) at Lake Leman, Switzerland organized by Le Corbusier

  • Jun 28 Alfred E Smith (NY-Governor) nominated for US President at Democratic Convention
  • Jun 28 Friedrich Schmiedl attempts rocket mail in Austria (unsuccessful)
  • Jun 29 The Outerbridge Crossing and Goethals Bridge in Staten Island, New York both opened
  • Jun 30 Radio Service Bulletin lists radio stations call signs that are to be changed to conform with international standards
  • Jul 2 British parliament reduces the age at women can vote to 21 - the same as men (Representation of the People Act 1928)
  • Jul 6 1st all-talking motion picture shown in NY (Lights of NY)
  • Jul 6 Largest recorded hailstone at the time 1.5 lbs (7 inches in diameter) falls in Potter, Nebraska

Historic Invention

Jul 7 Sliced bread sold for the first time by the Chillicothe Baking Company, Missouri, using a machine invented by Otto Frederick Rohwedder. Described as the greatest forward step in the baking industry since bread was wrapped.

  • Jul 10 Senator Milt Gaston hurls record tying 14-hit shutout
  • Jul 19 King Fuad of Egypt seizes power and disbands parliament
  • Jul 20 The government of Hungary issues a decree ordering Gypsies to end their nomadic ways, settle permanently in one place, subject themselves to the same laws and taxes as other Hungarians
  • Jul 27 AVRO, General Vereniging Radio Omroep, forms

Historic Event

Jul 30 George Eastman shows first amateur color motion pictures to guests at his New York house including Thomas Edison

  • Aug 2 Benito Mussolini signs peace treaty with Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
  • Aug 13 Soviet Union Spartacan Games begins
  • Aug 14 Ben Hecht & Charles MacArthur's "The Front Page," premieres in NYC
  • Aug 27 16 die in a NYC subway's 2nd worst accident

Treaty of Interest

Aug 27 Kellogg-Briand Pact, 60 nations agree to condemn 'recourse to war for the solution of international controversies'.

Historic Event

Aug 30 Jawaharlal Nehru requests independence of India

  • Sep 1 Albania becomes a kingdom, with Zogu I as king
  • Sep 6 USSR signs Briand-Kellogg-pact
  • Sep 7 Sophie Treadwell's "Machinal" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 12 San Felipe Segundo/Okeechobee hurricane makes landfall in Guadeloupe, French Antilles as category 4 storm, killing 1,200; additional damage and fatalities on neighboring islands of Martinique, Montserrat, and Nevis
  • Sep 13 KOH-AM in Reno NV begins radio transmissions
  • Sep 13 San Felipe Segundo/Okeechobee hurricane makes landfall in Puerto Rico as a category 5 storm, killing over 300, leaving 500,000 homeless, and causing $50M in damages (about $790M in 2020 dollars)
  • Sep 15 400 kg Fournier-albums (forged postage stamps) burn in Geneva

Scientific Discovery

Sep 15 Scottish bacteriologist Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin while studying influenza

  • Sep 16 San Felipe Segundo/Okeechobee hurricane crosses through the Bahamas as a category 4 storm, killing 18, as it travels from Puerto Rico to Florida
  • Sep 17 San Felipe Segundo/Okeechobee hurricane makes landfall in West Palm Beach-Lake Okeechobee, Florida as category 4 storm, killing 2,500- 3,000 and causing $25M in damages (about $345M in 2020 dollars)
  • Sep 18 Juan de la Cierva flies 1st helicopter above Channel
  • Sep 18 San Felipe Segundo/Okeechobee hurricane makes fifth and final landfall near Edisto Island, South Carolina, as category 1 storm; total impact of event - over 4,100 killed and $100M ($1.6B in 2020) in damage
  • Sep 21 "My Weekly Reader" magazine made its debut
  • Sep 27 The Nationalist Republic of China is recognised by the United States.
  • Sep 28 1st recording session in Nashville (Warmack's Gully Jumpers)
  • Sep 28 Juan de la Cierva makes 1st helicopter flight over English Channel

Historic Event

Sep 28 Prussia forbids speech from Adolf Hitler

  • Sep 28 UK passes the Dangerous Drugs Act outlawing cannabis.
  • Sep 28 US acknowledge Chinese government of Chiang Kai-shek
  • Sep 28 Valentin Katayev's "Kvadratura Kruga" premieres in Moscow
  • Sep 29 Cardinals win NL pennant with a 3-1 win at Boston

Historic Publication

Sep 30 Le Sifflet publishes 1st precursor of Kuifje (Tintin)

  • Sep 30 Leon Vanderstuyft of Belgium cycles record 76 mi 604 yds in 1 hr
  • Oct 1 USSR launches its first 5-year plan
  • Oct 2 "Prelature of the Holy Cross and the Work of God", known as Opus Dei, founded by Saint Josemaría Escrivá
  • Oct 3 French submarine "Ondine" sinks returning to Toulon, drowning 42
  • Oct 4 KPD begins petition against Germany building a battle fleet
  • Oct 7 Race Tafari Makonnen crowned king of Abyssinia
  • Oct 9 Marcel Pagnol's "Topaz" premieres in Paris
  • Oct 10 Chiang Kai-shek becomes Director of the State Council of China
  • Oct 12 1st use of iron lung (Boston's Children Hospital)

Historic Event

Oct 16 Mickey Cochrane wins AL MVP honors, edging Heinie Manush by 2 points

Historic Event

Oct 20 Wien Alaska Airways, Inc. incorporated; the first airline in Alaska and one of the 1st in the US with Noel Wien as president

  • Oct 22 China expels all Russian instructors & civil servants
  • Oct 22 ESL Robinson's "Far-Off Hills" premieres in Dublin
  • Oct 22 Herbert Hoover speaks of "American system of rugged individualism"
  • Oct 22 Phi Sigma Alpha fraternity is founded at the University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras Campus.
  • Oct 28 Indian freedom fighter Lala Lajpat Rai injured leading silent protest against visiting British commission in Lahore (dies of injuries 17th November)
  • Oct 28 Indonesian child laws enforced in Bahasa Indonesia
  • Nov 1 1st celebration of Authors' Day

Historic Event

Nov 1 Graf Zeppelin sets airship distance record of 6384 km

  • Nov 3 Turkey switches from Arabic to Roman alphabet

Historic Event

Nov 4 American gangster Arnold Rothstein is shot at a business meeting for reputedly refusing to pay gambling debts (dies 6th November)

  • Nov 4 Jose Moncada elected president of Nicaragua
  • Nov 6 Clevelanders vote to build a stadium with city bonds
  • Nov 6 Colonel Jacob Schick patents 1st electric razor
  • Nov 6 Republican candidate Herbert Hoover is elected President of the United States, defeating Democrat candidate Al Smith
  • Nov 6 Swedes start a tradition of eating Gustavus Adolphus pastries to commemorate the king

Historic Event

Nov 10 Emperor Hirohito of Japan's possession of the Imperial Regalia is publicly confirmed

  • Nov 11 France's 5th government of Raymond Poincaré forms
  • Nov 11 KXO-AM in El Centro CA begins radio transmissions
  • Nov 11 WGL-AM in Ft Wayne IN begins radio transmissions
  • Nov 11 WMT-AM in Cedar Rapids IA begins radio transmissions
  • Nov 11 WOL-AM in Washington, D.C. begins radio transmissions
  • Nov 12 British steamer "Vestris" capsizes & sinks off Virginia, kills 110
  • Nov 17 Boston Garden officially opens
  • Nov 17 Notre Dame finally loses a football game at home after 23 years
  • Nov 20 WGH-AM in Newport News VA begins radio transmissions

Historic Invention

Nov 30 Vladimir K. Zworykin receives patent on Iconoscope TV system

  • Dec 1 Railroad museum opens in Utrecht, Netherlands
  • Dec 5 England defeats Australia by record 675 runs at Brisbane
  • Dec 5 Wilhelm Miklas elected president of Austria
  • Dec 11 Buenos Aires police thwart an attempt on President-elect Herbert Hoover
  • Dec 13 Clip-on tie designed
  • Dec 17 John McGraw backs NL President John Heydler's designated hitter idea
  • Dec 19 1st autogyro flight in US
  • Dec 20 1st international dogsled mail leaves Minot, Maine for Montreal, Quebec
  • Dec 24 George Abbott Theater (Adelphi, 54 St) opens at 152 W 54th St NYC
  • Dec 25 NSW (v Vic) go from 8-74 to 9-113 to be 9-367 at stumps
  • Dec 26 World record 10th wicket stand 307 (Kippax / Hooker) NSW v Vic