Events in History in 1930

  • Jan 1 Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to 2nd lieutenant
  • Jan 1 Jurgens & Van den Berg merge with Lever Brothers to form Unilever

Meeting of Interest

Jan 5 Bonnie Parker meets Clyde Barrow for the first time at Clarence Clay's house

Historic Publication

Jan 5 Mao Zedong writes the essay "A Single Spark Can Start a Prairie Fire" to criticize cadres not creating rural revolutionary base areas

  • Jan 6 1st diesel engine automobile trip (in a Packard sedan) completed
  • Jan 7 Edwin Justus Mayer's "Children of Darkness" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 7 Marguerite Perey discovers francium (Fr), the last naturally occurring element to be found

Historic Event

Jan 9 Architectural firm Albert Kahn Associates becomes the consulting architects for all industrial construction in the Soviet Union

  • Jan 10 Mordovian Autonomous Region in RSFSR constituted
  • Jan 13 "Mickey Mouse" comic strip 1st appears
  • Jan 18 -27°F (-33°C), Watts, Oklahoma (state record)
  • Jan 20 1st radio broadcast of "Lone Ranger" (WXYZ-Detroit)
  • Jan 22 -35°F (-37°C), Mount Carroll, Illinois (state record)
  • Jan 23 Clyde Tombaugh photographs dwarf planet Pluto
  • Jan 23 George Washington Birthplace National Monument, Virginia established
  • Jan 23 WIS-AM (now WOMG) in Columbia SC begins radio transmissions
  • Jan 24 Stewie Dempster scores New Zealand's 1st Test century
  • Jan 26 Cleveland's Terminal Tower opens (52 stories)
  • Jan 30 Russia launches their 1st radiosonde - a battery-powered telemetry instrument carried into the atmosphere to measure various parameters and transmit them by radio to a ground receiver- from Pavlovsk, USSR.
  • Jan 31 1st US glider flight from a dirigible, Lakehurst, New Jersey
  • Feb 3 The Indochinese Communist Party of Vietnam is established

Historic Event

Feb 3 William Howard Taft resigns as US chief justice for health reasons

  • Feb 4 1st tieless, soundless, shockless streetcar tracks, New Orleans
  • Feb 5 5th Aliyah to Israel begins
  • Feb 10 Grain Stabilization Corporation authorized by Congress
  • Feb 17 French government of André Tardieu falls for the first time
  • Feb 18 Cow flown & milked, milk sealed in paper containers & parachuted
  • Feb 18 Luigi Pirandello's "Come Tu Mi Vuoi" premieres in Milan
  • Feb 18 US astronomer Clyde Tombaugh discovers Pluto

Historic Event

Feb 21 Marc Connelly's "Green Pastures" premieres in NYC

  • Feb 25 Check photographing device patented
  • Feb 26 1st red & green traffic lights installed in Manhattan, NYC
  • Feb 27 Bouvet Island declared a Norwegian dependency
  • Mar 2 1st US indoor glider flight, St Louis Terminal Building
  • Mar 4 Coolidge Dam in Arizona dedicated
  • Mar 4 Emma Fahning bowls 1st sanctioned 300 game by a woman
  • Mar 4 Terrible floods ransack Languedoc and the surrounds in south-west France, resulting in twelve departments being submerged by water and causing the death of over 700 people.
  • Mar 7 NY Times agrees to capitalize the n in "Negro"
  • Mar 11 William Taft, American 27th President & Chief Justice buried in Arlington Cemetery

Historic Event

Mar 12 Mahatma Gandhi begins his famous 200 mile (300km) protest march against the widely hated British salt tax

  • Mar 12 Stanislawa Walasiewicz [Stella Walsh] sets world record for the 220-yard dash (0:26.1)
  • Mar 13 Clyde Tombaugh announces discovery of Pluto at Lowell Observatory
  • Mar 15 1st seaplane glider flown at Port Washington, NY
  • Mar 15 1st streamlined submarine of US navy, USS Nautilus, launched
  • Mar 16 USS Constitution (Old Ironsides) floated out to become a national shrine
  • Mar 17 Construction begins of the Empire State Building, the world's 1st skyscraper of 100+ stories, on 5th Avenue in New York City
  • Mar 19 Nakagawa Soen accepted as a student of Katsube Keigaku Roshi

Historic Event

Mar 20 American fast food restaurant chain "KFC" [Kentucky Fried Chicken] is founded by Colonel Harland Sanders in North Corbin, Kentucky

  • Mar 20 Clessie Cummins sets diesel engine speed record of 129.39 kph
  • Mar 24 1st religious services telecast in US (W2XBS NYC)
  • Mar 26 Congress appropriates $50,000 for Inter-American highway
  • Mar 27 1st US radio broadcast from a ship at sea

Istanbul – The Queen of Cities

Mar 28 Turkish cities Constantinople and Angora change their names to Istanbul and Ankara

  • Mar 29 Heinrich Brüning is appointed German Chancellor
  • Apr 2 1st NY-Bermuda airplane flight lands in Bermuda

Historic Event

Apr 2 Ras Tafari Makonnen becomes Emperor Haile Selassie of Abyssinia (Ethiopia)

  • Apr 4 The Communist Party of Panama is founded
  • Apr 6 1st transcontinental glider tow completed
  • Apr 6 Hostess Twinkies invented by bakery executive James Dewar
  • Apr 10 Thiokol synthetic rubber 1st produced in Yardley, New Jersey
  • Apr 14 Philip Barry's "Hotel Universe" premieres in NYC
  • Apr 17 Abkhazian ASSR forms in Georgian SSR
  • Apr 17 DuPont scientist Elmer K. Bolton invents neoprene using Julius Nieuwland's divinyl acetylene
  • Apr 18 Attempted raid on the armoury of police and auxiliary forces in Chittagong in Bengal province, British India by armed pro-independence revolutionaries led by Surya Sen popularly known as Master-da
  • Apr 21 Fire at Ohio State Penitentiary kills 322
  • Apr 22 British troops battle pro-independence revolutionaries in the Jalalabad hills near Chittagong, Bengal province, British India, 80 troops and 12 revolutionaries killed
  • Apr 22 US, Britain & Japan sign London Naval Treaty
  • Apr 29 North Sea floodgate at Ijmuiden (biggest in world) officially opens
  • Apr 29 Telephone connection Britain-Australia goes into service
  • May 1 The planet Pluto is officially named by 11 year-old Venetia Burney
  • May 2 Des Moines (Western League) defeats Wichita 13-6 to open 1st ballpark with permanently installed lights

Historic Event

May 5 Amy Johnson takes off - first woman to fly solo from England to Australia

  • May 7 Duleepsinhji scores 333 for Sussex v Northants in 330 mins

Appointment of Interest

May 9 John Masefield is appointed British Poet Laureate by King George V

  • May 10 1st US planetarium opens (Adler-Chicago)
  • May 10 Clarrie Grimmett takes 10 for 37 v Yorkshire at Sheffield
  • May 12 Pulitzer prize awarded to Marc Connelly (Green Pastures)
  • May 14 US Congress designates Carlsbad Caverns in New Mexico a National Park [1]
  • May 15 Ellen Church becomes 1st female airline stewardess aboard a United flight from San Francisco to Cheyenne
  • May 19 White women win voting rights in South Africa
  • May 20 1st airplane catapulted from a dirigible, Charles Nicholson, pilot
  • May 24 Amy Johnson becomes the 1st woman to fly solo from England to Australia
  • May 26 Supreme Court rules buying liquor does not violate the Constitution
  • May 27 Richard Drew invents masking tape

Historic Event

May 27 The 1,046-foot (319-meter) Chrysler Building in New York City, the tallest man-made structure at the time, opens to the public

  • May 28 Georges Forbes succeeds Joseph Ward as premier of New Zealand
  • May 31 Building begins on Albert Canal in Belgium
  • May 31 Comet 73P/1930 (Schwassmann-Wachmann 3) approaches 0.0617 AUs of Earth
  • Jun 2 Sarah Dickson becomes 1st woman Presbyterian elder in US, Cincinnati

Historic Event

Jun 9 Chicago Tribune reporter Jake Lingle is killed during rush hour at the Illinois Central train station by the Leo Vincent Brothers, allegedly over a $100,000 USD gambling debt owed to Al Capone.

  • Jun 13 22 people killed by hailstones in Siatista, Greece
  • Jun 16 Sovnarkom establishes decree time in the USSR
  • Jun 18 Groundbreaking ceremonies for the Franklin Institute science museum held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Jun 24 1st detection of an airplane using reflected radio waves, a precursor to radar, by US Naval Research Laboratory engineers in Anacostia, Washington, D.C.
  • Jun 28 1st night game in Detroit at newly built Hamtramck Stadium as Negro League Detroit Stars take on KC Monarchs
  • Jun 30 1st round-the-world radio broadcast Schenectady, NY
  • Jul 1 Great Britain signs accord for Independence of Iraq
  • Jul 3 US Veterans Administration created

Historic Event

Jul 7 Construction begins on Boulder (Hoover) Dam

  • Jul 13 David Sarnoff reports in NY Times "TV would be a theater in every home"

Historic Expedition

Jul 19 Richard E. Byrd, Laurence McKinley Gould, and their polar expedition team return to the United States following the first exploration of the interior of Antarctica

  • Jul 20 106°F (41°C), Washington, D.C. (district record)
  • Jul 21 110°F (43°C) at Millsboro, Delaware (state record)
  • Jul 21 US Veterans Administration forms
  • Jul 23 Earthquake strikes Ariano in Italy, 1,500 killed
  • Jul 23 Pitts Pie Traynor ends both games with HRs (1st in 9th, 2nd in 13th)
  • Jul 25 Philadelphia Athletics triple steal in 1st and 4th innings vs Cleveland
  • Jul 28 114°F (46°C), Greensburg, Kentucky (state record)
  • Jul 29 115°F (46°C), Holly Springs, Mississippi (state record)
  • Jul 29 Airship R100, 1st passenger-carrying flight from England to Canada
  • Aug 4 Child labor laws established in Belgium
  • Aug 6 Remains of balloon expedition of Solamon August Andrées to North Pole in 1897, found at Kvit oya Spitsbergen
  • Aug 6 Supreme Court Justice John Force Crater disappears in NYC
  • Aug 7 A large mob estimated at 2,000, lynch two young black men Thomas Shipp and Abram Smith in Marion, Indiana

Election of Interest

Aug 7 Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King loses the election to Richard Bedford Bennett of the Conservative Party

  • Aug 8 MLB St Louis Cardinals are 12 games back in NL, & go on to win pennant
  • Aug 9 113°F (45°C) at Perryville, Tennessee (state record)
  • Aug 9 Percy Williams runs world record 100m (10.3 sec)

Historic Invention

Aug 12 Clarence Birdseye is granted a patent for method for quick freezing food (patent US 1773079 A)

  • Aug 16 I British Empire Games open in Hamilton, Canada
  • Aug 18 Eastern Airlines begins passenger service
  • Aug 21 Prohibition of Wieringermeer finished
  • Aug 23 1st British Empire Games close in Hamilton, Canada
  • Aug 29 The last 36 remaining inhabitants of St Kilda are voluntarily evacuated to other parts of Scotland.
  • Sep 1 NY World reports disappearance of supreme court justice Joseph Crater
  • Sep 2 1st non-stop airplane flight from Europe to US (37 hrs)
  • Sep 3 Hurricane kills 2,000, injures 4,000 (Dominican Republic)
  • Sep 4 Cambridge Theatre opens in London

Coup d'état

Sep 6 Democratically elected Argentine president Hipólito Yrigoyen is deposed in a military coup.

  • Sep 8 1st appearance of comic strip "Blondie"
  • Sep 8 American inventor Richard Gurley Drew creates Scotch tape
  • Sep 8 NYC public schools begin teaching Hebrew
  • Sep 10 Charles E. Mitchell, named minister to Liberia
  • Sep 11 Stromboli volcano, Sicily throws 2-ton basaltic rocks 2 miles
  • Sep 14 Nazis gain 107 seats in German election
  • Sep 15 1st international bridge match is held in London. US team defeats England
  • Sep 18 Philadelphia A's win AL championship for 2nd year in a row
  • Sep 20 Syro-Malankara Catholic Church is formed by Archbishop Mar Ivanios.
  • Sep 21 Johann Ostermeyer patents flashbulb
  • Sep 25 Austrian government of Vaugoin forms
  • Sep 25 Zoe Akins' "Greeks Had a Word for it" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 29 1st Canadian football game played under lights, Hamilton-UBC
  • Sep 29 Boquerón battle ends Paraguay border dispute
  • Sep 29 NYC College offers 1st course in radio advertising
  • Oct 5 British airship crashes in storm at Beauvais, France, 48 die
  • Oct 5 Homecoming of the bodies of Swedish polar balloon expedition (1897) led by Salomon August Andrée
  • Oct 9 1st transcontinental flight by a woman completed, Laura Ingalls
  • Oct 11 Collingwood Football Club in Melbourne, Australia, won the VFL premiership for the fourth consecutive year.
  • Oct 13 New German Reichstag opens with 107 NSDAP members in uniform
  • Oct 19 Jules Ladoumègue runs world record 1 km (2:23.6)
  • Oct 20 British White Paper restricts Jews from buying Arab land
  • Oct 22 Blake & Razaf's "Lew Leslie's Blackbirds of 1930" premieres in NYC

Coup d'état

Oct 24 A bloodless coup d'état in Brazil ousts Washington Luís Pereira de Sousa, the last President of the First Republic. Getúlio Vargas then installed as "provisional president."

  • Oct 25 1st football game in Atlantic City Convention Center
  • Oct 25 1st scheduled transcontinental air service began
  • Oct 29 1st Eastern Canada night CF game: Oshawa vs Toronto Balmy Beach
  • Oct 30 Turkey & Greece sign a treaty of friendship
  • Nov 2 Coronation of Ras Tafari Makonnen as Haile Selassie I, 225th Emperor of Ethiopian Solmonic Dynasty

Historic Event

Nov 3 Bank of Italy renamed Bank of America

  • Nov 3 First vehicular tunnel to a foreign country (Detroit-Windsor) opens
  • Nov 3 Getúlio Dornelles Vargas became Head of the Provisional Government in Brazil after a bloodless coup on October 24.
  • Nov 5 Nobel for literature awarded to Sinclair Lewis for "Babbitt"
  • Nov 8 Friedrich Wolf's "Die Matrosen von Cattaro" premieres in Berlin
  • Nov 9 1st nonstop airplane flight from NY to Panama

Historic Invention

Nov 11 Patent number US1781541 is awarded to Albert Einstein and Leó Szilárd for their invention of the Einstein refrigerator

  • Nov 13 WA Drake's "Grand Hotel" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 18 Sōka Kyōiku Gakkai, a Buddhist association later renamed Soka Gakkai, is founded by Japanese educators Tsunesaburo Makiguchi and Josei Toda.
  • Nov 22 1st Irish Sweepstake run
  • Nov 22 1st US football game broadcast to England (Harvard 13, Yale 0)

Historic Event

Nov 22 Elijah Muhammad forms Nation of Islam in Detroit

  • Nov 23 NY Giant Hap Moran runs 91 yards for a TD from a scrimmage
  • Nov 24 Ruth Nichols sets women's transcontinental air flight record (Mineola, NY to California), in a Lockheed-Vega
  • Nov 25 Ito, Japan records 690 earthquake shocks in 1 day
  • Dec 3 Airborn chemicals combine with fog to kill 60 (Meuse Valley, Belgium)
  • Dec 3 Otto Ender forms Austrian government
  • Dec 4 Vatican approves rhythm method for birth control
  • Dec 8 Broadway Theater opens at 1681 Broadway NYC

Nobel Prize

Dec 10 German chemist Hans Fischer is awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry for his work on haemin

Nobel Prize

Dec 10 Indian Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman is presented with the Nobel Prize for Physics for work on light scattering - first Asian and non-white to win a Science Nobel

  • Dec 11 Bank of the United States closes in New York City
  • Dec 12 Start of the 1st Australia v West Indies Test (at Adelaide)
  • Dec 13 French government of André Tardieu falls for the second time
  • Dec 13 Theodore Steeg forms French government

Historic Event

Dec 19 James Weldon Johnson resigns as executive secretary of NAACP

  • Dec 22 Convention of Economic Rapprochement/Oslo Agreesments signed between some European countries in response to the Great Depression
  • Dec 23 Police Bureau of Criminal Alien Investigation started in NYC
  • Dec 24 F Garcia Lorca's "La Zapatera Prodigiosa" premieres in Madrid

Historic Event

Dec 24 Sukarno sentenced to four years in prison by Indonesian authorities in Bandung, Dutch East Indies

  • Dec 25 Slinger Nitschke scores 142 SA v Qld at Adelaide before 5,422
  • Dec 25 Tasmania all out 280, WI 2-139 at Hobart Crowd 2,500
  • Dec 29 Fred P. Newton completes longest swim ever (1826 miles), when he swam in the Mississippi River from Ford Dam, Minnesota, to New Orleans
  • Dec 31 Pontifical encyclical Casti connubii against mixed marriages
  • Dec 31 US tobacco industry produced 123 billion cigarettes in 1930