Events in History in 1932

  • Jan 1 Jacob Cocey Sr chosen as Mayor of Massillon, Ohio

Historic Publication

Jan 1 Rasse und Siedlungshauptamt publishes Himmler's wedding laws

  • Jan 1 The United States Post Office Department issues a set of 12 stamps commemorating the 200th anniversary of George Washington's birth.
  • Jan 2 Young gang shoot dead 6 police in Springfield Missouri
  • Jan 3 Martial law is declared in Honduras to stop revolt by banana workers fired by United Fruit.

Historic Event

Jan 4 British Viceroy of India Lord Willingdon arrests Gandhi & Nehru

  • Jan 4 State of siege proclaimed in Honduras
  • Jan 8 Ratification of present San Francisco City Charter
  • Jan 12 Hattie W Caraway elected 1st woman senator (D-Ark)
  • Jan 12 Philip Barry's "Animal Kingdom" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 14 1st totalisator (to record racetrack bets) in US installed, Hialeah
  • Jan 21 USSR and Finland stop non-attack treaty
  • Jan 23 El Salvador army kills 4,000 protesting farmers
  • Jan 25 1st commencement exercises at Hebrew U in Jerusalem
  • Jan 26 British submarine M-2 sinks in English Channel (60 dead)
  • Jan 26 KUT-AM in Austin Texas changes call letters to KNOW
  • Jan 28 1st US state unemployment insurance act enacted (Wisconsin)
  • Jan 28 Japanese forces attack Shanghai.
  • Jan 29 Test debut of Bill O'Reilly, vs South Africa at Adelaide
  • Jan 30 Grimmett 7-116 in South Africa 1st innings at Adelaide Oval
  • Jan 31 US railway unions accept 10% wage reduction
  • Feb 2 Geneva disarmament conference begins with 60 countries
  • Feb 2 Grimmett takes 14 wickets v South Africa (7-116 & 7-83)
  • Feb 2 Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC) organized in the US to provide financial support to state and local governments and to make loans to banks, railroads, mortgage associations and other businesses
  • Feb 4 Japanese troops occupy Harbin, Manchuria
  • Feb 6 Fascist coup in the Memel territory
  • Feb 9 US airship Columbia crashes during storm (Flushing, NY)
  • Feb 11 73°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in February
  • Feb 11 Johan Grøttumsbraaten leads a Norwegian medal sweep of the Nordic combined event at the Lake Placid Games; retains combined title after also winning in St. Moritz
  • Feb 12 Communist Party of Holland forms Unemployed Combat Committees
  • Feb 13 "Free Eats" introduces George "Spanky" McFarland to "Our Gang"

Historic Event

Feb 15 John Van Druten's "There's Always Juliet" premieres in NYC

  • Feb 16 1st patent for a tree issued to James Markham for a peach tree
  • Feb 18 Japan declares Manchuria independent
  • Feb 18 Japan proclaims and names Manchukuo state in north east China

Historic Event

Feb 19 William Faulkner completes his novel "Light in August"

  • Feb 20 Japanese troops occupy Tunhua China
  • Feb 21 Andre Tardieu becomes Premier of France
  • Feb 21 US camera exposure meter patented to W.N. Goodwin
  • Feb 22 Purple Heart (the Badge of Military Merit) award reinstituted

Historic Event

Feb 25 Austrian immigrant Adolf Hitler gets German citizenship

  • Feb 27 Explosion in coal mine Boissevain, Virginia, USA leaves 38 dead
  • Feb 29 Failed coup attempt by fascist Lapua Movement in Finland
  • Feb 29 TIME magazine features eccentric American politician William "Alfalfa" Murray on its cover after Murray stated his intention to run for President of the United States.
  • Mar 1 12 pro-independence revolutionaries captured in and around Chittagong in Bengal province, British India are sentenced to deportation for life, two to three-year prison terms with the remaining 32 being acquitted.

Historic Event

Mar 1 The "Lindbergh kidnapping", 20 month old son of Charles and Anne Lindbergh kidnapped from home in East Amwell, New Jersey, found dead 12 May

  • Mar 7 Riots at Ford factory in Dearborn, Michigan, 4 killed

Historic Event

Mar 9 Eamon De Valera becomes President of Ireland

  • Mar 9 Former Chinese emperor Henry Pu-Yi installed as head of Manchuria
  • Mar 17 German police raid Adolf Hitler's Nazi headquarters
  • Mar 19 The Sydney Harbour Bridge is opened in Sydney, Australia
  • Mar 20 Kara-Kalpak Autonomous Region in RSFSR becomes Kara-Kalpak ASSR
  • Mar 31 150 wild swans die in Niagara waterfall
  • Mar 31 Ford publicly unveils its V-8 engine

Historic Event

Apr 2 Charles Lindbergh turns over $50,000 as ransom for his kidnapped son

  • Apr 4 Charles G. King, University of Pittsburgh isolates Vitamin C, using adrenal samples provided by Hungarian Albert Szent-Györgyi
  • Apr 5 Dominion of Newfoundland: 10,000 rioters seize the Colonial Building leading to the end of self-government
  • Apr 5 Dutch textile strike broken by trade unions

Election of Interest

Apr 10 Paul von Hindenburg is re-elected President of Germany in a runoff election against Adolf Hitler

  • Apr 12 Emmanuel Chabriers & Balanchines ballet premieres in Monte Carlo
  • Apr 14 World's first particle accelerator built by Ernest Walton and John Cockcroft performs the first artificial nuclear fission with Lithium at Cambridge University [1]

Historic Event

Apr 17 Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia ends slavery

Historic Event

Apr 19 Bonnie Parker is captured in a failed hardware store burglary, and subsequently jailed. A grand jury fails to indict her, however, and she is released a few months later

Historic Event

Apr 19 President Herbert Hoover suggests 5 day work week

  • Apr 23 153-year old De Adriaan Windmill in Haarlem, the Netherlands, burns down

Historic Event

Apr 23 Shakespeare Memorial Theatre opens at Stratford-on-Avon, England

  • Apr 24 German national election (NSDAP 36.3% in Prussia)
  • Apr 25 Rose Franken's "Another Language" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

Apr 26 Jean Anouilh's "L'Ermine" premieres in Paris

  • May 1 1st Suriname union congress at Paramaribo
  • May 2 Pulitzer prize awarded to Pearl S Buck (Good Earth)
  • May 3 24 tourists begin 1st air-charter holiday (London-Basle, Switzerland)

Historic Event

May 4 Al Capone enters Atlanta Penitentiary convicted of income tax evasion

  • May 5 Japan & China sign a peace treaty
  • May 9 Piccadilly Circus, London, first lit by electricity
  • May 9 WOC-AM in Davenport Iowa merges with WHO to become WHO-WOC
  • May 10 Senate chairman Albert Lebrun becomes President of France
  • May 12 Body of kidnapped son of Charles Lindbergh is found in Hopewell, New Jersey
  • May 14 "We Want Beer!" parade in NY
  • May 15 The 15th May Incident: in an attempted coup d'état, the Prime Minister of Japan Inukai Tsuyoshi is shot and killed by Navy officers in his home
  • May 17 US Congress changes name "Porto Rico" to "Puerto Rico"
  • May 20 Engelbert Dollfuss becomes chancellor of Austria

Historic Event

May 21 After flying for 17 hours from Newfoundland, Amelia Earhart lands near Londonderry, Northern Ireland, becoming the 1st transatlantic solo flight by a woman

  • May 26 Admiral Makoto Saito forms parliament in Tokyo
  • May 28 Dam closed, at current monument (South Seas)
  • May 29 The Bonus Army of World War I veterans begins to assemble in Washington, D.C. to request cash bonuses promised to them to be paid in 1945

Historic Event

Jun 1 Franz von Papen becomes Reich Chancellor of Germany

  • Jun 2 Fisherman George W. Perry catches the world record largemouth bass, weighing in at 22 pounds, 4 ounces, at Lake Montgomery, Georgia
  • Jun 2 German Chancellor Franz von Papen forms his "Cabinet of the Barons"
  • Jun 3 John McGraw, who came to NY in 1902, resigns as manager of Giants
  • Jun 3 Paul von Hindenburg disbands German Parliament
  • Jun 4 Chilean coup led by Colonel Marmaduke Grove against President Juan Esteban Montero
  • Jun 4 Edouard Herriot becomes Premier of France
  • Jun 6 The Revenue Act of 1932 is enacted, creating the first gas tax in the United States, at a rate of 1 cent per US gallon (1/4 ¢/L) sold
  • Jun 10 1st demonstration of artificial lightning Pittsfield, Massachusetts
  • Jun 13 Great Britain and France sign peace treaty
  • Jun 14 German government of von Papen forms
  • Jun 16 Germany forbids SA/SS-gang fights
  • Jun 16 US President Herbert Hoover and Vice President Charles Curtis renominated by Republican Convention
  • Jun 17 Bonus Army: around a thousand World War I veterans amass at the United States Capitol as the US Senate considers a bill that would give them certain benefits
  • Jun 17 Oil tanker Cymbeline explodes in Montreal, Canada
  • Jun 19 Hailstones kill 200 in Hunan Province, China
  • Jun 20 A's Roger Cramer gets 6 consecutive hits in a game (repeats in 1935)
  • Jun 22 Congress approves "Lindbergh Act" making kidnapping a federal offense (amended 1934)
  • Jun 22 NL finally approves players wearing numbers
  • Jun 24 Coup ends absolute monarchy in Thailand
  • Jun 29 USSR & China sign non-aggression treaty

Presidential Convention

Jul 1 NY Governor Franklin D. Roosevelt nominated for president at Democratic National Convention in Chicago, Illinois

  • Jul 1 NY newspaper Evening Standard goes bankrupt
  • Jul 2 FDR makes 1st presidential nominating conventional acceptance speech

Historic Event

Jul 5 António de Oliveira Salazar becomes the premier and dictator of Portugal (1932-1968), founding the authoritarian Estado Novo (New State) regime

  • Jul 6 1st class postage back up to 3 cents from 2 cents
  • Jul 8 Depression low point of Dow Jones Industrial Average, 41.22
  • Jul 8 Herbert Sutcliffe scores his 100th 100, Yorkshire v Gloucshire
  • Jul 9 The state of São Paulo revolts against the Brazilian federal government, starting the Constitutionalist Revolution
  • Jul 10 Jack Burnett gets 9 hits, Eddie Rommel relieves in 2nd 18-17 victory in 18 as his A's beats Indians in longest relief job
  • Jul 14 Belgian Chamber rules Dutch language for education of Flanders
  • Jul 15 US President Herbert Hoover cuts own salary 15%
  • Jul 18 Belgium, Luxembourg & Netherlands sign Ouchy Convention, a customs treaty
  • Jul 18 US and Canada sign a treaty to develop St Lawrence Seaway
  • Jul 20 Franz von Papen launches a coup against the Prussian government
  • Jul 20 In Washington, D.C., police fire tear gas on World War I veterans part of the Bonus Expeditionary Force who attempt to march to the White House
  • Jul 27 Paul Gorgoulov, assassin of French president Doumer, sentenced to death
  • Jul 28 US President Herbert Hoover uses federal troops to evict the Bonus Army (WWI veterans and their families) from their encampment, 4 die
  • Jul 29 Great Depression: in Washington, D.C., U.S. troops disperse the last of the "Bonus Army" of World War I veterans
  • Jul 31 German Election (NSDAP gets 37.3%)
  • Aug 1 George Washington quarter goes into circulation

Famous Photo

Aug 2 Carl David Anderson discovers and photographs a positron, the first known antiparticle

Historic Event

Aug 5 Clyde Barrow and two associates kill Sheriff C.G. Maxwell and his deputy, Eugene C. Moore, the first time the Barrow gang kills a lawman

  • Aug 10 A 5.1-kg (11.2-pound) chondrite-type meteorite breaks into at least seven pieces and lands near the town of Archie in Cass County, Missouri.
  • Aug 10 The Lego Group founded in Billund, Denmark, by Ole Kirk Christiansen; name is contraction of Danish words 'leg godt' ('play well' in English)
  • Aug 13 Adolf Hitler refuses President von Hindenburg's proposal to become vice-chancellor of Germany
  • Aug 14 Philips makes 1 millionth radio
  • Aug 18 Auguste Piccard and Max Cosyns reach 16,201m in a balloon launched from Dübendorf, Switzerland
  • Aug 18 Englishman James Mollisson is 1st to fly east to west over Atlantic
  • Aug 24 1st transcontinental non-stop flight by a woman, Amelia Earhart
  • Aug 25 Amelia Earhart completes transcontinental flight
  • Aug 27 200,000 English textile workers strike
  • Aug 27 International anti-war congress opens in Amsterdam
  • Aug 29 International Anti-War Committee forms in Amsterdam
  • Aug 29 United Cigar Stores shuts 800 shops

Election of Interest

Aug 30 Hermann Goering elected Chairman of the German Reichstag

  • Sep 1 NYC Mayor James J "Gentleman Jimmy" Walker resigns (graft charges)
  • Sep 5 The French Upper Volta is broken apart between Ivory Coast, French Sudan, and Niger
  • Sep 9 Frank Crosetti ties record, striking out twice in 1 inning
  • Sep 9 Mine strikes at Belgian Borinage ended
  • Sep 9 Spanish Cortes grants Catalonia autonomy
  • Sep 9 Steamboat SS Observation explodes in NYC East River (71 killed)
  • Sep 10 Independent City Owned Rapid Transit Railroad (IND) opens in NYC
  • Sep 11 Franciszek Żwirko and Stanisław Wigura, Polish Challenge 1932 winners, are killed in a plane crash when their RWD 6 crashes into the ground during a storm.
  • Sep 12 German government of Papen falls/Reichstag dissolved
  • Sep 14 Military coup in Chile under Arturo Alessandri
  • Sep 16 30.8 cm rainfall at Westerly, Rhode Island (state record)
  • Sep 20 Dutch South Seas rebaptized in IJsselmeer
  • Sep 20 Mahatma Gandhi begins a hunger strike against the way Hindu untouchables are treated
  • Sep 22 Hungarian government of Károlyi falls

Historic Event

Sep 23 Abdulaziz Ibn Saud merges the Kingdom of Nejd and Hejaz into the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

  • Sep 24 NY Governor Franklin D. Roosevelt visits LA
  • Sep 25 Poona Act signed by Madan Mohan Malaviya and B R. Amedkar in India, reserving legislative seats for depressed classes (untouchables)
  • Oct 1 Oswald Mosley forms British Union of Fascists
  • Oct 3 Iraq gains full independence from Britain, joins League of Nations
  • Oct 4 Anti-semite Julius Gombos forms new government in Hungary
  • Oct 8 The Indian Air Force is established

Historic Event

Oct 9 Soviet leader Joseph Stalin expels Lev Kamenev and Grigory Zinoviev from the Communist Party after a power struggle

  • Oct 10 "Betty & Bob" premieres on radio
  • Oct 10 Dnjepr Dam in USSR put into operation (world's biggest)
  • Oct 15 Tata Airlines (later to become Air India) makes its first flight
  • Oct 18 Belgium government of Renkin falls
  • Oct 19 Austria forbids demonstration by Nazis & anti fascists
  • Oct 19 British government signs trade agreement with Soviet Union

Radio Premiere

Oct 19 Henry Ford gives his 1st radio speech

  • Oct 22 Charles de Broqueville becomes premier of Belgium
  • Oct 22 George Kaufman & Edna Ferbers "Dinner at 8" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 24 British government signs trade treaty with USSR

Historic Event

Oct 25 Benito Mussolini promises to remain dictator for 30 years

  • Oct 25 Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts Company consultant
  • Oct 29 French liner Normandie is launched

Historic Event

Oct 31 Greek government of Venizelos falls

Appointment of Interest

Nov 1 Wernher von Braun named head of German liquid-fuel rocket program

  • Nov 2 The "Great Emu War" begins: Australian soldiers armed with Lewis Guns sought to cull the Emu population over crop destruction in Campion district, Western Australia
  • Nov 5 Benito Mussolini frees 16,000 convicts
  • Nov 6 German election - KPD defeats NSDAP
  • Nov 8 Amidst the Great Depression, Democrat candidate Franklin D. Roosevelt is elected President of the United States, defeating Republican incumbent Herbert Hoover
  • Nov 9 Hurricane storm wave sweeps over Santa Cruz del Sur Cuba kills 2,500
  • Nov 9 Riots between conservative and socialist supporters in Switzerland kill 12 and injure 60.
  • Nov 12 24 killed at Lancashire mine explosion
  • Nov 17 German government of von Papen resigns
  • Nov 19 Shaft & Thyssen demand Adolf Hitler become German chancellor
  • Nov 20 Earthquake at Uden, Netherlands
  • Nov 22 Pump patented that computes quantity and price delivered
  • Nov 24 In Washington, D.C., the FBI Scientific Crime Detection Laboratory (better known as the FBI Crime Lab) officially opens.
  • Nov 27 Poland & USSR sign non-aggression treaty
  • Nov 29 France & USSR sign non-aggression pact
  • Dec 3 Gen Kurt von Schleicher becomes chancellor of Germany
  • Dec 4 Kurt von Schleicher succeeds Franz von Papen as Reich Chancellor of Germany

Historic Event

Dec 5 German physicist Albert Einstein granted a visa to enter America

  • Dec 7 1st gyro-stabilized vessel to cross Atlantic arrives in NY
  • Dec 10 King Rama VII (Prajadhipok) grants Thailand a constitution