On This Day

Events in History in 1933 (Part 2)

  • Aug 22 International Zionists Congress opens in Prague

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 23 Mahatma Gandhi released from Indian jail following another hunger strike

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Aug 30 Air France forms from five French airlines
  • Aug 30 Portuguese dictator Salazar forms secret police (PIDE)
  • Sep 3 Yevgeniy Abalakov reaches the highest point of the Soviet Union - Communism Peak (7495 m)
  • Sep 4 1st airplane to exceed 300 mph (483 kph), JR Wendell, Glenview, Il

BattleCoup d'état

Sep 4 Coup on Cuban president De Cespedes by Fulgencio Batista

Cuban President and Dictator Fulgencio Batista
Cuban President and Dictator
Fulgencio Batista

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 8 Second Spanish government of Manuel Azaña forms

President of the Spanish Republic Manuel Azaña
President of the Spanish Republic
Manuel Azaña
  • Sep 10 1st Negro League All-Star Game, West beats East 11-7 (Comiskey Park)
  • Sep 12 Alejandro Lerroux forms new Spanish government
  • Sep 12 Dutch parliament accepts ban on uniforms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 12 Leó Szilárd, waiting for a red light on Southampton Row in Bloomsbury, conceives idea of a nuclear chain reaction

Physicist and Inventor Leó Szilárd
Physicist and Inventor
Leó Szilárd
  • Sep 13 Elizabeth McCombs becomes the first New Zealand woman Member of Parliament
  • Sep 14 2 billion board feet of lumber destroyed in Tillamook Oregon fire
  • Sep 21 Trial against Marinus der Lubbe opens
  • Sep 25 1st state poorhouse opens in Smyrna, Georgia

  • Sep 25 5th "extermination campaign" against communists in Nanjing China
  • Sep 26 Sidney Kingsley's "Men in White" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 30 Berlin/Hart/Heyman/Myers ballet "As Thousands Cheer," premieres in NYC
  • Oct 3 Gustave "Staf" de Clerq forms Flemish National Covenant
  • Oct 4 Esquire magazine is 1st published
  • Oct 8 Coit Tower dedicated in San Francisco as a monument to firefighters
  • Oct 8 Martinez Barrios forms new Spanish government
  • Oct 10 1st synthetic detergent, "Dreft" by Procter & Gamble, goes on sale
  • Oct 12 Alcatraz becomes a federal prison (unofficially)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 12 John Dillinger escapes from jail in Allen County, Ohio

Gangster John Dillinger
Gangster
John Dillinger
FBI Agent Melvin Purvis
FBI Agent
Melvin Purvis

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 12 Gangster George Francis Barnes, aka Machine Gun Kelly, is sentenced to life imprisonment

  • Oct 13 JDJ Boularan's "Tovarich" premieres in Paris
  • Oct 14 Nazi Germany announces its withdrawal from the League of Nations
  • Oct 15 20th Amendment to the US Constitution goes into effect: President term begins in Jan not March

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 17 Albert Einstein arrives in US as a refugee from Nazi Germany

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • Oct 23 John Dillinger and his gang rob Central National Bank, in Greencastle, Indiana. They take $75, 000

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 24 Langston Hughes' "Mulatto" premieres in NYC

Poet and Playwright Langston Hughes
Poet and Playwright
Langston Hughes
  • Oct 26 French government of Serraut forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 4 Hermann Goering & Georgi Dimitrov duel

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • Nov 4 Young Park (1) in the Bronx named in honor of James Young

  • Nov 5 Spanish Basques vote for autonomy
  • Nov 7 Fiorello H. La Guardia is elected the 99th mayor of New York City.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 8 FDR creates Civil Works Administration

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Nov 10 Black Blizzard snowstorm-duststorm rages from SD to Atlantic
  • Nov 11 "Great Black Blizzard" 1st great dust storm in Great Plains
  • Nov 12 1st Sunday football game in Philadelphia (previously illegal)
  • Nov 12 First known photo of so-called Loch Ness monster is taken by Hugh Gray
  • Nov 12 Nazis receive 92% of vote in Germany
  • Nov 13 1st modern sit-down strike by Hormel meat packers in Austin, Minnesota

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 16 Brazilian President Getulio Vargas declares himself dictator

President and Dictator of Brazil Getulio Vargas
President and Dictator of Brazil
Getulio Vargas
  • Nov 16 Roosevelt establishes diplomatic relations with USSR
  • Nov 17 United States recognizes Soviet Union, opens trade
  • Nov 19 Women allowed to vote in Spain (helps right wing)
  • Nov 21 1st US ambassador to USSR, W.C. Bullitt, begins service
  • Nov 25 1st Soviet liquid fuel rocket attains altitude of 261' (80m)
  • Nov 26 Camille Chautemps becomes French premier

MurderMurder of Interest

Nov 28 A Dallas grand jury delivers a murder indictment against Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow for the January 1933 killing of Tarrant County Deputy Malcolm Davis

American Outlaw Bonnie Parker
American Outlaw
Bonnie Parker
Bank Robber Clyde Barrow
Bank Robber
Clyde Barrow
  • Nov 29 1st state liquor stores authorized (Pennsylvania)
  • Nov 29 Japan begins persecution of communists
  • Nov 30 CCC Camps are established in Cleveland Park District

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 1 Rudolf Hess & Ernest Rohm become ministers in Hitler government

Nazi leader Rudolf Hess
Nazi leader
Rudolf Hess
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Dec 4 FDR creates Federal Alcohol Control Administration
  • Dec 5 Prohibition ends in the US when 21st Amendment to the US Constitution ratified, 18th Amendment repealed (5:32 PM EST)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 6 Ban on James Joyce's "Ulysses" in US lifted

Novelist & Poet James Joyce
Novelist & Poet
James Joyce
  • Dec 8 French nun Bernadette Soubirous, who saw the vision of the Virgin Mary at Lourdes, is canonized by the Catholic Church
  • Dec 9 Romania prohibits fascist Iron Guard

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

Dec 10 Nobel Prize for Physics is presented to Paul Dirac and Erwin Schrödinger "for the discovery of new productive forms of atomic theory"

Theoretical Physicist and Nobel Laureate Paul Dirac
Theoretical Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Paul Dirac
Physicist and Nobel Laureate Erwin Schrödinger
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Erwin Schrödinger
  • Dec 16 Abe de Vries & Sipke Castelein win Elfstedentocht
  • Dec 17 Spain's 2nd government of Lerroux forms
  • Dec 19 Electric Home & Farm Authority Inc, authorized
  • Dec 20 Bolivia & Paraguay sign cease fire
  • Dec 21 Dried human blood serum 1st prepared, University of Pennsylvania
  • Dec 21 Newfoundland reverts to being a crown colony of Great Britain
  • Dec 23 Marinus van der Lubbe sentenced to death
  • Dec 23 Train crash in Eastern Paris; 230 die
  • Dec 24 Paris express train derails & kills 160, injures 300 (France)
  • Dec 25 Another Christmas Day five-wicket haul by Clarrie Grimmett
  • Dec 25 Belgian Working people's party accept Henry de Mans Plan of Labor
  • Dec 25 Stan Smith takes 8-33 for Victoria v Tasmania at Hobart
  • Dec 26 US forswears armed intervention in Western Hemisphere
  • Dec 26 FM radio patent granted to American engineer Edwin Howard Armstrong
  • Dec 30 -50°F (-46°C) in Bloomfield, Vermont (state record)
  • Dec 30 Government disallows NSB-membership for civil service
  • Dec 30 Jack Badcock scores 274 v Victoria, Tasmania's 1st double-ton