Events in History in 1934

Events 1 - 200 of 227

  • Jan 1 Alcatraz officially becomes a federal prison
  • Jan 1 Federal Deposit Insurance Corp (US bank guarantor) effective
  • Jan 1 International Telecommunication Union established
  • Jan 1 Nazi Germany passes the "Law for the Prevention of Genetically Diseased Offspring".
  • Jan 2 1st state liquor stores open, in Pennsylvania
  • Jan 5 Fenway Park catches fire for 2nd time (May 8th 1926 also)
  • Jan 7 "Flash Gordon" comic strip (by Alex Raymond) debuts
  • Jan 8 Jaap Speyers "Bluejackets" premieres in Amsterdam
  • Jan 13 The Candidate of Science degree is established in the USSR
  • Jan 15 8.4 earthquake in India/Nepal, 10,700 die
  • Jan 15 While robbing the First National Bank in East Chicago, Indianapolis, Dillinger is shot several times by officer William O'Malley, but survives because he is wearing a bullet proof vest.
  • Jan 17 Electric Home & Farm Authority incorporated
  • Jan 18 Eugene O'Neill's "Days Without End" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 19 Kenesaw Mountain Landis denies Joe Jackson's appeal for reinstatement
  • Jan 20 Japan sends Henry Pu Yi as regent to emperor of Manchuria
  • Jan 26 Nazi Germany & Poland sign 10-year non-aggression treaty
  • Jan 26 The Apollo Theater reopens in Harlem, New York City.
  • Jan 27 French government of Chautemps falls (Stavisky Affair)
  • Jan 27 VARA refuses to hire after commemoration of Marinus Van de Lubbe
  • Jan 28 1st US ski tow (rope) begins operation (Woodstock, Vermont)
  • Jan 30 1st theatrical presentation sponsored by US government, NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 30 Hitler proclamation on German unified states

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 31 FDR devalues US dollar in relation to gold at $35 per ounce

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Feb 1 Austrian Chancellor Dollfuss dissolves all political parties but his
  • Feb 2 Dutch RC Bishops warn against fascism and nazism
  • Feb 6 Reds purchase 43-year-old Dazzy Vance from the Cards for $7,500
  • Feb 6 Far right leagues rally in front of the Palais Bourbon in an attempted coup against the French Third Republic, creating a political crisis in France
  • Feb 7 1st contract for TVA power, Tupelo, Miss
  • Feb 8 Export-Import Bank organizes in Washington, D.C.
  • Feb 8 Gaston Doumergue forms new French government
  • Feb 9 -14.3°F (-25.7°C), coldest day in New York City
  • Feb 9 -51°F (-46°C), Vanderbilt, Michigan (state record)
  • Feb 9 Balkan Entente alliance forms (Yugoslavia, Greece, Turkey & Romania)
  • Feb 10 1st Jewish immigrant ship to break the English blockade in Palestine
  • Feb 10 Byrd souvenir sheet issued, NYC; 1st unperforated ungummed US stamp

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 10 Stalin ends 17th CPSU-congress, says "Life becomes merrier"

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • Feb 12 Export-Import Bank incorporates
  • Feb 12 France hit by a general strike against fascists & royalists
  • Feb 12 The four-day February Uprising, sometimes called the Austrian Civil War, begins.
  • Feb 13 Austrian Dollfuss government bans socialist party
  • Feb 13 The Soviet steamship Cheliuskin sinks in the Arctic Ocean.
  • Feb 16 Austrian Civil War ends with the defeat of the Social Democrats and the Republican Schutzbund
  • Feb 16 Commission of Government is sworn in as form of direct rule for the Dominion of Newfoundland
  • Feb 17 1st high school auto driving course offered (State College, Penn)
  • Feb 19 US contract air mail service canceled, replaced by US army for 6 months
  • Feb 21 Nicaraguan patriot Augusto Cesar Sandino assassinated by National Guard

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 22 André Malraux and Édouard Corniglion-Molinier set out to find the lost capital of the Queen of Sheba, as mentioned in the Old Testament

Novelist André Malraux
Novelist
André Malraux
  • Feb 23 Coronation of King Leopold III of Belgium
  • Mar 1 Henry Pu Yi crowned Emperor Kang Teh of Manchuria
  • Mar 2 Union Pacific tests light-weight high-speed passenger train, Omaha

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 3 John Dillinger breaks out of jail using a wooden pistol

Gangster John Dillinger
Gangster
John Dillinger

  • Mar 4 Easter Cross on Mt Davidson (SF) dedicated
  • Mar 5 Mother-in-law's day 1st celebrated (Amarillo, Texas)
  • Mar 6 Sidney Howard & Paul de Kruif's "Yellowjacket" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 8 Edwin Hubble photo shows as many galaxies as Milky Way has stars

Astronomer Edwin Hubble
Astronomer
Edwin Hubble
  • Mar 10 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Suzanne Davis
  • Mar 10 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner
  • Mar 12 Acting President Constantine Päts commits coup in Tallinn, Estonia
  • Mar 12 Josip Broz (Tito) freed from jail
  • Mar 12 Paul Hindemith's "Mathis der Maler" premieres in Berlin
  • Mar 15 US Information Service opens
  • Mar 16 US Congress passes Migratory Bird Conservation Act

AgreementTreaty of Interest

Mar 17 Dollfuss, Mussolini & Gombos sign Donau Pact (protocols of Rome)

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Mar 20 Rudolf Kuhnold demonstrates radar in Kiel Germany
  • Mar 21 Fire destroys Hakodate Japan, killing about 1,500
  • Mar 22 Fire destroys Hakodate Japan (kills 1,500, injures 1,000)
  • Mar 23 US Congress accepts Philippines independence in 1945
  • Mar 24 U.S. Congress passes the Tydings-McDuffie Act, declaring the Philippines independent after a period of 10 years
  • Mar 26 Driving tests introduced in Britain
  • Mar 29 Bank of Travail in Belgium, socialist workers' movement bankrupt
  • Mar 31 Netherlands Indies BC Ltd begins radio transmission (Indonesia)
  • Apr 1 Bonnie & Clyde kill 2 police officers

MurderMurder of Interest

Apr 1 Clyde Barrow kills two young highway patrolmen, H. D. Murphy and Edward Bryant Wheeler, at the intersection of Route 114 near Grapevine, Texas. Bonnie Parker's role in the murders helps turn public perception against the gang for good

Bank Robber Clyde Barrow
Bank Robber
Clyde Barrow
American Outlaw Bonnie Parker
American Outlaw
Bonnie Parker
  • Apr 6 418 Lutheran ministers arrested in Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 7 In India, Mahatma Gandhi suspends his campaign of civil disobedience

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Apr 12 Second highest ever wind speed of 372 km/h (231 mph) recorded on Mt Washington
  • Apr 12 The US Auto-Lite Strike begins, culminating in a five-day melee between Ohio National Guard troops and 6,000 strikers and picketers.
  • Apr 13 4.7 million US families report receiving welfare payments
  • Apr 13 US Congress passes Johnson Debt Default Act
  • Apr 18 1st "Washateria" (laundromat) opens (Fort Worth, Tx)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 18 Hitler names Joachim von Ribbentrop ambassador for disarmament

Foreign Minister of the German Reich Joachim von Ribbentrop
Foreign Minister of the German Reich
Joachim von Ribbentrop
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 20 Heinrich Himmler becomes inspector Prussian secret state police

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • Apr 28 FDR signs Home Owners Loan Act
  • Apr 28 Spanish government of Samper forms
  • Apr 28 Tigers' Goose Goslin grounds into 4 straight double plays
  • Apr 30 Austria gets "Austrian facist" constitution
  • May 1 Austria signs pact with Vatican
  • May 1 Philippine legislature accepts US proposal for independence
  • May 1 Water state kingdom dismisses NSB-leader Anton Mussert
  • May 2 Nazi Germany begins People's Court
  • May 7 Princess Juliana of the Netherlands opens Juliana Canal between Maastricht and Maasbracht
  • May 7 Part of Khabarovsk becomes a Jewish Autnomous Region
  • May 7 Pulitzer prize awarded to Sidney Kingsley for his play "Men in White"
  • May 7 World's largest pearl (6.4 kg) found at Palawan, Philippines
  • May 13 Great dustbowl storm sweeps across US prairies
  • May 15 US Department of Justice offers $25,000 reward for Dillinger, dead or alive
  • May 15 Karlis Ulmanis names himself fascist dictator of Latvia
  • May 18 Academy Award 1st called Oscar in print (Sidney Skolsky)
  • May 18 Jimmie Foxx hits 1st HR in Comiskey Park center field bleachers
  • May 18 TWA begins commercial service
  • May 19 Military coup by Col Damian Veltsjev in Bulgaria
  • May 19 Sherlock Holmes crossword puzzle in "Sat Review of Lit" Males who solved puzzle became members of Baker Street Irregulars
  • May 21 Oskaloosa, Iowa, becomes first US city to fingerprint its citizens
  • May 23 American outlaws Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow - Bonnie and Clyde - are killed by police in an ambush near Sailes, Louisiana
  • May 23 The Auto-Lite Strike culminates in the "Battle of Toledo", a five-day melée between 1,300 troops of the Ohio National Guard and 6,000 picketers.
  • May 24 Colombia & Peru sign accord about harbor city Leticia
  • May 25 Béla Bartòk's "Enchanted Deer" premieres
  • May 26 Century of Progress Exposition reopens in Chicago
  • May 28 Near Callander, Ontario, the Dionne quintuplets are born to Olivia and Elzire Dionne, later becoming the first quintuplets to survive infancy
  • May 28 The Glyndebourne festival in Sussex, England, inaugurated

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 3 Dr Frederick Banting, co-discoverer of insulin, is knighted

  • Jun 5 1st formal meeting of Baker Street Irregulars (NYC)
  • Jun 6 Securities & Exchange Commission established
  • Jun 6 Yankee Myrl Hoag hits 6 singles in one game
  • Jun 10 USSR & Romania re-establish diplomatic relations
  • Jun 11 Disarmament conference in Geneva fails
  • Jun 12 Black-McKeller Bill passes causes Bill Boeing empire to break up into Boeing United Aircraft [Technologies] & United Airlines
  • Jun 14 Hitler & Benito Mussolini meet in Vienna
  • Jun 14 Max Baer KO's Primo Carnera in 11 for HW box champ in Long Island City
  • Jun 14 WOQ-AM in Kansas City Missouri goes off the air
  • Jun 15 Great Smokey Mountains National Park dedicated
  • Jun 18 US Highway planning surveys nationwide authorized
  • Jun 19 Federal Communications Commission (FCC) created
  • Jun 22 John Dillinger is informally named America's first Public Enemy Number One
  • Jun 25 Hedley Verity takes 15 wickets v Australia (7-61 & 8-43)
  • Jun 26 FDR signs Federal Credit Union Act, establishing Credit Unions
  • Jun 26 Germany & Poland sign non-aggression treaty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 26 W.E.B. Du Bois resigns position at NAACP

Civil Rights Activist W.E.B. Du Bois
Civil Rights Activist
W.E.B. Du Bois
  • Jun 27 Federal Savings & Loan Association created
  • Jun 28 Hitler flies to Essen (Night of Long Knives)
  • Jun 30 "Night of Long Knives" - Hitler stages a bloody purge of the Nazi party
  • Jun 30 French Equatorial Africa constituted a single administrative unit
  • Jul 1 1st x-ray photo of entire body, Rochester, NY
  • Jul 2 General Lazaro Cardenas elected president of Mexico
  • Jul 3 FDIC pays off 1st insured depositors, Fon du Lac Bank, East Peoria IL
  • Jul 4 Jordanians revolt in Amsterdam after reduction in employment
  • Jul 4 Hungarian physicist Leo Szilard patents the chain-reaction design for the atomic bomb.
  • Jul 5 "Bloody Thursday" - Police open fire on striking longshoremen in San Francisco.
  • Jul 9 SS-Reichsfuehrer Heinrich Himmler takes command of German Concentration Camps
  • Jul 10 1st sitting US president to visit South America, FDR in Colombia
  • Jul 10 Carl Hubbell strikes out Ruth, Gehrig & Foxx in All star game
  • Jul 11 FDR became 1st US president to travel through Panama Canal
  • Jul 12 US Disciplinary Barracks on Alcatraz Island abandoned
  • Jul 14 116°F (47°C), Orogrande NM (state record, broken on June 27, 1994)
  • Jul 14 NY Times erroneously declares Ruth 700 HR record to stand for all time
  • Jul 14 Ruth hits 700th career home run
  • Jul 15 Continental Airlines commences operations.
  • Jul 20 118°F (48°C), Keokuk, Iowa (state record)
  • Jul 21 113°F (45°C), near Gallipolis, Ohio (state record)
  • Jul 22 Outside Chicago's Biograph Theatre, "Public Enemy No. 1" John Dillinger is mortally wounded by FBI agents.
  • Jul 24 1st ptarmigan hatched & reared in captivity, Ithaca, NY
  • Jul 25 Failed nazi coup in Austria
  • Jul 27 French socialist/communist party of People's Front forms
  • Jul 28 118°F (48°C), Orofino, Idaho (state record)
  • Aug 2 1st airplane train, plane tows 3 mail gliders behind it
  • Aug 2 Adolf Hitler becomes commander-in-chief of German armed forces
  • Aug 2 William Franks twirls an indian club overhead 17,280 times in 1 hour
  • Aug 3 Adolf Hitler merges the offices of German Chancellor and President, declaring himself "Führer" (leader)
  • Aug 4 2nd British Empire Games open in London, England
  • Aug 6 US troops leave Haiti, which had been occupied since 1915

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 7 US Court of Appeals upheld lower court ruling striking down government's attempt to ban controversial James Joyce novel "Ulysses"

Novelist & Poet James Joyce
Novelist & Poet
James Joyce
  • Aug 11 1st federal prisoners arrive at Alcatraz in SF Bay
  • Aug 11 2nd British Empire Games close in London, England
  • Aug 16 US ends occupation of Haiti (been there since 1915)
  • Aug 16 US explorer William Beebe descends 3,028' (923 m) in Bathysphere
  • Aug 19 The first All-American Soap Box Derby is held in Dayton, Ohio.
  • Sep 1 Spelling-Marchand Laws enforced
  • Sep 1 SMJK Sam Tet was founded by Father Fourgs from the St. Michael Church, Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia.
  • Sep 3 Tunisia began its move for independence
  • Sep 8 Luxury passenger ship Morro Castle bound for NJ catches fire, 133 die
  • Sep 9 G Kaufman & M Hart's "Merrily We Roll Along" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 12 Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania signs Baltic Entente, against USSR
  • Sep 17 USSR joins League of Nations (Netherland, Switzerland & Portugal vote no)
  • Sep 18 St Louis Brown Bobo Newsom loses no-hitter to Boston in 10, 2-1
  • Sep 18 USSR admitted to League of Nations
  • Sep 19 Bruno Haptmann arrested for kidnapping Lindbergh baby
  • Sep 21 Typhoon strikes Honshu Island Japan, kills 4,000
  • Sep 22 An explosion takes place at Gresford Colliery in Wales, leading to the deaths of 266 miners and rescuers.
  • Sep 25 John Van Druten's "Distaff Side" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 26 British liner Queen Mary is launched
  • Sep 30 St Louis Card clinch pennant as Dizzy Dean wins his 30th of year
  • Oct 1 Adolf Hitler expands German army & navy & creates an air force, violating Treaty of Versailles

MurderMurder of Interest

Oct 8 Bruno Hauptmann is indicted for murder of Charles Lindbergh's son

  • Oct 9 Regicide at Marseille: The assassination of King Alexander I of Yugoslavia and Louis Barthou, Foreign Minister of France.
  • Oct 14 "Lux Radio Theatre" premieres

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 16 Mao Zedong & 25,000 troops begin 6,000 mile Long March

Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
  • Oct 17 "The Aldrich Family" premieres on radio
  • Oct 22 In East Liverpool, Ohio, notorious bank robber Pretty Boy Floyd is shot and killed by Federal Bureau of Investigation agents.
  • Oct 23 Jean Piccard & Jeanette Ridlen attain balloon height of 17.341 m (rec)
  • Nov 3 Dizzy Dean chosen as NL MVP
  • Nov 7 Arthur L. Mitchell, becomes first African American Democratic US congressman (Illinois)
  • Nov 8 Ford Frick, NL publicity director, is named league president
  • Nov 11 WOC-AM in Davenport Iowa splits from WHO-WOC & becomes KICK-AM
  • Nov 15 Nobel for chemistry awarded to Harold C Urey (deuterium)
  • Nov 20 Lillian Hellman's "Children's Hour" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 20 New Belgian government of Theunis, Francqui & Gutt (3 bankers)
  • Nov 21 "Uiver" returns from Schiphol in London-Melbourne air race
  • Nov 22 "Santa Claus Is Comin' to Town" 1st heard on Eddie Cantor's show
  • Nov 23 An Anglo-Ethiopian boundary commission in the Ogaden discovers an Italian garrison at Walwal, which lay well within Ethiopian territory. This leads to the Abyssinia Crisis.
  • Nov 24 SN Behrman's "Rain from Heaven" premieres in NYC