On This Day

Events in History in 1935

  • Jan 1 Associated Press inaugurates Wirephoto
  • Jan 1 Eastern Airlines hires Eddie Rickenbacker as GM
  • Jan 1 President Mustapha Kemal Pasha names himself "Ataturk: Father of Turkey"

MurderMurder of Interest

Jan 2 Bruno Hauptmann trial begins for kidnap-murder of Charles Lindbergh's baby

  • Jan 4 Ft Jefferson National Monument, Florida established
  • Jan 7 Zoe Akins' "Old Maid" premieres in NYC

AgreementAgreement of Interest

Jan 7 French Foreign minister Pierre Laval and Benito Mussolini sign the Franco-Italian Agreement

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France Pierre Laval
Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France
Pierre Laval
  • Jan 8 Spectrophotometer patented, AC Hardy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 11 Amelia Earhart flies from Honolulu to Oakland Ca (non-stop, of course)

  • Jan 13 Plebiscite in Saar indicates a desire (90.3%) to join Nazi Germany
  • Jan 14 Iraq-Mediterranean oil pipeline goes into use
  • Jan 15 300 Dutch ice cream salesmen protest against Italian competition
  • Jan 15 Clifford Odets' "Waiting for Lefty" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 19 KLM begins flight path between Curacao & Aruba
  • Jan 19 Coopers Inc. sells the world's first men's briefs in Chicago, calls it the "Jockey"
  • Jan 21 12.0" (30.5 cm) of rain falls, Quinault RS, Washington (state record)

  • Jan 21 WFI-AM in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania merges with WLIT as WFIL (now WEAZ)
  • Jan 21 The Wilderness Society is founded by conservationists

Historic InventionBeer in a Can

Jan 24 1st canned beer, "Krueger's Cream Ale," is sold by American company Krueger Brewing Co.

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Krueger's Cream Ale and Krueger's Finest Beer, sold by American company Krueger Brewing Co.
Krueger's Cream Ale and Krueger's Finest Beer, sold by American company Krueger Brewing Co.
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  • Jan 28 Iceland becomes 1st western country to legalize abortion

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Jan 30 Ezra Pound meets Benito Mussolini, reads from a draft of "Cantos"

  • Feb 1 1st "March of Time" newsreel premieres at the Capitol
  • Feb 1 James T Farrell finishes his "Studs Lonigan" trilogy
  • Feb 2 Leonarde Keeler first uses his polygraph machine on criminals later convicted of assault on its findings in Portage, Wisconsin
  • Feb 6 "Monopoly" board game goes on sale for 1st time
  • Feb 6 1st election to allow women to vote in Turkey
  • Feb 9 US male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee
  • Feb 11 -11°F (-24°C), Ifrane, Morocco (African record low)
  • Feb 11 1st US airplane flight with auto slung beneath fuselage, NY
  • Feb 12 Great airship, USS Macon, crashes into Pacific Ocean

CommunicationHistoric Communication

Feb 12 First secret demonstration of radio signals detecting aircraft by Robert Watson-Watt at Daventry, England

Physicist and Radar Pioneer Robert Watson-Watt
Physicist and Radar Pioneer
Robert Watson-Watt
  • Feb 13 1st US surgical operation for relief of angina pectoris, Cleveland
  • Feb 13 Bruno Hauptmann found guilty of kidnap & murder of Lindbergh infant. He proclaimed his innocence to the end.
  • Feb 19 Clifford Odets' "Awake & Sing" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 20 Dane Caroline Mikkelson is 1st woman to land on Antarctica
  • Feb 22 Airplanes are no longer permitted to fly over the White House

  • Feb 26 RADAR (Radio Detection and Ranging) first demonstrated by Robert Watson-Watt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 26 Existence of re-formed German Luftwaffe revealed (banned in 1920 by Treaty of Versailles) with Reichsmarshall Hermann Göring as commander-in-chief

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • Feb 28 Amsterdam Hotel of the Red Lion gets sidewalk permit
  • Feb 28 Wallace Carothers manufactures 1st nylon polymer
  • Feb 28 Ladby Ship is discovered within a Viking grave on the island of Funen in Denmark by amateur archaeologist Poul Helweg Mikkelsen
  • Mar 3 Dutch Revolutionary Socialist Worker's party (RSAP), forms
  • Mar 5 1st premature baby health law in US (Chicago)
  • Mar 6 Frank Bartell (Czech), cycles record 80.584 mph in LA
  • Mar 7 Saar incorporated into Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 9 Adolf Hitler publicly announces the creation of a new air force, the Luftwaffe

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Mar 11 Bank of Canada first opens on Wellington Street, Ottawa
  • Mar 11 Hermann Goering officially creates the Luftwaffe (German Air Force)
  • Mar 12 Britain establishes 30 MPH speed limit for towns & villages
  • Mar 13 Driving tests introduced in Great Britain
  • Mar 14 36-Folsom becomes 1st line to use 1-man streetcars in San Francisco
  • Mar 16 Adolf Hitler orders German re-armament in violation of The Treaty of Versailles
  • Mar 17 KSO-AM in Des Moines Iowa call sign is given to KWCR

Music releaseTheater Premiere

Mar 21 Jean Anouilh's play "Y avait un prisonnier" premieres in Paris

Dramatist Jean Anouilh
Dramatist
Jean Anouilh
  • Mar 21 Persia is officially renamed Iran
  • Mar 22 Blood tests authorized as evidence in court cases in New York

  • Mar 25 1st Belgium government of Van Zealand resigns
  • Mar 26 RJ Mitchell & Major Sorley discuss armament of Supermarine Spitfire

InventionHistoric Invention

Mar 28 Robert Goddard uses gyroscopes to control a rocket

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard
  • Mar 30 Newfoundland changes time to 3½ hrs W of Greenwich, repeats 44 sec
  • Apr 1 1st radio tube made of metal announced, Schenectady, NY
  • Apr 2 Scottish physicist Robert Watson-Watt receives a British patents for RADAR
  • Apr 5 Croatian Farmers Party wins Yugoslavian election
  • Apr 8 Works Progress Administration approved by Congress
  • Apr 12 Germany prohibits publishing "not-Arian" writers
  • Apr 12 Royal Proclamation sets design of Canada's new Jubilee Silver Dollar
  • Apr 12 First flight of the Bristol Blenheim
  • Apr 14 Black Sunday: Severe dust storm ravages the US Midwest, led to the region being named "the Dust Bowl"
  • Apr 16 1st radio broadcast of "Fibber McGee & Molly"
  • Apr 17 Provincial-National elections (Musserts NSB achieves 7.9%, 44 chairs)
  • Apr 18 Gen Sarazen's double eagle on 15th, wins him his 2nd Masters
  • Apr 18 Netherlands election (Musserts NSB wins 8% of vote)
  • Apr 20 "Your Hit Parade" begins broadcasting (becomes #1 quickly)
  • Apr 21 King Boris of Bulgaria forbids all political parties
  • Apr 23 Polish Constitution of 1935 is adopted
  • Apr 27 Brussels World Exposition opens

  • Apr 28 Moscow underground railway opens (81 km long)
  • Apr 30 World Congress for Women's Rights concludes in Istanbul
  • May 1 Canada's 1st silver dollar is circulated

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 6 British King George V & Queen Mary celebrate silver jubilee

King of the United Kingdom George V
King of the United Kingdom
George V
  • May 6 Pulitzer prize awarded to Audrey Wurdemann (Bright Ambush)
  • May 14 LA's Griffith Planetarium opens, 3rd in US
  • May 14 Plebiscite in the Philippines ratifies independence agreement
  • May 15 The Moscow Metro is opened to public

BeatificationCanonization

May 19 English Cardinal John Fisher and statesman Thomas More, executed by Henry VIII, canonized as saints by Pope Pius XI

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
259th Pope Pius XI
259th Pope
Pius XI
  • May 23 1st scheduled night game postponed due to rain (Cincinnati)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 27 Supreme Court declares FDR's National Recovery Act unconstitutional

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • May 29 French liner Normandie begins its maiden voyage, arrived in NYC on June 3rd
  • May 29 Hague local museum opens
  • May 31 7.7 magnitude earthquake destroys Quetta in Balochistan, British India (now Pakistan) killing an estimated 40,000 people
  • Jun 1 Driving test & license plates introduced in England
  • Jun 3 French liner SS Normandie sets Atlantic crossing record of four days, three hours and 14 minutes on her maiden voyage
  • Jun 3 One thousand unemployed Canadian workers board freight cars in Vancouver, British Columbia, beginning a protest trek to Ottawa, Ontario
  • Jun 9 Ho-Umezu Agreement: the Republic of China, under KMT administration, recognizes Japanese occupations in Northeast China.

Please Don’t Drink To My SuccessPlease Don’t Drink To My Success

Jun 10 In Akron, Ohio, Dr. Robert H. Smith (Dr. Bob) from Akron & Bill Wilson from New York City form Alcoholics Anonymous (date of Smith's last drink)

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Today there are Alcoholics Anonymous branches around the world with an estimated membership of over two million
Today there are Alcoholics Anonymous branches around the world with an estimated membership of over two million
Read Article
  • Jun 11 Inventor Edwin Armstrong gives the first public demonstration of FM broadcasting in the United States, at Alpine, New Jersey

  • Jun 12 Weapons pact ends 3 year war of Gran Chaco (Bolivia vs Paraguay)
  • Jun 12 Senator Huey Long of Louisiana speaks continually for 15½ hours in then Senate's longest speech (150,000 words)
  • Jun 13 Hammond scores his 100th hundred, 116 for Gloucs v Somerset
  • Jun 14 Chaco War between Bolivia & Paraguay ends

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 23 UK Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden offers Benito Mussolini a Somalian harbor

British Prime Minister Anthony Eden
British Prime Minister
Anthony Eden
  • Jun 26 Lloyd Waner sets record of 18 putouts in center in doubleheader
  • Jun 26 SDAP & CPH achieve majority in city council in Amsterdam
  • Jun 26 Work service for recent graduates becomes obligatory in Germany
  • Jun 27 Danno O'Mahoney beats Jim Londos in Boston, to become wrestling champ
  • Jun 28 Earl Averill's consecutive-game streak ends at 673
  • Jun 28 FDR orders a federal gold vault to be built at Fort Knox, Kentucky
  • Jun 30 Danno O'Mahoney beats Ed George in Boston, to become wrestling champ
  • Jun 30 The Senegalese Socialist Party holds its first congress
  • Jul 1 Algemeen Nederlands Persbureau (ANP, General Dutch Press Agency) forms in Amsterdam
  • Jul 5 1st "Hawaii Calls" radio program is broadcast
  • Jul 5 FDR signs US National Labor Relations Act
  • Jul 6 Rotterdam architect A van de Steurs Museum Boymans opens
  • Jul 12 Belgium recognizes Soviet Union
  • Jul 13 US-Russian commerce treaty takes effect
  • Jul 16 First automatic parking meter in the United States is installed in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

  • Jul 17 "Variety" publishes famous headline "Sticks Nix Hick Pix"
  • Jul 18 Amsterdam city council accept city growth plan through the year 2000
  • Jul 20 Switzerland: A Royal Dutch Airlines plane en route from Milan to Frankfurt crashes into a Swiss mountain, killing thirteen
  • Jul 22 Lester Walton appointed US minister to Liberia
  • Jul 24 1st greetings telegram sent in Britain
  • Jul 24 The world's first children's railway opens in Tbilisi, USSR
  • Jul 27 Floods at Yangtzee Jiang and Hoangh, kill 200,000
  • Jul 30 1st Penguin book is published, starting the paperback revolution
  • Jul 31 3rd Dutch government of Colijn sworn in
  • Aug 7 60% of voters agrees to Nazism in Danzig (Gdańsk)
  • Aug 11 Nazi mass demonstration against German Jews
  • Aug 13 Roller derby is born when the Transcontinental Roller Derby begins at the Chicago Coliseum
  • Aug 14 Social Security Act becomes law
  • Aug 20 Military coup by General Pons & president Ibarra in Ecuador
  • Aug 26 CCC camp opens in Brecksville Reservation of Cleveland Metroparks
  • Aug 31 1st national skeet championship (Indianapolis)
  • Aug 31 FDR signs an act prohibiting export of US arms to belligerents
  • Aug 31 Russian Aleksei Stachanov digs 105 tons of cabbages in 6 hours
  • Sep 2 Labor Day hurricane makes landfall in Florida, killing 423 people, the strongest and most intense hurricane ever to make landfall in the United States
  • Sep 3 Andrew Varipapa sets bowling record of 2,652 points in 10 games

  • Sep 8 Willy de Supervise swims runs world record 200 m freestyle (2:25.2)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 12 Millionaire Howard Hughes flies his own designed plane at 352.46 mph

Aviator and Businessman Howard Hughes
Aviator and Businessman
Howard Hughes
  • Sep 13 Rockslide near Whirlpool Rapids Bridge ends the Great Gorge and International Railway
  • Sep 15 Nuremberg Laws deprives German Jews of citizenship & makes swastika official symbol of Nazi Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 17 Manuel Luis Quezon y Molina chosen 2nd President of Philippines

2nd President of the Philippines Manuel L. Quezon
2nd President of the Philippines
Manuel L. Quezon
  • Sep 20 Pitts Crawfords beat NY Cubans to win Negro NL Championship, 3-0
  • Sep 24 Earl Bascom and Weldon Bascom produce the first rodeo ever held outdoors under electric lights at Columbia, Mississippi

Music releaseTheater Premiere

Sep 25 Maxwell Anderson's play "Winterset" premieres in NYC

Playwright and Dramatist Maxwell Anderson
Playwright and Dramatist
Maxwell Anderson
  • Sep 30 The Boulder Dam (later the Hoover Dam), astride the border of U.S. states Arizona and Nevada, is dedicated by President Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Oct 2 Mussolini's Italian army attacks Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
  • Oct 2 NY Hayden Planetarium, 4th in US, opens
  • Oct 3 Italy invades Ethiopia, starting the Second Italo-Ethiopian War
  • Oct 6 Italian army occupies Adua Abyssinia
  • Oct 6 Market Street Railway, San Francisco, starts using trackless trolley coaches

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 7 Himmler, Hess and Heydrich inspect the concentration camp at Dachau

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • Oct 10 Coup under Gen Giorgios Kondylis in favor of Greek monarchy
  • Oct 10 League of Nations denounces Italian invasion of Abyssinia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 19 Mao Zedong's army reaches Shanxi

Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
  • Oct 20 400,000 demonstrators against fascism in Madrid
  • Oct 20 Anti-fascist People's Front forms in Brussels

  • Oct 20 Communist forces end their Long March at Yan'an, in Shaanxi, China, bringing Mao Zedong to prominence
  • Oct 22 Establishment of the rank of Marshal of the Soviet Union
  • Oct 23 Gabby Hartnett selected NL MVP
  • Oct 23 Dutch Schultz, Abe Landau, Otto Berman, and Bernard "Lulu" Rosencrantz are fatally shot at a saloon in Newark, New Jersey in what will become known as The Chophouse Massacre.

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Oct 23 Mackenzie King is elected as Prime Minister of Canada for the third time

10th Prime Minister of Canada Mackenzie King
10th Prime Minister of Canada
Mackenzie King
  • Oct 25 Hurricane-produced floods kill 2,000 in Jeremie & Jacmel Haiti
  • Oct 27 SDAP and NVV launches "Plan for Work" in Utrect, Netherlands
  • Oct 28 Sidney Kingsley's "Dead End" premieres in NYC

Music releaseTheater Premiere

Nov 1 T. S. Eliot's play "Murder in the Cathedral" premieres in London

Poet, Author and Nobel Laureate T. S. Eliot
Poet, Author and Nobel Laureate
T. S. Eliot
  • Nov 3 George II returns to Greece after 12 years and regains monarchy
  • Nov 5 Maryland Court of Appeals orders University of Maryland to admit Donald Murray, a black man
  • Nov 5 Parker Brothers launches game of Monopoly
  • Nov 6 1st test flight of Hawker Hurricane fighter aircraft

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 7 Addressing a meeting of Stakhanovites, Joseph Stalin utters his famous phrase "life has become better"

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • Nov 9 Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) labor union forms
  • Nov 11 Explorer 2 balloon sets altitude record of 72,000 feet over South Dakota
  • Nov 12 Egas Moniz performs the first modern brain surgery on the frontal lobes to treat mental disorders, at Santa Marta Hospital in Lisbon, Portugal
  • Nov 13 Anti-British riots in Egypt
  • Nov 14 FDR proclaims Philippine Islands a free commonwealth
  • Nov 14 Nazis deprive German Jews of their citizenship

  • Nov 15 Commonwealth of Philippines inaugurated
  • Nov 21 Jean Giraudoux' "La Guerre de Troie n'Aura" premieres in Paris
  • Nov 22 Flying boat "China Clipper" takes off from Alameda, California, carrying 100,000 pieces of mail on 1st trans-Pacific airmail flight
  • Nov 24 The Senegalese Socialist Party holds its second congress.
  • Nov 25 International Institute for Social History (IISG) forms in Amsterdam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 29 Michael Joseph Savage becomes the first Labour Prime Minister of New Zealand

New Zealand Prime Minister Michael Joseph Savage
New Zealand Prime Minister
Michael Joseph Savage

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Nov 29 Physicist Erwin Schrödinger publishes his famous thought experiment "Schrödinger's cat", a paradox that illustrates the problem of the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Erwin Schrödinger
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Erwin Schrödinger
  • Dec 1 Austria has world's 1st Day of Postage Stamp
  • Dec 4 1,200 at St Joseph's College (Philadelphia) enroll in anticommunism class
  • Dec 5 First commercial hydroponics operation established (Montebello, California)
  • Dec 5 National Council of Negro Women forms by Mary McLeod Bethune (NYC)
  • Dec 8 The Japanese military police launches a violent suppression of the religious sect Oomoto, beginning with a crackdown on the sect's operational bases of Ayabe and Kameoka in Kyoto Prefecture and the arrest of its leader Onisaburo Deguchi.
  • Dec 9 Walter Liggett American newspaper editor and muckraker killed in gangland murder.

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

Dec 10 Nobel Prize for Chemistry awarded to Irene Joliot-Curie (daughter of Marie Curie) and her husband Frédéric Joliot for the discovery of artificial radioactivity

Physicist and Chemist Irene Joliot-Curie
Physicist and Chemist
Irene Joliot-Curie

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

Dec 10 James Chadwick is awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics for his discovery of the neutron

Physicist James Chadwick
Physicist
James Chadwick

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 17 1st flight of the Douglas DC-3 (C-47 Skytrain/Dakota) airplane.

Aviation Pioneer Donald Wills Douglas
Aviation Pioneer
Donald Wills Douglas
  • Dec 18 Edward Benes becomes president of Czechoslovakia
  • Dec 18 The Lanka Sama Samaja Party is founded in Ceylon

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

Dec 20 Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Ad Catholici Sacerdotii

259th Pope Pius XI
259th Pope
Pius XI
  • Dec 22 Yaeko Iwasaki, student of D S Harada Roshi, 1st awakening in Kamakura
  • Dec 24 National Council of Negro Women forms
  • Dec 28 W P A Federal Art Project Gallery opens in NYC
  • Dec 28 Pravda publishes a letter by Pavel Postyshev, who revives New Year tree tradition in the Soviet Union
  • Dec 30 Italian bombers destroy Swedish Red Cross unit in Ethiopia