Events in History in 1936

  • Jan 1 1st newspaper to microfilm its current issues, NY Herald Tribune
  • Jan 2 1st electron tube to enable night vision described, St Louis, Missouri
  • Jan 4 Grimmett becomes world record wicket taker with no 190 v South Africa
  • Jan 6 Barbara Hanley becomes Canada's 1st woman mayor in Webbwood, Ontario
  • Jan 9 Semi-automatic rifles adopted by US army
  • Jan 11 Charles Anderson enters Kentucky House of Representatives

Historic Event

Jan 14 L. M. (Mario) Giannini elected President of Bank of America

  • Jan 15 1st all-glass windowless structure in US completed, Toledo, Ohio
  • Jan 15 Nonprofit Ford Foundation incorporates
  • Jan 16 1st photo finish camera installed at Hialeah Race track in Hialeah, Florida
  • Jan 16 Spanish socialists, communists and anarchists form Unidad Popular

Historic Event

Jan 20 Edward VIII succeeds British King George V

  • Jan 23 Catholic People's Party (KVP) of Curacao forms
  • Jan 24 Albert Sarraut becomes Prime Minister of France
  • Jan 31 "Green Hornet" radio show is 1st heard on WXYZ Radio in Detroit
  • Feb 4 1st radioactive substance produced synthetically (radium E)
  • Feb 5 National Wildlife Federation forms
  • Feb 7 A flag is authorized for US Vice President
  • Feb 8 Pandit Jawaharlal succeeds Mahatma Gandhi as chairman of India Congress Party
  • Feb 11 Pumping begins to build Treasure Island in San Francisco Bay
  • Feb 14 National Negro Congress organizes in Chicago
  • Feb 14 US male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee
  • Feb 15 -60°F (-51°C), Parshall, North Dakota (state record)

Volkswagen Beetle

Feb 15 Adolf Hitler announces construction of the Volkswagen Beetle (the People's Car, aka the Käfer/Beetle)

  • Feb 16 Spanish Frente Popular (People's Front) wins elections
  • Feb 17 -58°F (-50°C), McIntosh, South Dakota (state record)
  • Feb 17 S. N. Behrman's play "End of Summer" premieres in NYC

Election of Interest

Feb 19 Manuel Azaña becomes Prime Minister of Spain for the second time

  • Feb 22 Construction on Ypenburg Neth airport begins
  • Feb 23 1st rocket air mail flight, Greenwood Lake, NY

Historic Event

Feb 26 Adolf Hitler introduces Ferdinand Porsche's "Volkswagen"

  • Feb 26 Military coup in Japan

Historic Event

Feb 29 US President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs 2nd Neutrality Act

  • Mar 1 A strike occurs aboard the S.S. California, leading to the demise of the International Seamen's Union and the creation of the National Maritime Union.
  • Mar 1 Boulder (Hoover) Dam fully completed
  • Mar 3 Clarence Grimmett ends his Test career with 13 wkts in 5th Test v South Africa

Hindenburg Disaster

Mar 4 1st flight of the airship Hindenburg at Friedrichshafen, Germany

  • Mar 5 Spitfire makes its 1st flight (Eastleigh Aerodrome in Southampton)
  • Mar 6 Belgium ends Locarno pact
  • Mar 7 Adolf Hitler breaks the Treaty of Versailles by sending troops into the Rhineland
  • Mar 14 Federal Register, 1st magazine of the US government, publishes 1st issue
  • Mar 23 Italy, Austria & Hungary sign Pact of Rome

Historic Event

Mar 23 Physician Joseph G. Hamilton injects a leukemia patient with a sodium radioisotope, first intravenous injection of a human with a radioisotope

  • Mar 25 200-inch mirror blank to build the Hale telescope leaves Corning New York for California (then largest telescopic mirror ever made)
  • Mar 26 1st parliamentary debate on NZ radio
  • Mar 26 200" telescope lens shipped, Corning Glass Works, NY-Cal Tech
  • Mar 26 Mary Joyce ends a 1,000 mile trip by dog in Alaska
  • Mar 27 WOS-AM in Jefferson City Missouri goes off the air
  • Mar 29 10,000 watch the 200-inch mirror blank passing through Indianapolis
  • Mar 29 Nazi propaganda claims 99% of Germans voted for Nazi candidates

Historic Event

Apr 1 Charles "Lucky" Luciano" is arrested in Arkansas on a criminal warrant from New York

  • Apr 1 Orissa constituted a province of British India
  • Apr 5 Tupelo, Mississippi virtually annihilated by a tornado, 216 die
  • Apr 6 ANP begins telex service in Amsterdam
  • Apr 6 Tornado, kills 203 & injuring 1,800 in Gainesville Georgia
  • Apr 10 200" mirror blank arrives in Pasadena
  • Apr 11 First Butlins holiday camp opens in the UK at Ingoldmells, near Skegness
  • Apr 13 Ioannis Metaxas proclaims himself dictator of Greece
  • Apr 18 Pan-Am Clipper begins regular passenger flights from San Francisco to Honolulu
  • Apr 19 First day of the Great Uprising in Palestine, anti-Jewish riots break out
  • Apr 20 Jews repel an Arab attack in Petach Tikvah Palestine

Historic Event

May 1 Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie leaves Ethiopia as Italy invades

Historic Event

May 1 FBI's J. Edgar Hoover arrests gangster Alvin "Creepy" Karpis

  • May 2 Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie and family flee Abyssinia
  • May 3 French People's Front wins elections
  • May 4 Pulitzer prize awarded to Harold L Davis (Honey in the Horn)
  • May 5 Edward Ravenscroft patents screw-on bottle cap with a pour lip
  • May 5 Italian troops occupy Addis Ababa
  • May 9 1st KLM airplane to land on Bonaire
  • May 9 Italy takes Addis Abba, annexing Absynnia (Ethiopia)
  • May 10 Manuel Azaña elected the second President of the Spanish Republic
  • May 10 Nahas Pasja becomes premier of Egypt
  • May 13 Quiroga government takes office in Spain

Historic Event

May 15 Amy Johnson arrives in Croydon, England having flown from South Africa in a record 4 days and 16 hours

  • May 16 1st British air hostess Daphne Kearley flies to France
  • May 21 Sada Abe is arrested after wandering the streets of Tokyo for days with her dead lover's severed genitals in her hand. Her story soon becomes one of Japan's most notorious scandals.
  • May 22 Aer Lingus (Aer Loingeas) is founded by the Irish government as the national airline of the Republic of Ireland
  • May 24 Dutch bishops forbid membership of Nazi party
  • May 25 The Remington Rand strike, led by the American Federation of Labor, begins
  • May 26 1st government of Zealand in Belgium ends
  • May 27 RMS Queen Mary leaves Southampton for NY on maiden voyage

On Computable Numbers

May 28 Alan Turing submits "On Computable Numbers" for publication, in which he set out the theoretical basis for modern computers.

  • Jun 1 Queen Mary completes its maiden voyage, arriving in NY
  • Jun 2 General Anastasio Somoza García takes over as dictator of Nicaragua
  • Jun 6 Aviation gasoline 1st produced commercially Paulsboro, New Jersey
  • Jun 7 Charles "Lucky" Luciano is convicted on 62 counts of compulsory prostitution
  • Jun 11 International Surrealist Exhibition opens in London, England
  • Jun 11 Presbyterian Church of America founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Jun 12 1st 50 KW US radio station (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania)
  • Jun 13 2nd Belgian government of Van Zealand forms
  • Jun 14 Oranienburg Concentration Camp opens in Germany

Historic Event

Jun 16 Pope Pius XI receives Anton Mussert (Dutch Nazi collaborator)

  • Jun 19 Dutch Prime Minister Hendrikus Colijn denies relation with German call-girl
  • Jun 22 Harry Froboess dives 110 m from airship into Bodensee & survives
  • Jun 22 Virgin Islands receives a constitution from US (Organic Act)
  • Jun 24 Mary McLeod Bethune named director of Negro Affairs in National Youth Adm
  • Jun 26 1st flight of Fw61 helicopter
  • Jun 26 Everett Marshall beats Ali Baba in Columbus, to become wrestling champ
  • Jun 28 Japanese puppet state of Mengjiang is formed in northern China
  • Jun 29 Empire State Building broadcasts high definition TV-343 lines
  • Jun 29 Pope Pius XI encyclical to US bishops "On motion pictures"
  • Jun 30 40 hour work week law approved for US federal employees
  • Jun 30 Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie asks the League of Nations for sanctions against Italy

Historic Publication

Jun 30 Margaret Mitchell's novel "Gone With The Wind" published

  • Jul 1 AVRO radio broadcast studios in Hilversum opens
  • Jul 1 Watchfulness Committee forms in Amsterdam
  • Jul 4 League of Nations ends sanctions against Italy after Italian takeover of Abyssinia
  • Jul 5 120°F (49°C), Gannvalley, South Dakota (state record)
  • Jul 6 114°F (46°C), Moorhead, Minnesota (state record)
  • Jul 6 121°F (49°C), Steele, North Dakota (state record)
  • Jul 6 A major breach of the Manchester, Bolton and Bury Canal in England sends millions of gallons of water cascading 200 feet into the River Irwell
  • Jul 7 American businessman Henry F. Phillips receives patents for a new "cross-recessed" screw, and the new screwdriver needed to make it work
  • Jul 10 109°F (43°C) Cumberland & Frederick, Maryland (state record)
  • Jul 10 110°F (43°C) at Runyon, New Jersey (state record)
  • Jul 10 111°F (44°C) Phoenixville, Pennsylvania (state record)
  • Jul 10 112°F (44°C) at Martinsburg, West Virginia (state record)
  • Jul 10 New Straits Convention allows Turkish re-armament of Dardanelles
  • Jul 11 Triborough Bridge linking Manhattan, Bronx and Queens opens
  • Jul 13 112°F (44°C), Mio, Michigan (state record)
  • Jul 13 114°F (46°C), Wisconsin Dells, Wisconsin (state record)
  • Jul 14 1 million demonstrate to support French People's Front government
  • Jul 14 116°F (47°C), Collegeville, Indiana (state record)
  • Jul 15 Dutch 2nd Chamber agree to temporarily increase defense budget
  • Jul 16 1st x-ray photo of arterial circulation, Rochester, NY

Historic Event

Jul 17 Spanish generals Francisco Franco and Emilio Mola lead a right-wing uprising, starting the Spanish Civil War

  • Jul 18 Charles "Lucky" Luciano is sentenced to 30 to 50 years in state prison
  • Jul 18 Spanish Civil War: General Francisco Franco issues manifesto and leads an uprising in the Spanish army stationed in Morocco
  • Jul 19 Spanish premier Casares Quiroga succeeded by Jose Giral
  • Jul 24 118°F (48°C), Minden, Nebraska (state record)
  • Jul 24 121°F (49°C), near Alton, Kansas (state record)
  • Jul 24 Generals Mola and Cabanellas form Spanish anti-government
  • Jul 25 115 acre Orchard Beach opens in the Bronx
  • Jul 26 The Axis Powers decide to intervene in the Spanish Civil War.
  • Aug 1 Benjamin Mays named president of Morehouse College
  • Aug 4 Ioannis Metaxas names himself dictator of Greece
  • Aug 8 Corbett National Park and Tiger Reserve founded in Uttarakhand, British India, as Hailey National Park (later renamed) - India's first National Park [1]
  • Aug 10 114°F (46°C) at Plain Dealing, Louisiana (state record)
  • Aug 10 120°F (49°C) at Ozark, Arkansas (state record)
  • Aug 11 Chaing Kai-shek's troops conquers Kanton
  • Aug 12 120°F (49°C), Seymour, Texas (state record)
  • Aug 14 Rainey Bethea is hanged in Owensboro, Kentucky in the last public execution in the United States
  • Aug 17 An unemployed worker, Neils B. Ruud, in Madison, Wisconsin, receives the first unemployment benefit check paid under a State law, for $15
  • Aug 18 106.5°F - Hottest afternoon ever in Iowa
  • Aug 19 Trial against Ljev Kamenev & Grigori Zinovjev because of "Trotskyism" opens in Moscow
  • Aug 24 Australian Antarctic Territory created
  • Aug 24 FDR gives the FBI the authority to pursue fascists and communists
  • Aug 25 Odourless cornstarch is patented in the US by Ralph W. Kerr
  • Sep 2 1st transatlantic "ping-pong'' round-trip air flight from NY to England an back begins, piloted by Dick Merrill with Harry Richman
  • Sep 4 British-Kenyan aviator Beryl Markham takes off from Abingdon in England on a solo flight across the Atlantic Ocean; crash-lands at Baleine Cove on Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, Canada, becoming the 1st woman to make the east-west trip [1]
  • Sep 4 Franco's troops conquer Irun & Talavera de la Reina, Spain
  • Sep 4 Largo Caballero becomes Spanish premier

Historic Event

Sep 7 Boulder Dam (now Hoover Dam), on the Colorado River, between Nevada and Arizona. begins operation

  • Sep 7 The last surviving member of the marsupial thylacine species, Benjamin, dies alone in his/her cage at the Hobart Zoo (Hobart, Tasmania, Australia)
  • Sep 8 Princess Juliana of The Netherlands & German prince Bernard Lippe-Biesterfeld become engaged

Murder of Interest

Sep 13 Acting on the orders of Louis Buchalter, Murder Inc. killers gun down Joseph Rosen, a Brooklyn candy store owner

  • Sep 14 1st prefrontal lobotomy in America performed by Walter Freeman and James W. Watts at George Washington University Hospital in Washington D.C.
  • Sep 21 Spanish fascist junta names Francisco Franco to Generalissimo and Supreme Commander
  • Sep 25 Joe Medwick sets a still-standing NL record with his 64th double
  • Sep 27 Franco troops conquer Toledo
  • Sep 27 Netherlands leave Gold Standard/devaluate guilder
  • Sep 29 Radio used for 1st time for a presidential campaign
  • Sep 30 International Commission of Straits (Dardanelles & Bosphorus) ends
  • Sep 30 Pinewood Studios opens in Buckinghamshire England
  • Oct 1 Generalissimo Francisco Franco establishes state of Spain
  • Oct 2 1st alcohol power plant forms, Atchison, Kansas
  • Oct 2 Amsterdam's Calvinist Churches reject Nazism
  • Oct 2 French franc devalued, relatively late and after Britain (1931) and the US (1933)
  • Oct 4 Italian lire devalued
  • Oct 5 The Jarrow March sets off for London.
  • Oct 9 Hoover Dam begins transmitting electricity to Los Angeles
  • Oct 11 "Professor Quiz" first radio quiz show premieres
  • Oct 13 Explosion caused by leaking gas rips out section 12 of Cleve Stadium

Historic Event

Oct 16 Jean Batten reaches Auckland, New Zealand after flying solo from Kent, England in a record 11 days and 45 minutes

  • Oct 19 HR Ekins of "NY World-Telegram" beats 2 other reporters in a race around the world on commercial flights, by 18½ days
  • Oct 20 Spanish government moves to Barcelona
  • Oct 22 1st commercial flight from mainland to Hawaii

Statue of Liberty

Oct 28 FDR rededicates Statue of Liberty on its 50th anniversary

  • Oct 31 The Boy Scouts of the Philippines formed

Historic Event

Nov 1 Benito Mussolini describes alliance between Italy and Germany as an "axis"

  • Nov 1 Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association (then Cowboys' Turtle Association) is established after disagreement with rodeo promoter W.T. Johnson, who finally gives in to cowboys' pay demands
  • Nov 3 President Franklin D. Roosevelt wins a second term in office, defeating Republican candidate Alf Landon in the most lopsided election in American history in terms of electoral vote

Historic Event

Nov 5 French writer Andre Gide criticizes Soviet regime

  • Nov 6 RCA displays TV for press

Theater Premiere

Nov 6 Terence Rattigan's play "French Without Tears" premieres in London

  • Nov 7 Battle of Madrid begins
  • Nov 9 Albanian government of Frasheri falls
  • Nov 9 American fashion designer Ruth Harkness captures a panda cub (Su Lin) in China - becomes 1st live panda cub to enter the US

Nobel Prize

Nov 12 Nobel Prize for literature awarded to American playwright Eugene O'Neill

  • Nov 12 Oakland Bay Bridge opens
  • Nov 12 St Louis Browns sold to Donald L Barnes & William O DeWitt
  • Nov 15 Nazi-Germany & Japan sign Anti-Komintern pact
  • Nov 16 German air force begins bombing of Madrid
  • Nov 17 Edgar Bergen & Charlie McCarthy become overnight success on radio
  • Nov 18 Germany & Italy recognize Spanish government of Francisco Franco
  • Nov 18 Main span of Golden Gate Bridge joined
  • Nov 20 Jose Antonio Primo de Rivera, founder of the Falange is killed by a republican execution squad
  • Nov 23 1st issue of Life picture magazine created by Henry R. Luce published
  • Nov 24 German pacifist Carl von Ossietzky is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for uncovering German re-armament