On This Day

Events in History in 1936

Events 1 - 200 of 234

  • Jan 1 1st newspaper to microfilm its current issues, NY Herald Tribune
  • Jan 2 1st electron tube to enable night vision described, St Louis, Missouri
  • Jan 4 Grimmett becomes world record wicket taker with no 190 v South Africa
  • Jan 6 Barbara Hanley became Canada's 1st woman mayor (Webbwood, Ontario)
  • Jan 9 Noel Coward's "Astonished Heart" premieres in London
  • Jan 9 Semi-automatic rifles adopted by US army
  • Jan 11 Charles Anderson enters Kentucky House of Representatives

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 14 L M (Mario) Giannini elected President of Bank of America

Banker and Entrepreneur Amadeo Giannini
Banker and Entrepreneur
Amadeo Giannini
  • Jan 15 1st all-glass windowless structure in US completed, Toledo, Ohio
  • Jan 15 Non-profit Ford Foundation incorporates
  • Jan 16 1st photo finish camera installed at Hialeah Race track in Hialeah, Florida
  • Jan 16 Spanish socialists, communists and anarchists form Unidad Popular

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 20 Edward VIII succeeds British King George V

King of Great Britain Edward VIII
King of Great Britain
Edward VIII
  • Jan 23 Catholic People's Party (KVP) of Curacao forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 24 Pierre Laval's second French government falls

Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France Pierre Laval
Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France
Pierre Laval
  • Jan 24 Albert Sarraut becomes Prime Minister of France

  • Jan 31 "Green Hornet" radio show is 1st heard on WXYZ Radio in Detroit
  • Feb 4 1st radioactive substance produced synthetically (radium E)
  • Feb 5 National Wildlife Federation forms
  • Feb 7 A flag is authorized for US Vice President
  • Feb 8 Pandit Jawaharlal suceeds Mahatma Gandhi as chairman of India Congress Party
  • Feb 11 Pumping begins to build Treasure Island in San Francisco Bay
  • Feb 14 National Negro Congress organizes in Chicago
  • Feb 14 US female Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
  • Feb 14 US male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee
  • Feb 15 -60°F (-51°C), Parshall, North Dakota (state record)

Historic CommunicationVolkswagen Beetle

Feb 15 Adolf Hitler announces construction of the Volkswagen Beetle (the People's Car, aka the Käfer/Beetle)
Learn More >>

The last edition of an 'old style' VW Beetle
The last edition of an 'old style' VW Beetle
  • Feb 16 Spanish Frente Popular (People's Front) wins elections
  • Feb 17 -58°F (-50°C), McIntosh, South Dakota (state record)
  • Feb 17 S. N. Behrman's play "End of Summer" premieres in NYC

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Feb 19 Manuel Azaña becomes Prime Minister of Spain for the second time

President of the Spanish Republic Manuel Azaña
President of the Spanish Republic
Manuel Azaña
  • Feb 22 Construction on Ypenburg Neth airport begins
  • Feb 23 1st rocket air mail flight, Greenwood Lake, NY

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 26 Adolf Hitler introduces Ferdinand Porsche's "Volkswagen"

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Feb 26 Military coup in Japan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 29 US President FDR signs 2nd Neutrality Act

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Mar 1 Boulder (Hoover) Dam fully completed
  • Mar 1 A strike occurs aboard the S.S. California, leading to the demise of the International Seamen's Union and the creation of the National Maritime Union.
  • Mar 3 Clarence Grimmett ends his Test career with 13 wkts in 5th Test v South Africa

Historic CommunicationHindenburg Disaster

Mar 4 1st flight of the airship Hindenburg at Friedrichshafen, Germany
Learn More >>

The Zeppelin Hindenburg begins to fall seconds after catching fire
The Zeppelin Hindenburg begins to fall seconds after catching fire
  • Mar 5 Spitfire makes its 1st flight (Eastleigh Aerodrome in Southampton)

  • Mar 6 Belgium ends Locarno pact
  • Mar 7 Hitler breaks Treaty of Versailles by sending troops to the Rhineland
  • Mar 14 Federal Register, 1st magazine of the US government, publishes 1st issue
  • Mar 23 Italy, Austria & Hungary sign Pact of Rome

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 23 Physician Joseph G. Hamilton injects a leukemia patient with a sodium radioisotope, first intravenous injection of a human with a radioisotope

  • Mar 25 200-inch mirror blank leaves for California to be ground
  • Mar 26 1st parliamentary debate on NZ radio
  • Mar 26 200" telescope lens shipped, Corning Glass Works, NY-Cal Tech
  • Mar 26 Mary Joyce ends a 1,000 mile trip by dog in Alaska
  • Mar 27 WOS-AM in Jefferson City Missouri goes off the air
  • Mar 29 10,000 watch the 200-inch mirror blank passing through Indianapolis
  • Mar 29 Nazi propaganda claims 99% of Germans voted for Nazi candidates
  • Apr 1 Orissa constituted a province of British India

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 1 Charles "Lucky" Luciano" is arrested in Arkansas on a criminal warrant from New York

  • Apr 3 Al Carr KOs Lew Massey on 1 punch, :07 of 1st round
  • Apr 5 Tupelo, Mississippi virtually annihilated by a tornado, 216 die
  • Apr 6 ANP begins telex service in Amsterdam
  • Apr 6 Tornado, kills 203 & injuring 1,800 in Gainesville Georgia
  • Apr 10 200" mirror blank arrives in Pasadena
  • Apr 13 Ioannis Metaxas proclaims himself dictator of Greece
  • Apr 18 Pan-Am Clipper begins regular passenger flights from San Francisco to Honolulu
  • Apr 19 First day of the Great Uprising in Palestine, anti-Jewish riots break out
  • Apr 20 Jews repel an Arab attack in Petach Tikvah Palestine
  • Apr 23 Carl Hubbell's 1st start of season is his 17th straight win

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 1 Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie leaves Ethiopia as Italy invades

Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie
Ethiopian Emperor
Haile Selassie

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 1 FBI's J. Edgar Hoover arrests gangster Alvin "Creepy" Karpis

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover
  • May 2 Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie and family flee Abyssinia
  • May 3 French People's Front wins elections
  • May 4 Pulitzer prize awarded to Harold L Davis (Honey in the Horn)
  • May 5 Edward Ravenscroft patents screw-on bottle cap with a pour lip
  • May 5 Italian troops occupy Addis Ababa
  • May 9 1st KLM airplane to land on Bonaire
  • May 9 Italy takes Addis Abba, annexing Absynnia (Ethiopia)
  • May 10 Manuel Azaña elected the second President of the Spanish Republic
  • May 10 Nahas Pasja becomes premier of Egypt
  • May 12 Ralph Vaughan Williams' "Poisoned Kiss" premieres in London
  • May 13 Quiroga government takes office in Spain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 15 Amy Johnson arrives in Croydon, England having flown from South Africa in a record 4 days and 16 hours

Aviator Amy Johnson
Aviator
Amy Johnson
  • May 16 1st British air hostess Daphne Kearley flies to France
  • May 21 Sada Abe is arrested after wandering the streets of Tokyo for days with her dead lover's severed genitals in her hand. Her story soon becomes one of Japan's most notorious scandals.
  • May 22 Aer Lingus (Aer Loingeas) is founded by the Irish government as the national airline of the Republic of Ireland
  • May 24 Dutch bishops forbid membership of Nazi party
  • May 24 Tony Lazerri 2 grand slams (11 RBIs); Ben Chapman sets record by reaching 1st 7 times safely, Yanks beat A's 25-2
  • May 25 The Remington Rand strike, led by the American Federation of Labor, begins
  • May 26 1st government of Zealand in Belgium ends
  • May 27 RMS Queen Mary leaves Southampton for NY on maiden voyage

Historic PublicationOn Computable Numbers

May 28 Alan Turing submits "On Computable Numbers" for publication, in which he set out the theoretical basis for modern computers.
Learn More >>

On Computable Numbers, with an Application to the Entscheidungsproblem, by Alan Turing
On Computable Numbers, with an Application to the Entscheidungsproblem, by Alan Turing
  • Jun 1 Queen Mary completes its maiden voyage, arriving in NY
  • Jun 2 General Anastasio Somoza García takes over as dictator of Nicaragua
  • Jun 6 Aviation gasoline 1st produced commercially Paulsboro, New Jersey
  • Jun 7 Yanks beat Indians 5-4 in 16; longest game without a strikeout
  • Jun 7 Charles "Lucky" Luciano is convicted on 62 counts of compulsory prostitution
  • Jun 11 Presbyterian Church of America founded at Philadelphia
  • Jun 11 International Surrealist Exhibition opens in London, England
  • Jun 12 1st 50 KW US radio station (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania)
  • Jun 13 2nd Belgian government of Van Zealand forms
  • Jun 14 Oranienburg Concentration Camp opens in Germany
  • Jun 16 Dutch queen Wilhelmina opens the Waal bridge
  • Jun 16 Pope Pius XI receives Anton Mussert (Dutch Nazi collaborator)
  • Jun 18 Polish parliament gives President Ignacy Mościcki dictatorial power
  • Jun 19 Dutch Premier Colijn denies relation with German call-girl
  • Jun 19 Joe McCarthy is named to manage AL All-Stars, rather than high-strung Mickey Cochrane, who is very close to a nervous breakdown
  • Jun 22 Harry Froboess dives 110 m from airship into Bodensee & survives
  • Jun 22 Virgin Islands receives a constitution from US (Organic Act)
  • Jun 24 Mary McLeod Bethune named director of Negro Affairs in National Youth Adm
  • Jun 26 1st flight of Fw61 helicopter
  • Jun 26 Everett Marshall beats Ali Baba in Columbus, to become wrestling champ
  • Jun 28 Japanese puppet state of Mengjiang is formed in northern China
  • Jun 29 Empire State Building broadcasts high definition TV-343 lines
  • Jun 29 Pope Pius XI encyclical to US bishops "On motion pictures"

  • Jun 30 40 hour work week law approved for US federal employees
  • Jun 30 Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie asks the League of Nations for sanctions against Italy

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Jun 30 Margaret Mitchell's novel "Gone with the Wind" published

  • Jul 1 AVRO radio broadcast studios in Hilversum opens
  • Jul 1 Watchfulness Committee forms in Amsterdam
  • Jul 4 League of Nations ends sanctions against Italy after Italian takeover of Abyssinia
  • Jul 5 120°F (49°C), Gannvalley, South Dakota (state record)
  • Jul 6 114°F (46°C), Moorhead, Minnesota (state record)
  • Jul 6 121°F (49°C), Steele, North Dakota (state record)
  • Jul 6 A major breach of the Manchester, Bolton and Bury Canal in England sends millions of gallons of water cascading 200 feet into the River Irwell
  • Jul 10 109°F (43°C) Cumberland & Frederick, Maryland (state record)
  • Jul 10 110°F (43°C) at Runyon, New Jersey (state record)
  • Jul 10 111°F (44°C) Phoenixville, Pennsylvania (state record)
  • Jul 10 112°F (44°C) at Martinsburg, West Virginia (state record)
  • Jul 10 New Straits Convention allows Turkish re-armament of Dardanelles
  • Jul 11 Triborough Bridge linking Manhattan, Bronx and Queens opens
  • Jul 13 112°F (44°C), Mio, Michigan (state record)
  • Jul 13 114°F (46°C), Wisconsin Dells, Wisconsin (state record)
  • Jul 14 1 million demonstrate to support French People's Front government
  • Jul 14 116°F (47°C), Collegeville, Indiana (state record)
  • Jul 15 Dutch 2nd Chamber agree to temporarily increase defense budget
  • Jul 16 1st x-ray photo of arterial circulation, Rochester, NY
  • Jul 17 Carl Hubbell begins winning streak, beating Pittsburgh 6-0

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 17 Spanish generals Francisco Franco and Emilio Mola lead a right-wing uprising, starting the Spanish Civil War

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • Jul 18 Spanish Civil War: General Francisco Franco issues manifesto and leads an uprising in the Spanish army stationed in Morocco
  • Jul 18 Charles "Lucky" Luciano is sentenced to 30 to 50 years in state prison
  • Jul 19 Spanish premier Casares Quiroga succeeded by Jose Giral
  • Jul 24 118°F (48°C), Minden, Nebraska (state record)
  • Jul 24 121°F (49°C), near Alton, Kansas (state record)
  • Jul 24 Generals Mola and Cabanellas form Spanish anti-government
  • Jul 25 115 acre Orchard Beach opens in the Bronx
  • Jul 26 The Axis Powers decide to intervene in the Spanish Civil War.
  • Aug 1 Benjamin Mays named president of Morehouse College
  • Aug 4 Ioannis Metaxas names himself dictator of Greece
  • Aug 10 114°F (46°C) at Plain Dealing, Louisiana (state record)
  • Aug 10 120°F (49°C) at Ozark, Arkansas (state record)
  • Aug 11 Chaing Kai-shek's troops conquers Kanton
  • Aug 12 120°F (49°C), Seymour, Texas (state record)
  • Aug 14 Rainey Bethea is hanged in Owensboro, Kentucky in the last public execution in the United States
  • Aug 17 An unemployed worker, Neils B. Ruud, in Madison, Wisconsin, receives the first unemployment benefit check paid under a State law, for $15

  • Aug 18 106.5°F - Hottest afternoon ever in Iowa
  • Aug 19 Trial against Ljev Kamenev & Grigori Zinovjev because of "Trotskyism" opens in Moscow
  • Aug 23 17 year old Bob Feller's 1st game, he strikes out 15 St Louis Browns
  • Aug 24 Australian Antarctic Territory created
  • Aug 24 FDR gives the FBI the authority to pursue fascists and communists
  • Aug 25 Odourless cornstarch is patented in the US by Ralph W. Kerr
  • Sep 2 1st transatlantic round-trip air flight
  • Sep 4 Franco's troops conquer Irun & Talavera de la Reina, Spain
  • Sep 4 Largo Caballero becomes Spanish premier

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 7 Boulder Dam (now Hoover Dam) begins operation

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • Sep 7 The last surviving member of the thylacine species, Benjamin, dies alone in her cage at the Hobart Zoo in Tasmania.
  • Sep 8 Princess Juliana of The Netherlands & German prince Bernard Lippe-Biesterfeld become engaged
  • Sep 9 Yankees sweep Indians, NY clinches pennant on earliest date in history
  • Sep 11 FDR dedicates Boulder Dam, now known as Hoover Dam
  • Sep 13 Cleve Bob Feller strikes out then record 17 in a game (vs Philadelphia A's)

MurderMurder of Interest

Sep 13 Acting on the orders of Louis Buchalter, Murder Inc. killers gun down Joseph Rosen, a Brooklyn candy store owner

  • Sep 14 Paul Waner ties Rogers Hornsby's NL record of 200 hits for 7 times
  • Sep 21 Spanish fascist junta names Francisco Franco to Generalissimo and Supreme Commander
  • Sep 23 Giants Carl Hubbell notches his 16th en route to 24 consecutive wins
  • Sep 25 Joe Medwick sets a still-standing NL record with his 64th double
  • Sep 27 Franco troops conquer Toledo
  • Sep 27 Netherlands leave Gold Standard/devaluate guilder
  • Sep 29 Radio used for 1st time for a presidential campaign
  • Sep 30 International Commission of Straits (Dardanelles & Bosphorus) ends
  • Sep 30 Pinewood Studios opens in Buckinghamshire England
  • Oct 1 Generalissimo Francisco Franco establishes state of Spain
  • Oct 2 1st alcohol power plant forms, Atchison, Kansas
  • Oct 2 Amsterdam's Calvinist Churches reject nazism
  • Oct 2 French franc devalued, relatively late and after Britain (1931) and the US (1933)
  • Oct 4 Italian lire devalued
  • Oct 5 The Jarrow March sets off for London.
  • Oct 9 Hoover Dam begins transmitting electricity to Los Angeles
  • Oct 11 "Professor Quiz" first radio quiz show premieres
  • Oct 13 Explosion caused by leaking gas rips out section 12 of Cleve Stadium

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 16 Jean Batten reaches Auckland, New Zealand after flying solo from Kent, England in a record 11 days and 45 minutes

Aviator Jean Batten
Aviator
Jean Batten
  • Oct 19 HR Ekins of "NY World-Telegram" beats 2 other reporters in a race around the world on commercial flights, by 18½ days
  • Oct 20 Carl Hubbell, 26-6, edges out Dizzy Dean, 24-13, for MVP honors in NL
  • Oct 20 Spanish government moves to Barcelona
  • Oct 22 1st commercial flight from mainland to Hawaii

USAStatue of Liberty

Oct 28 FDR rededicates Statue of Liberty on its 50th anniversary
Learn More >>

The Statue of Liberty, New York
The Statue of Liberty, New York
  • Oct 31 The Boy Scouts of the Philippines formed.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 1 Benito Mussolini describes alliance between Italy and Germany as an "axis"

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Nov 1 Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association (then Cowboys' Turtle Association) is established after disagreement with rodeo promoter W.T. Johnson, who finally gives in to cowboys' pay demands
  • Nov 3 President Franklin D. Roosevelt wins a second term in office, defeating Republican candidate Alf Landon in the most lopsided election in American history in terms of electoral vote

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 5 French writer Andre Gide criticizes Soviet regime

Writer André Gide
Writer
André Gide
  • Nov 6 RCA displays TV for press
  • Nov 6 Terence Rattigan's "French Without Tears" premieres in London
  • Nov 7 Battle of Madrid begins
  • Nov 9 Albanian government of Frasheri falls