Events in History in 1937

  • Jan 1 Anastasio Somoza García becomes President of Nicaragua
  • Jan 1 Count Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to captain
  • Jan 1 US Army Air Corps physiological research laboratory completed, Ohio
  • Jan 1 Safety glass in vehicle windscreens becomes mandatory in Great Britain.
  • Jan 5 Only unicameral state legislature in US opens 1st session in Nebraska
  • Jan 8 -50°F (-45.6°C), San Jacinto, Nevada (state record)
  • Jan 9 Italian regime bans marriages between Italians & Abyssinians
  • Jan 9 Maxwell Anderson's "High Tor" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 12 Plough for laying submarine cable patented
  • Jan 15 Spanish Civil War: Second Battle of the Corunna Road ends after both forces withdraw

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 19 Millionaire Howard Hughes sets transcontinental air record (7h 28m 25s)

Aviator and Businessman Howard Hughes
Aviator and Businessman
Howard Hughes
  • Jan 20 -45°F (-43°C), Boca, California (state record)
  • Jan 20 1st US Presidential Inauguration day held on Jan 20th, (previously March 4th)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 23 Karl Radek & 16 others go on trial in Stalin's great purge

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • Jan 25 Miami-to-Tampa bus overturned in a canal, kills 13
  • Jan 30 2nd of Stalin's purge trials; Pyatakov & 16 others sentenced to death
  • Feb 1 Stapleton, Staten Island, becomes a customs-free port
  • Feb 4 Jim Margie, Philadelphia, bowls 900 in 3 (unsanctioned) games

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 5 FDR proposes enlarging Supreme Court, "court packing" plan failed

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Feb 6 K Elizabeth Ohi becomes 1st Japanese-US female lawyer
  • Feb 8 Maxwell Anderson's "Masque of Kings" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 11 44-day sit-down strike at General Motors in Flint Mich ends
  • Feb 13 "Prince Valiant" comic strip appears; known for historical detail
  • Feb 13 Maribel Vinson wins her 9th US figure skating championship
  • Feb 13 US male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee
  • Feb 16 DuPont Corp patents nylon, developed by employee Wallace H Carothers
  • Feb 16 Jean Anouilh's "Le Voyageur Sans Baggage" premieres in Paris
  • Feb 20 1st automobile/airplane combination tested, Santa Monica, California
  • Feb 21 Initial flight of the first successful flying car, Waldo Waterman's Arrowbile.
  • Feb 21 The League of Nations bans foreign national "volunteers" in the Spanish Civil War.
  • Feb 24 1st US group hospital-medical cooperative authorized, Washington, DC
  • Feb 26 Christopher Isherwood and W. H. Auden's "Ascent of F6" premieres in London
  • Mar 1 1st permanent automobile license plates issued (Ct)
  • Mar 1 Governor Wouters innaugrates the radio station on the Dutch Antilles
  • Mar 1 US Steel raises workers' wages to $5 a day
  • Mar 2 Mexico nationalizes oil
  • Mar 3 Australia snatches series against England 3-2 after being 2-0 down
  • Mar 7 Bucharin, Jagoda & Rykov pushed out of CPSU in USSR
  • Mar 14 Battle of the Century: Fred Allen & Jack Benny meet on radio during their "feud"
  • Mar 14 Pope Pius XI publishes anti-nazi-encyclical Mit brennender Sorge
  • Mar 15 First American blood blank in a hospital is opened at Cook County Hospital in Chicago
  • Mar 15 1st state contraceptive clinic opens (Raleigh NC)
  • Mar 16 All but one senior fouls out of a scrimmage game between seniors & sophomores, but he holds on to win the game 35-32
  • Mar 18 Gas explosion in school in New London, Texas: 294 die
  • Mar 18 The human-powered aircraft, Pedaliante, flies 1 kilometre (0.62 miles) outside Milan.
  • Mar 19 Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Divini redemptoris against communism
  • Mar 19 Astronomer Fritz Zwicky publishes his research on stellar explosion in which he coins the term "supernova" and hypothesizes that they were the origin of cosmic rays

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 20 Franco offensive at Guadalajara, Spain

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • Mar 21 Ponce massacre, police kill 19 at Puerto Rican Nationalist parade
  • Mar 23 LA Railway Co starts using PCC streetcars
  • Mar 24 Bus blew a tire, going out of control, killing 18 (Salem Illinois)

  • Mar 24 National Gallery of Art established by Congress
  • Mar 25 Italy & Yugoslavia sign non-aggression treaty (Pact of Belgrade)
  • Mar 25 Wash Daily News is 1st US newspaper with perfumed advertising page
  • Mar 26 Spinach growers of Crystal City, Tx, erect statue of Popeye
  • Mar 26 William H Hastie becomes 1st black federal judge (Virgin Islands)
  • Mar 27 Feyenoord-stadium official opens in Rotterdam
  • Apr 1 Aden becomes a British crown colony
  • Apr 22 NYC college students stage 4th annual peace strike
  • Apr 26 German Luftwaffe destroys Basque town of Guernica in Spain
  • Apr 27 1st US social security payment made
  • Apr 28 1st commercial flight across Pacific operated by Pan Am
  • Apr 30 The Philippines holds a plebiscite for Filipino women on whether they should be extended the right to suffrage; over 90% would vote in the affirmative.
  • May 1 FDR signs act of neutrality

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 3 Margaret Mitchell wins Pulitzer Prize for "Gone With the Wind"

CommunicationHindenburg Disaster

May 6 German airship Hindenburg explodes in flames at Lakehurst, NJ (36 die)

  • May 10 Busmen strike in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 12 Coronation of King George VI of Great Britain (and his other realms and territories beyond the sea) at Westminster Abbey.

King of Great Britain George VI
King of Great Britain
George VI
  • May 17 Juan Negrin succeeds Largo Caballero as Spain's premier
  • May 19 John Murray/Allen Boretz's "Room Service" premieres in NYC
  • May 25 1st airmail letter to circle globe returns to NY
  • May 26 Dutch Rail NV at law forms
  • May 26 San Francisco's Golden Gate Bridge opens
  • May 27 Carl Hubbell wins his 24th consecutive game (since July 17, 1936)
  • May 27 Golden Gate Bridge, SF, dedicated
  • May 28 Golden Gate Bridge in SF opens to vehicular traffic

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 28 Neville Chamberlain becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
British Prime Minister
Neville Chamberlain
  • May 30 Memorial Day Massacre: Chicago Police Department shoot and kill 10 unarmed demonstrators during the "Little Steel Strike" in the United States
  • May 31 1st quadruplets to finish college (Baylor University)
  • May 31 German warships bombard Almeria, Spain
  • Jun 1 Prince Konoye becomes Japanese premier

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 1 Edith Wharton suffers a heart attack and collapses at the French country home of Ogden Codman

Pulitzer prize winning novelist Edith Wharton
Pulitzer prize winning novelist
Edith Wharton
  • Jun 3 Josh Gibson HR's just 2 feet below rim of Yankee Stadium (580' drive)
  • Jun 4 Leon Blum becomes premier of People's front government of France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 5 Henry Ford initiates 32 hour work week

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford
  • Jun 8 World's largest flower blooms in NY Botanical Garden, 12' calla lily
  • Jun 11 Marx Brothers' "A Day At The Races" released
  • Jun 12 USSR executes 8 army leaders as Stalin's purge continues
  • Jun 13 Stalin executes Russian officers Tuchachevski, Jakir, Putna & Uberevitch
  • Jun 16 Marx Brothers' "A Day At The Races" opens in LA
  • Jun 17 Marx Brothers' "A Day At The Races" opens in NY
  • Jun 19 Franco-troops conquer Bilbao Basques
  • Jun 21 French People's front government-Blum falls
  • Jun 25 Cub Augie Galan becomes 1st player to switch hit HRs in a game
  • Jun 30 The world's first emergency call telephone service is launched in London using the number 999.
  • Jul 1 Britain begins using 999 emergency phone number
  • Jul 1 Rev Martin Niemöller (Bekennende Kirche) arrested in Germany
  • Jul 1 Spanish bishops support Franco & fascists

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 2 Amelia Earhart & Fred Noonan disappear over Pacific Ocean

  • Jul 5 117°F (47°C), Medicine Lake, Montana (state record)
  • Jul 5 Chicago Cub Frank Demaree gets 6 hits in 1st game & 2 in 2nd game
  • Jul 5 Republican offensive by Brunete in Spain
  • Jul 5 Spam, the luncheon meat is first introduced into the market by the Hormel Foods Corporation
  • Jul 7 Japanese & Chinese troops clash at the Marco Polo Bridge, beginning of Second Sino-Japanese War

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 10 Dutch Django Reinhardt's "Quintette, premieres in du Hot Club"

Jazz Guitarist Django Reinhardt
Jazz Guitarist
Django Reinhardt
  • Jul 12 -13) Tupolev ANT-25 non-stop flight Moscow to San Jacinto Calif
  • Jul 15 Buchenwald Concentration Camp opens
  • Jul 15 Japanese attack Marco Polo Bridge, invade China
  • Jul 19 Entartete Art Fair opens in Munich
  • Jul 22 Irish premier Eamon de Valera wins elections
  • Jul 22 US Senate rejects FDR's proposal to enlarge Supreme Court
  • Jul 23 Isolation of pituitary hormone announced (Yale University)
  • Jul 24 Alabama drops charges against 5 blacks accused of rape in Scottsboro
  • Jul 26 End of the Battle of Brunete in the Spanish Civil War.
  • Jul 28 Eddie Paynter scores 322 for Lancashire against Sussex
  • Jul 28 Richard Moore scores 316 for Hampshire against Warwickshire
  • Jul 29 Japanese troops occupies Peking & Tientsin
  • Jul 29 Tongzhou Incident: East Hopei Army mutinies against Japanese troops and civilians
  • Jul 31 Politburo enables Operative Order 00447: execute 193,000 Russians
  • Aug 2 Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 is passed in America, essentially rendering marijuana and all its by-products illegal
  • Aug 6 Franco's artillery fires on Madrid
  • Aug 6 Indians overturn Yankees' 7-6 win by a protest
  • Aug 6 US & USSR sign trade treaty
  • Aug 8 Bonneville Dam on Columbia River begins producing power
  • Aug 13 Second Sino-Japanese War: Japanese forces begin the Battle of Shanghai, a conflict that will last 3 months and involve 1 million troops
  • Aug 14 China declares war on Japan
  • Aug 18 1st FM radio construction permit issued (W1X0J (WGTR) in Boston MA)
  • Aug 24 Republican offensive near Belchite, Spain
  • Aug 24 In the Spanish Civil War, the Basque Army surrenders to the Italian Corpo Truppe Volontarie following the Santoña Agreement.
  • Aug 25 Japanese fleet blockades Chinese coast
  • Aug 26 Franco's troops conquer Santander
  • Aug 26 Pumping to build Treasure Island in San Francisco Bay is finished
  • Aug 27 Brooklyn Dodger Fred Frankhouse no-hits Cin, 5-0 in 7 2/3 inn game
  • Aug 27 George E T Eyston sets world auto speed record at 345.49 MPH
  • Aug 28 Toyota Motors becomes an independent company.
  • Aug 29 Philadelphia A's Bob Johnson is 2nd to get 6 RBIs in an inning (1st)
  • Aug 31 Det's rookie Rudy York sets record for HRs of 18 HRs in August
  • Sep 1 Battle of Gijon in Spain begins
  • Sep 2 US Housing Authority created by National Housing Act
  • Sep 5 Spanish Civil War: Llanes falls.
  • Sep 6 Spanish Civil War: The start of the Battle of El Mazuco.
  • Sep 8 Pan Arab conference about Palestine opens
  • Sep 8 Yankees trailing 6-1 in 9th, score 8 to beat Boston 9-6
  • Sep 15 WPA extends L-Taraval streetcar to SF Zoo (at Sloat Blvd)
  • Sep 18 The first New Zealand State house opens in Miramar
  • Sep 22 Forest fire kills 14 & injures 50 in Cody Wyoming
  • Sep 22 Spanish Civil War: Peña Blanca is taken; the end of the Battle of El Mazuco.
  • Sep 25 "il duce" visits Berlin/named "the Fuhrer" to corporal 1st class
  • Sep 25 Battle of P'ing-hsin-kuan Wutai Mountain
  • Sep 27 1st Santa Claus Training School opens (Albion NY)
  • Sep 27 Balinese Tiger declared extinct.
  • Sep 28 FDR dedicates Bonneville Dam on Columbia River (Oregon)
  • Oct 1 Pullman Co formally recognizes Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters
  • Oct 2 FDR visits Grand Coulee Dam construction site in Washington State
  • Oct 5 Dutch Minister Carl Romme says unemployment is 25% "quarter of Romme"
  • Oct 7 Johan Wagenaar's "Feestmars" premieres in Amsterdam
  • Oct 13 A recorded trace of snow in Central Park, NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 15 Ernest Hemingway novel "To Have & Have Not" published

  • Oct 15 Rather than accept any trade offers, the Yanks release Tony Lazzeri
  • Oct 21 Franco-troops occupies Gijon
  • Oct 25 Belgian government of Zealand falls due to black money
  • Oct 25 Casey Stengel signs to manage Boston Bees
  • Oct 31 Spanish government moves from Valencia to Barcelona
  • Nov 1 Stalinists execute by shooting Pastor Paul Hamberg and seven members of Azerbaijan's Lutheran community (including three women).
  • Nov 2 AL batting champ Charlie Gehringer wins MVP

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 5 Adolf Hitler informs his military leaders in a secret meeting of his intentions of going to war

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Nov 8 The Nazi exhibition Der ewige Jude ("The Eternal Jew") opens in Munich.
  • Nov 9 Japanese army conquers Shanghai
  • Nov 9 St Louis Cards Triple Crown winner Joe Medwick is named NL MVP

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 10 Brazilian dictator Getulio Vargas proclaims "Estado novo"

President and Dictator of Brazil Getulio Vargas
President and Dictator of Brazil
Getulio Vargas
  • Nov 11 Messerschmidt ME-109V13 flies world record 610.4 kph
  • Nov 11 Nobel prize for physics awarded to C J Davisson & GP Thomson
  • Nov 15 First US congressional session in air-conditioned chambers
  • Nov 17 Britain's Lord Halifax visits Germany, beginning of appeasement
  • Nov 23 Clifford Odets' "Golden Boy" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 23 Emile Janson becomes Belgian premier

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 23 John Steinbeck's "Of Mice & Men" premieres in NYC

  • Nov 25 World's Fair of Paris closes (31.2 million visitors)
  • Nov 29 Prince Bernhard injured in auto accident in Netherlands
  • Dec 1 Japan recognizes Franco government
  • Dec 7 Dutch Minister Romme proclaims married women are forbidden to work
  • Dec 7 Russian chess player Alekhine recaptures world title from Max Euwe
  • Dec 11 Italy withdraws from League of Nations
  • Dec 12 Japanese aircraft shell & sink US gunboat Panay on Yangtze River in China. (Japan apologized & eventually paid US $2.2M in reparations)
  • Dec 13 Japanese troops conquer and plunder Nanjing (Nanjing Massacre)
  • Dec 16 Theodore Cole and Ralph Roe attempt to escape from American federal prison Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay; neither is ever seen again.
  • Dec 20 Bill O'Reilly takes 9-41 for NSW against South Australia
  • Dec 22 Lincoln Tunnel (NYC) opens to traffic
  • Dec 23 First flight of the Vickers Wellington bomber.
  • Dec 24 Dutch government recognizes Italian king Emanuel III as emperor of Abyssinia
  • Dec 25 Queensland all out for 93 v SA in front of 10,436
  • Dec 28 Fascist Octavian Goga becomes Prime Minister of Romania
  • Dec 29 Constitution of Ireland (Irish: Bunreacht na hÉireann) is enacted and Irish free state is named Eire
  • Dec 29 Lou Thesz beats Everett Marshall in St Louis, to win National Wrestling Ass.World heavyweight title - youngest ever
  • Dec 29 Pan Am starts service between San Francisco and Auckland, New Zealand