Events in History in 1938

  • Jan 2 Book publisher Simon and Schuster founded

Historic Event

Jan 6 Bronze memorial statue of Henry Hudson erected in Bronx

Historic Event

Jan 10 Jean Anouilh's "La Sauvage" premieres in Paris

  • Jan 10 Paul Vincent Carroll's "White Seed" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 11 Frances Moulton elected 1st woman president of a US national bank
  • Jan 13 The Church of England accepts the theory of evolution
  • Jan 14 National Society for Legalization of Euthanasia forms (NY)

Historic Event

Jan 17 Joseph P. Kennedy becomes the 44th United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom

  • Jan 17 Supreme Soviet elects Michail Kalinin as presidium chairman
  • Jan 19 General Motors begins mass production of diesel engines
  • Jan 21 Dutch government starts obligatory unemployment insurance

Historic Event

Jan 22 "Our Town", Thornton Wilder's Pulitzer-winner of small-town life in Grover's Corners, New Hampshire, premieres (NJ)

  • Jan 25 Ian Hay's "Bachelor Born" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 3 Paul Osborn's "On Borrowed Time" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

Feb 4 Adolf Hitler seizes control of German army and puts Nazis in key posts

  • Feb 5 Hans Engnestangen skates world record 500m (41.8 sec)
  • Feb 5 III British Empire Games open in Sydney, Australia
  • Feb 10 King Carol II of Romania drives out dictator Goga
  • Feb 12 3rd British Empire Games close in Sydney, Australia
  • Feb 12 Austrian chancellor Kurt Schuschnigg visits Adolf Hitler in Berchtesgaden
  • Feb 16 US Federal Crop Insurance program authorized
  • Feb 19 Soviet arctic ice research station North Pole 1 evacuated, Denmark
  • Feb 20 Adolf Hitler announces his support for Japan during the Sino-Japanese War

Historic Event

Feb 20 UK Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden resigns stating Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain has appeased Nazi Germany

  • Feb 24 Du Pont begins commercial production of nylon toothbrush bristles
  • Feb 25 Lord Halifax becomes British Foreign Secretary
  • Feb 26 1st passenger ship equipped with radar
  • Feb 26 US male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee
  • Mar 2 Landslides & floods cause over 200 deaths (Los Angeles California)
  • Mar 2 Trials of Soviet leaders begins in the Soviet Union
  • Mar 3 American Bowling Congress' largest tournament (24,765 competitors)
  • Mar 11 Artur Seyss-Inquart replaces Kurt von Schuschnigg as Chancellor of Austria; German troops also entered the country
  • Mar 12 Nazi Germany invades Austria (Anschluss)
  • Mar 13 In a process known as Anschluss, Austria is annexed into Nazi Germany
  • Mar 16 Temple defeats Colorado to win 1st NIT
  • Mar 18 NY 1st requires serological blood tests of pregnant women
  • Mar 18 President Cardena of Mexico nationalizes US & British oil companies
  • Mar 27 The Battle of Taierzhuang takes place.
  • Apr 1 Nescafé introduces their flagship brand in Switzerland
  • Apr 5 Anti-Jewish riots break out in Dabrowa, Poland
  • Apr 6 Teflon invented by Roy J. Plunkett
  • Apr 10 Austria becomes a state of Germany
  • Apr 10 NY makes syphilis test mandatory in order to get a marriage license

Appointment of Interest

Apr 10 Second government of Blum replaced by Édouard Daladier's government in France

  • Apr 12 1st US law requiring medical tests for marriage licenses (NY)
  • Apr 13 Clifford Goldsmith's play "What a Life" premieres at The Biltmore Theater, NYC
  • Apr 16 Great Britain recognizes Italian annexation of Abyssinia
  • Apr 18 Headless Mad Butcher victim found in Cleveland

Historic Event

Apr 23 Sudeten Germans in Czechoslovakia demand self government

  • Apr 26 Austrian Jews required to register property above 5,000 Reichsmarks
  • May 2 Pulitzer prize awarded to Thornton Wilder for his play "Our Town"
  • May 3 Concentration camp at Flossenburg goes into use
  • May 3 Lefty Grove defeats Tigers 4-3 for 1st of record 20 consecutive wins at his home field Fenway Park; he doesn't lose there until May 12 1941

Historic Event

May 3 Vatican recognizes Franco-Spain

  • May 4 Douglas Hyde (a protestant) becomes 1st president of Eire
  • May 6 Dutch court sentences writer Maurits Dekker to 50 days imprisonment for "offending a friendly head of state" - Adolf Hitler
  • May 7 Dutch Minister of Justice Goseling calls fugitives of Nazi-Germany "undesired strangers"
  • May 8 Stravinsky's "Dumbarton Oaks" premieres in Washington, D.C.
  • May 10 Banning speech on anti-fascism demonstration in Amsterdam
  • May 12 Sandoz Labs begins manufacturing LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide)
  • May 15 Paul-Henri Spak forms red coalition of Belgium
  • May 16 1st animal breeding society forms (NJ)
  • May 16 38 die in Terminal Hotel fire (Atlanta Ga)
  • May 17 US Congress approves Vinson Naval Act, which funds a two-ocean navy
  • May 25 Spanish Civil War: The bombing of Alicante takes place, with 313 deaths
  • May 26 US House of Representatives Committee on un-American Activities forms
  • May 28 Foundation for Tel Aviv harbor laid
  • Jun 3 German law on "Entartete Art" legalizes art robbery

Historic Event

Jun 6 Sigmund Freud arrives in London

  • Jun 7 1st play telecast with original Broadway cast, "Susan & God"
  • Jun 7 Boeing 314 Clipper flying boat 1st flown (Eddie Allen)

Historic Event

Jun 7 The Douglas DC-4E makes its 1st test flight

  • Jun 8 Gert Terblanche, a local school boy, discovers fossils of an unknown 'robust-type' human ancestor, later named Paranthropus robustus by Robert Broom, at Kromdraai, Blaauwbank River Valley in South Africa
  • Jun 10 Charlie Barnett makes 98 by lunch v Australia at Trent Bridge
  • Jun 11 5.0 Earthquake in Belgium kills 2, strongest in 45 years
  • Jun 13 Jews injured & property destroyed in Przemyal, Poland
  • Jun 14 Chlorophyll patented by Benjamin Grushkin
  • Jun 14 Dorothy Lathrop wins 1st Caldecott Medal (kid books author)
  • Jun 17 Japan declares war on China
  • Jun 19 "Olympian Flyer" express train crashes in Montana, killing 47
  • Jun 23 Civil Aeronautics Authority (US) established
  • Jun 23 Marineland opens in Florida-1st aquarium
  • Jun 24 500 ton meteorite lands near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • Jun 25 US federal minimum wage law guarantees workers 25 cents per hour (rising to 40 cents by 1945) and a maximum 44 hour working week
  • Jun 30 Final game at Philadelphia's Baker Bowl, Giants beat Philadelphia 14-1
  • Jun 30 Superman 1st appears in DC Comics' Action Comics Series issue #1
  • Jul 1 The South African Press Association (SAPA) is established as a non-governmental institution by South Africa's major newspapers to facilitate the sharing of news, both national and international

Battle of Interest

Jul 3 President Franklin Roosevelt dedicates the Eternal Light Peace Memorial and lights the eternal flame at Gettysburg Battlefield

  • Jul 4 France-Turkish friendship treaty
  • Jul 5 Herb Caen's 1st column in San Francisco Chronicle

Historic Event

Jul 10 Howard Hughes flies around the world in 91 hours

  • Jul 13 Kroller-Muller museum opens in Holland

Historic Publication

Jul 14 Benito Mussolini publishes anti-Jewish African manifesto

  • Jul 17 Douglas "Wrong Way" Corrigan leaves NY flying for LA, winds up in Ireland supposedly by mistake

Oops, Wrong Way!

Jul 18 Douglas "Wrong Way" Corrigan arrives in Ireland after a 28 hours flight, supposedly left NY flying for California

  • Jul 25 Jewish artisans not allowed in Germany
  • Jul 25 Revolutionary offensive of Ebro Spain (Hollander Piet)
  • Jul 28 34,000-ton Cunard-White Star liner Mauretania launched at Birkenhead
  • Jul 30 General Metaxas names himself premier of Greece
  • Jul 31 Archaeologists discover engraved gold and silver plates from King Darius in Persepolis.
  • Aug 7 Nazis close theologic department of Innsbruck university
  • Aug 8 Great Trek Centenary Celebrations commence; the Great Trek was a migration involving Boers leaving the Cape Colony and settling in the interior of South Africa
  • Aug 10 119°F (48°C), Pendleton, Oregon (state record)
  • Aug 17 1st aircraft owned by US Forest Service in service (Oakland)
  • Aug 18 FDR dedicates Thousand Islands Bridge connecting US & Canada
  • Aug 21 Italy bars all Jewish teachers in Public & High School
  • Aug 23 England score 7-903 declared v Australia, Len Hutton scores 364
  • Aug 24 England beat Australia by an innings & 579 runs at The Oval
  • Aug 26 British leaders & Arabians fight in Palestine
  • Aug 27 Two NYC subway trains collide at 116th Street killing 2 and injuring 51
  • Aug 28 Mauthausen concentration camp opens in Austria
  • Aug 28 Northwestern University awards honorary degree to dummy Charlie McCarthy
  • Aug 28 On Connie Mack Day at Philadelphia's Shibe Park, the A's win a doubleheader
  • Sep 1 Benito Mussolini cancels civil rights of Italian Jews
  • Sep 15 John Cobb sets world auto speed record at 350.2 MPH (lasts 1 day)
  • Sep 15 Only time brothers hit back-to-back HRs (Lloyd & Paul Waner, Pitts)
  • Sep 16 George E T Eyston sets world auto speed record at 357.5 MPH
  • Sep 17 British premier Neville Chamberlain leaves Munich

Historic Event

Sep 21 British politician Winston Churchill condemns Germany's Adolf Hitler's annexation of Czechoslovakia

  • Sep 21 The Great Hurricane of 1938 makes landfall on Long Island in New York. The death toll is estimated at 500-700 people.
  • Sep 23 British premier Neville Chamberlain flies to Munich
  • Sep 23 Time capsule, to be opened in 6939, buried at World's Fair in NYC (capsule contained a woman's hat, man's pipe & 1,100' of microfilm)
  • Sep 27 British ocean liner "Queen Elizabeth" launches at Clydebank, Scotland
  • Sep 27 Jewish lawyers forbidden to practise in Germany
  • Sep 27 League of Nations declares Japan the aggressor against China
  • Sep 28 Clare Boothe's "Boys Goodbye" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 28 Dutch Prime Minister Hendrikus Colijn sends radio message "No war coming"
  • Sep 29 1st archival course is offered at Columbia University in NYC
  • Sep 30 Treaty of Munich signed by Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, Édouard Daladier and Neville Chamberlain, forces Czechoslovakia to give territory to Germany. Chamberlain infamously declares "Peace for our time" on his return to London.
  • Oct 1 Germany annexes Sudetenland (1/3 of Czechoslovakia) following the Munich Agreement
  • Oct 7 Germany requires all Jewish passports be stamped with letter J

Theater Premiere

Oct 8 George S. Kaufman & Moss Hart's play "Fabulous Invalid" premieres in NYC

  • Oct 10 Germany completes its annexation of Czechoslovakia's Sudetenland
  • Oct 14 Nazis plan Jewish ghettos for all major cities
  • Oct 15 Robert Sherwoods "Abe Lincoln in Illinois" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 21 Japanese troops occupies Canton
  • Oct 22 Chester Carlson has 1st successful experiment in electrophotography, later sold to the Haloid Company and dubbed "Xerox copying"
  • Oct 22 President of Czechoslovakia Edvard Beneš goes into exile in London, in the aftermath of the Munich agreement and German annexation of Sudetenland
  • Oct 24 US forbids child labor in factories
  • Oct 25 Japanese troops occupies Hankou & Wuhan
  • Oct 27 DuPont announces its new synthetic polyamide fiber will be called "nylon"
  • Oct 28 Farewell parade of International Brigade (Barcelona)
  • Oct 31 Great Depression: In an effort to try restore investor confidence, the New York Stock Exchange unveils a fifteen-point program aimed to upgrade protection for the investing public.
  • Nov 1 German colonel-general Gerd von Runstedt retires
  • Nov 5 Ottawa Roughriders score on 5-man, 4-lateral, 65-yard punt return
  • Nov 5 Rugers beats Princeton 1st time in 60 yrs as Rutgers Stad dedicated
  • Nov 6 3 DiMaggio brothers play together for 1st time, in a charity all-star game
  • Nov 8 1st African American woman legislator, Crystal Bird Fauset of Philadelphia
  • Nov 9 Al Capp, cartoonist of Li'l Abner, creates Sadie Hawkins Day
  • Nov 9 Kristallnacht begins: pogrom against Jews in Germany and Austria - first large-scale physical act of anti-Jewish violence, begins
  • Nov 10 8.3 earthquake shakes East of Shumagin Islands, Alaska
  • Nov 10 Nobel for literature awarded to Pearl Buck (Good Earth)
  • Nov 10 Second day of Kristallnacht: pogrom against the Jews in Germany and Austria after assassination of a German diplomat in Paris
  • Nov 11 German & Austrian Jewish suffer 1 billion Mark damage in nazi

Historic Event

Nov 12 Hermann Goering announces he wants Madagascar as a Jewish homeland

  • Nov 13 America's first saint, Mother Frances Cabrini, beatified
  • Nov 14 Dutch DC3 crashes at Schiphol, 6 die
  • Nov 15 Farewell Parade of International Brigades in Barcelona
  • Nov 15 First telecast of an unscheduled event (fire), W2XBT, NY
  • Nov 16 K B Regiment refuses round-table conference in East-India

Historic Event

Nov 16 LSD (Lysergic acid diethylamide) is first synthesized by Swiss chemist Dr. Albert Hofmann at the Sandoz Laboratories in Basel, Switzerland

  • Nov 17 Italy passes its own version of anti-Jewish Nuremberg laws
  • Nov 18 Trade union members elect John L. Lewis as the first president of the Congress of Industrial Organizations.
  • Nov 20 1st documented anti-semitic remarks over US radio (by Father Coughlin)
  • Nov 21 -24] Belgian king Leopold III visits Netherlands
  • Nov 21 Nazi forces occupy western Czechoslovakia and declare inhabitants to be German citizens
  • Nov 24 Clifford Odets' "Rocket to the Moon" premieres in NYC

Execution

Nov 25 Lavrentiy Beria succeeds Nikolai Yezhov as the head of the Soviet secret police, NKVD, after Yezhov was executed on Joseph Stalin's orders

  • Nov 30 Fascist coup in Romania fails
  • Nov 30 Germany bans Jews being lawyers
  • Dec 1 School bus & train collide in Salt Lake City Utah
  • Dec 2 The first 'Kindertransport' carrying Jewish refugee children from Nazi Germany arrives in Britain
  • Dec 3 AAUs decides to continue linear measuring system over metric
  • Dec 6 117 Spanish knights under capt Piet Laros return to Netherlands

Treaty of Interest

Dec 6 French/German non-attack treaty drawn (Ribbentrop-Bonnet Pact)

  • Dec 7 Philip Barry's "Here Come the Clowns" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 7 W9XZY broadcasts facsimile of St Louis Post-Dispatch by radio
  • Dec 8 Highest temperature for December in US recorded in La Mesa Calif
  • Dec 9 State of California uses gas chamber instead of hanging for 2nd time in a week: Wesley Eudy and Fred Barnes executed for roles in Folsom Prison escape attempt resulting in murder of warden and guard (San Quentin State Prison, Marin County)

Nobel Prize

Dec 10 Italian scientist Enrico Fermi receives the Nobel Prize for Physics (work on reduced radioactivity)

  • Dec 10 Ruth Fuller Sasaki, Zen teacher, Rinzai line, enters Zen priesthood
  • Dec 13 Los Angeles freezes at 28°F
  • Dec 14 AL permits Cleveland & Philadelphia to play night games
  • Dec 15 Groundbreaking begins for Jefferson Memorial in Washington, D.C.
  • Dec 16 Adolf Hitler institutes the state decoration and civil order of merit, Cross of Honour of the German Mother
  • Dec 16 State of California executes Ed Davis (38), leader of Folsom Prison escape attempt resulting in murder of warden and guard (San Quentin State Prison, Marin County)
  • Dec 17 Discovery of nuclear fission using uranium by Otto Hahn and his assistant Fritz Strassmann
  • Dec 17 Utrecht Central Station destroyed by fire
  • Dec 23 Discovery of the first modern coelacanth in South Africa
  • Dec 29 Construction on Lake Washington Floating Bridge, Seattle, begins
  • Dec 31 Daniel Sternefeld conducts premiere of his ballet "Pierlala" at the Royal Flemish Opera of Antwerp; choreographer Wladimir Karnetzky also danced the title role
  • Dec 31 Dr R N Harger's "drunkometer", 1st breath test, introduced in Indiana
  • Dec 31 Dutch national debt hits ƒ3,986,629,805.70