On This Day

Events in History in January 1938

  • Jan 2 Book publisher Simon and Schuster founded

Historic DiscoveryPolio

Jan 3 March of Dimes established to fight polio

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Children with polio in a US hospital, inside an iron lung. In about 0.5% of cases, patients suffered from paralysis, sometimes resulting in the inability to breathe. More often, limbs would be paralyzed.
Children with polio in a US hospital, inside an iron lung. In about 0.5% of cases, patients suffered from paralysis, sometimes resulting in the inability to breathe. More often, limbs would be paralyzed.
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 6 Bronze memorial statue of Henry Hudson erected in Bronx

Explorer Henry Hudson
Explorer
Henry Hudson
  • Jan 10 Jean Anouilh's "La Sauvage" premieres in Paris
  • Jan 10 Paul Vincent Carroll's "White Seed" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 11 Frances Moulton elected 1st woman president of a US national bank
  • Jan 13 The Church of England accepts the theory of evolution
  • Jan 14 National Society for Legalization of Euthanasia forms (NY)
  • Jan 17 Supreme Soviet elects Michail Kalinin as presidium chairman

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 17 Joseph P. Kennedy becomes the 44th United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom

Patriarch of the Kennedy family Joseph P. Kennedy
Patriarch of the Kennedy family
Joseph P. Kennedy
  • Jan 19 General Motors begins mass production of diesel engines
  • Jan 21 Dutch government starts obligatory unemployment insurance
  • Jan 22 "Our Town", Thornton Wilder's Pulitzer-winner of small-town life in Grover's Corners, New Hampshire, premieres (NJ)
  • Jan 25 Ian Hay's "Bachelor Born" premieres in NYC