On This Day

Events in History in 1940 (Part 2)

Events 201 - 400 of 417

  • Jul 1 Australia refuses entry to Dutch Jewish refugees
  • Jul 2 Dutch PM Colijn publishes "Borders of 2 Worlds" (German victory)
  • Jul 2 Lake Washington (Seattle) Floating bridge dedicated

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Jul 2 British PM Churchill meets Major General Bernard Montgomery

British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Jul 2 Indian independence leader Subhas Chandra Bose is arrested and detained in Calcutta
  • Jul 3 ARP-leader/ex-premier Colijn argues cooperation with Germany
  • Jul 3 British Royal Navy damages the French fleet in Mers-el-Kebir, Algeria, to prevent Germany seizing it
  • Jul 3 German occupiers forbid using Dutch royal names
  • Jul 4 British destroys French battle fleet at Oran, Algeria, 1267 die
  • Jul 5 Diplomatic relations broken between Britain and Vichy government in France
  • Jul 9 German Evangelist Church protests against euthanasia pogroms
  • Jul 10 Battle of Britain begins as Nazi forces attack shipping convoys in the English Channel
  • Jul 11 British & German dogfight above Lyme Bay

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 11 Marshall Philippe Pétain, French hero of World War I, becomes head of the Vichy collaborationist government of France

French General Philippe Pétain
French General
Philippe Pétain
  • Jul 12 Frederick McKinley Jones receives a patent for an air conditioning unit for trucks, helping to change long-haul carriage of food and blood
  • Jul 14 Due to beanball wars, Spalding advertises batting helmet with earflaps

  • Jul 14 Lithuania becomes Lithuanian SSR
  • Jul 15 Nazi occupiers seize library of IISG Amsterdam
  • Jul 15 Physicist Donald Kerst becomes the first person to accelerate electrons using electromagnetic induction, reaching energies of 2.3 MeV, when his betatron device (for particle acceleration) becomes operational in Urbana, Illinois

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 16 Adolf Hitler orders preparations for the invasion of Britain (Operation Sealion)

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Jul 16 NSB'er Woudenberg appointed as NVV-trustee

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

Jul 18 Democratic Convention nominates FDR for a 3rd term

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Jul 19 Adolf Hitler orders Great Britain to surrender
  • Jul 19 Nazi occupiers imprison 231 prominent Dutch citizens in Buchenwald
  • Jul 20 Germany occupiers forbid Dutch Communist Party (CPN) in Netherlands
  • Jul 20 Nazi collaborator Rost of Tonningen appointed director of Marxist
  • Jul 21 Soviet Union annexes Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania
  • Jul 21 VARA-management accepts Rost of Tonningens demands
  • Jul 22 Dutch Prime minister Dirk Jan De Geer meets Adolf Hitler seeking peace talks
  • Jul 24 1st illegal "Newsletter of Pieter It Hen" publishes in Netherlands
  • Jul 24 Linthorst Homan, de Quay and Einthoven form Dutch Union
  • Jul 28 Radio Orange begins broadcasting from London
  • Jul 31 Riechskommissar Seyss-Inquart bans homosexuals

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 2 Clermont-Ferrand sentences General Charles de Gaulle to death

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • Aug 2 KL-House of saxon & commandos focus on Gross Rosen, Silesia
  • Aug 3 Italian troops invade British Somalia

  • Aug 3 Lithuanian SSR is accepted into USSR
  • Aug 3 Seaplane Clare makes 1st British passenger flight to the US
  • Aug 5 "Acquaintance" blows-up Zandvoortse synagogue
  • Aug 6 Estonia is annexed into Soviet empire
  • Aug 7 Churchill recognizes De Gaulle's French government in exile
  • Aug 7 Largest amount paid for a stamp ($45,000 for 1 1856 British Guiana)
  • Aug 7 Alsace Lorraine is annexed by the Third Reich (Germany) during World War II
  • Aug 8 31 German aircraft shot down over England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 8 The "Aufbau Ost" directive is signed by Wilhelm Keitel.

German WWII General Wilhelm Keitel
German WWII General
Wilhelm Keitel
  • Aug 10 Prince Bernhard Fund forms
  • Aug 11 38 German aircraft shot down over England
  • Aug 11 German air raid on British ports Portland and Weymouth
  • Aug 12 Luftwaffe bombs British radar stations, loses 31 aircraft
  • Aug 12 Netherlands starts rationing textiles

BattleBattle of Interest

Aug 13 Battle of Britain: Hermann Goering's "Adlertag" (Eagle Day) offensive happens, intending to destroy the Royal Air Force; 47-48 German aircraft shot down, the RAF loses 25 planes

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • Aug 14 Dutch Premier De Geer vacations in Switzerland
  • Aug 15 1st edition of Jewish Weekly newspaper in Amsterdam (under Nazis)
  • Aug 15 Heavy dogfights above England: 75 German aircraft damaged
  • Aug 16 45 German aircraft shot down over England
  • Aug 17 FDR & Canadian PM William M King agree to joint defense commission
  • Aug 17 Adolf Hitler orders a total blockade of Great Britain
  • Aug 18 Battle of Britain: The air battle known as "The Hardest Day" occurs; Luftwaffe lose approximately 69 aircraft and the RAF lose 68 in one of the largest ever air battles
  • Aug 20 1st Polish squadrons fight along allies in the Battle of Britain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 20 British PM Churchill says of Royal Air Force, "Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few"

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

MurderMurder of Interest

Aug 20 Louis Buchalter is indicted on murder charges in Los Angeles for the killing of Harry Greenberg, a mob associate of casino owner Meyer Lansky and mobster Bugsy Siegel

  • Aug 23 German Luftwaffe begins night bombing on London
  • Aug 23 Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands dismisses premier De Geer
  • Aug 24 Luftwaffe bombs London
  • Aug 25 First British night bombing of Germany (Berlin)
  • Aug 25 Lithuania, Latvia & Estonia incorporated into Soviet Union
  • Aug 26 Chad is the first French colony to join the Allies under the administration of Félix Éboué, France's first black colonial governor.
  • Aug 27 Caproni-Campini CC-2, experimental jet plane, maiden flight (Milan)
  • Aug 28 French colonies Cameroon/Congo-Brazzaville support Gen De Gaulle
  • Aug 31 1st edition of illegal opposition newspaper Free Netherlands
  • Aug 31 RAF Fighter Command loses 39 aircraft against Luftwaffe's 41
  • Aug 31 German occupiers in Netherlands begin soap rationing
  • Aug 31 US National Guard assembles
  • Sep 2 Great Smoky Mountains National Park dedicated
  • Sep 3 39.4 cm rainfall at Sapulpa, Oklahoma (state record)
  • Sep 3 Adolf Hitler orders an invasion of Great Britain for Sept 21 (Operation Seelöwe/Sealion)
  • Sep 3 Dutch government in exile of Gerbrandy forms in London
  • Sep 3 Sicherheits police bans Free masons, Rotary & Red Cross
  • Sep 3 US gives Britain 50 destroyers in exchange for Newfoundland base lease
  • Sep 4 Gerbrandy becomes premier of Dutch government in exile
  • Sep 4 Nazi collaborator Mussert puts the fate of Netherlands in Hitler's hands
  • Sep 6 Crown prince Michael succeeds Carol II as king of Romania
  • Sep 6 Generalissimo Gamelin arrested in France

'Hitler Will Have to Break Us or Lose the War''Hitler Will Have to Break Us or Lose the War'

Sep 7 Beginning of the Blitz: the German Luftwaffe bomb London for 1st of 57 consecutive nights as the Nazis prepare to invade Britain

Read Article
Buckingham Palace is bombed. Churchill, King George VI and Queen Elizabeth inspect the damage. Photo: NPA Rota
Buckingham Palace is bombed. Churchill, King George VI and Queen Elizabeth inspect the damage. Photo: NPA Rota
Read Article
  • Sep 7 Luftwaffe loses 41 bombers above England
  • Sep 7 Treaty of Craiova: Romania loses Southern Dobrudja to Bulgaria.
  • Sep 9 28 German aircraft shot down above England
  • Sep 10 Buckingham Palace hit by German bomb
  • Sep 11 -12] Buckingham Palace damaged by German bombs
  • Sep 11 54th US Postmaster General: Frank C Walker of Pa takes office
  • Sep 11 Anton Mussert establishes Dutch SS

  • Sep 11 Hitler begins operation Seelöwe (Sealion - aborted invasion England)
  • Sep 11 George Stibitz pioneers the first remote operation of a computer.
  • Sep 12 49 die & 200 injured when Hercules Powder Co plant explodes (NJ)
  • Sep 12 Italian troops enter Egypt

Dog Unearths Cave of AntiquityDog Unearths Cave of Antiquity

Sep 12 Four teens, following their dog down a hole near Lascaux, France discover 17,000 year old drawings now known as the Lascaux Cave Paintings

Read Article
Marcel Ravidat, second from left in beret, with his friends at the cave entrance in 1940
Marcel Ravidat, second from left in beret, with his friends at the cave entrance in 1940
Read Article
  • Sep 13 Buckingham Palace damaged by German bombs
  • Sep 13 Italian troops under Marshal Graziani attack Egypt
  • Sep 14 US Congress passes 1st peace-time conscription bill (draft law)
  • Sep 14 German bomb hits shelter in Chelsea; hundreds die
  • Sep 15 UK Prime Minister Winston Churchill visits Royal Air Force 11th Fighter Group on what would be the fiercest day of the Battle of Britain
  • Sep 15 Battle of Britain Day: climax of the Battle of Britain, tide begins to turn as the Royal Air Force repulses a major Luftwaffe attack, losing 29 aircraft to the Germans' 57-61
  • Sep 16 FDR signs Selective Training & Service Act (1st peacetime draft)
  • Sep 16 Luftwaffe attacks central London
  • Sep 16 Samuel T Rayburn of Texas elected speaker of US House of Representatives
  • Sep 16 St Louis Browns Johnny Lucadello is 2nd to HR from each side of plate
  • Sep 17 Nazis deprive Jews of possessions
  • Sep 17 Adolf Hitler indefinitely postpones Operation Sealion, the planned German invasion of Great Britain
  • Sep 18 19 German aircraft shot down above England
  • Sep 18 Elmer Harris' "Johnny Belinda" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 18 Italian troops conquer Sidi Barrani
  • Sep 19 Nazi decree forbids gentile woman to work in Jewish homes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 19 Witold Pilecki is voluntarily captured and sent to Auschwitz in order to smuggle out information and start a resistance

Polish Resistance Fighter Witold Pilecki
Polish Resistance Fighter
Witold Pilecki
  • Sep 23 -27] French/British assault on French fleet in Dakar, flees
  • Sep 23 Dutch nazi collaborator Mussert's 1st meeting with Adolf Hitler

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 23 Dutch artist Piet Mondrian leaves Europe for New York, where he lives for the rest of his life

Abstract Painter Piet Mondrian
Abstract Painter
Piet Mondrian
  • Sep 24 Jimmy Foxx hits his 500th career HR
  • Sep 24 Luftwaffe bombs Spitfire factory in Southampton
  • Sep 25 German High Commissioner in Norway sets up Vidkun Quisling government
  • Sep 26 Luftwaffe bombs Spitfire factory in Woolston, Southampton for second time, 30 killed
  • Sep 26 Japanese troops attack French Indo-China

  • Sep 27 55 German aircraft shot down above England
  • Sep 27 Black leaders protest discrimination in US armed forces
  • Sep 27 Floyd Giebells, 1st game, 2-0 pennant clinching beating Bob Feller
  • Sep 27 Nazi Germany, Italy & Japan sign 10 year formal alliance (Axis)
  • Sep 28 Michigan's Tom Harmon runs 72, 86 & 94 yard touchdowns
  • Sep 28 Nazi occupiers present "New Dutch Culture" in German
  • Sep 28 Bud Brennan, a fan at Memorial Stadium, races out of stands & attempts to tackle Tom Harmon at 3-yard line, Harmon easily evades Brennan
  • Sep 29 "Double or Nothing", a radio quiz show, 1st heard on Mutual Radio Net
  • Sep 29 "Strike Up the Band" opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 29 1st US merchant ship "Booker T. Washington" commanded by a black captain (Hugh Mulzac), launched at Wilmington Delaware

Education Pioneer Booker T. Washington
Education Pioneer
Booker T. Washington
  • Sep 30 47 German aircraft shot down above England
  • Oct 1 Pennsylvania Turnpike, pioneer toll thruway, opens
  • Oct 2 17 German aircraft shot down over England
  • Oct 2 British Council receives Royal Charter
  • Oct 2 British liner Empress, loaded with refugees for Canada, sunk
  • Oct 3 France Vichy government proclaims end to Jewish status
  • Oct 3 US forms parachute troops
  • Oct 4 12 German aircraft shot down above England
  • Oct 4 Adolf Hitler & Benito Mussolini confer at Brenner Pass in the Alps
  • Oct 4 French Vichy regime proclaims end of "Statute of the Jews"
  • Oct 6 Zoological Gardens opens on Sloat & Skyline in San Francisco
  • Oct 7 World War II: the McCollum memo proposes bringing the U.S. into the war in Europe by provoking the Japanese to attack the United States.
  • Oct 8 German troops occupies Romania
  • Oct 14 Balham tube station in London is bombed by the German Luftwaffe during the Blitz, killing 64-66 people
  • Oct 15 -16] Heavy German air raid on London, 400 killed
  • Oct 15 London's Waterloo Station bombed by German luftwaffe
  • Oct 16 Benjamin Oliver Davis Sr. is promoted to brigadier general, the first African-American person to become a general in the US military

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 16 Warsaw Ghetto is formed by German Governor-General Hans Frank

Lawyer and Nazi War Criminal Hans Frank
Lawyer and Nazi War Criminal
Hans Frank
Leader of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising Mordecai Anielewicz
Leader of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
Mordecai Anielewicz
  • Oct 17 German occupiers issue identity cards
  • Oct 18 Kaufman & Harts "George Washington Slept Here" premieres in NYC

  • Oct 20 Cheese rationed in Netherlands
  • Oct 20 Greenhouse rationing begins in Netherlands
  • Oct 21 RAF drops 1st anti-nazi pamphlets on Netherlands
  • Oct 24 US Fair Labor Standards of 1938 comes into effect - minimum wage, 44 hr week
  • Oct 24 Adolf Hitler meets the Head of the French State Marshal Philippe Pétain
  • Oct 24 Protestant churches protest against dismissal of Jew civil servants
  • Oct 25 Benjamin O Davis Sr. becomes 1st African American general in US Army
  • Oct 26 The P-51 Mustang makes its maiden flight.
  • Oct 28 Greece successfully resists Italy's attack
  • Oct 28 Meeting between Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini in Florence
  • Oct 29 Secretary of War Henry L Stimson draws the 1st number - #158 - in the 1st peacetime military draft in US history
  • Oct 31 Battle of Britain, fought between the RAF and Luftwaffe over the English Channel and southern England, ends with a British victory

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 31 Deadline for Warsaw Jews to move into the Warsaw Ghetto

Leader of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising Mordecai Anielewicz
Leader of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
Mordecai Anielewicz
  • Nov 1 1st US air raid shelter, Fleetwood, Pa
  • Nov 1 Dutch "Curfew" forms (12 AM - 4 AM)
  • Nov 4 Eggs & cake rationed in Netherlands
  • Nov 5 Dutch submarine departs Dundee
  • Nov 5 Franklin D. Roosevelt is re-elected President of the United States for an unprecedented third term, defeating Republican candidate Wendell Willkie
  • Nov 6 Franklin Roosevelt re-elected US President
  • Nov 7 Stravinsky's Symfonie in C premieres in Chicago
  • Nov 7 Tacoma Narrows (Galloping Gertie) Bridge collapses, Wash
  • Nov 8 RAF bombs Munich, Adolf Hitler promises "an attack on the capital of the Nazi movement would not go unpunished"
  • Nov 11 Thousands of Paris students lay a wreath at the Grave of the Unknown Soldier
  • Nov 11 Blizzard strikes midwestern US killing over 100
  • Nov 11 British Fleet Air Arm attack destroys half of Italian fleet at Taranto
  • Nov 11 Willys unveiled its General Purpose vehicle ("Jeep")
  • Nov 12 Blizzard strikes midwest, 154 die (69 on boat on Great Lakes)
  • Nov 14 During WW II, German planes destroy most of Coventry, England
  • Nov 15 1st 75,000 men called to armed forces duty during peacetime
  • Nov 15 NY Midtown tunnel linking Manhattan and Queens opens to traffic

  • Nov 16 World War II: In response to Germany's leveling of Coventry, England two days before, the Royal Air Force bombs Hamburg.
  • Nov 18 George Matesky, New York City's Mad Bomber places his first bomb at a Manhattan office building used by Consolidated Edison.
  • Nov 19 Belgian King Leopold III visits Adolf Hitler
  • Nov 19 First major German air raid on Birmingham - about 440 bombers kill 450
  • Nov 20 World War II: Hungary, Romania and Slovakia join the Axis Powers
  • Nov 21 Nazi occupiers forbid building schools in Netherlands
  • Nov 22 500 students in Delft demonstrate against nazis
  • Nov 23 1st edition of illegal "The Truth" publishes
  • Nov 23 Romania signs Tripartite Pact
  • Nov 23 SD arrested resistance fighter Bernard Iron wire
  • Nov 24 The Blitz: Luftwaffe bombs Bristol city centre, killing 200 people in the first German raid on the city
  • Nov 25 SS Patria carrying illegal immigrants sinks in port of Haifa, 200 die
  • Nov 25 Football team University of Michigan retires Tom Harmon's #98
  • Nov 25 Woody Woodpecker debuts with release of Walter Lantz's "Knock Knock"
  • Nov 25 First flights of the de Havilland Mosquito and Martin B-26 Marauder.
  • Nov 26 Leidse students strike
  • Nov 26 Nazi Germany began walling off the Jewish Ghetto in Warsaw
  • Nov 28 Dutch law professor Rudolph Cleveringa arrested by nazis
  • Dec 6 Gestapo arrest German resistance fighter/poster artist Helen Ernst