On This Day

Events in History in 1941

Events 1 - 200 of 509

  • Jan 1 Netherlands begins taxing wages

Appointment of Interest

Jan 1 Russian general Georgy Zhukov appointed chief of general staff

  • Jan 2 World War II: German bombing severely damages the Llandaff Cathedral in Cardiff, Wales
  • Jan 2 World War II: The U.S. government announces its Liberty ship program to build freighters in support of the war effort.
  • Jan 3 Canada & US acquire air bases in Newfoundland (99 yr lease)
  • Jan 3 Italian counter offensive in Albania
  • Jan 3 American National Collegiate Football Rules Committee announces a new rule permitting free substitution of players
  • Jan 4 Resistance fighters counter d'Estienne d'Orves/Jan Doornik, 1st meet
  • Jan 5 British Australian troops conquer Bardia, Libya

Roosevelt’s Four Freedoms

Jan 6 US President Franklin Roosevelt makes his "Four Freedoms" speech (freedom of speech and worship; freedom from want and fear) during his US State of Union address [1] [2]

Historic Event

Jan 7 Chinese Kuomintang forces under orders from Chiang Kai-shek open fire on the surrounded Communist New Fourth Army at Maolin, Anhui Province, killing or capturing 7,000 troops

  • Jan 9 6,000 Jews murdered in a pogrom in Bucharest, Romania
  • Jan 9 Maiden flight by Canada's British-built Avro Lancaster military plane
  • Jan 10 Joseph Kesselring's "Arsenic & Old Lace" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 10 Seyss-Inquart begins registration of Jews
  • Jan 10 World War II: The Greek army captures Kleisoura.
  • Jan 11 Princess Irene Brigade established in Congleton

Attack on Pearl Harbor

Jan 16 US vice admiral Bellinger warns of an assault on Pearl Harbor

  • Jan 16 War Department forms first Army Air Corps squadron for black cadets
  • Jan 17 Chiang Kai-shek disbands the Communist New Fourth Army after the New Fourth Army incident at Maolin, Anhui Province between the nationalist and communist armies leaves many dead
  • Jan 18 World War II: A counter-offensive is launched by the British against the Italians in East Africa
  • Jan 19 British offensive in Eritrea
  • Jan 19 British troops occupies Kassalaf, Sudan
  • Jan 20 Chinese Communist leaders re-organize the New Fourth Army in defiance of Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-shek's order for it to be disbanded
  • Jan 21 1st anti-Jewish measures in Bulgaria
  • Jan 21 1st commercial extraction of magnesium from seawater, Freeport, Texas
  • Jan 21 Australian and British troops attack Tobruk, Libya
  • Jan 21 British communist newspaper "Daily Worker" banned
  • Jan 22 1st mass killing of Jews in Romania
  • Jan 22 British and Australian troops capture Tobruk from Italians
  • Jan 23 Groundbreaking for NACA (now NASA) Lewis Research Center
  • Jan 23 WOR-AM in Newark NJ moves to NYC
  • Jan 24 British troops march into Abyssinia

Historic Event

Jan 25 Pope Pius XII elevates the Apostolic Vicariate of the Hawaiian Islands to the dignity of a diocese. It becomes the Roman Catholic Diocese of Honolulu.

  • Jan 27 Peruvian ambassador Ricardo Rivera-Schreiber warns American Ambassador of Japanese assault on Pearl Harbor
  • Jan 28 French-Thai War: Final air battle of the conflict. Japanese-mediated armistice goes into effect later in the day.
  • Jan 29 Alexandros Koryzis becomes Prime Minister of Greece
  • Jan 30 Australian troops conquer Derna, Libya
  • Jan 31 Anti-German demonstration in Haarlem, Netherlands
  • Jan 31 British army Layforce commando units set sail
  • Feb 2 US male Figure Skating championship won by Eugene Turner
  • Feb 3 US Supreme Court upheld Federal Wage & Hour law, sets minimum wages & maximum hours
  • Feb 4 British tanks occupy Maus, Libya
  • Feb 4 Former Dutch premier De Geer flies to Berlin
  • Feb 4 United Service Organization (USO) founded
  • Feb 5 Dutch Premier De Geer returns from Lisbon to Netherlands
  • Feb 6 Auke Adema wins 6th official Dutch 11 Cities Skating Race (9:19)
  • Feb 6 Battle of Beda Fomm: Italian 10th army destroyed
  • Feb 6 British troops conquer Bengazi, Libya
  • Feb 8 NSB'er Max Blokzijl begins nazi propaganda on Dutch radio
  • Feb 9 British troops conquer El Agheila
  • Feb 9 Nazi collaborators destroy pro-Jewish café Alcazar Amsterdam (Alcazar refused to hang "No Entry for Jews" signs in front of cafe)
  • Feb 10 1st highway post office makes 1st trip, Washington, D.C. to Harrisonburg, Virginia
  • Feb 10 Anti-Nazi "Het Parool" begins publishing in Netherlands

Historic Event

Feb 11 Lt-Gen Erwin Rommel arrives in Tripoli

  • Feb 11 Sicherheitsdienst complains about Dutch anti German sentiments
  • Feb 12 Jewish Council for Amsterdam forms under Ascher and Cohen
  • Feb 12 Occupation Police arrest "Jewish Foursome"
  • Feb 12 First injection of penicillin into a patient by British physician Charles Fletcher at Radcliffe Infirmary in Oxford, England
  • Feb 13 Nazi leaders attack Dutch Jewish Council
  • Feb 14 One millionth vehicle traverses the NY Midtown Tunnel
  • Feb 14 Carson McCuller's "Reflections in a Golden Eye" published
  • Feb 14 Cebrie Park in the Bronx renamed Halsey Street
  • Feb 14 German Afrika Korps lands in Tripoli, Libya
  • Feb 19 Nazi police attacked & driven away from Koco, Amsterdam (by young Jews)
  • Feb 20 1st transport of Jews to concentration camps leave Plotsk Poland
  • Feb 20 Nazi Germany orders Polish Jews barred from using public transportation
  • Feb 20 Romania breaks relations with Netherlands

Historic Event

Feb 21 US officer Omar Bradley is promoted to the rank of brigadier general

  • Feb 22 Nazi police raid Amsterdam and round up 429 young Jews for deportation to be sent to Buchenwald and Mauthausen concentration camps
  • Feb 22 Arthur "Bomber" Harris becomes British Air Marshal
  • Feb 22 German assault on El Agheila Libya
  • Feb 22 IG Farben decides building Buna-Werke in Auschwitz Concentration Camp
  • Feb 23 Plutonium first produced and isolated by American chemist Glenn T. Seaborg at Berkeley
  • Feb 24 43 Geuzen resistance fighter trial opens in the Hague
  • Feb 24 Anti-Nazi meeting at Noordermarkt Amsterdam
  • Feb 25 February strike against persecution of Jews, in Amsterdam
  • Feb 26 2 fighters unable to continued slugfest, referee declares double KO
  • Feb 26 Cowboys' Amateur Association of America organized (California)
  • Feb 26 Utrecht & Zaandam strike against raid on Jews
  • Feb 26 Vichy-France makes religious education in school mandatory
  • Feb 28 British-Italian dogfight above Albania
  • Mar 1 1st US commercial FM radio station goes on the air, Nashville, Tennessee
  • Mar 1 German troops invade Bulgaria

Historic Event

Mar 1 Himmler inspects Auschwitz concentration camp

  • Mar 2 World War II: First German military units enter Bulgaria after it joined the Axis Pact.

Historic Event

Mar 3 Netherlands NSB-leader Mussert visits Hermann Goering in Berlin

  • Mar 4 18 Geuzen resistance fighters sentenced to death in The Hague

Historic Event

Mar 4 Serbian Prince Paul visits Adolf Hitler

  • Mar 4 The United Kingdom launches Operation Claymore on the Lofoten Islands, during World War II.
  • Mar 7 3rd largest snowfall then in NYC history (18.1")
  • Mar 7 50,000 British soldiers land in Greece during WWII
  • Mar 7 British troops invade Abyssinia (Ethiopia)

Historic Event

Mar 11 FDR signs Lend-Lease Bill, allowing US to provide material support to Great Britain's war effort in return for future use of land for US military bases in England

  • Mar 12 German occupiers confiscate AVRO studios in Netherlands
  • Mar 13 A Bougne forms AGRA (Amis du Grand Reich Allemand)
  • Mar 14 Nazi occupiers of Holland forbid Jewish owned companies
  • Mar 15 Blizzard in North Dakota kills 151 people
  • Mar 16 Blizzard hits North Dakota & Minnesota killing 60
  • Mar 16 National Gallery of Art opens in Washington, D.C.
  • Mar 20 Nazi-German Yugoslav pact drawn
  • Mar 22 Grand Coulee Dam in Washington goes into operation
  • Mar 24 British troops defeat Italians in Somaliland
  • Mar 24 German troops occupy El Agheila Libya
  • Mar 24 Richard Wright & Paul Green's "Native Son" premieres in NYC
  • Mar 25 Carolina Paprika Mills in Dillon, South Carolina, incorporated
  • Mar 27 Britain leases defense bases in Trinidad to US for 99 years
  • Mar 27 Adolf Hitler signs Directive 27 (assault on Yugoslavia)
  • Mar 27 Yugoslavian coup gets rid of pro-German Prince Paul
  • Mar 28 Sea battle at Cape Matapan: British fleet under Cunningham defeats Italy
  • Mar 30 German counter offensive in North Africa
  • Mar 31 Ground broken for Union Square Garage, San Francisco

Historic Event

Apr 1 Lillian Hellman's "Watch on the Rhine" premieres in NYC

  • Apr 1 US Navy takes over Treasure Island in San Francisco Bay
  • Apr 1 Nazis forbid Jews access to cafés
  • Apr 1 Pro-German Rashid Ali al-Ghailani grabs power in Iraq
  • Apr 1 The Blockade Runner Badge for German Kriegsmarine is instituted.
  • Apr 2 German occupier disallows Dutch scouting association

Historic Event

Apr 3 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill warns Soviet leader Joseph Stalin that a German invasion is imminent

  • Apr 3 Rasjid al-Gailani forms pro-German regime in Iraq
  • Apr 3 Walton's overture "Scapino" premieres in Chicago
  • Apr 4 German troops conquer Benghazi, Libya
  • Apr 5 San Francisco Castro & Fillmore streetcars replaced by buses
  • Apr 6 Beginning of operation Bestrafung - German bombers attack Belgrade (17,000 die)
  • Apr 6 British major general Michael Gambier-Parry captured in North Africa
  • Apr 6 German bombardment of Piraeus (munitions ship explodes)
  • Apr 6 Italian forces holding Addis Ababa surrender to British & Ethiopian forces
  • Apr 7 British generals O'Connor & Neame captured in North Africa
  • Apr 10 German troops conquer Libyan county Cyrenaica

Historic Event

Apr 10 Independent State of Croatia led by Ante Pavelić established as fascist German puppet state

  • Apr 11 Jewish Weekly newspaper taken control by Nazis
  • Apr 11 Nazi occupiers in Netherlands confiscate Jewish assets
  • Apr 13 Heavy German assault on Tobruk
  • Apr 13 Pact of neutrality between the USSR and Japan is signed.
  • Apr 14 1st massive German raid in Paris, 3,600 Jews rounded up
  • Apr 14 King Peter leaves Yugoslavia
  • Apr 15 1st helicopter flight of 1 hr duration, Stratford, Ct
  • Apr 16 Little Theater at Adelphi Strand, London closes
  • Apr 17 British troop land in Iraq
  • Apr 17 US Office of Price Administration forms (handled rationing)
  • Apr 17 Egyptian steamer SS Zamzam attacked and later scuttled by German cruiser Atlantis (all on board rescued)
  • Apr 17 World War II: The Kingdom of Yugoslavia surrenders to Germany.
  • Apr 19 Bertolt Brecht's play "Mother Courage and her Children" premieres in Zurich
  • Apr 19 Bulgarian troops invade Macedonia
  • Apr 19 Milk rationed in Holland
  • Apr 20 100 German bombers attack Athens
  • Apr 21 WWII: Greece surrenders to Nazi Germany
  • Apr 23 Greek Army surrenders to Germany; British RAF evacuates the Greek King George II to Egypt
  • Apr 24 British army begins evacuation of Greece
  • Apr 24 Dutch Prince Bernhard becomes an RAF pilot
  • Apr 25 Operation Merkur: Hitler orders conquest of Kreta
  • Apr 26 Potatoes rationed in Holland
  • Apr 27 German troops occupy Athens, Greece
  • Apr 28 Last British troops in Greece surrender
  • May 1 General Mills introduces CheeriOats (renamed Cheerios in 1945) an oat-based, ready-to-eat cold cereal
  • May 1 German assault on Tobruk
  • May 1 US savings bonds go on sale to help finance the war effort
  • May 2 Nazi occupied Netherlands lays off Jewish journalists
  • May 3 -4] German air raid on Liverpool
  • May 5 2 Fokker employees flee Nazi occupied Netherlands to England

Historic Event

May 5 Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie returns to Addis Ababa

  • May 5 Pulitzer prize awarded to Robert E Sherwood (There shall be no night)

Historic Event

May 6 Joseph Stalin becomes Premier of the Soviet Union, replacing his foreign minister Vyacheslav Molotov

Historic Event

May 9 British intelligence at Bletchley Park breaks German spy codes after capturing Enigma machines aboard the weather ship Muenchen

Murder of Interest

May 9 Louis Buchalter is arraigned in New York state court on the 1936 Joseph Rosen murder along with three other murders

Historic Event

May 10 Adolf Hitler's deputy Rudolf Hess escapes to Britain to open secret negotiations with the Allies, parachuting into Scotland

  • May 10 British House of Commons & Holborn Theatre damaged in an air raid

Radio History

May 10 Queen Wilhelmina on Radio Orange warns against treason

  • May 11 1st Messerschmidt 109F shot down above England
  • May 12 British forces march into Alexandria, Egypt
  • May 12 Konrad Zuse presents the Z3, the world's first working programmable, fully automatic computer, in Berlin
  • May 13 Martin Bormann is named head of Nazi Chancellery in Germany
  • May 13 Trial against resistance fighter comte d'Estienne d'Orves begins
  • May 14 3,600 Parisian Jews arrested
  • May 15 1st British turbojet flies
  • May 15 British attack Halfaya-pass & Fort Capuzzo in Egypt and Libya
  • May 16 Italian army under Aosta surrenders to Britain at Amba Alagi, Ethiopia
  • May 16 Last great German air attack on Great Britain (Birmingham)
  • May 17 Pennsylvania declares legal holiday to honor A's manager Connie Mack
  • May 18 Italian army in Ethiopia under general Aosta surrenders to Britain
  • May 19 New Nazi battleship Bismarck leaves Gdynia, Poland
  • May 20 Archer's "Christian Calendar & Gregorian Reform" published
  • May 20 Former Dutch PM Colijn says Neth Indies not ready for independence
  • May 20 Germany begins airborne invasion of Crete
  • May 21 SS Robin Moor becomes the first US ship sunk by a U-boat during World War II
  • May 21 German airforce occupies airport at Maleme, Crete
  • May 22 British troops attack Baghdad
  • May 24 German battleship Bismarck sinks the British battle cruiser HMS Hood; 1,416 die, 3 survive
  • May 25 5,000 drown in a storm at Ganges Delta region in India

Historic Event

May 26 American Flag House (Betsy Ross' Home) given to city of Philadelphia

  • May 26 Aircraft from HMS Ark Royal sights German battleship Bismarck
  • May 26 German occupiers begin youth labor
  • May 27 FDR declares state of emergency after a German U-boat sinks the American flagged SS Robin Moor
  • May 27 German battleship Bismarck sunk by British naval force
  • May 28 Allied troops begin evacuation of Crete