On This Day

Events in History in 1941 (Part 2)

Events 201 - 400 of 516

  • May 26 German occupiers begin youth labor

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 27 FDR declares state of emergency due to Germany's sinking of Robin Moor

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • May 27 German battleship Bismarck sunk by British naval force
  • May 28 Allied troops begin evacuation of Crete
  • May 30 1st anti semitic measures in Serbia
  • May 30 British Army enters Baghdad, chasing pro-German coup government
  • May 31 -June 1) 32.0 cm rain falls on Burlington Kansas (state record)
  • May 31 1st issue of "Parade" goes on sale
  • May 31 A Luftwaffe air raid in Dublin, in neutral Ireland, claims 38 lives.
  • Jun 1 12.59" (31.98 cm) rainfall, in Burlington, Kansas (state 24-hr record)
  • Jun 1 British troops occupy Baghdad, Iraq
  • Jun 1 Germany bans all Catholic publications
  • Jun 1 Germany occupies Crete after Allied evacuation
  • Jun 3 Attack on telephone exchange in Schiphol
  • Jun 3 German occupiers stamp "J" on Jewish passports
  • Jun 4 Republic of Croatia orders all Jews to wear a star with the letter Z

  • Jun 5 World War II: At least 4,000 people who hid in a tunnel die after a Japanese air attack on the Chinese city of Chongqing
  • Jun 6 1st navy vessel constructed as mine layer Terror launched
  • Jun 6 Giants use plastic batting helmets for 1st time

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 7 Chemists Archer John Porter Martin and Richard L. M. Synge give the first demonstration of partition chromatography (separation of mixtures) at a meeting of the Biochemical Society held at the National Institute for Medical Research, Hampstead

Nobel Prize Winning Chemist Archer John Porter Martin
Nobel Prize Winning Chemist
Archer John Porter Martin
  • Jun 8 British & French troops overthrow pro-German Syria
  • Jun 9 Ammunition plant at Fort Smederovo in Belgrade explodes; kills 1,500
  • Jun 9 Archbishop De Young bans priests cooperating with Rijks radio
  • Jun 11 2nd great raid on Jews of Amsterdam
  • Jun 11 Vichy-French planes bomb Tel Aviv, killing 20 Jews

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 14 Ground broken for Boeing Plant II (ex-AFLC Plant 13) in Wichita, Kansas

Aviation Pioneer William Boeing
Aviation Pioneer
William Boeing
  • Jun 14 Estonia loses 11,000 inhabitants as a consequence of mass deportations into Siberia
  • Jun 16 1st US federally owned airport opened Washington, D.C.
  • Jun 18 Turkey signs peace treaty with nazi-Germany
  • Jun 19 Romania orders Jewish evacuation of Darabani
  • Jun 19 US President Franklin Roosevelt signs the Two Ocean Navy Expansion Act
  • Jun 19 Soviet anthropologist Michael Gerasimov opens tomb of Timurid Empire founder Timur and allegedly finds the inscription that whoever opens the tomb shall "unleash an invader more terrible than I." Three days later Germany invades Russia.
  • Jun 20 German U-203 fails on torpedo attack on US battleship Texas
  • Jun 21 2nd French troops occupies Damascus Syria

Soviet UnionGermany Invades the Soviet Union

Jun 22 Operation Barbarossa: Nazi Germany and its allies invade the Soviet Union during WWII, the largest military operation in history

Learn More
German troops cross the border point between Nazi Germany and the Sovet Union on June 22, 1941
German troops cross the border point between Nazi Germany and the Sovet Union on June 22, 1941
Learn More
  • Jun 22 June Uprising in Lithuania begins, resulting in the collapse of the Soviet occupation, but replaced with invading German forces shortly after

  • Jun 22 Various Communist and Socialist French Resistance movements merge to one group
  • Jun 23 Germany occupies Telz, Lithuania
  • Jun 24 Entire Jewish male population of Gorzhdy, Lithuania, exterminated
  • Jun 24 Germans advance into Russia and take Vilna, Brest-Litovsk and Kaunas
  • Jun 25 US President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs Executive Order 8802, which forbids racial discrimination in the defense industry
  • Jun 25 -26] Soviet counter attack at Rovno
  • Jun 25 FDR issues Executive Order 8802 forbidding discrimination
  • Jun 25 Fair Employment Practices Commission established
  • Jun 25 Finland declares war on Soviet Union
  • Jun 25 Germans invade Dubno Poland, giving permission to Ukrainians to do whatever they want to 12,000 Jews living there
  • Jun 25 Finland enters WW2 against the USSR following a massive airstrike the previous day

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 25 James F. Byrnes is admitted to the US Supreme Court

Politician and US Secretary of State James F. Byrnes
Politician and US Secretary of State
James F. Byrnes
  • Jun 26 Lithuanian fascists massacre 2,300 Jews in Kovno
  • Jun 27 Bialystok Poland falls to Germany
  • Jun 27 Nazi manifest against the Jews in Amsterdam
  • Jun 28 German and Romanian soldiers kill 11,000 Jews in Kishinev
  • Jun 28 German troops occupy Galicia, Poland
  • Jun 29 DiMaggio extends hitting streak to 42 breaking Sisler's record
  • Jun 30 Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN) declare Ukraine independent
  • Jun 30 World War II: Operation Barbarossa - Germany captures Lviv, Ukraine
  • Jul 1 Bulova Watch Co pays $9 for 1st ever network TV commercial
  • Jul 2 Nazi mass murder in Lvov/Lemberg (7,000 dead)
  • Jul 4 Latvia partisans shoot 416 Jews dead
  • Jul 4 Politburo of Yugoslav communist party reorganizes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 4 Howard Florey and Norman Heatley meet for 1st time, 11 days later they successfully recreate penicillin

Pathologist and Nobel Laureate Howard Florey
Pathologist and Nobel Laureate
Howard Florey
  • Jul 5 German occupiers disband political parties
  • Jul 7 Nazis execute 5,000 Jews in Kovono, Lithuania
  • Jul 7 US forces land in Iceland to forestall Nazi invasion
  • Jul 7 World War II: Beirut is occupied by Free France and British troops
  • Jul 8 All Jews living in Baltic States are obligated to wear a Jewish Star
  • Jul 9 Dutch-American Physicist Abraham Pais is awarded his Ph.D. in Holland five days before a Nazi deadline banning Jews from receiving degrees
  • Jul 10 Continuation War: Finland invades East Karelia as hostilities with the Soviet Union resume following the German invasion in June
  • Jul 10 Jedwabne Pogrom: massacre of Jewish people living in and near the village of Jedwabne, Poland
  • Jul 11 German troops attack Dnjepr
  • Jul 13 World War II: Montenegrins start popular uprising against the Axis Powers (Trinaestojulski ustanak).
  • Jul 14 6,000 Lithuanian Jews are exterminated at Viszalsyan Camp
  • Jul 14 Cease fire of Joan of Arc (ends combat in Lebanon & Syria)
  • Jul 14 Jam rationed in Holland
  • Jul 15 Howard Florey and Norman Heatley present freeze dried mold cultures (Penicillin)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 15 Britain's MAUDE Report edited by James Chadwick approved, concludes an atomic bomb is feasible

Physicist James Chadwick
Physicist
James Chadwick
  • Jul 16 100°F (38°C) highest temperature ever recorded in Seattle, Washington
  • Jul 18 SS drowns 40 Jews in Dvina River, Belorussia
  • Jul 19 1st US Army flying school for black cadets dedicated (Tuskegee, Alabama)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 19 British PM Winston Churchill launches his "V for Victory" campaign

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 21 Himmler orders building of Majdanek concentration camp

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • Jul 24 FDR demands Japanese troops out of Indo-China
  • Jul 24 Nazis kill entire Jewish population of Grodz, Lithuania
  • Jul 25 FDR bans selling benzine/gasoline to Japan
  • Jul 26 1st Dutch Austrians depart Hague
  • Jul 26 US embargo on oil-export to Japan
  • Jul 27 103°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in July
  • Jul 27 German army enters Ukraine
  • Jul 27 Japanese forces land in Indo-China

  • Jul 30 German occupiers forbid SDAP, VDB, ARP, RKSP, CHU & SGP in Netherlands
  • Jul 31 U-boats sink and damage 21 allied ships this month (80,521 tons)
  • Aug 1 Luftwaffe bombs German 23rd division
  • Aug 1 The first Jeep is produced.
  • Aug 2 German 11st Army surrounds 20 Soviet divisions at Oeman
  • Aug 2 Jews are expelled from Hungarian Ruthenia
  • Aug 3 Gas (petroleum) sales limited in US
  • Aug 3 German troops conquer Roslavl USSR
  • Aug 4 Winston Churchill departs on Prince of Wales to US
  • Aug 7 551 Jews are shot in Kishnev ghetto in Romania
  • Aug 8 20 divisions of Soviet 6th/12th Army surrender at Oeman
  • Aug 9 Winston Churchill reaches Newfoundland for talks with FDR
  • Aug 10 FDR & Churchill's 2nd meeting at Placentia, Newfoundland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 12 French Marshal Philippe Pétain gives full support to Nazi Germany

French General Philippe Pétain
French General
Philippe Pétain
  • Aug 13 Red army evacuates Smolensk
  • Aug 14 US President Franklin Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill issue the joint declaration that later becomes known as the Atlantic Charter
  • Aug 15 Kovono Lithuanian Jews are herded into Slobodka ghetto
  • Aug 16 HMS Mercury, Royal Navy Signals School and Combined Signals School opens at Leydene, near Petersfield, Hampshire, England.
  • Aug 17 German raider attacks Dutch SS Kota Nopan
  • Aug 18 German concentration camp Amersfoort opens
  • Aug 19 Ump Jocko Conlan ejects Pirate manager Frankie Frisch for coming out on field holding an umbrella to get a rainout
  • Aug 19 Romania annexes the Transnistria territory from the Soviet Union after Operation Barbarossa
  • Aug 20 Police raid 11th district of Paris, takes 4,000+ Jewish males
  • Aug 22 Nazi troops reach Lenningrad
  • Aug 25 British & Soviet troops attack pro-German Iran
  • Aug 25 German troops conquer Nowgorod, Leningrad

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 27 Shah of Iran Rezā Shāh Pahlavi abdicates throne in favour of his son Mohammad Reza Pahlavi

Last Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Last Shah of Iran
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
  • Aug 28 Last meeting of resistance fighter Comte d'Estienne d'Orves
  • Aug 29 German Einsatzkommando in Russia kills 1,469 Jewish children

Soviet UnionSiege of Leningrad

Aug 30 Siege of Leningrad by German troops begins during WWII

Learn More
Two young girls help assemble Soviet submachine guns during the Siege of Leningrad
Two young girls help assemble Soviet submachine guns during the Siege of Leningrad
Learn More

  • Aug 30 Winston Churchill approves a nuclear programme (Tube Alloys), first national leader to do so
  • Sep 1 Jews living in Germany are required to wear a yellow star of David
  • Sep 2 Academy copyrights Oscar statuette
  • Sep 3 1st use of Zyclon-B gas in Auschwitz (on Russian prisoners of war)
  • Sep 4 US destroyer Greer fires on German submarine U-652
  • Sep 6 All Jews over age 6 in German territories ordered to wear a star
  • Sep 6 Jews of Vilna Poland confined to their ghetto
  • Sep 8 Blockade of Leningrad (St Petersburg) by Germany begins
  • Sep 8 Entire Jewish community of Meretsch, Lithuania, is exterminated
  • Sep 11 FDR orders US Navy that any Axis ship found in American waters be shot at on sight

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 11 Charles Lindbergh, claims the "British, Jewish and Roosevelt administration" are trying to get the US into World War II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 11 Construction of the Pentagon begins in Arlington County, Virginia (completed Jan 15, 1943). Designed by architect George Bergstrom and built by contractor John McShain, construction was overseen by Leslie Groves.

US Army Engineer and WWII General Leslie Groves
US Army Engineer and WWII General
Leslie Groves
  • Sep 12 1st German ship in WW II captured by US ship (Busko)
  • Sep 15 Nazis kill 800 Jewish women at Shkudvil, Lithuania
  • Sep 16 German armoured troops surround Kiev, Ukraine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 16 Adolf Hitler orders that for every dead German, 100 Yugoslavs should be killed

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Sep 16 Jews of Vilna Poland confined to Ghetto
  • Sep 17 World War II: A decree issued by the Soviet State Committee of Defense, restoring Vsevobuch "Universal compulsory military training of the citizens of the USSR" in the face of the "Great Patriotic War"
  • Sep 17 The New Zealand Labour Party abolishes the death penalty (It is reintroduced by the National government in 1950 before being finally removed from the statute book in 1961)

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Sep 17 Famous meeting between Danish physicist Niels Bohr and German head of nuclear energy project Werner Heisenberg in Copenhagen to discuss nuclear weapons (date approximate)

Nobel Prize Winning Physicist Niels Bohr
Nobel Prize Winning Physicist
Niels Bohr

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Sep 19 1st meeting of partisan leaders Tito & Draza Mihailovic in Yugoslavia

President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary Josip Broz Tito
President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary
Josip Broz Tito
  • Sep 19 German army conquers Kiev
  • Sep 19 Nazis force German Jews, 6 & over to wear Jewish stars
  • Sep 22 British signal officer Bill Hudson lands in Montenegro
  • Sep 23 General de Gaulle forms government in exile in London
  • Sep 23 German air raid on Soviet naval base at Kronstadt (battleship Marat sinks)
  • Sep 23 The first gas murder experiments are conducted at Auschwitz. concentration camp
  • Sep 24 Nine Allied governments pledge adherence to the common principles of policy set forth in the Atlantic Charter
  • Sep 24 Bomb explosion in German headquarter in Hotel Continental in Kiev

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 27 US President Roosevelt launches the 1st Liberty ship, freighter SS Patrick Henry

American Revolutionary and Founding Father Patrick Henry
American Revolutionary and Founding Father
Patrick Henry

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 27 Reinhard Heydrich, "butcher of Prague," appointed SS-general (Gruppenfuehrer)

Nazi leader Reinhard Heydrich
Nazi leader
Reinhard Heydrich
  • Sep 29 Nazi massacre at Babi Yar, near Kiev, 33,771 mostly Jews murdered
  • Sep 30 3,721 Jews are buried alive at Babi Yarravine (near Kiev) Ukraine
  • Sep 30 German assault on Moscow, Operation Typhoon, begins
  • Oct 2 6 Paris synagogues are bombed by Gestapo
  • Oct 2 Germans launch attack on Moscow
  • Oct 3 Adolf Hitler says Russia is "already broken and will never rise again" in a broadcast to the German people
  • Oct 3 All elderly Jewish men of Kerenchug Ukraine, are killed by SS
  • Oct 3 Nazis blow up 6 synagoges in Paris
  • Oct 6 German army occupies Briansk, USSR
  • Oct 7 German army occupies Viarma, USSR
  • Oct 8 Building at Concentration Camp Birkenau begins

USAManhattan Project

Oct 9 US President Franklin D. Roosevelt approves an atomic program that would become the Manhattan Project

Learn More
'Calutron Girls' monitoring a mass spectrometer during the Manhattan Project. Gladys Owens, in the foreground, did not know what she was involved with until seeing this picture on a tour fifty years later.
'Calutron Girls' monitoring a mass spectrometer during the Manhattan Project. Gladys Owens, in the foreground, did not know what she was involved with until seeing this picture on a tour fifty years later.
Learn More
  • Oct 9 Coup in Panama declares Ricardo Adolfo de la Guardia Arango the new president.
  • Oct 10 RAF bombs Piraeus to prevent German heavy armor advancing
  • Oct 11 1st NSB-battalion departures to Eastern front
  • Oct 12 Soviet government moves from Moscow to Volga as Nazis forces close in on Moscow
  • Oct 13 Nazis kill 11,000 Jewish children and old people
  • Oct 14 1st mass deportation of Kowno, Lodz, Minsk & Riga
  • Oct 15 1st mass deportation of German Jews to Eastern Europe

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 15 Hideki Tojo appointed Prime Minister of Imperial Japan

Prime Minister of Japan during WW II Hideki Tojo
Prime Minister of Japan during WW II
Hideki Tojo
  • Oct 15 Jews caught outside Nazi Ghetto walls in occupied Poland could be put to death
  • Oct 16 "Gordo" comic strip (by Gus Arriola) 1st appears in newspapers
  • Oct 16 Germany advances within 60 miles (96 K) of Moscow
  • Oct 16 Romanian Legionnaires enter Odessa, Russia
  • Oct 17 USS Kearney becomes the 1st US destroyer torpedoed in World War II, while the country is still officially neutral
  • Oct 18 Soviet spy Richard Sorge arrested in Tokyo
  • Oct 20 Nazi occupiers murder 500 inhabitants of Kragujevac Serbia
  • Oct 22 Maxwell Anderson's "Candle in the Wind" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 25 16,000 Jews massacred in Odessa Ukraine

  • Oct 25 Germany attacks Moscow
  • Oct 25 Winston Churchill routes "Forces South" to SE Asia
  • Oct 26 Second meeting of partisans Tito & Draza Mihailovic in Yugoslavia
  • Oct 27 Chicago Daily Tribune editorialize there will not be war with Japan
  • Oct 27 Nazi's directs gypsy ghetto in Belgrade
  • Oct 31 Mount Rushmore Monument is completed
  • Oct 31 Prior to US joining WWII, German submarine U-552 torpedoes US destroyer Reuben James near Iceland
  • Oct 31 Clothing factory fire in Huddersfield, England kills 49
  • Nov 1 Chetniks attacks Tito's partizans in Uzice Yugoslavia

Sinking ShipAttack on Pearl Harbor

Nov 1 Japanese naval staff offiicers Suzuki & Maejima arrive at Pearl Harbor

Learn More
USS Arizona ablaze and sinking after the attack on Pearl Harbor
USS Arizona ablaze and sinking after the attack on Pearl Harbor
Learn More

CameraFamous Photo

Nov 1 Ansel Adams shoots 'Moonrise, Hernandez, New Mexico', one of his most famous photographs

Photographer Ansel Adams
Photographer
Ansel Adams

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 3 Hirohito's accord on Yamamoto's attack plan on Pearl Harbor fails

WWII Admiral who Led the Attack on Pearl Harbor Isoroku Yamamoto
WWII Admiral who Led the Attack on Pearl Harbor
Isoroku Yamamoto
Emperor of Japan Hirohito
Emperor of Japan
Hirohito
  • Nov 5 Japanese naval staff officers Suzuki and Maejima leave Pearl Harbor
  • Nov 6 Einsatz Gruppe kills 15,000 Jews of Rovno Ukraine
  • Nov 6 USA lends Soviet Union $1 million
  • Nov 7 British air attacks on Berlin, Mannheim & Ruhrgebied
  • Nov 8 The Albanian Communist Party is founded.
  • Nov 9 Hitler threatens Clemens August, Graf von Galen and Bishop of Münster
  • Nov 11 Czech premier General Eliasj arrested by Nazis