Events in History in 1942

Events 1 - 200 of 553

  • Jan 1 US & 25 other countries sign a united declaration against the Axis
  • Jan 2 German troops in Bardia surrender
  • Jan 2 Japanese troops occupy Manila, Philippines
  • Jan 2 The United States Navy opens a blimp base at Lakehurst, New Jersey
  • Jan 2 World War II: the 28 nations at war with Axis powers pledge to make no separate peace deals
  • Jan 3 American-British-Dutch-Australian (ABDA) Command forms

Historic Event

Jan 4 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill & General Marshall fly to Florida

  • Jan 5 55 German tanks reach North-Africa
  • Jan 6 Pan American Airlines becomes the first commercial airline to schedule a flight around the world ("Pacific Clipper").
  • Jan 7 WW II siege of Bataan starts
  • Jan 8 British Air Marshal Richard Peirse replaced as Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief Bomber Command
  • Jan 9 US Joint Chiefs of Staff created
  • Jan 10 Japan invades North Celebes, Dutch East Indies
  • Jan 11 -23°F (-31°C), Kingston, Rhode Island (state record)
  • Jan 11 Japan conquers Kuala Lumpur, Malaya
  • Jan 12 British troops reconquer Sollum
  • Jan 12 Dutch troops on Tarakan surrender
  • Jan 12 National War Labor Board created
  • Jan 13 Allied Conference on war trials
  • Jan 13 German U-boats begin harassing shipping on US east coast

Historic Invention

Jan 13 Henry Ford patents a method of constructing plastic auto bodies

  • Jan 13 Interallied war trial conference publishes St James Declaration
  • Jan 13 World War II: First use of aircraft ejection seat by a German test pilot in a Heinkel He 280 jet fighter
  • Jan 14 Japanese troops land at oil center Balikpapan in Borneo
  • Jan 16 William Knudsen becomes 1st civilian appointed a general in US army
  • Jan 18 Nazis arrest Frans Goedhart & Wiardi Beckman
  • Jan 19 Japanese forces invade Burma
  • Jan 19 Titus Brandsma arrested by German occupiers
  • Jan 20 Japanese invade Burma

Wannsee Conference

Jan 20 Nazi officials hold notorious Wannsee Conference in Berlin to organize the "final solution", the extermination of Europe's Jews

  • Jan 21 Bronx magistrate rules all pinball machines illegal
  • Jan 21 Count Basie records "One O'Clock Jump"
  • Jan 22 Sietze de Groot wins 8th Dutch 11 city skate (8:44:06)
  • Jan 23 Battle of Rabaul: Japanese attack Australian air base in Rabaul, New Britain
  • Jan 23 Tank battle at Adzjedabia, Africa Korp vs British 8th army

Historic Event

Jan 25 Lt General Rommels African corps reaches Msus

  • Jan 26 1st US force in Europe during WW II go ashore in Northern Ireland
  • Jan 26 Italian supreme command demands dismissal of German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
  • Jan 27 -19°F (-27.4°C) is the coldest day in the Netherlands since 1850
  • Jan 28 German troops occupy Benghazi Libya
  • Jan 28 Soviet troops under General Timoshenko's troops move into Ukraine
  • Jan 28 WW II Navy flier Don Mason sends message "Sighted sub sank same"
  • Jan 29 1st broadcast of Roy Plomley's "Desert Island Discs" on BBC radio
  • Jan 29 German & Italian troops occupy Benghazi, Libya
  • Jan 29 Peru and Ecuador sign Protocol of Rio (boundary determination)
  • Jan 30 Japanese troops land on Ambon
  • Feb 2 LA Times urges security measures against Japanese-Americans
  • Feb 2 US auto factories switch from commercial to war production
  • Feb 3 1st Japanese air raid on Java
  • Feb 4 Clinton Pierce becomes 1st US general wounded in action in WW II

Historic Event

Feb 8 Congress advises FDR that, Americans of Japanese descent should be locked up en masse so they wouldn't oppose the US war effort

  • Feb 8 Japanese armored barges cross Strait of Johore to attack Singapore (WWII)

Plane Crash

Feb 8 Nazi architect Albert Speer appointed Minister of Armaments by Adolf Hitler after death of Fritz Todt in a plane crash

  • Feb 9 Daylight Savings War Time goes into effect in US
  • Feb 9 Japanese troops land near Makassar, South Celebes

Historic Invention

Feb 10 American chemist James Franklin Hyde is granted a patent for fused silica

  • Feb 11 "Archie" comic book debuts
  • Feb 12 German battle cruisers Scharnhorst and Gneisenau and heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen escape from Brest to Germany in a dash up the English Channel

Historic Event

Feb 13 Hitler's Operation Sealion, the invasion of England, is cancelled

  • Feb 14 Japanese parachutists land near oil center Palembang, Sumatra
  • Feb 14 Rotterdam's Maas tunnel opens
  • Feb 14 The Polish resistance movement, the Home Army, is formed and will eventually become the largest resistance movement in occupied Europe
  • Feb 14 World War II: Battle of Pasir Panjang contributes to the fall of Singapore.
  • Feb 15 German U-boat shells Antillian oil refinery
  • Feb 15 Japanese troops march into Palembang, South Sumatra
  • Feb 15 World War II: British ruled Singapore surrenders to the Japanese
  • Feb 16 Bangka Island massacre: Japanese soldiers machine-gun 22 Australian Army nurses and 60 Australian and British soldiers and crew members from two sunken ships. Only one nurse and two soldiers survive.
  • Feb 16 German submarines attack Aruba oil refinery
  • Feb 18 Japanese troop land on Bali
  • Feb 19 About 150 Japanese warplanes attack the Australian city of Darwin
  • Feb 19 Bill Longson beats Managoff & Sandor Szabo, to become wrestling champ
  • Feb 19 FDR orders detention & internment of all west-coast Japanese-Americans
  • Feb 19 Japanese troops land on Timor
  • Feb 20 Lt E H O'Hare single-handedly shoots down 5 Japanese heavy bombers, becomes America's first World War II flying ace
  • Feb 21 US male Figure Skating championship won by Bobby Specht

'I Shall Return'

Feb 22 World War II: President Franklin Roosevelt orders General Douglas MacArthur out of the Philippines as American defenses collapse

  • Feb 23 Japanese submarine fires on oil refinery in Ellwood, California

Battle of Los Angeles

Feb 24 The "Battle of Los Angeles" takes place, a series of anti-aircraft engagements over the city in response to a rumored but false Japanese attack. It would last until the morning of the following day.

  • Feb 24 Voice of America begins broadcasting (in German)
  • Feb 26 German battle cruiser Gneisenau deactivated by bomb
  • Feb 26 Radio Orange calls for March 1 day of prayer in Dutch Indies

Historic Event

Feb 26 Werner Heisenberg, a principal scientist in the German nuclear weapons program, delivers a lecture to Nazi officials about extracting energy from nuclear fission

  • Feb 27 1st transport of French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Feb 27 Battle of Java Sea began: 13 US warships sunk and 2 Japanese
  • Feb 27 J S Hey discovers radio emissions from Sun
  • Feb 28 1st weapon drop on Netherlands
  • Feb 28 Japanese land in Java, last Allied bastion in Dutch East Indies
  • Feb 28 Race riot at Sojourner Truth Homes, a housing project in Detroit, Michigan
  • Mar 1 3 day Battle of Java Sea ends, US suffers a major naval defeat
  • Mar 1 J Milton Cage Jr's "Imaginary Landscape No 3" premieres in Chicago
  • Mar 1 Japanese troops occupy Kalidjati airport in Java
  • Mar 1 Tito establishes 2nd Proletarit Brigade in Bosnia
  • Mar 2 Admiral Helfrich departs Java for Ceylon
  • Mar 3 1st combat flight for Canadian British-built Avro Lancaster bomber
  • Mar 5 Japanese troop march into Batavia
  • Mar 5 Josip Tito establishes 3rd Proletarian Brigade in Bosnia
  • Mar 7 15 Mk-VB Spitfires reach Malta
  • Mar 7 1st cadets graduated from flying school at Tuskegee, Alabama
  • Mar 8 Japanese forces capture Rangoon, Burma
  • Mar 8 KNIL, Dutch colonial army on Java, surrenders to Japanese armies
  • Mar 9 Construction of the Alaska Highway begins
  • Mar 11 1st deportation train leaves Paris for Auschwitz Concentration Camp

Historic Event

Mar 11 General MacArthur leaves Corregidor (Bataan) for Australia

  • Mar 11 Japanese troops land on North Sumatra
  • Mar 12 British troops vacate the Andaman Islands in Gulf of Bengal
  • Mar 13 Julia Flikke of the Nurse Corps, becomes 1st woman colonel in US army
  • Mar 17 Bełżec Concentration Camp opens with the transport of 30,000 Lublin Polish Jews
  • Mar 17 General Doug MacArthur arrives in Australia to become supreme commander
  • Mar 18 Illegal Free Netherlands announces boycott of theaters
  • Mar 18 US President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs Executive Order 9102, creating the War Relocation Authority, which was charged with overseeing the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II
  • Mar 19 FDR orders men between 45 & 64 to register for non-military duty
  • Mar 20 Convoy PQ13 departs Reykjavik Iceland to Russia
  • Mar 20 General Douglas MacArthur vows "I came through and I shall return" after escaping Japanese-occupied Philippines
  • Mar 20 Major German assault on Malta
  • Mar 21 Convoy QP9 departs Great Britain to Murmansk
  • Mar 23 2,500 Jews of Lublin massacred or deported
  • Mar 23 Japanese forces occupy Andaman Islands in Indian Ocean
  • Mar 24 US government begins moving native-born citizens with Japanese ancestry into detention centres under Executive Order 9066, with intention of preventing home-grown espionage
  • Mar 25 1st 700 Jews from Polish Lvov district reach the Bełżec Concentration camp
  • Mar 26 Explosion of 20 tons of gelignite in a stone quarry at Easton, Pennsylvania, kills 21

'The Banality of Evil'

Mar 26 First "Eichmann transport" to Auschwitz & Birkenau concentration camps

  • Mar 26 German offensive in North Africa under General Erwin Rommel
  • Mar 27 -28] Allies raid German submarine base in St Nazaire
  • Mar 27 Japan forces Java to use "Tokyo time" 1½ hour forward
  • Mar 28 -29] 234 RAF bombers attack Lubeck
  • Mar 28 British naval forces raid Nazi occupied French port of St Nazaire
  • Mar 28 St. Nazaire Raid (Operation Chariot): obsolete British destroyer HMS Campbeltown, rigged with explosives and flying German flags, rams gates of German occupied St Nazaire port in France, and self detonates; kills 360 Germans, and disables the dry dock for duration of the war
  • Mar 29 Bombing of Lübeck in World War II was the first major success for the RAF Bomber Command against Germany and a German city
  • Mar 29 British cruiser HMS Trinidad torpedoes itself in the Barents Sea
  • Mar 29 German submarine U-585 sinks
  • Mar 30 1st RSHA-transport from France arrives in camp Birkenau
  • Mar 30 SS murders 200 inmates of Trawniki concentration camp
  • Apr 1 Allied air raid on Japanese occupied harbor city Kupang, Timor, Indonesia
  • Apr 1 Mexico changes from 3 time zones to 2

Historic Event

Apr 2 USS Hornet with Jimmy Doolittles B-25 departs from San Francisco

  • Apr 9 Battle of Bataan; US-Filipino forces overwhelmed by Japanese at Bataan
  • Apr 10 Cigarettes & candy rationed in Holland
  • Apr 11 US Merchant Marine Distinguished Service Medal established
  • Apr 12 Japan kills about 400 Filipino officers in Bataan
  • Apr 14 Destroyer Roper sinks German U-85 of US east coast

Historic Event

Apr 15 George VI awards George Cross to people of Malta

  • Apr 16 Japanese occupying army on Java installs film censorship
  • Apr 17 12 Lancasters bomb MAN factory in Augsburg
  • Apr 17 Operations begin to destroy Sobibor Concentration Camp
  • Apr 17 POW French General Henri Giraud escapes from his castle prison in Festung Königstein
  • Apr 18 "Stars & Stripes" paper for US armed forces starts
  • Apr 18 James Doolittle bombs Tokyo & other Japanese cities
  • Apr 20 German occupiers forbids Dutch access to their beach
  • Apr 23 1st night Exeter bombed by German Luftwaffe
  • Apr 23 4-day allied bombing on Rostock begins
  • Apr 24 2nd night Exeter bombed by German Luftwaffe
  • Apr 25 Beginning of a 3 night bombing blitz on Bath by German Luftwaffe - 417 killed
  • Apr 26 Coal mine explosion kills 1,549 at Honkeiko, Manchuria
  • Apr 27 Belgian Jews are forced to wear stars
  • Apr 27 Tornado destroys Pryor, Oklahoma, killing 100, injuring 300
  • Apr 28 "WW II" titled so, as result of Gallup Poll
  • Apr 28 German Luftwaffe estimated to have flown over 11 thousand sorties against Malta since 20th March
  • Apr 28 Nightly "dim-out" begins along US East Coast
  • Apr 29 Japanese troop march into Lashio, cutting off Burma Road
  • Apr 29 Jews forced to wear a Jewish Star in Netherlands & Vichy-France
  • Apr 30 1st submarine built on Great Lakes launched, (Peto), Manitowoc, Wisconsin
  • May 1 Radio Orange calls to defy order to wear "Jewish star"
  • May 2 Japanese troops occupy Mandalay, Burma
  • May 3 German Luftwaffe again bombs Exeter, destroying its town centre
  • May 3 Japanese troop attack Tulagi, Gavutu & Tanambogo, Solomon Islands during WWII
  • May 3 Nazis execute 72 OD'ers in reprisial in Sachsenhausen, Netherlands
  • May 3 Nazis require Dutch Jews to wear a Jewish star
  • May 4 Battle of Coral Sea begins (1st naval battle fought solely in air) between Japanese, US and Australian navies and air forces
  • May 4 Food 1st rationed in US
  • May 4 German occupiers imprison 450 prominent Dutch as hostages
  • May 4 Pulitzer prize awarded to Ellen Glasgow (In this our Life)
  • May 5 British assault on Diego Suarez, Madagascar
  • May 5 US begins rationing sugar during WW II
  • May 6 Corregidor & Philippines surrender to Japanese Armies
  • May 7 Battle of Coral Sea ends stopping Japanese expansion
  • May 7 Nazi decree orders all Jewish pregnant women of Kovno Ghetto executed
  • May 8 Aircraft carrier USS Lexington sunk by Japanese air attack in Coral Sea
  • May 8 German summer offensive opens in Crimea
  • May 10 World War II: The Thai Phayap Army invades the Shan States during the Burma Campaign
  • May 11 Japanese troops conquer Kalewa

Historic Publication

May 11 William Faulkner's collections of short stories, "Go Down, Moses", is published

  • May 12 1,500 Jews gassed in Auschwitz

Historic Event

May 12 David Ben-Gurion leaves Jewish state in Palestine

  • May 12 Nazi U-boat sinks American cargo ship at mouth of Mississippi River
  • May 12 Russia occupies Crackow, until Aug 23, 1943
  • May 14 US Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) forms
  • May 15 Gasoline 1st rationed in US (17 Eastern States)
  • May 15 Nazi occupiers in Netherlands arrest 2,000 Dutch officers
  • May 16 1st transport of British and Dutch prisoners to South Burma
  • May 17 Dutch SS vows loyalty to Hitler
  • May 20 US Navy 1st permitted black recruits to serve
  • May 21 Convoy PQ16 departs Great Britain for Russia
  • May 22 Mexico declares war on Nazi-Germany & Japan
  • May 22 The Steel Workers Organizing Committee disbands, and a new trade union, the United Steelworkers, is formed
  • May 26 Anglo-Soviet Treaty signed in London
  • May 26 Belgium Jews are required by Nazis to wear a Jewish star
  • May 26 Tank battle at Bir Hakeim: Afrika Korps vs British army
  • May 27 Dorie Miller awarded navy cross for deeds at Pearl Harbor