On This Day

Events in History in August 1942

  • Aug 1 German occupier demands listing of all Dutch telephone subscribers
  • Aug 1 Race riots in Harlem, New York
  • Aug 2 250 Dutch Catholic Jews arrested, transported to Amersfoort camp
  • Aug 2 Colonel general Hermann Hoth's Panzer army reaches Kotelnikovo
  • Aug 4 1st train with Jews departs Mechelen Belgium to Auschwitz

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Aug 4 British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Cairo

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

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Aug 4 Colonel general Jeremenko arrives in Stalingrad and welcomed by Nikita Khrushchev

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • Aug 4 German occupier orders all Dutch homing pigeons killed
  • Aug 5 British government cancels agreement of Munich
  • Aug 5 German troops cross Kuban River
  • Aug 6 -8] Riots by Dutch Jews
  • Aug 6 Canadian destroyer HMCS Assiniboine sinks U-210
  • Aug 6 Churchill fires Gen Auchinlek as Middle-East commander

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Aug 6 Hermann Goering proclaims occupied areas "thoroughly empty to plunder"

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • Aug 7 1st American offensive in Pacific in WW2, Guadalcanal, Solomon Island
  • Aug 7 Dutch resistance bombs Rotterdam railway

  • Aug 7 Transport 16 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Aug 8 "Monty" appointed commander of British 8th Army at Alamein
  • Aug 8 6 convicted Nazi saboteurs who landed in US executed in Washington, D.C.
  • Aug 8 British Flower class corvette HMS Dianthus sinks U-379
  • Aug 8 Soviet anti-offensive of Voronezh under Marshal Timosjenko
  • Aug 9 Vice-Adm Mikawa lands at Guadalcanal, Solomon Island

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Aug 9 Mahatma Gandhi and 50 others arrested in Bombay after passing of a "quit India" motion and campaign by the All-India Congress

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Aug 10 200 Jews escape Mir Ghetto in Poland

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Aug 10 General Bernard Montgomery appointed commander British 8th Army in North Africa

British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery
  • Aug 11 - Sept 30] SS begins exterminating 3,500 Jews in Zelov Lodz Poland
  • Aug 11 999 Jews are taken from Mechelen transit camp in Belgium
  • Aug 11 British aircraft carrier HMS Eagle torpedoed & sinks
  • Aug 11 Lt Gen Montgomery makes landing on Gibraltar
  • Aug 12 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Moscow for a conference with Joseph Stalin and US representative W. Averrell Harriman
  • Aug 12 German 1st tank leader captures Elista, Kalmukkensteppe
  • Aug 12 Lt General Bernard Montgomery arrives in Cairo

USAManhattan Project

Aug 13 The 'Manhattan Project' commences, under the direction of US General Leslie Groves: its aim - to deliver an atomic bomb

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'Calutron Girls' monitoring a mass spectrometer during the Manhattan Project. Gladys Owens, in the foreground, did not know what she was involved with until seeing this picture on a tour fifty years later.
'Calutron Girls' monitoring a mass spectrometer during the Manhattan Project. Gladys Owens, in the foreground, did not know what she was involved with until seeing this picture on a tour fifty years later.
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Aug 14 Dwight D. Eisenhower named commander for invasion of North Africa

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Aug 15 5 hostages executed by Nazis in St-Michielsgestel
  • Aug 16 British Premier Winston Churchill travels back to Cairo from Moscow

  • Aug 17 Task Force 17 leaves Pearl Harbor under Admiral George Murray on USS Hornet
  • Aug 17 Transport #20 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Aug 17 US 8th Air Force bombers stage first independent raid on Europe, attack Rouen, France
  • Aug 18 Carlson's Raiders land on Makin, Gilbert islands, kill 350 Japanese
  • Aug 19 -20] Churchill visits Montgomery's headquarter in Burg-al-Arab
  • Aug 19 World War II: Over 4,000 Canadian and British soldiers killed, wounded or captured raiding Dieppe, France

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Aug 19 World War II: General Friedrich Paulus orders the German 6th Army to conquer Stalingrad

German Field Marshal Friedrich Paulus
German Field Marshal
Friedrich Paulus
  • Aug 20 Dim-out regulations implemented in San Francisco
  • Aug 21 World War II: German soldiers plant the Nazi flag on Mount Elbrus in the Caucasus
  • Aug 21 Transport #22 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Aug 22 Brazil declares war on Germany, Japan & Italy
  • Aug 23 1st US flights to land on Guadalcanal
  • Aug 23 Battle of Stalingrad: 600 Luftwaffe planes bomb Stalingrad (40,000 die)
  • Aug 23 British Premier Winston Churchill flies back to London from Cairo
  • Aug 23 World War II: last cavalry charge in history takes place at Isbushenskij, Russia; the Italian Savoia Cavalleria charges Soviet infantry
  • Aug 24 Sea battle off Eastern Solomon Islands between United States Navy and the Imperial Japanese Navy
  • Aug 24 Transport #23 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Aug 25 SS begins transporting Jews of Maastricht
  • Aug 26 7,000 Jews are rounded up in Vichy-France
  • Aug 26 Japanese troops land on Milne Bay, New Guinea
  • Aug 26 Soviet counter offensive begins in Moscow
  • Aug 26 Transport #24 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Aug 27 Cuba declares war on Germany, Japan & Italy
  • Aug 28 Gunther Hagg (Sweden) sets world record for 3,000m (8:01.2)
  • Aug 28 Transport #25 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Aug 30 Nazi-Germany annexes Luxembourg
  • Aug 31 Battle at Alam Halfa: German & Italians assault
  • Aug 31 U-boats sink and damage 131 allied ships this month (639,946 tons)