Events in History in 1942 (Part 2)

Events 201 - 400 of 553

Historic Event

May 27 Hitler orders 10,000 Czechs murdered

  • May 27 Italian army begin siege of French western Fort Bir Hachim

Historic Event

May 27 Nazi leader Reinhard Heydrich is mortally wounded by a grenade thrown by Czech rebels in Prague during Operation Anthropoid; he would die a week later

  • May 28 1,800 Czechs murdered by Nazis during attack on Heydrich
  • May 30 1,047 bombers bomb Cologne in RAF's raid of WW II

Historic Event

May 30 Reichsfuehrer Herman Himmler arrives in Prague

  • May 30 US aircraft carrier Yorktown leaves Pearl Harbor
  • May 31 German Luftwaffe bombs Canterbury, England
  • May 31 U-boats sink and damage 146 allied ships this month (722,666 tons)
  • Jun 4 Battle of Midway begins; Japan's 1st major defeat in WW II
  • Jun 4 Capitol Record Co opens for business
  • Jun 5 An explosion at the Joliet Army Ammunition Plant kills 48 people
  • Jun 5 British offensive in North Africa under General Ritchie
  • Jun 5 USA declares war on Bulgaria, Hungary & Romania
  • Jun 6 1st nylon parachute jump (Hartford Ct-Adeline Gray)
  • Jun 6 Japanese forces retreat, ending Battle of Midway
  • Jun 6 Japanese troop land on Kiska, Aleutians

Victory in Battle

Jun 7 Battle of Midway ends: Admiral Chester Nimitz wins 1st World War II naval defeat of Japan

  • Jun 7 Germany Army marches into Sebastopol, Russia
  • Jun 7 Japanese troops land on Attu, Aleutian Islands
  • Jun 7 USS Yorktown sinks near Midway Island
  • Jun 9 Adipatie Ario Soejono becomes minister in Gerbrandy government
  • Jun 9 German-Netherlands press reports, 3 million Dutch sent to East-Europe
  • Jun 10 Nazis kill all inhabitants of Lidice, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia (now Czech Republic) which had been implicated in the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich, Nazi controller of Bohemia and Moravia, to “teach the Czechs a final lesson of subservience and humility”; over 170 adult men were executed by firing squad on site, women and children were sent to concentration camp gas chambers, and the village was burned down and plowed under
  • Jun 11 US and USSR sign Lend-Lease agreement during WW II

Historic Event

Jun 12 Anne Frank gets her diary as a birthday present in Amsterdam

  • Jun 12 Hitler orders enslavement of Slavic peoples
  • Jun 12 Tornado kills 35 in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
  • Jun 13 1st V-2 rocket launch, Peenemunde, Germany; reached 1.3 km
  • Jun 13 Germany lands 4 saboteurs on Long Island
  • Jun 13 The United States opens its Office of War Information, with Elmer Davis as head
  • Jun 13 US Office of Strategic Services (OSS) formed
  • Jun 14 1st bazooka rocket gun produced (Bridgeport, Connecticut)
  • Jun 14 Anne Frank begins her diary
  • Jun 14 French government of Reynaud resigns
  • Jun 18 Bernard W Robinson, becomes 1st African American ensign in US Navy
  • Jun 18 Eric Nessler of France stays aloft in a glider for 38h21m
  • Jun 20 German troops conquer Tobruk, North Africa
  • Jun 21 129°F (54°C), Tirat Zevi, Israel (Asian record)
  • Jun 21 Anneliese Seinheuer throws female world record spear (47.24m)

Historic Event

Jun 21 Germany's Panzer Army led by Erwin Rommel takes Tobruk in Libya, North Africa

Historic Event

Jun 21 US President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrive in Washington, D.C.

  • Jun 22 Japanese submarine in mouth of Columbia River, Oregon
  • Jun 22 Jewish Brigade attached by British Army in WW II, forms
  • Jun 23 World War II: Germany's latest fighter, a Focke-Wulf FW190 is captured intact when it mistakenly lands at RAF Pembrey in Wales
  • Jun 24 German Africa Korps invades Egypt
  • Jun 24 US Admiral Ernest King orders Tulagi (Solomon Island) reconquered
  • Jun 24 Village of Ležáky, Czechoslovakia destroyed by Nazis after Gestapo finds a radio transmitter believed to have been involved coordinating the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich, 33 adults were executed by firing squad on site, and children were sent to concentration camp gas chambers, and the village was burned down and plowed under
  • Jun 25 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill travels from US to London
  • Jun 25 British RAF stages a 1,000 bomb raid on Bremen, Germany (WWII)

Appointment of Interest

Jun 25 Major General Dwight Eisenhower appointed commander of US forces in Europe

  • Jun 26 German assault on British railroad terminal at Mersa Matruh, Egypt
  • Jun 27 FBI captures 8 Nazi saboteurs from a sub off NY's Long Island
  • Jun 27 PQ-17 convoy leaves Iceland for Archangelsk
  • Jun 28 Col-gen Von Hoth' 6th Pantser enters Voronezj
  • Jun 30 Col-general Von Paul's 6th Army enters Ukraine
  • Jun 30 U-boats sink and damage 146 allied ships this month (700,227 tons)
  • Jun 30 US bombs Celebes and Timor
  • Jun 30 US Mint in New Orleans ceases operation
  • Jul 1 WWI: German troops conquer Black Sea port city of Sevastopol, Crimea, after a 250 battle; Russia takes it back in 1944
  • Jul 3 Adolf Hitler visits Field Marshal Von Bock's headquarters in Ukraine
  • Jul 3 German troops march into Sebastopol, Crimea
  • Jul 4 1st American bombing missions over Nazi Germany-occupied Europe (WWII)

Historic Event

Jul 4 Siege of Sevastopol ends with the surrender of Soviet forces and after massive German bombing raids that leave just 11 city buildings undamaged

  • Jul 4 US air offensive against Nazi Germany begins
  • Jul 5 Ian Fleming graduates from a training school for spies in Canada
  • Jul 6 Anne Frank's family goes into hiding in After House, Amsterdam
  • Jul 6 Von Hoth' IV Pantser army fights with Voronezj
  • Jul 7 Germany troop march into Woronezj

Knighthood

Jul 7 John Maynard Keynes takes his seat in the British House Of Lords as Baron Keynes of Tilton after being knighted

  • Jul 10 Himmler orders sterilization of all Jewish women in Ravensbrück concentration camp, in northern Germany
  • Jul 10 Netherlands government in exile (London) recognizes Soviet Union
  • Jul 13 5,000 Jews of Rovno Polish Ukraine, executed by Nazis
  • Jul 13 German occupiers imprison 800 prominent Dutch as hostages
  • Jul 13 SS shoots 1,500 Jews in Josefov Poland
  • Jul 14 1st transport of Amsterdam Jews to Westerbork
  • Jul 14 Riots against Jews in Amsterdam
  • Jul 15 1st deportation camp at Westerbork, Jews sent to Auschwitz
  • Jul 15 Dutch Jews invoked for "Labor camps"
  • Jul 16 French police arrest 13,152 Jews in Paris
  • Jul 16 Jews transported from Holland to extermination camp
  • Jul 17 3' of rain falls on Pennsylvania, flooding kills 15
  • Jul 17 Estimated 34.5" (87.5 cm) of rainfall, Smethport, Pennsylvania (state record); flooding kills 15
  • Jul 17 Transport #6 departs Pithiviers, France with 928 French Jews sent to Aushwitz Concentration camp; 45 survive until the war's end
  • Jul 18 Test flight of German Messerschmitt Me-262 using only its jet engines for the first time
  • Jul 20 1st detachment of Women's Army Auxiliary Corps, begin basic training
  • Jul 20 Legion of Merit Medal authorized by US congress
  • Jul 21 8 die as coal waste heap slides in river valley near Oakwood, Virginia
  • Jul 22 4th Soviet army forms with 80 tanks
  • Jul 22 Gasoline rationing using coupons begins

Historic Event

Jul 22 Warsaw Ghetto Jews (300,000) are sent to Treblinka Extermination Camp

  • Jul 23 Adolf Hitler's Directive number 45: order for army to advance on Stalingrad
  • Jul 23 German troops conquer Rostow
  • Jul 23 World War II: Operation Edelweiss (a German plan to gain control over the Caucasus) begins
  • Jul 24 German troops occupy Rostov-on- Don in Southern Russia for the 2nd time
  • Jul 25 German troops strike at Tsym Lyanskaja
  • Jul 26 RC churches protest, Dutch bishops stand against spread of Judaism
  • Jul 28 Nazis liquidate 10,000 Jews in Minsk Belorussia Ghetto
  • Jul 28 Zionists partisans ZOB forms in Poland
  • Jul 29 Eastern Blvd in the Bronx renamed Bruckner Boulevard, in honor of former Bronx Borough President and US Congressman, Henry Bruckner

Historic Event

Jul 30 FDR signs bill creating women's Navy auxiliary agency (WAVES)

  • Jul 30 German occupiers set night curfew on Jews in Netherlands
  • Jul 30 German SS kills 25,000 Jews in Minsk, Belorussia
  • Jul 31 German SS gases 1,000 Jews in Minsk, Belorussia
  • Aug 1 Nazi German occupiers demand listing of all Dutch telephone subscribers
  • Aug 1 Race riots in Harlem, New York City
  • Aug 2 250 Dutch Catholic Jews arrested, transported to Amersfoort camp
  • Aug 2 Colonel general Hermann Hoth's Panzer army reaches Kotelnikovo
  • Aug 4 1st train with Jews departs Mechelen Belgium to Auschwitz
  • Aug 4 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Cairo, Egypt

Historic Event

Aug 4 Colonel general Jeremenko arrives in Stalingrad and welcomed by Nikita Khrushchev

  • Aug 4 German occupier orders all Dutch homing pigeons killed
  • Aug 5 British government cancels agreement of Munich
  • Aug 5 German troops cross Kuban River
  • Aug 6 -8] Riots by Dutch Jews
  • Aug 6 Canadian destroyer HMCS Assiniboine sinks U-210
  • Aug 6 Churchill fires Gen Auchinlek as Middle-East commander

Historic Event

Aug 6 Hermann Goering proclaims occupied areas "thoroughly empty to plunder"

  • Aug 7 1st American offensive in Pacific in WW2, Guadalcanal, Solomon Island
  • Aug 7 Dutch resistance bombs Rotterdam railway
  • Aug 7 Transport 16 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Aug 8 "Monty" appointed commander of British 8th Army at Alamein
  • Aug 8 6 convicted Nazi saboteurs who landed in US executed in Washington, D.C.
  • Aug 8 British Flower class corvette HMS Dianthus sinks U-379
  • Aug 8 Soviet anti-offensive of Voronezh under Marshal Timosjenko

Historic Event

Aug 9 Mahatma Gandhi and 50 others arrested in Bombay after passing of a "quit India" motion and campaign by the All-India Congress

  • Aug 9 Vice-Adm Mikawa lands at Guadalcanal, Solomon Island
  • Aug 10 200 Jews escape Mir Ghetto in Poland

Appointment of Interest

Aug 10 General Bernard Montgomery appointed commander British 8th Army in North Africa

  • Aug 11 - Sept 30] SS begins exterminating 3,500 Jews in Zelov Lodz Poland
  • Aug 11 999 Jews are taken from Mechelen transit camp in Belgium
  • Aug 11 British aircraft carrier HMS Eagle hit by 4 German torpedoed and sinks in the Mediterranean Sea, 81 miles south of Mallorca
  • Aug 11 Lt Gen Montgomery makes landing on Gibraltar
  • Aug 12 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Moscow for a conference with Joseph Stalin and US representative W. Averrell Harriman
  • Aug 12 German 1st tank leader captures Elista, Kalmukkensteppe
  • Aug 12 Lt General Bernard Montgomery arrives in Cairo
  • Aug 14 Dwight D. Eisenhower named commander for invasion of North Africa
  • Aug 15 5 hostages executed by Nazis in St-Michielsgestel
  • Aug 16 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill travels back to Cairo from Moscow
  • Aug 17 Task Force 17 leaves Pearl Harbor under Admiral George Murray on USS Hornet
  • Aug 17 Transport #20 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Aug 17 US 8th Air Force bombers stage first independent raid on Europe, attack Rouen, France
  • Aug 18 Carlson's Raiders land on Makin, Gilbert islands, kill 350 Japanese
  • Aug 19 -20] Winston Churchill visits Field Marshal Montgomery's headquarter in Burg-al-Arab

Historic Event

Aug 19 World War II: General Friedrich Paulus orders the German 6th Army to conquer Stalingrad

  • Aug 19 World War II: Over 4,000 Canadian and British soldiers killed, wounded or captured raiding Dieppe, France
  • Aug 20 Dim-out regulations implemented in San Francisco
  • Aug 21 Transport #22 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Aug 21 World War II: German soldiers plant the Nazi flag on Mount Elbrus in the Caucasus
  • Aug 22 Brazil declares war on Germany, Japan & Italy
  • Aug 23 1st US flights to land on Guadalcanal
  • Aug 23 Battle of Stalingrad: 600 Luftwaffe planes bomb Stalingrad (40,000 die)
  • Aug 23 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill flies back to London from Cairo, Egypt
  • Aug 23 World War II: last cavalry charge in history takes place at Isbushenskij, Russia; the Italian Savoia Cavalleria charges Soviet infantry
  • Aug 24 Sea battle off Eastern Solomon Islands between United States Navy and the Imperial Japanese Navy
  • Aug 24 Transport #23 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Aug 25 SS begins transporting Jews of Maastricht
  • Aug 26 7,000 Jews are rounded up in Vichy-France
  • Aug 26 Japanese troops land on Milne Bay, New Guinea
  • Aug 26 Soviet counter offensive begins in Moscow
  • Aug 26 Transport #24 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Aug 27 Cuba declares war on Germany, Japan & Italy
  • Aug 27 Soviet woman sniper Lyudmila Pavlichenko arrives in Washington D.C., the 1st Soviet citizen welcomed at the White House, by Eleanor Roosevelt
  • Aug 28 Gunther Hagg (Sweden) sets world record for 3,000m (8:01.2)
  • Aug 28 Transport #25 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Aug 30 Nazi-Germany annexes Luxembourg
  • Aug 31 Battle at Alam Halfa: German & Italians assault
  • Aug 31 U-boats sink and damage 131 allied ships this month (639,946 tons)
  • Sep 1 German troops land on Taman peninsula
  • Sep 1 US Federal judge upholds detention of Japanese-Americans
  • Sep 2 German troops enter Stalingrad
  • Sep 4 Transport #28 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Sep 5 Battle at Alam Halfa ends
  • Sep 5 British & US bomb Le Havre & Bremen
  • Sep 7 First flight of the Consolidated B-32 Dominator
  • Sep 7 German occupiers take silver anniversary coins in battle
  • Sep 7 Transport #29 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Sep 9 1st bombing on continental US soil at Mount Emily, Oregon during WWII by Japanese planes
  • Sep 9 Compulsory work for women, children and old males in Batavia
  • Sep 10 British RAF drops 100,000 bombs on Dusseldorf, Germany
  • Sep 10 British troops land on Madagascar

Historic Publication

Sep 11 Enid Blyton publishes "Five on a Treasure Island" first of her "Famous Five" children's novels, start of one of the best-selling children's series ever with over 100 million sold

  • Sep 11 Transport #31 departs with French Jews to Nazi Germany
  • Sep 12 Battle of Edson's Ridge begins at Guadalcanal
  • Sep 12 Free-Poland & Belgium asks pope to condemn nazi-war crimes
  • Sep 13 Battle of Edson's Ridge (2nd Japanese assault) at Guadalcanal
  • Sep 13 German forces attack Stalingrad
  • Sep 14 Battle of Edson's Ridge (Japanese assault) at Guadalcanal
  • Sep 14 German troops occupy train station Stalingrad-1

Attack on Pearl Harbor

Sep 14 US Navy Admiral Chester Nimitz presents the 1st Medal of Honor of WWII, for courage and valor beyond the call of duty during the attack on Pearl Harbor, to sailor John William Finn; ceremony took place in Pearl Harbor aboard USS Enterprise

  • Sep 15 US aircraft carrier Wasp torpedoed at Guadalcanal
  • Sep 16 Japanese attack on Port Moresby repelled
  • Sep 18 Canadian Broadcasting Corporation authorized for radio service
  • Sep 18 The order for "extermination of asocials through labour" is approved by Nazi Minister of Justice, Otto Thierack
  • Sep 20 Gunther Hagg becomes world champ of all records from 1500m to 5000m
  • Sep 21 116 hostages executed by Nazis in Paris
  • Sep 21 Transport #35 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Sep 23 Soviet counter offensive at Stalingrad