On This Day

Events in History in 1942 (Part 2)

Events 201 - 400 of 558

  • May 26 Anglo-Soviet Treaty signed in London
  • May 26 Belgium Jews are required by Nazis to wear a Jewish star
  • May 26 Tank battle at Bir Hakeim: Afrika Korps vs British army
  • May 27 Dorie Miller awarded navy cross for deeds at Pearl Harbor

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 27 Hitler orders 10,000 Czechs murdered

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • May 27 Italian army begin siege of French western Fort Bir Hachim

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 27 Nazi leader Reinhard Heydrich is mortally wounded by a grenade thrown by Czech rebels in Prague during Operation Anthropoid; he would die a week later

Nazi leader Reinhard Heydrich
Nazi leader
Reinhard Heydrich
  • May 28 1,800 Czechs murdered by Nazis during attack on Heydrich
  • May 30 1,047 bombers bomb Cologne in RAF's raid of WW II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 30 Reichsfuehrer Herman Himmler arrives in Prague

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • May 30 Satchel Paige pitches 5 innings to defeat Dizzy Dean All-Stars 8-1
  • May 30 US aircraft carrier Yorktown leaves Pearl Harbor
  • May 31 Luftwaffe bombs Canterbury
  • May 31 U-boats sink and damage 146 allied ships this month (722,666 tons)
  • Jun 4 Battle of Midway begins; Japan's 1st major defeat in WW II
  • Jun 4 Capitol Record Co opens for business

  • Jun 5 British offensive in North Africa under General Ritchie
  • Jun 5 An explosion at the Joliet Army Ammunition Plant kills 48 people
  • Jun 5 USA declares war on Bulgaria, Hungary & Romania
  • Jun 6 1st nylon parachute jump (Hartford Ct-Adeline Gray)
  • Jun 6 Japanese forces retreat, ending Battle of Midway
  • Jun 6 Japanese troop land on Kiska, Aleutians
  • Jun 7 USS Yorktown sinks near Midway Island

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Jun 7 Battle of Midway ends: Admiral Chester Nimitz wins 1st World War II naval defeat of Japan

US Admiral Chester Nimitz
US Admiral
Chester Nimitz
  • Jun 7 Germany Army marches into Sebastopol, Russia
  • Jun 7 Japanese troops land on Attu, Aleutian Islands
  • Jun 9 Adipatie Ario Soejono becomes minister in Gerbrandy government
  • Jun 9 German-Neth press reports, 3 million Dutch sent to East-Europe
  • Jun 9 Nazis kill all inhabitants of Lidice, which had been implicated in the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich, Nazi controller of Bohemia and Moravia, to “teach the Czechs a final lesson of subservience and humility”
  • Jun 11 German army defeated at El-Alamein, North Africa
  • Jun 11 US and USSR sign Lend-Lease agreement during WW II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 12 Anne Frank gets her diary as a birthday present in Amsterdam

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • Jun 12 Hitler orders enslavement of Slavic peoples
  • Jun 12 Tornado kills 35 in Oklahoma City
  • Jun 13 1st V-2 rocket launch, Peenemunde, Germany; reached 1.3 km
  • Jun 13 Germany lands 4 saboteurs on Long Island

  • Jun 13 US Office of Strategic Services (OSS) formed
  • Jun 13 The United States opens its Office of War Information, with Elmer Davis as head
  • Jun 14 1st bazooka rocket gun produced (Bridgeport, Connecticut)
  • Jun 14 Anne Frank begins her diary
  • Jun 14 French government of Reynaud resigns
  • Jun 18 Bernard W Robinson, becomes 1st African American ensign in US Navy
  • Jun 18 Eric Nessler of France stays aloft in a glider for 38h21m

Execution'The Banality of Evil'

Jun 20 Adolf Eichmann proclaims deportation of Dutch Jews

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Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann sits in the dock at his 1961 trial in Jerusalem
Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann sits in the dock at his 1961 trial in Jerusalem
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  • Jun 20 German troops conquer Tobruk, North Africa
  • Jun 21 129°F (54°C), Tirat Zevi, Israel (Asian record)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 21 US President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrive in Washington, D.C.

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 21 Rommel takes Tobruk in North Africa

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • Jun 21 Seinheuer throws female world record spear (47.24m)
  • Jun 22 Japanese submarine in mouth of Columbia River, Oregon
  • Jun 22 Jewish Brigade attached by British Army in WW II, forms
  • Jun 23 World War II: Germany's latest fighter, a Focke-Wulf FW190 is captured intact when it mistakenly lands at RAF Pembrey in Wales
  • Jun 24 US Admiral Ernest King orders Tulagi (Solomon Island) reconquered
  • Jun 24 Africa Korps invades Egypt
  • Jun 25 British RAF stages a 1,000 bomb raid on Bremen Germany (WWII)
  • Jun 25 British premier Winston Churchill travels from US to London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 25 Major General Dwight Eisenhower appointed commander of US forces in Europe

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Jun 26 German assault on British at Mersa Matruh
  • Jun 27 FBI captures 8 Nazi saboteurs from a sub off NY's Long Island
  • Jun 27 PQ-17 convoy leaves Iceland for Archangelsk
  • Jun 28 Col-gen Von Hoth' 6th Pantser enters Voronezj
  • Jun 30 Col-general Von Paul's 6th Army enters Ukraine
  • Jun 30 US Mint in New Orleans ceases operation
  • Jun 30 US bombs Celebes and Timor
  • Jun 30 U-boats sink and damage 146 allied ships this month (700,227 tons)
  • Jul 1 German troops conquer Sebastopol
  • Jul 3 German troops march into Sebastopol, Crimea
  • Jul 3 Adolf Hitler visits Field Marshal Von Bock's headquarters in Ukraine
  • Jul 4 1st American bombing mission over enemy-occupied Europe (WWII)
  • Jul 4 US air offensive against nazi-Germany begins
  • Jul 5 Ian Fleming graduates from a training school for spies in Canada
  • Jul 6 Anne Frank's family goes into hiding in After House, Amsterdam
  • Jul 6 Von Hoth' IV Pantser army fights with Voronezj
  • Jul 7 Germany troop march into Woronezj
  • Jul 7 Milt all star team (including Bob Feller) losts to AL all stars 5-0

KnightedKnighthood

Jul 7 John Maynard Keynes takes his seat in the British House Of Lords as Baron Keynes of Tilton after being knighted

  • Jul 10 Himmler orders sterilization of all Jewish woman in Ravensbruck Camp
  • Jul 10 Netherland's government in exile (London) recognizes Soviet Union
  • Jul 13 5,000 Jews of Rovno Polish Ukraine, executed by nazis
  • Jul 13 German occupiers imprison 800 prominent Dutch as hostages
  • Jul 13 SS shoots 1,500 Jews in Josefov Poland
  • Jul 14 1st transport of Amsterdam Jews to Westerbork
  • Jul 14 Riots against Jews in Amsterdam
  • Jul 15 1st deportation camp at Westerbork, Jews sent to Auschwitz
  • Jul 15 Dutch Jews invoked for "Labor camps"
  • Jul 16 French police arrest 13,152 Jews in Paris
  • Jul 16 Jews transported from Holland to extermination camp
  • Jul 17 3' of rain falls on Pennsylvania, flooding kills 15
  • Jul 17 Estimated 34.5" (87.5 cm) of rainfall, Smethport, Pennsylvania (state record)
  • Jul 17 Transport #6 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Jul 18 Test flight of German Messerschmitt Me-262 using only its jet engines for the first time

  • Jul 20 1st detachment of Women's Army Auxiliary Corps, begin basic training
  • Jul 20 Legion of Merit Medal authorized by US congress
  • Jul 21 8 die as coal waste heap slides in river valley near Oakwood, Virginia
  • Jul 22 4th Soviet army forms with 80 tanks
  • Jul 22 Gasoline rationing using coupons begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 22 Warsaw Ghetto Jews (300,000) are sent to Treblinka Extermination Camp

Leader of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising Mordecai Anielewicz
Leader of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
Mordecai Anielewicz
  • Jul 23 German troops conquer Rostow
  • Jul 23 Adolf Hitler's Directive number 45: order for army to advance on Stalingrad
  • Jul 23 World War II: Operation Edelweiss (a German plan to gain control over the Caucasus) begins.
  • Jul 24 German troops occupy Rostov-on- Don in Southern Russia for the 2nd time
  • Jul 25 German troops strike at Tsym Lyanskaja
  • Jul 26 RC churches protest, Dutch bishops stand against spread of Judaism
  • Jul 28 Nazis liquidate 10,000 Jews in Minsk Belorussia Ghetto
  • Jul 28 Zionists partisans ZOB forms in Poland
  • Jul 29 Eastern Blvd in the Bronx renamed Bruckner Boulevard

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 30 FDR signs bill creating women's Navy auxiliary agency (WAVES)

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Jul 30 German SS kills 25,000 Jews in Minsk, Belorussia
  • Jul 30 German occupiers set night curfew on Jews in Netherlands
  • Jul 31 German SS gases 1,000 Jews in Minsk, Belorussia
  • Aug 1 German occupier demands listing of all Dutch telephone subscribers
  • Aug 1 Race riots in Harlem, New York
  • Aug 2 250 Dutch Catholic Jews arrested, transported to Amersfoort camp
  • Aug 2 Colonel general Hermann Hoth's Panzer army reaches Kotelnikovo
  • Aug 4 1st train with Jews departs Mechelen Belgium to Auschwitz
  • Aug 4 British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Cairo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 4 Colonel general Jeremenko arrives in Stalingrad and welcomed by Nikita Khrushchev

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • Aug 4 German occupier orders all Dutch homing pigeons killed
  • Aug 5 British government cancels agreement of Munich
  • Aug 5 German troops cross Kuban River
  • Aug 6 -8] Riots by Dutch Jews

  • Aug 6 Canadian destroyer HMCS Assiniboine sinks U-210
  • Aug 6 Churchill fires Gen Auchinlek as Middle-East commander

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 6 Hermann Goering proclaims occupied areas "thoroughly empty to plunder"

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • Aug 7 1st American offensive in Pacific in WW2, Guadalcanal, Solomon Island
  • Aug 7 Dutch resistance bombs Rotterdam railway
  • Aug 7 Transport 16 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Aug 8 "Monty" appointed commander of British 8th Army at Alamein
  • Aug 8 6 convicted Nazi saboteurs who landed in US executed in Washington, D.C.
  • Aug 8 British Flower class corvette HMS Dianthus sinks U-379
  • Aug 8 Soviet anti-offensive of Voronezh under Marshal Timosjenko
  • Aug 9 Vice-Adm Mikawa lands at Guadalcanal, Solomon Island

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 9 Mahatma Gandhi and 50 others arrested in Bombay after passing of a "quit India" motion and campaign by the All-India Congress

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Aug 10 200 Jews escape Mir Ghetto in Poland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 10 General Bernard Montgomery appointed commander British 8th Army in North Africa

British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery
  • Aug 11 - Sept 30] SS begins exterminating 3,500 Jews in Zelov Lodz Poland
  • Aug 11 999 Jews are taken from Mechelen transit camp in Belgium
  • Aug 11 British aircraft carrier HMS Eagle torpedoed & sinks
  • Aug 11 Lt Gen Montgomery makes landing on Gibraltar
  • Aug 12 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Moscow for a conference with Joseph Stalin and US representative W. Averrell Harriman
  • Aug 12 German 1st tank leader captures Elista, Kalmukkensteppe
  • Aug 12 Lt General Bernard Montgomery arrives in Cairo

USAManhattan Project

Aug 13 The 'Manhattan Project' commences, under the direction of US General Leslie Groves: its aim - to deliver an atomic bomb

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'Calutron Girls' monitoring a mass spectrometer during the Manhattan Project. Gladys Owens, in the foreground, did not know what she was involved with until seeing this picture on a tour fifty years later.
'Calutron Girls' monitoring a mass spectrometer during the Manhattan Project. Gladys Owens, in the foreground, did not know what she was involved with until seeing this picture on a tour fifty years later.
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  • Aug 14 Dwight D. Eisenhower named commander for invasion of North Africa
  • Aug 15 5 hostages executed by Nazis in St-Michielsgestel
  • Aug 16 British Premier Winston Churchill travels back to Cairo from Moscow
  • Aug 17 Task Force 17 leaves Pearl Harbor under Admiral George Murray on USS Hornet
  • Aug 17 Transport #20 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Aug 17 US 8th Air Force bombers stage first independent raid on Europe, attack Rouen, France
  • Aug 18 Carlson's Raiders land on Makin, Gilbert islands, kill 350 Japanese
  • Aug 19 -20] Churchill visits Montgomery's headquarter in Burg-al-Arab

  • Aug 19 World War II: Over 4,000 Canadian and British soldiers killed, wounded or captured raiding Dieppe, France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 19 World War II: General Friedrich Paulus orders the German 6th Army to conquer Stalingrad

German Field Marshal Friedrich Paulus
German Field Marshal
Friedrich Paulus
  • Aug 20 Dim-out regulations implemented in San Francisco
  • Aug 21 World War II: German soldiers plant the Nazi flag on Mount Elbrus in the Caucasus
  • Aug 21 Transport #22 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Aug 22 Brazil declares war on Germany, Japan & Italy
  • Aug 23 1st US flights to land on Guadalcanal
  • Aug 23 Battle of Stalingrad: 600 Luftwaffe planes bomb Stalingrad (40,000 die)
  • Aug 23 British Premier Winston Churchill flies back to London from Cairo
  • Aug 23 World War II: last cavalry charge in history takes place at Isbushenskij, Russia; the Italian Savoia Cavalleria charges Soviet infantry
  • Aug 24 Sea battle off Eastern Solomon Islands between United States Navy and the Imperial Japanese Navy
  • Aug 24 Transport #23 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Aug 25 SS begins transporting Jews of Maastricht
  • Aug 26 7,000 Jews are rounded up in Vichy-France
  • Aug 26 Japanese troops land on Milne Bay, New Guinea
  • Aug 26 Soviet counter offensive begins in Moscow
  • Aug 26 Transport #24 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Aug 27 Cuba declares war on Germany, Japan & Italy
  • Aug 28 Gunther Hagg (Sweden) sets world record for 3,000m (8:01.2)
  • Aug 28 Transport #25 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Aug 30 Nazi-Germany annexes Luxembourg
  • Aug 31 Battle at Alam Halfa: German & Italians assault
  • Aug 31 U-boats sink and damage 131 allied ships this month (639,946 tons)
  • Sep 1 US Federal judge upholds detention of Japanese-Americans
  • Sep 1 German troops land on Taman peninsula
  • Sep 2 German troops enter Stalingrad
  • Sep 4 Transport #28 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Sep 5 Battle at Alam Halfa ends
  • Sep 5 British & US bomb Le Havre & Bremen
  • Sep 7 German occupiers take silver anniversary coins in battle

  • Sep 7 Transport #29 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Sep 7 First flight of the Consolidated B-32 Dominator.
  • Sep 9 1st bombing on continental US soil at Mount Emily, Oregon during WWII by Japanese planes
  • Sep 9 Compulsory work for women, children and old males in Batavia
  • Sep 10 British troops land on Madagascar
  • Sep 10 RAF drops 100,000 bombs on Dusseldorf
  • Sep 11 Transport #31 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Sep 11 Enid Blyton publishes "Five on a Treasure Island" first of her "Famous Five" children's novels, start of one of the best-selling children's series ever with over 100 million sold

Children's writer Enid Blyton
Children's writer
Enid Blyton
  • Sep 12 Battle of Edson's Ridge begins at Guadalcanal
  • Sep 12 Free-Poland & Belgium asks pope to condemn nazi-war crimes
  • Sep 13 Battle of Edson's Ridge (2nd Japanese assault) at Guadalcanal
  • Sep 13 German forces attack Stalingrad
  • Sep 14 Battle of Edson's Ridge (Japanese assault) at Guadalcanal
  • Sep 14 German troops occupy train station Stalingrad-1
  • Sep 15 US aircraft carrier Wasp torpedoed at Guadalcanal
  • Sep 16 Japanese attack on Port Moresby repelled
  • Sep 18 Canadian Broadcasting Corporation authorized for radio service
  • Sep 18 The order for "extermination of asocials through labour" is approved by Nazi Minister of Justice, Otto Thierack
  • Sep 20 Gunther Hagg becomes world champ of all records from 1500m to 5000m